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rule).

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trimmed; not more than 5 percent, by (1) Half slices and broken slices. count, may be blemished; and not more Not more than 5 percent, by count, may than 10 percent, by count, may be broken be crushed; and not more than 1242 in one place only. One blemished unit percent, by count, may be blemished. and one broken unit are permitted if Since half slices and broken slices of one unit exceeds the respective allow- frozen pineapple are whole slices brokan ance of 5 percent and 10 percent by in more than one place, these styles are count.

scored in this classification and shall (2) Tidbits and chunks. Not more not be graded above “U. S. Grade C" or than 5 percent, by count, may be crushed “U. S. Standard," regardless of the total and not more than 5 percent, by count, score for the product (this is a limiting may be blemished.

(3) Crushed. Not more than % per- (e) (SStd) classification. Whole cent by weight, may be blemished units. slices, crushed, tidlits, and chunks of In determining the weight of blemished pineapple that fail to meet paragraph material, the weight of the entire blem- (c) of this section; and half slices or ished piece is included and the percent- broken slices of frozen pineapple that age is based on the net weight of the fail to meet the requirements of parapineapple.

graph (d) of this section may be given (c) (B) classification. Frozen pine- & score of 0 to 20 points and shall not apple that is reasonably free from de- be graded above “U. S. Grade D" or fects may be given a score of 24 to 26 Substandard, regardless of the total points. Prozen pineapple that falls into score for the product (this is a limiting this classification shall not be graded above “U. S. Grade B” or “U. S. Choice,"

(f) Evaluation of score. The evalueregardless of the total score for the prod

tion of the score for the factor of abuct (this is a limiting rule). “Reason- sence of defects may be determined from ably free from defects” has the following Table No. I of this subpart which indimeaning with respect to, and applies cates the maximum allowances for each only to, the following styles of frozen type of defect for the score indicated. pineapple:

$ 52.1749 Character. (1) Whole slices. Not more than 3 percent, by count, may be excessively

(a) General. The factor of charactrimmed; not more than 5 percent, by

ter refers to the degree of ripeness and count, may be crushed; not more than

texture of the fruit. 1242 percent, by count, may be blem

(b). (A) classification. Frozen pineished; and not more than 25 percent,

apple that possesses a good character by count, may be broken in one place

may be given a score of 27 to 30 points. only.

“Good character" has the following (2) Tidbits and chunks. Not more

meaning with respect to, and applies than 5 percent, by count, may be

only to, the following styles of frozen crushed; and not more than 1242 per

pineapple: cent, by count, may be blemished.

(1) Whole slices, tidbits, and crushed. (3) Crushed. Not more than 1 per

The fruit is of practically uniform ripecent, by weight, may be blemished units.

ness and there may be present not more In determining the weight of blemished

than 242 percent, by weight of the pine

apple, that is core material or Abrous material, the weight of the entire piece is included and the percentage based on

stock; and, in the case of whole slices

and tidbits, the fruit is reasonably firm the net weight of the frozen pineapple.

and the fruitlets appear as a compact (d) (C) classification. Frozen pine

structure, reasonably free from porosity. apple that is fairly free from defects

(2) Chunks. The fruit is of practi. may be given a score of 21 to 23 points.

cally uniform ripeness and normally has Frozen pineapple that falls into this

had more of the fibrous portions around classification shall not be graded above the core hole removed than is the case “U. S. Grade C." or "U. 8. Standard," with other styles of pack; the fruit is regardless of the total score for the reasonably firm and the fruitlets appear product (this is a limiting rule). "Fairly as a compact structure, reasonably free free from defects" has the following from porosity. meaning with respect to, and applies (c) (B) classification. Frozen pineonly to, the following styles of frozen apple that possesses a reasonably good pineapple:

character may be given a score of 24 to

26 points. Frozen pineapple which falls into this classification shall not be graded above “U.S. Grade B” or “U.S. Choice," regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). "Reasonably good character" has the following meaning with respect to, and applies only to, the following styles of frozen pineapple:

(1) Whole slices, tidbits, and crushed. The fruit is of reasonably uniform ripeness and there may be present not more than 5 percent, by weight of the pineapple, that is core material or fibrous stock; and, in the case of whole slices and tidbits, the fruitlets are reasonably compact in structure, fairly free from porosity.

