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JOHNES - ZURITA-F. LOPEZ- MERLIN – FYNES MORYSON.

358

bres de cavallo de armas, y ahorrados, por lo

que agora se dize a la ligera, de alli adelante dixeron lanças.”—ZURITA, vol. 2, p. 342.

• Les Abeilles ces sæurs volantes,

Qui dans des pavillons de bois
Tiennent leur camp, gardent leur

Roys,
Sont toutes vierges et vaillantes.

Les graces et la majesté,

La modestie et la beauté
En la Reyne des fleurs s'augmentent sous

les armes,

L'esprit, le feu, l'eclair, s'espendent de

son cæur ; Ses traits n'empeschent point l'usage de

ses charmes, Et l'audace en son teint se mesle à la pudeur."

LE MOYNE. La Femme Forte.

[Change of Military Terms in Portugal.]

SABEY que antiguamente em Portugal nom nomeavom nas batalhas a vanguarda, nem reguarda, nem ala discita, nem esquerda; mas chamavaõ a vanguarda dianteira, et a reguarda catua, et as alas costaneiras, et depois que os Ingreses vierom em tempo del R. D. Fernando, entom lhe chamarom estes nomes."-F. LOPEZ, 2, c. 32.

[Martin de Clocestra's Translation of L'His[Ancient Arms of the Flemings.]

toire de Bretaigne from the Latin into the

Romaunt.] When the Flemings assembled under the Duke of Burgundy to besiege the town

“L'HISTOIRE de Bretaigne quon nommi of Ham, (1410), “they had twelve thou- Brutus, que Maistre Martin de Clocestre sand carriages, as well carts as cars, to

translata de Latin en rommant."- MERLIN, convey their armour, baggage and artil- 1, ff. 13.

mmmmmm lery; and a number of very large crossbows, called ribaudequins, placed on two wheels, each having a horse to draw it.

[Ancient Care of Sheep in Wales.] They had also machines for the attack of “SHEEP ought to be housed in the betowns, behind which were long iron spits, ginning of spring, when they are bringing to be used towards the close of a battle, forth lambs, and in winter they should be and on each of them was mounted one or turned to places under the influence of the two pieces of artillery."-Johnes's Mon- sun; and thou art not to fold them too strellet, vol. 2, p. 288.

much on fallow land. Shear them at Michaelmas, so that the marks of the shears may disappear upon them against the win

ter, and do not milk them later than Au[Change of Arms in Spain.]

gust.”—Ancient Welsh Husbandry. ComWuen Trastamara brought his White mercial and Agricultural Magazine, vol. 2, Company from France, “estava toda la p. 181. tierra llena de Franceses, Gascones, Normandos, Bretones, y Ingleses, con differentes armas y trages; y entonces se asfirma,

[Fanciful Danger from Umbrellas.] que començaron a usar en España las ar- “ In hot regions, to avoide the beames of mas que llamavan de bacinetes, y cotas, y the sunne, in some places (as in Italy) they arneses de pieças de piernas y braços, y los carry umbrels, or things like a little canopy que dezian glavios, y dagas y estoques; por- over their heads, but a learned physician que en lo antiguo usaron perpuntes y ca- told me, that the use of them was dangerpellinas y lanças, y como antes dezian hom- ous, because they gather the heate into a

BEAUMONT AND FLETCHER – R. STANIHURSTUS- DAVENANT. 359

if you

pyramidale point, and thence cast it down sword.”—Rich. STANIHURSTUs de rebus in
perpendicularly upon the head, except they Hiberniâ gestis, lib. 1, p. 33.
know how to carry them for avoyding that
danger.”—Fynes Moryson.

[Custom of Boiling Water with Cedar and

Coriander.] [A Faith to Die in.]

“The Turks," says PIETRO DELLA VALLE, “ It is a faith

“ who as all the world knows are professed That we will die in, since from the Black- water drinkers, do not like us use water Guard

boiled with cedar or coriander, avec du
To the grim Sir in office, there are few cédre ou de la coriandre."
Hold other tenets."

