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which this qualified censuré was prin. He afterwards published, in 1796, a cipally applied in October were works poem of which the subject is taken of German theology.

from the Scriptures, and the title of

which is Jonathan. PRUSSIA.

Notwithstanding a number of minor On the 2nd of March, at Berlin, beauties, this poem neither obtained died Professor Wadreck, who had nor deserved popularity. Brun has also bestowed persevering care and instrucs written a great number of pamphlets tion on 400 poor children. He ori- and fugitive pieces, both in verse and ginated the idea of his institution in prose, which are justly esteemed; but the middle of an extremely severe it is particularly as a religious orator winter, during which he found seven- that he has acquired his reputation. teen families heaped together in a Claus Pavels, born in 1769, succeeded, miserable barn, and many more with in 1817, M. Nordahl Brun, as bishop no other asylum than a stable or cow- of Bergen, where he died three years house. Not being able to afford sub- afterwards. Besides some fugitive stantial relief to the entire families, poems, which are not void of merit, he took charge of the children. At he has left several collections of serfirst he brought them up in private mons, which are much esteemed. houses ; soon after, the generous con Jonas Rein, born in 1760, died in tributions of individuals, and subse. 1820 at Bergen, where he was pastor quently the patronage of the king and of the New Church. He is author of the princes enabled him to found a a tragedy which has never been acted, respectable establishment, and to His poetry exhibits noble and refined extend his benevolent protection to ideas and exquisite feeling. His moral a greater number of unfortunate works in prose are not less admirable. children.

Jens Zetlitz, born in 1761, was pastor Translated from the Revue Ency- of the Commune of Holders, where he clopédique for May 1823, p. 449. died in 182). He is author of a great

number of poems of various kinds, AMERICA.

among which may be distinguisheil Extract from a letter, New-York, religious picces and moral songs, for 15th May, 1823. “There is little now the use of the peasants of the national going on here; the most important militia.—Revue Encyclopédique, in my recollection is the excommuni. cation of a lady by a Rev. Dr. Spring

PERSIA. for obstinately persisting in the dis. The attention of the friends of civibelief of eternal punishments, and the lization and liberty has been long extension of slavery to Illinois State!” drawn towards this interesting country,

which, like Greece, is awaking from NORWAY.

the slumber of centuries. An article Norway has lost in the space of in the Times newspaper of June 5, a few years, four of its oldest and announces that the heir of that splenmost distinguished poets. By a re- did monarchy has ordered through the markable coincidence, they were all Mirza, now resident in London, a four ecclesiastics ; but they all culti- service of English Porcelain for the vated the art of poetry, without ever Persian Court. It is gratifying to us compromising the dignity of the priest- as Englishmen to learn, that before hood. If they paid a tribute to youth the Mirza decided on the order which in composing some works which he had received, he inspected the two severe critics would call frivolous, best depositaries in Europe, that of after they had become priests they Seves, in France, and that of Messrs. consecrated their talents to more no- Flight and Barr, in England, and on ble and elevated productions. Johan comparison, gave the preference to Nordahl Brun, born in 1745, died the latter. But we are most interested bishop of Bergen, in 1816: be com- in the conclusion of the article, relatposed in his youth two tragedies, in ing to a inuch higher subject, and we The taste of Racine,one entitled Zarina, quote it entire : "We_inay mention and the other Einar. These two works as an illustration of the Prince Royal's were much admired; their celebrity wish to adopt the advantages of more lasted however but for some years, civilized states of society, that he has

Intelligence.-Foreign: Hayti.

361

an English woman to instruct his The public instruction appears to daughters according to the plan of be the principal object of the exertions English education: thus declaring, of the government. Two schools for perhaps for the first time, in an orien- inutual instruction, established in the tal court, that a woman has a mind to capital, furnish instructors for the be cultivated as well as a body to be schools on the same plan which are adorned ; and that she may be fit, not opening in the provinces. Besides merely

reading, writing and arithmetic, in - To sing, to dance,

these institutions are taught the ele. To dress, and troll the tongue, and roll ments of geography and short-hand, the eye,'

and also the principles on which are but to be an equal companion and founded the rights of citizens. The useful friend.”

last public examinations have produced the most satisfactory results.