(2) Chunks. The fruit is of reasonably uniform ripeness and normally has had more of the fibrous portions around the core hole removed than is the case with other styles of pack; and the fruitlets are reasonably compact in structure, fairly free from porosity.

(d) (C) classification. If the frozen pineapple possesses a fairly good char

acter, a score of 21 to 23 points may be given. Frozen pineapple that falls into this classification shall not be graded above “U. S. Grade " or "U, S. Standard" regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). "Fairly good character" has the following meaning with respect to, and applies only to, the following styles of frozen pineapple:

(1) Half slices and broken slices. The texture may be variable and there may be present not more than 5 percent, by weight of the pineapple, that is core material of fibrous stock and the fruitlets may be flaccid and loosely constructed.

(e) (SStd) classification. Whole slices, crushed, tidbits, and chunks of pineapple that fail to meet paragraph (c) of this section; and half slices and broken slices that fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (d) of this section, may be given & score of 0 to 20 points and shall not be graded abovo U. S. Grade D" or Substandard regardless of the total score for the prod. uct (this is a limiting rule).

TABLE No. 1-ALLOWANCES FOR DEFECTS IN FROZEN PINEAPPLE

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LOT INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION in the regulations governing inspection 8 52.1750 Ascertaining the grade of a

and certification of processed fruits and lot.

vegetables, processed products thereof, The grade of a lot of the processed

and certain other processed food prodproduct covered by these standards is ucts ($ $ 52.1 to 52.87). determined by the procedures set forth (22 F.R. 3547, May 22, 1957)

lic)

SCORE SHJET

(b) “U. S. Grade C or “U. S. Stand

ard" is the quality of canned pineapple 8 52.1751 Score sheet for frozen pine

juice that possesses a good color, is fairly apple.

free from defects, possesses & good flavor,

and scores not less than 70 points when Bize and kind of container Container mark or identification..

scored in accordance with the scoring Label (style of pack: Ratio of fruit to sugar, etc., system outlined in this subpart.

if shown). Net weight.

(c) "Substandard" is the quality of Style..

canned pineapple juice that fails to meet Count (of whole slices).

the requirements of U. S. Grade C or

U. S. Standard; and is the quality of
Factors
Score points

canned pineapple juice that may or may

not meet the minimum standard of qual((A) 18-20

ity for canned pineapple juice issued

1 16-17 Color...

20
114-15

pursuant to the Federal Food, Drug, and i9-13

Cosmetic Act.

18-20 Uniformity of size and 20 (B) 1 16-17

FILL OF CONTAINER symmetry.

1 14-15 (A) 27-30

$ 52.1764 Fill of container.

1 24-26 Absence of defects.

30
121-23

The standard of fill of container for
(D) 10-20
27-30

canned pineapple juice is a full of not less

1 24-26 Character 30

than 90 percent of the total capacity of 1 21-23 10-20

the container. Canned pineapple juice

that does not meet this requirement is Total score. 100

"Below Standard in Fiul.” Normal flavor and odor.

FACTORS OF QUALITY Grade..

§ 52.1765 Ascertaining the grade.

(a) General. In addition to consider1 Indicates limiting rule.

ing other requirements outlined in the Subpart- United States Standards for standards the following quality factors Grades of Canned Pineapple Juice

are evaluated:

(1) Factors rated by score points in SOURCE: $$ 52.1761 to 52.1772 appear at

canned pineapple juice. The relative im22 FR 883, Feb. 13, 1957, unless otherwise noted.

portance of each factor which is scored

is expressed numerically on the scale of PRODUCT DESCRIPTION, STYLES, AND 100. The maximum number of points GRADES

that may be given such factors are: & 52.1761 Product description.

Points "Canned pineapple juice" means such

(1) Color.-

20 (11) Absence of defects.

40 product as defined in the standard of

(14) Flavor. identity for canned pincapple juice (21 CFR 27.54) issued pursuant to the Fed

Total score.

100 eral Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.

$ 52.1766 Ascertaining the rating for the 8 52.1762 Styles of canned pineapple

factors which are scored. juice.