BEAUMONT and FLETCHER.
The Elder Brother,

[“ Be first advised
In conflict that you get the Sun of them."

SHAKSPEARE.'] [Lent-Lard.]

"Our weapons have one measured length: LENT-LARD was sold in Paris and other parts of France, as being the fat of the Believe the opposition of the sun porpoise. LERY says, “it is far too thick Unto your face, is your impediment, for this, and supposes it therefore to be the You may remove, and wear him on your fat of the whale."-C. 3.

back."

DAVENANT's News from Plymouth.
[Women Amanuenses.]
Women were brought up to the trade of

[The Sword of the Cid.]
copying books. See Eusebius, lib. 6, cap. "No replique vuaced,
16.—or rather of amanuensing.

que si arranco la Tizona
la haré Colada en su sangre.

BAUTISTA DIAMANTI. La De[Irish Insecurity.]

voicon del Rosario. “They particularly protect themselves with a castle watch, lest a nightly attack should be made upon them whilst they In the Cancionero General (Seville 1540), slept. Wherefore lest any such evil should is a Collection of “ Invenciones у

letras by night befall them, they have watchmen de justadores,” used at some late Tournaon the tops of their castles, who often ment. These which follow are the most shout out, and wake the greater part of

remarkable. the night, frequently crying aloud. And

“ El bizconda de Altamira traya una they repeat these shouts, that thieves and figura de Sant Juan, y en la palma una a, night travellers may understand that the master of the family sleeps not so heavily that he is not ready and prepared, for as

Con esta letra demas often as they suspect the approach of an

1 So Theocritus, in the contest of Pollux with enemy, the watchmen awake him, to play

Amycus, the man, and repel the enemy from his ένθα πολυς σφισι μόχθος επειγομένοισιν ετύχθη, , door, and if need be, to meet them hand to οππό τερος κατά τα λάβη φάος ήελίοιο. . hand in the field, and contend with the

Idyll, xxii, 83.

y dixo

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360

M. LUSITANA — MARCA - S. ISIDORE - WALKER.

de la figura en que vo, si miras conoceras

[Story of K. Ramiro and Ortiga.] el nombre de cuyo so.

That odd story of K. Ramiro and OrOtro galan saco el Infierno,

tiga is so far true that he did leave chilу dixo

dren by Alboazar's sister, but as the one Señora vedes me aqui

was called Cid Alboazar Ramirez, the name donde esto y a vos espero ;

surely disproves the circumstance of that yo por lo mucho que os quiero, kinglings death. This Cide was one of the vos por lo poco que a mi

great recoverers of Portugal, and from him El Adelantado de Murcia. Pedro Fajardo, the Amayas, the Cunhas, the Tavoras and traya en el lado yzguierdo encima del the Teyves were descended. One branch coraçon un monton de perlas, y una Cruz of the Amayas took this last name, because de oro encima de manera de los mojones they were persecuted by Braganza and que pouen en los caminos donde han mu- Affonso V. for their adherence to D. Pedro. erto algun hombre; y dezia la letra -M. LUSITANA, 2. c. 7, p. 26.

Aqui yaze sepultado

un coraçon desamado. Un galan saco por cimera un Diablo que

[Alaric and the Enchanted Statue.] le ponia el nombre de su amiga por la vi- It was believed that Alaric was presera del yelmo, y dixo,

vented from crossing over to invade Sicily Vade retro Sathanas,

by means of an enchanted statue, which que desse nombre no huyo,

had a perpetual fire burning in one of its y pues sabes que soy suyo

feet, and a perpetual spring flowing from para que me tientas mas.

the other. Marca, Hist. de Bearn. lib. Don Alonso Carrillo saco unas matas de

1, c. 13, $ 6. Olympiodorus in Photius, hortigas.

quoted. Estas tienen las maneras de quien vi por mi dolor,

[Gothic Skill in the use of Arms.] de esperança la color y en las obras lastimeras.

