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to March 3, 1872: Compensation, $370,000; | WEST VIRGINIA -Van Winkle, 814 miles, $325; mileage, $37,041 20; stationery and newspapers, Willey, 688 miles, $275. WISCONSIN-Doolittle, $9,250; total, $416,291 20; average per Senator, 2,860 miles, $1,144; Howe, 3,210 miles, $1,284. $5,625 552 5.

ACT OF 1866-SECOND SESSION, FORTY SECOND Under same act, from March 4, 1872, to March

CONGRESS, DECEMBER, 1871. 3, 1873, during which year members of the Sen

ALABAMA-Goldthwaite, 1,792 miles, $358; ate received mileage for attending the special

Spencer, 1,490 miles, $293. ARKANSAS-Claysession of the Senate, held in May, 1872, the following amounts were paid : Compensation, $370,

ton, 3,000 miles, $600; Rice, 3,000 miles, $600.

CALIFORNIA-Casserly, 6,716 miles, $1,343; Cole, 000; mileage, $59,002 80; newspapers and stationery, $9,250; total, $438,252 80; average per 1 744 miles. $148: Ferry, 580 miles, $116. DELA

6.716 miles, $1,343. CONNECTICUT- Buckingham, Senator, $5,922 33%. Total compensation and allowance of Senators

WARE-Bayard, 224 miles, $44; Saulsbury, 318

| miles, $63. FLORIDA-Gilbert, 2,200 miles, $ 140; under act of March 3, 1873: Compensation,

Osborn, 2,600 miles, $520. GEORGIA-Hill, 1,523 $555,000; traveling expenses, based upon the

miles, $305; Norwood, 1,384 miles, $276. ILLIcertificates of forty-six Senators, (twenty-eight

NIOS-Logan, 2,000 miles, $400; Trumbull, 1,700 having presented none,) amounting to $4,

miles, $310. INDIANA—Morton, 1,796 miles, 607 95, giving an average of $100 17X 74=$7,

$359, Pratt, 1,464 miles, $292. Iowa-Harlan, 412 58; total, $562,412 58; average per Sena

2,556 miles, $511; Wright, 2,324 miles, $464. tor, $7,600 17.

KANSAS—Caldwell, 2,928 miles, $585; Pomeroy,

2,800 miles, $560. KENTUCKY-Davis, 1,644 Mileage paid to Senators in Thirty-miles, $328; Stevenson, 1,564 miles, $312. LOUISNinth and Forty-Second Congresses. IANA-Kellogg, 3,486 miles, $697; West, 3,164

In connection with this, the following state- miles, $632. MAINE-Hamlin, 1,440 miles, $288; ments, prepared by the Secretary of the Senate, Morrill, 1,350 miles, $270. MARYLAND—Hamand laid before that body by Senator CAMERON, ilton, 250 miles, $50; Vickers, 200 miles, $40. January 9, 1874, of the amounts of mileage paid MASSACHUSETTS-Sumner, 912 miles, $184; Wilin dollars (cents omitted) at particular dates un- son, 920 miles, $184. MICHIGAN-Chandler, der the acts of 1856 and 1866, are given. The 1,822 miles, $364; Ferry, 1,800 miles, $360. act of 1856 fixed mileage at forty cents per mile MINNESOTA-Ramsey, 3,264 miles, $652; Wineach way, and the act of 1866 fixed it at twenty dom, 3,094 miles, $618. MISSISSIPPI–Ames, cents per mile each way:

3,600 miles, $720; Alcorn, 2,100 miles, $420. ACT OF 1856_FIRST SESSION, THIRTY-NINTA

MISSOURI-Blair, 2,064 miles, $412; Schurz, CONGRESS, DECEMBER, 1865.

2,064 miles, $412. NEBRASKA-Hitchcock, 2,684 CALIFORNIA-Conness, 13,906 miles, $5,562;

miles, $536; Tipton, 2,736 miles, $547. NEVADAMcDougall, 13,706 miles, $5,482. CONNECTICUT

2; | Nye, 4,872 miles, $974; Stewart, 5,856 miles, Dixon, 700 miles, $280; Foster, 750 miles, $300.