The colleges of the capital are imHAYTI.

proving ; and at the present time

others are taking rise in each province. The Twentieth Anniversary of Li- The revenues of the suppressed conberty.-Lancusterian Schools.-Medi- vents are appropriated to the formacal Schools. Academy:- The last tion of these establishments, and the journals we have received from Hayti, Monks are to be employed in them in (Le Télégraphe and Le Propagateur,) the situation of professors, unless they furnish interesting details. They give prefer devoting themselves to ecclesius the discourses delivered by the Pre- astical duties. The unwearied exersident of the Court of Cassation, and tions of the government in doing all by the military cominandants of the in its power for the improvement of towns of the Republic, to celebrate society, and for softening the condithe twentieth Anniversary of the tion of the poorer classes, excites the Liberty of Hayti. These discourses, emulation of individuals; and the generally well composed, recommend general activity presents a most deunion ainongst the citizens, the prac- lighful spectacle to the philosophical tice of all the virtues, and especially observer. In some places, where no gratitude towards God for the benefits trace of cultivation had ever been seen, he confers on the Republic; for a plantations are forming; in others, religious character is always given to houses are rising up which, though this solennity, which is generally con now isolated, will perhaps at no discluded in the temples by a Te Deum. tant period be the centre of flourishing

The Cape.-The President extends towns ; here forests are broken up, or his care to every thing connected with hills made level ground; there bridges the happiness of the country. Lan are built over torrents which hitherto casterian Schools are begun at the had arrested the career of the travelCape and in the neighbouring districts.ler. Ingenious labour is every where A Medical and Surgical School, under the inseparable companion of liberty ; the direction of a man of talents, M. commerce extends in proportion to André Stewart, has already produced internal industry; the colours of the some distinguished pupils.

new Republic are now seen on all Port-au-Prince.--Au Academy has the seas. According to an official been established here for instruction naval report of 1822, during the first in all the branches of medicine, juris- nine months of that year, 2 corvettes, prudence, the belles lettres, the prin- 6 brigantines, 12 schooners and 2 cutciples of astronomy, &c. This establish- ters, were employed by goverument ment is conducted by Dr. Fournier and private individuals: the number Pescay, an eminent physician, known was considerably increased in the three in France by his contributions to the following months. The amelioration Dictionary of Medical Sciences. of the state of the Black Slaves ex

Columbia.--Progress of civilization. cites general solicitude: the abolition -The latest Columbian Gazettes con- of slavery is become, if I may so extain very interesting details respecting press myself, quite the fashion, and the situation of this Republic; whose the Columbian journals relate frequent laws and institutions are attaining per- instances of noble disinterestedness. fection and stability,

M. Camilo Manrique lately emanciVOL. XVIII.

3 A

pated nine of his slaves; M. Fernan- letter of the gospel, and, moreover, that dez Soto is now employing his former they are more favourable to the spread mer slaves as independent servants, of Infidelity, which they are intended to giving them wages for their labour. check, than to the support of the ChrisMen capable of actions so generous, undertaken to uphold.

tian faith, which they are professedly so consonant to the spirit of the times,

Your Petitioners cannot but consider well deserve that their names should all Christians bound by their religious be recorded and honoured in every profession to bow with reverence and civilized country.

submission to the precepts of the Great

Founder of our faith ; and nothing appears TURKEY.

to them plainer in the gospel than that THE Porte has issued orders for it forbids all violent measures for its selling, by weight, all the fine libra- propagation, and all vindictive measures ries in Constantinople; among others for its justification and defence. The are mentioned those of the Princes Author and Finisher of Christianity has Morusi, who are become objects of declared, that his kingdom is not of this hatred and jealousy to the despotic shewed a perfect pattern of compassion

; and, as in his own example he government of Turkey, from their

towards them that are ignorant and out riches, their patriotism, and their of the way of truth, of forbearance totalents.

wards objectors, and of forgiveness of

wilful enemies,-so in his moral laws he DOMESTIC.

has prohibited the spirit that would at

tempt to root up speculative error with The Christians' Petition to Parlia. the arm of flesh, or that would call down

ment against the Prosecution of fire from heaven to consume the unbeUnbelievers.

lieving, and has commanded the exercise

of meekness, tenderness and brotherly To the Right Honourable the Lords Spi

love towards all mankind, as the best ritual and Temporal in Parliament and only means of promoting his cause assembled :

upon earth, and the most acceptable way To the Honourable the Commons of the of glorifying the Great Father of Mercies,

United Kingdom of Great Britain and who is kind even to the unthankful and

Ireland, in Parliament assembled : the evil. The humble Petition of the undersigned

By these reasonable, charitable and Ministers and Members of Christian peaceful means, the Christian religion Congregations,

was not only established originally, but

also supported for the three first centuSHEWETH,

ries of the Christian era, during which That your Petitioners are sincere be- it triumphed over the most fierce aud lievers in the Christian Revelation from potent opposition, unaided by temporal personal conviction on examination of power ; and your Petitioners humbly the Evidences on its behalf; and are submit to your [Right] Honourable House, thankful to Almighty God for the un that herein consists one of the brightest speakable blessing of the Gospel, which evidences of the truth of the Christian they regard as the most sacred sanction, religion ; and that they are utterly at a the best safeguard, and the most powerful loss to conceive how that which is unimotive, of morality, as the firmest sup. versally accounted to have been the glory port and most effectual relief amidst the of the gospel in its beginuings, should afflictions and troubles of this state of now cease to be accounted its glory, or humanity, and as the surest foundation how it should at this day be less the of the hope of a life to come, which maxim of Christianity, and less the rule hope they consider to be in the highest of the conduct of Christians, than in the degree conducive to the dignity, purity days of those that are usually denominated and happiness of society.