Porro in armorum artibus spectabiles

satis sunt, et non solum hastis, sed et jaculis Gercisanches de Badajoz saco por cimera equitando confligunt.”—S. Isip. In Gothorum un Diablo, y dixo

laudem. España Sagrada, c. 6, p. 506. Mas penado, y mas perdido

y menos arrepentido. Enrique de Montagudo saco un fierro con

[Origin of the Benshi.] que señalan los cavallos, y la barva de los “ On the decease of an hero, it was said, esclavos; y dixo en Valenciano

the harps of his bards emitted mournful Dun gran mal

sounds. This is very probable ; for the lostemps ne resta señal.

bards, while sorrowing for their patron, Mossen Luys de Montagudo saco por ci- usually suspended to trees their neglected mera la coluna que puso Hercoles en cabo harps, from whose loosened strings the passdel mundo.

ing gales might brush soft plaintive tones.

Here we have the origin of the Benshi, an Si el cabo de hermosura

invisible being, which is alledged to be still Hercoles buscara y os viera

heard in this country and in the Highlands delante vos la pusiera.

of Scotland, crying most piteously, on the

GIBSON - WALKER - FEARFLATHA O'GNIVE.

361

death of the descendant of an ancient house." -WALKER's Irish Bards.

[Hapless Land of Ireland. Bardish

Strains.] " Oh the condition of our dear countrymen! how languid their joys! how pressing

their sorrows! the wrecks of a party ruined! [Interred Gold discovered from a Harper's

their wounds still rankling! the wretched Song in Ireland.]

crew of a vessel tossed long about, finally “ Near Ballyshannon were, not many cast away. Are we not the prisoners of years ago, dug up two pieces of gold, dis- the Saxon nation ? the captives of remorsecovered by a method very remarkable. The less tyranny ? Is not our sentence there. Bishop of Derry happening to be at dinner, fore pronounced, and our destruction inthere came in an Irish harper, and sung an evitable? frightful, grinding thought! Power old song to his harp ; his lordship not un- exchanged for servitude; beauty for dederstanding Irish, was at a loss to know the formity; the exultations of liberty for the meaning of the song. But upon inquiry he pangs of slavery—a great and brave people found the substance of it to be this, that in for a servile desponding race. How came such a place, naming the very spot, a man this transformation shrouded in a mist which of a gigantic stature lay buried; and that bursts down on you like a deluge; which over his breast and back were plates of pure covers you with successive inundations of gold, and on his fingers rings of gold, so evil; ye are not the same people! Need I large, that an ordinary man might creep appeal to your senses ? but what sensations through them. The place was so exactly have you left? In most parts of the island described, that two persons there present how hath every kind of illegal and extrawere tempted to go in quest of the golden judicial proceeding taken the pay of law prize, which the harper's song had pointed and equity ? and what must that situation out to them. After they had dug for some

be, wherein our only security (the suspentime, they found two thin plates of gold."— sion of our excision) must depend upon an GIBSON.

intolerable subservience to lawless law ?

In truth, our miseries were predicted a “ THERE was a recent instance (in 1785) long time, in the change these strangers of the grave of an Irish hero being dis- wrought in the face of our country. They covered in a manner somewhat similar, it is have hemmed in our sporting lawns, the former related in the poem of Cath Gabhra, that theatres of glory and virtue. They have Canan, while sacrificing to the sun on one wounded the earth, and they have disfigured of the mountains of Clare, was treacherously with towers and ramparts those fair fields murdered ; and that his body was interred which Nature bestowed for the support of near a Druid's altar, under a stone, inscribed God's animal creation, that Nature which with an epitaph in Ogham characters. So we see defrauded, and whose laws are so minutely is the spot described in the poem, wantonly counteracted, that this late free that Mr. Theophilus O'Flannagan was Ireland is metamorphosed into a second tempted on reading the passage to propose Saxony. The slaves of Ireland no longer to the Royal Irish Academy to seek for the recognise their common mother, she equally monumental stone under their auspices; his disowns us for her children—we both have proposal was acceded to, he went and suc- lost our forms, and what do we see, but inceeded.”—WALKER's Irish Bards. Grave sulting Saxon natives, and native Irish of Arthur.