$1,171. NEW HAMPSHIRE – Cragin, 1,192 miles, DELAWARE-Riddle, 220 miles, $88; Saulsbury,

$238; Patterson, 1,200 miles, $240. NEW JER400 miles, $160. ILLINOIS— Trumbull, 3,100

SEY-Frelinghuysen, 444 miles, $88; Stockton,

350 miles, $70. NEW YORK—Conkling, 956 miles, $1,240; Yates, 3,368 miles, $1,347. INDIANA-Hendricks, 2,516 miles, $1,006; Lane,

miles, $191 ; Fenton, 1,360 miles, $272. NORTH 2,616 milės, $1,046. Iowa-Grimes, 3,960 miles,

CAROLINA-Pool, 632 miles, $126; Ransom, 456

miles, $91. O110-Sherman, 1,106 miles, $221; $1,584; Kirkwood, 4,016 miles, $1,606. Kan

Thurman, 1,068 miles, $213. OREGON—Corbett, SAS-Lane, 5,400 miles, $2,160; Pomeroy, 5,400 miles, $2,160. KENTUCKY- Davis, 1,644 miles,

8,116 miles, $1,623; Kelly, 8,116 miles, $1,623. $657; Guthrie, 1,098 miles, $439. MAINE-Fes

PENNSYLVANIA-Cameron, 240 miles, $48; Scott, senden, 1,230 miles, $492; Morrill, 1,350 miles,

444 miles, $88. RHODE ISLAND—Anthony, 838 $540. MARYLAND-Creswell, 200 miles, $80;

miles, $167; Sprague, 820 miles, $164. SOUTH Johnson, 84 miles, $33. MASSACHUSETTS--Sum

| CAROLINA --Robertson, 1,042 miles, $208; Saw

yer, 1,176 miles, $235. TENNESSEE-Brownlow, ner, 924 miles, $369; Wilson, 924 miles, $369.

1,030 miles, $206; Cooper, 1,550 miles, $310. MICHIGAN Chandler, 2,162 miles, $864; Howard, 2,274 miles, $909. MINNESOTA-Norton,

TEXAS-Flanagan, 5,000 miles, $1,000; Hamil

ton, 4,200 miles, $840. VERMONT-Edmunds, 4,660 miles, $1,864; Ramsey, 4,760 miles, $1,904.

1,070 miles, $214; Morrill, 1,022 miles, $204. MISSOURI-Henderson, 2,474 miles, $989; Brown, 2.474 miles, $989. NEVADA-Nye, 14,056 miles,

VIRGINIA—Johnson, 736 miles, $147; Lewis, 326

miles, $65. WEST VIRGINIA—Boreman, 810 $5,622; Stewart, 14,056 miles, $5,622. NEW

miles, $162; Davis, 456 miles, $91. WISCONSINHAMPSHIRE-Clark, 1,028 miles, $411; Cragin, 1.192 miles, $475. NEW JERSEY— Wright, 460

Carpenter, 1,854 miles, $370; Howe, 2,184 miles,

$436. miles, $184; Stockton, 360 miles, $144. NEW

The act of 1873 abolished all mileage allowYORK-Harris, 780 miles, $312; Morgan, 464 miles, $185. OH10—Sherman, 1,326 miles, $530;

ances, and substituted for them an allowance of Wade, 1,194 miles, $477. OREGON—Nesmith,

"actual traveling expenses." The act of 1874, 14,920 miles, $5,968 ; 'Williams, 14,920 miles,

repealing the act of 1873, restored the former $5,968. PENNSYLVANIA-Buckalew, 416 miles,

mileage allowance of twenty cents per mile,

which existed prior to 1873. $166; Cowan, 688 miles, $275. RHODE ISLANDAnthony, 900 miles, $360; Sprague, 900 miles, $360. TENNESSEE-Patterson, 874 miles, $349, Mileage to Representatives in FortyFowler, 2,000 miles, $800. VERMONT-Foot,

Second Congress. 1,000 miles, $400; Poland, 1,200 miles, $480. I The following statements show the mileage

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69.