the Fathers of the Church- that it is no That with these views and feelings, part of religion to compel religion, which your Petitioners beg leave to state to must be received, not by force, but of your (Right] Honourable House, that free choice. they behold with sorrow and shame the Your Petitioners would earnestly reprosecutions against persons who have present to your [Right] Honourable printed or published books which are, or House, that our holy religion has borne are presumed to be, hostile to the Chris- uninjured every test that reason and tian religion, from the full persuasion that learning have applied to it, and that its snch prosecutions are inconsistent with, Divine origin, its purity, its excellence and contrary to, both the spirit and the and its title to universal acceptation, have

uguinst the Prosecution of Unbelievers.

363 been made more manifest by every new against the divinely-taught preachers of examination and discussion of its nature, our religion, or those that may now be pretensions and claims. Left to itself, instituted by the ruling party in Pagan under the Divine blessing, the reasona. countries, where Christian inissionaries bleness and inoate excellence of Chrise are so laudabiy employed, in endeavouring tianity will infallibly promote its influence to expose the absurdity, folly and misorer the understandings and hearts of chievous influence of idolatry. mankiod ; but when the angry passions Your Petitioners would entreat your are suffered to rise in its professed de- [Right] Honourable House to consider fence, these provoke the like passions in that belief does not in all cases depend hostility to it, and the question is no upon the will, and that inquiry into the longer one of pure truth, but of power on truth of Christianity will be wholly prethe one side, and of the capacity of en vented if persons are rendered punishable durance on the other.

for any given result of inquiry. Firmly It appears to your Petitioners that it attached as your Petitioners are to the is altogether unnecessary and impolitic to religion of the Bible, they cannot but recur to penal laws in aid of Christianity. consider the liberty of rejecting, to be The judgment and feelings of human implied in that of embracing it. The nature, testified by the history of man in unbeliever may, indeed, be silenced by all ages and nations, incline mankiud to his fears, but it is scarcely conceivable religion; and it is only wheu they erringly that any real friend to Christianity, or associate religion with fraud and injustice any one who is solicitous for the imthat they can be brought in any large provement of the human mind, the difnumber to bear the evils of scepticism fusion of knowledge and the establishand unbelief. Your Petitioners acknow- ment of truth, should wish to reduce any ledge and lament the wide diffusion portion of mankind to the necessity of amongst the people of sentiments un- concealing their honest judgment upon friendly to the Christian faith: but they moral and theological questions, and of cannot refrain from stating to your Ho- making an outward profession that shall nourable House their conviction that this be inconsistent with their inward perunexampled state of the public mind is suasion. mainly owing to the prosecution of the Your Petitioners are not ignorant that holders and propagators of infidel opi- a distinction is commonly made between nions. Objections to Christianity have those unbelievers that argue the question thus become familiar to the readers of of the truth of Christianity calmly and the weekly and daily journals, curiosity dispassionately, and those that treat the has been stimulated with regard to the sacred subject with levity and ridicule ; publications prohibited, an adventitious, but although they feel the strongest disunnatural and dangerous importance has gust at every mode of discussion which been given to sceptical argaments, a sus- approaches to indecency and profaneness, picion has been excited in the minds of they cannot help thinking that it is nei. ihe multitude that the Christian religion ther wise nor safe to constitute the man. can be upheld only by pains and penalties, ner and temper of writing an object of and sympathy has been raised on behalf legal visitation ; inasmuch as it is imposof the sufferers, whom the uninformed sible to define where argument ends and and unwise regard with the reverence eaking begins. The reviler of and confidence that belong to the cha- Christianity appears to your Petitioners racter of martyrs to the truth.

to be the least formidable of its enemies; Your Petitioners would remind your because his scoffs can rarely fail of arous[Right] Honourable House, that all histo- ing agaiust him public opinion, than which ry testifies the futility of all prosecutions nothing more is wanted to defeat his for mere opinions, unless such prosecu. end. Between freedom of discussion and tions proceed the length of exterminating absolute persecution there is no assigna. the holders of the opinions prosecuted,

ble medium. And nothing seems to your an extreme from which the liberal spirit Petitioners more impolitic than to single and the humanity of the present times out the intemperate publications of morevolt.