aliens! Hapless land! thou art a bark through which the sea hath burst its way: we hardly discover any part of you in the

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WALTER HARRIS - FULLER - O'HALLORAN.

hands of the plunderer. Yes! the plun- the Irish, in this particular is forced to own, derer hath refitted you for his own habita- though with an ill grace, ' that if any

love tion, and we are new-moulded for his pur- or faith is to be found among the Irish, you poses. Ye Israelites of Egypt! ye wretched must look for it among the fosterers and inhabitants of this foreign land! is there no their foster-children.'”—WALTER HARRIS. relief for you? Is there no Hector left for the defence, or rather for the recovery of Troy? It is thine, O my God, to send us

Stapleton. a second Moses. Thy dispensations are just!

“ It has been remarked by the Papists, and unless the children of the Scythian that he was born the very day whereon Sir Eber Scot return to thee, old Ireland is not Thomas More was put to death, Providence doomed to arise out of the ashes of modern so ordering it, that out of the ashes of dead Saxony."— Fearflatha O'Gnive. WALKER'S saints living ones should spring and sprout.” Historical Memoirs of the Irish Bards. -FULLER, in his Epistle Prefatory to Abel

Redivivus.

[Fostering..
]

[Elves and Gibelynes.] “As to the particular of fostering, what- “ The opinion of faeries and elfes is very ever mischiefs might have flowed from the olde, and yet sticketh very religiously in the abuse of the custom, yet it cannot be denied mindes of some. But to roote that rancke but that it antiently proved a strong link opinion of elfes out of mens' harts, the truth to bind affections and interests together for is, that there be no such thing, nor yet the laudable purposes, not only of the fosterers shadowes of the things, but only by a sort and fostered, but of the friends and relations of balde fryers and knavish shavelings so on each side. An antient writer of the faigned, which as in other things, so in that, Life of St. Cadroc has this passage, ' It is sought to nousel the common people in the custom of Ireland, that they who nurse ignorance, least, being once acquainted with the children of noblemen, think themselves the truth of things, they would in time smell ever after intitled to the aid and protection out the untruth of their pelfe and masseof such children in as high a degree as if peny religion. But the soothe is, that when they had been their parents.' Stanihurst all Italy was distract into the factions of carries the point very far in regard to the the Guelfes and the Gibelyns, being two fidelity between foster brethren. “You can- famous houses in Florance, the name began not,' says he, ' find one instance of perfidy, through their great mischiefes and many deceit, or treachery among them; nay, they outrages, to be so odious or rather dreadful are ready to expose themselves to all manner in the peoples eares, that if their children of dangers for the safety of those who sucked at any time were froward and wanton, they their mother's milk; you may beat them to would say to them that the Guelfe or the a mummy, you may put them upon the Gibelyne came: which words now from rack, you may burn them on a gridiron, them, as many things else, be come into our you may expose them to the most exquisite usage, and for Guelfes and Gibelynes, we tortures that the cruellest tyrant can in- say Elfes and Gibelynes.”—E. K. Comment vent, yet you will never remove them from on Spenser's Shepheard's Calendar. that innate fidelity which is grafted in them, you will never induce them to betray their duty.' Even Cambrensis, who upon other

[Airghtheach, or, of Silver : Origin of the occasions could not afford a good word to

Term.]

“ The epithet Airghtheach, or of silver, i Colgan. Act. Sanct. p. 496, ch. 10. was bestowed on Eadhna, as being the first

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