The essential variations within each (a) Style I, Unsweetened.

factor which is scored are so described (b) Style II, Sugar added.

that the value may be ascertained for

each factor and expressed numerically. & 52.1763 Grades of canned pineapple The numerical range within each factor juice.

which is scored is inclusive (for example, (a) “U.S. Grade A" or "U.S. Fancy"

“17 to 20 points" means 17, 18, 19, or 20 Is the quality of canned pineapple juice

points). that possesses a very good color, is prac- $ 52.1767 Color. tically free from defects, possesses a very (a) (A) classification. Canned pinegood flavor, and scores not less than 85

apple juice that possesses a very good points when scored in accordance with color may be given a score of 17 to 20 the scoring system outlined in this points. Very good color" means that subpart.

the canned pineapple juice possesses a bright, typical color characteristic of with the method outlined in this subcanned pineapple juice made from part. freshly pressed pineapple juice from (d) (SStd) classification. Canned properly matured and properly ripened pineapple juice that fails to meet the pineapple, and which pineapple juice requirements of paragraph (c) of this has been properly processed.

section may be given a score of 0 to 27 (b) (C) classification. If the canned points and shall not be graded above pineapple juice possesses a good color, & Substandard, regardless of the total score score of 14 to 16 points may be given. for the product (this is a limiting rule). Canned pineapple juice that falls into Canned pineapple juice that contains this classification shall not be graded less than 5 percent or more than 30 perabove U. S. Grade C or U. S. Standard, cent finely divided “insoluble solids," regardless of the total score for the prod- when determined in accordance with tho uct (this is & limiting rule). “Good method outlined in this subpart, is also color" means that the canned pineapple "Below Standard in Quality Good juice possesses a characteristic color Food-Not High Grade." which may be slightly dull or may be

$ 52.1769 Flavor. Light amber but is not off color. (c) (SStd) classification. Canned

(a) (A) classification. Canned pingpineapple juice that fails to meet the

apple juice that possesses a very good requirements of paragraph (b) of this

flavor may be given a score of 34 to 40 section may be given a score of 0 to 13

points. “Very good flavor" means a fine, points and shall not be graded above

distinct canned pineapple juice flavor, Substandard, regardless of the total score

characteristic of canned pineapple juice

and for the product (this is a limiting rule).

made from properly matured

properly ripened pineapple, and which 8 52.1768 Absence of defects.

pineapple juice is free from any cara(a) General. The factor of absence of melized flavor and that the canned pingdefects refers to the degree of freedom apple juice meets the following requirefrom specks and other objectionable ments: particles and to the quantity of finely (1) Brix. Not less than 12.0 degrees. divided "insoluble solids" that may be (2) Acid. Not more than 1.10 grams present.

of acid per 100 miluiters of the juice. (b) (A) classification. Canned pine- (3) Bric-acid ratto. Not less than 12 apple juice that is practically free from to 1. defects may be given a score of 34 to 40 (b) (C) classification. If the canned points. “Practically free from defects" pineapple juice possesses a good favor, means that the canned pineapple juice a score of 28 to 33 points may be given. does not contain specks or other objec- Canned pineapple juice that falls into tionable particles that affect the ap- this classification shall not be graded pearance or palatability of the juice and above U. S. Grade C or U. S. Standard, that the canned pineapple juice may regardless of the total score for the prodcontain not less than 5 percent nor more uct (this is a limiting rule). “Good tilsthan 26 percent finely divided “insoluble vor" means a good, normal canned pinosolids" when determined in accordance apple juice favor that may be slightly with the method outlined in this subpart. caramelized but is free from objection

(c) (C) classification. If the canned able flavor or off flavor of any kind and pineapple juice is fairly free from de- that the canned pineapple juice meets fects, a score of 28 to 33 points may be the following requirements: given. Canned pineapple juice that falls (1) Bril. Not less than 10.5 degrees. into this classification shall not be (2) Acid. Not more than 1.35 grams graded above U. S. Grade C or U. S. of acid per 100 milliliters of the juice. Standard, regardless of the total score (3) Brix-acid ratio. Not less than 12 for the product (this is a limiting rule). to 1. "Fairly free from defects” means that (c) (sStd) classification. If the the canned pineapple juice may contain canned pineapple juice fails to meet the specks or other objectionable particles requirements of paragraph (b) of this that do not materially affect the appear- section, if the canned pineapple juice ance or palatability of the juice and has the davor of fruit not properly mathat the canned pineapple juice may tured or not properly ripened, or if the contain not less than 5 percent nor more canned pineapple juice is definitely unthan 30 percent finely divided "insoluble palatable, a score of 0 to 27 points may solids" when determined in accordance be given. Canned pineapple juice that