dern unbelievers for legal reprobation, The very same maxims and principles and thus by implication to give a licence that are pleaded to justify the punish- to the grare reasonings of those that went of Unbelievers would authorize preceded thein in the course of open hosChristians of different denominations to tility to the Christian religion, which vex and harass each other on the alleged reasonings are much more likely to make ground of want of faith, and likewise a dangerous impression upon the minds form an apology for Heathen persecutions of their readers. But independently of against Christians, whether the persecu- considerations of expediency and policy, tions that were anciently carried on your Petitioners canuot forbear recording

evil

their humble protest against the principle defence which I make now unto you." At implied in the prosecutions alluded to, the conclusion of the religious service, that a religion proceeding from Tufinite T. Roby, Esq., was called to the Chair ; Wisdom and protected by Almighty Pow- the Secretary read the minutes of the er, depends upon human patronage for last annual meeting and the subsequent its perpetuity and influence. Wherefore committee meetings; various resolutions they pray your (Right] Honourable House, were proposed and passed, and thirteen to take into consideration the prosecu- Dames were added to the list of members. Lions carrying on and the punishments The members and friends of the Society already inflicted upou unbelievers, in or. dined and spent the afternoon together. der to exonerate Christianity from the

J, H, B. opprobrium and scandal so unjustly cast upon it of being a system that counte. nances intolerance and persecution.

Laying the Foundation Stone of the And your Petitioners will ever pray,

Unitarian Chapel at Hanley, Stuf&c.

fordshire.

The first stone of the Unitarian Chapel Dudley Double Lecture. at Hanley, in Staffordshire, was laid June

11, 1823. A little after one o'clock, the The Anoual Meeting of Ministers took Rev. T. Cooper, accompanied by Josiah place at Dudley on Whit-Tuesday, May Wedgwood, Esq., the Rev. J. Hawkes, 20th. The Rev. John Kentish, of Bir. Nantwich ; Rev. W. Fillingham, Conglemingham, conducted the devotional ser ton; Rev. E. Hawkes, B. A., and the vice. Two very interesting discourses Rev. J. Philp, Whitchurch, proceeded to were delivered on the occasion : the one the site on which the chapel is to be by the Rev. Hugh Hutton, of Birmingham, erected. A large concourse of people, from Prov. ii. 3–5:“ If thou criest af- estimated at a ihousand in number, aster kuowledge, and liftest up thy voice sembled to see the ceremony performed. for understanding; if thou seekest her Mr. Fillingham commenced the service as silver, and searchest for her as for by giving out a hymn. Mr. Philp engaged hidden treasures ; then shalt thou under- in offering a prayer to Almighty God. stand the fear of the Lord, and find the Immediately after which, J. Wedgwood, knowledge of God.” The other, by the Esq., deposited a piece of glass, in an Rev. John Owen, of Tamworth, from excavated part of the stone, bearing this Rom. i. 16: “ For I am not ashamed of inscription : " The first Unitarian Chathe gospel of Christ; for it is the power pel built in the Potteries. Erected for of God unto salvation to every one that ihe worship of the Only True God, Jue, believeth.” Fourteen ministers were pre- 1823. T. Cooper, Minister." sent, and the cougregation was numerous. Mr. Cooper then delivered a short, but The Rev. John Corrie, of Handsworth, very appropriate, address; in which he and the Rev. Alexander Paterson, of staied, with great clearness, the reasons Stourbridge, were appointed to preach at why Unitarians could not join in Trini. the next anniversary.

tarian worship, and, consequently, why J. H. B.

they erected separate places of Worship,

dedicated to the exclusive adoration of Waricickshire Unitarian Tract the One True God, the God and Father Society.

of our Lord Jesus Christ. After Mr. The members of the Unitarian Tract C.'s address a hymn was sung, and Mr. Society established in Birmingham for Hawkes concluded the interesting and Warwickshire and the neighbouring coun. highly gratifying service with a suitable ties, held their Annual Meeting at Tam- prayer. worth, on Wednesday, June 11, 1823. members of several denominations, were

The audience, though composed of The Rev. James Hews Bransby, of Dudley, began the services of the day with pray- about a hundred persons, male and fe

exceedingly attentive. At five o'clock, er, read the Scriptures and offered the general prayer. The Rev. Hugh Hutton; rian service is at present conducted, to

male, met at the room in which Unita. of Birmingham, delivered an animated discourse, which he was afterwards re

take tea and spend the evening in a so

cial manner. After tea Mr. Hawkes quested to print, from Acts xxii, 1: * Men, brethren and fathers, hear ye my of the evening, both gave and elicited

was called to the Chair, and in the course speeches, which were conducive to the

gratification and instruction of the com* We understand that Mr. Paterson is pany. Mr. Cooper's statements, which to be ordained to the pastoral office at were proved by ocular demonstration, Stourbridge, on Tuesday, July 15. were very encouraging to the friends of

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