Mr. RANDALL moved to lay the bill upon the the bill ordered to be engrossed and read a third table, but subsequently withdrew the motion. time; and being so engrossed was so read. Mr. P. M. B. Young renewed it.

| The bill was then passed-yeas 187, pays 49, The motion to lay the bill on the table was ant voting 54: disagreed to-yeas 63, pays 170:

| YEAS--Messrs. Adams, Albert, Albright, Archer, YEAS-Messrs. Averill, Barber, H. P. Bell, Arthur, Atkins, BANNING, Barber, Barnum, BarBradley, Buckner, Burchard, J. B. Clark, S. A. rere, Bass, J. B. Beck, Begole, H. P. Bell, Berry, Cobb, Corwin, Crounse, Crutchfield, Darrall, Biery, Bland, Blount, Bowen, Bright, Brown, Donnan, Eldredge, Farwell, Garfield, Giddings, Buffinton, Bundy, Burleigh, Burrows, R. R. Hagans, E. Hale, R. S. Hale, Hancock, J. "B. Butler, J. H. Caldwell, Cannon, Cason, Cessna, Hawley, Hays, G. W. Hazelton, Herndon, E. R. A. Clark, J. B. Clark, Clements, Clymer, C. L. Hoar, G. F. Hoar, Hodges, Houghton, Hubbell, Cobb, Coburn. Comingo, Conger, Cook, Cox, CritHunter, Hurlbut, Kendall, Knapp, Lamar, J. R. tenden, Crooke, Crossland, Crounse, Crutchfield, Lynch, Marshall, Martin, A. S. McDill, McKee, Curtis, Danford, J. J. Davis, De Witt, Dobbins, Morey, Nesmith, Orth, Packard, Parsons, Pel- Duell, Dunnell, Durham, Eames, Eden, Farwell, ham, Purman, Rainey, Rusk, Sawyer, I. W. Field, Fort, C. Foster, Freeman, Frye, Garfield, Scudder, Shanks, Sheats, Sheldon, Sloss, G. L. Gunckel, Hagans, Hamilton, Harmer, H. R. Smith, Strait, Sypher, Walls, J. M. S. Williams, Harris, J. T. Harris, Harrison, Hatcher, Havens, Williams of Indiana, Willie, P. M. B. Young, J. R. Hawley, J. W. Hazelton, Hereford, Hodges,