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falls into this classification shall not be two to obtain the percentage of "insolugraded above Substandard, regardless of ble solids." the total score for the product (this is

TABLE I a limiting rule). Canned pineapple juice

Approximate that fails to meet any one of the re

revolutions

Diameter: quirements of paragraph (b) of this sec

per minute tion with respect to Brix or Acid or

10 inches...

1, 600 Brix-acid ratio is also "Below Standard

1042 inches.

1, 670 11 inches....

1, 594 in Quality-Good Food-Not High

11%2 inches.

1, 500 Grade."

12 inches.-

1, 488 12%2 inches.

1, 438 EXPLANATIONS AND METHODS OF

13 inches..

1, 410 ANALYSES 132 inches.

1,884

14 inches.-. $ 52.1770 Explanation of terms and

1, 359 analyses.

14%2 inches

1, 886 15 inches...

1,818 (a) Brix. “Brix” in canned pine- 1542 inches..

1, 292 apple juice means the soluble solids

16 inches.

1, 271 content as determined by the method

1642 inches

1, 258 17 inches --

1, 234 prescribed in the "Oficial Methods of

1712 inches.

1, 216 Analysis of the Association of Official 18 inches.

1, 199 Agricultural Chemists," "Solids-By 1842 inches.

1, 182 Means of Spindle Official."

19 inches.

1, 187 (b) Acid. “Acid” in canned pineapple 191% inches.

1, 152 juice means the grams of acid, calculated

20 inches.-

1, 187 as anhydrous citric acid, contained in 100 LOT INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION milliliters of the juice. Total acidity of $ 52.1771 the juice is determined by the following

Ascertaining the grade of a

lot. method: (1) Measure with a pipette 10 milli

The grade of a lot of the processed liters of the unfiltered drained liquid into

product covered by these standards is a 250-milliliter Erlenmeyer flask.

determined by the procedures set forth (2) Add 25 milliliters of freshly boiled,

in the regulations governing Inspection distilled water and 0.3 milliliter of l

and certification of processed fruits and percent phenolphthalein solution.

vegetables, processed products thereof, (3) Titrate with one-tenth normal

and certain other processed food prodsodium hydroxide solution to a faint,

ucts (88 52.1 to 52.87). permanently pink coloration.

122 F. R. 3547, May 22, 1957) (4) Multiply the number of milliliters

SCORE SHEET of one-tenth normal sodium hydroxide

$ 52.1772 Score sheet for canned pine required by 0.064 to calculate the number

apple juice. of grams of anhydrous citric acid per 100 milliliters of drained liquid.

Size and kind of container. (c) Finely divided insoluble solids'. Container mark or identification.

Label. The quantity of "finely divided 'insoluble

Liquid measure (Fl. ounces). solids'" is determined as follows:

Vacuum (inches). (1) Measure 50 milliliters of thorough

Brix measurement (Brix).

Acid (anhydrous citric: grams/100 ml.). ly stirred pineapple juice into a cone- Brix-acid ratio. shaped graduated tube of the long-cone

Insoluble solids (%). type, measuring approximately 4346 inches from tip to top calibration and

Factors

Score points having a capacity of 50 milliliters. (2) Place the tube in a suitable cen

(A) 17-20 trifuge, the apr ximate speed of which Color...

20 (C) 1 14-16 is related to diameter of swing in accord

(SStd) 1 0-13

(A) 34-40 ance with Table I of this subpart. The Absence of defects.

40 (0) 1 28-33 word “diameter” means the over-all dis

(SStd) 10-27

(A) 34-40 tance between the tips of opposing cen

Flavor

40 (C) 1 28-33

(SStd) 10-27 trifuge tubes in operating position. (3) The milliliter reading at the top

Total score.

Grade... of the layer of “insoluble solids,” after centrifuging 3 minutes, is multiplied by 1 Indicates limiting rule.

100

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