Holman, Hoskins, Hunter, Hunton, Hyde, Jewett, Nays—Messrs. Adams, Albert, Albright, Kasson, Kelley, Kellogg, Lamison, Lamport, Archer, Arthur, Atkins, BANNING, Barnum, Lansing, Lawson, Lofland, Lowe, Luttrell, Barrere, Bass, J. B. Beck, Begole, Berry, Biery, Magee, McCrary, J. W. McDill, MacDougall, Bland, Blount, Bowen, BROMBERG, Brown, Buf | Mchunkin, McNulta, Mellish, Merriam, Milliken, finton, Bundy, Burleigh, Burrows, R. R. Butler, Mills, Mitchell, Monroe, L. Myers, Neal, W. E. J. H. Caldwell, Cannon, Cason, Cessna, Clayton, Niblack, Nunn, O'Neill, Orr, Orth, Packer, Page, Clements, Clymer, C. L. Cobb, Coburn, Comingo, H. W. Parker, I. C. Parker, Parsons, Pelham, Conger, Cook, Cotton, Cox, Crittenden, Crooke, Pendleton, E. Perry, Phelps, Pierce, Pike, J. H. Crossland, Curtis, Danford, J. J. Davis, Dawes, Platt, T. C. Platt, Poland, Potter, Pratt, Randall, De Witt, Duell, Dunnell, Durham, Eames, Eden, Rapier, Ray, J. B. Rice, Richmond, Robbins, E. Fort, C. Foster, Freeman, Frye, Gunckel, Hamil. H. Roberts, W. R. Roberts, J. W. Robinson, ton, B. W. Harris, H. R. Harris, J. T. Harris, Ross, H. B. Sayler, M. Sayler, J. G. Schumaker, Harrison, Hatcher, J. R. Hawley, J. W. Hazel- Scofield, H. J. Scudder, Šener, Sessions, I. R. ton, Hereford, Holman, Hooper, Hoskins, Howe, Sherwood, L. D. Shoemaker, Smart, A. H. Smith, Hunton, Hyde, Jewett, Kasson, Kelley, Kellogg, H. B. Smith, J. Q. Smith, Southard, Speer, Lamison, Lamport, Lansing, Lawson, Lofland, Sprague, Stanard, Standeford, Starkweather, St. Lowe, Luttrell, Magee, Maynard, McCrary, J. W. John, Stone, Storm, Swann, C. R. Thomas, C. Y. McDill, MacDougall, McJunkin, McNulta, Mel- Thomas, W. Townsend, Tremain, Tyner, Vance, lish, Merriam, Milliken, Mills, Mitchell, Monroe, Waddeli, Waldron, Wallace, J. D. Ward, M. L. L. Myers, Neal, W. E. Niblack, Nunn, O'Neill, Ward, Wells, Wheeler, Whitehead, WHITEHOUSE, Orr, Packer, Page, H. W. Parker, I. C. Parker, Whiteley, Whitthorne, Wilber, C. W. Willard, G. Pendleton, E. Perry, Phelps, Pierce, Pike, J. H. Willard, C. G. Williams, J. Wilson, J. M. Wilson, Platt, T. C. Platt, Poland, Randall, Rapier, Ray, Wood, Woodford, Woodworth, J. D. Young, P. Read, J. B. Rice, Richmond, Robbins, E. /. M. B. Young-187. Roberts, W. R. Roberts, J. W. Robinson, Ross, Nays-Messrs. Averill, Barry, Bradley, BROMH. B. Sayler, M. Sayler, J. G. Schumaker, BERG, Burchard, Clayton, S. A. Cobb, Corwin, Scofield, H.J. Scudder, Sener, Sessions, I. R. Sher: Darrall, Donnan, Eldredge, Giddings, Gooch, E. wood, L. D. Shoemaker, Smart, A. H. Smith, H. Hale, R. S. Hale, Hancock, B. W. Harris, J. B. B. Smith, J. Q. Smith, Southard, Speer, Sprague, Hawley, Hays, G. W. Hazelton, Herndon, E. R. Stanard, Starkweather, St. John, Stone, Storm, Hoar, G. F. Hoar, Hooper, Houghton, Howe, C. R. Thomas, W. Townsend, Tremain, Tyner, Hubbell, Hurlbut, Kendall, Knapp, J. R. Lynch, Vance, Waddell, Waldron, Wallace, J. D. Ward, Marshall, Martin, A. S. McDill, McKee, Morey, M. L. Ward, Wells, Wheeler, Whitehead, WHITE- | Nesmith, Packard, Purman, Read, Rusk, SawHOUSE, Whiteley, Whitthorne, Wilber, C. W. Wil- yer, Shanks, Sloss, Strait, Walls, J. M. S. Willard, G. Willard, C. G. Williams, J. Wilson, Wood, liams, Williams of Indiana, Willie-49. Woodford, Woodworth, J. D. Young170. Mr. Bundy demanded the previous question

IN SENATE. on the motion to recommit.

The House seconded the demand-yeas 92, April 15~The bill was read twice and referred Days 61, and the main question was ordered to the Committee on Civil Service and Retrench

The motion to recommit was disagreed to; 1 ment, and was not acted upon.

as

IV. JUDICIAL DECISIONS AND OPINIONS. The Louisiana Slaughter-house Cases. | it is necessary to keep this main purpose

steadily in view, though the letter and spirit SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES.

of those articles must apply to all cases coming

within their purview, whether the party conNos. 8, 9, and 10.—December Term, 1872.

cerned be of African descent or not. The Butchers' Benevolent Association)

While the thirteenth article of amendment was of New Orleans, Plaintiff in Error,

intended primarily to abolish African slavery, 8 08.

it equally forbids Mexican peonage or the The Crescent City Live-Stock Landing and Slaughter-House Company.

Chinese cooly trade, when they amount to

slavery or involuntary servitude; and the use Paul Esteben, L. Ruch, J. P. Rouede,

of the word servitude is intended to prohibit W. Maylie, S. Firmberg, B. Beaubay,

all forms of involuntary slavery of whatever William Fagan, J. D. Broderick, N. Seibel, M. Lannes, J. Gitzinger, J. P. I In error to class or name. Aycock, D. Verges, The Live-Stock the Supreme Dealers' and Butchers' Association Court of the

primarily intended to confer citizenship on the of New Orleans, and Charles Cavaroc, State of LouPlaintiff's in Error,

isiana.

negro race, and secondly to give definitions of vs. The State of Louisiana, ex rel. S. Bel

citizenship of the United States and citizenship

of the States, and it recognizes the distinction den, Attorney General.

between citizenship of a State and citizenship The Butchers' Benevolent Association

of the United States by those definitions. of New Orleans, Plaintiff in Error,

The second clause protects from the hostile 10

vs. The Crescent City Live-Stock Landing

legislation of the States the privileges and and Slaughter-House Company.

immunities of citizens of the United States as The charter of the slaughter-house company, a distinguished from the privileges and immu

corporation created by a statute of Louisiana, nities of citizens of the States. contained, among other exclusive privileges, These latter, as defined by Justice Washington the right to establish and maintain stock in Corfield vs. Coryell, and by this court in yards and landing-places and slaughter-houses Ward vs. Maryland, embraced generally those for the city of New Orleans, at which all stock fundamental civil rights for the security and must be landed and all animals intended for establishment of which organized society is food inust be slaughtered.

instituted, and they remain, with certain ex. This grant of privilege, guarded by proper lim ceptions mentioned in the federal Constitution,

itation of the prices to be charged, and impos under the care of the State governments, and ing the duty of providing ample conveniences, of this class are those set up by plaintiffs. with permission to all owners of stock to land, The privileges and immunities of citizens of the and of all butchers to slaughter, at those places, United States are those which arise out of the was a police regulation for the health and nature and essential character of the national comfort of the people, (the statute locating government, the provisions of its Constitution, them where health and comfort required) or its laws and treaties made in pursuance within the power of the State Legislatures, thereof; and it is these which are placed under unaffected by the Constitution of the United the protection of Congress by this clause of the States previous to the adoption of the thir fourteenth amendment.

teenth and fourteenth articles of amendment. It is not necessary to inquire here into the full force The Parliament of Great Britain and the State of tbe clause forbidding a State to enforce any

legislatures of this country have always ex law which deprives a person of life, liberty, ercised the power of granting exclusive rights, or property without due process of law, for when they were necessary and proper to effect that phrase has been often the subject of judi. uate a purpose which had in view the public cial construction, and is, under no admissible good; and the power here exercised is of that view of it, applicable to the present case.

class, and has until now never been denied. The clause which forbids a State to deny to any It is now claimed that such power is forbidden person the equal protection of the laws was

by the thirteenth article of amendment and clearly intended to prevent the hostile discrim

by the first section of the fourteenth article. I ination against the negro race so familiar in An examination of the history of the causes the States where he had been a slave, and for

which led to the adoption of those amendments, this purpose the clause confers ample power and of the amendments themselves, demon- in Congress to secure his rights and his equal. strates that the main purpose of all the three ity before the law. last amendments was the freedom of the Mr. Justice MILLER delivered the opinion of African race, the security and perpetuation the court as follows: of that freedom, and their protection from the These cases are brought here by writs of error oppressions of the white men who had formerly to the Supreme Court of the State of Louisiana. held them in slavery.

They arise out of the efforts of the butchers of In giving construction to any of those articles, | New Orleans to resist the Crescent City Live

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