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God helps them that help themselves."

Maxims prefixed to Poor Richard's Almanac, 1757. Dost thou love life? Then do not squander time, for that is the stuff life is made of.

Ibid.

Ibid.

Early to bed and early to rise,
Makes a man healthy, wealthy, and wise, a Tbid.
Plough deep while sluggards sleep.

Never leave that till to-morrow which you can do to-day.

Ibil. Three removes are as bad as a fire.

Ibid. Little strokes fell great oaks.8

Ibid. A little neglect may breed mischief: for want of a nail the shoe was lost; for want of a shoe the horse was lost; and for want of a horse the rider was lost.

Toid. He that goes a borrowing goes a sorrowing.'

Toid. A man may, if he knows not how to save as he gets, keep his nose to the grindstone.5

Ibid. Vessels large may venture more, But little boats should keep near shore. It is hard for an empty bag to stand upright.

Ibid. Experience keeps a dear school, but fools will learn in no other.

Ibid.

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even so early as November, 1755, in an answer by the Assembly of Pean; sylvania to the Governor, and forms the motto of Franklin's "Historical Review,'' 1759, appearing also in the body of the work. – FROTHINGHAN: Rise of the Republic of the United States, p.

i See Herbert, page 206.
2 CLARKE: Paremiolgia, 1639.
My hour is eight o'clock, though it is an infallible rule, "Sanat

, sanca tificat, et ditat

, surgere mane” (That he may be healthy, happy, and wise let him rise early). — A Health to the Genile Profession of Serving.men, 1598 (reprinted in Roxburghe Library), p. 121.

8 See Lyly, page 32.
4 See Tusser, page 21.
5 See Heywood, page 11.

2

We are a kind of posterity in respect to them."

Letter to William Strahan, 1745. Remember that time is money.

Advice to a Young Tradesman, 1748. Idleness and pride tax with a heavier hand than kings and parliaments. If we can get rid of the former, we may easily bear the latter.

Letter on the Stamp Act, July 1, 1765.
Here Skugg lies snug
As a bug in a rug.

Letter to Miss Georgiana Shipley,

September, 1772. There never was a good war or a bad peace.

Letter to Josiah Quincy, Sept. 11, 1773. You and I were long friends : you are now my enemy,

Letter to William Strahan, July 5, 1775. We must all hang together, or assuredly we shall all ang separately.

At the signing of the Declaration of Independence, July 4, 1776 Le has paid dear, very dear, for his whistle.

The Whistle. November, 1779. Here you would know and enjoy what posterity will say of Washington. For a thousand leagues have nearly same effect with a thousand years.

Letter to Washington, March 5, 1780. Our Constitution is in actual operation ; everything appears to promise that it will last; but in this world notheing is certain but death and taxes.

Letter to M. Leroy, 1789.

and I am yours.

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Byron's European fame is the best earnest of his immortality, for a foreign nation is a kind of contemporaneous posterity. HORACE Binney WALLACE: Stanley, or the Recollections of a Man of the World, vol. ii. p. 89.

2 Snug as a bug in a rug. The Stratford Jubilee, ir. 1, 1779. 8 It hath been said that an unjust peace is to be preferred before a

SAMUEL BUTLER: Speeches in the Rump Purliament. Butler's

just war. Remains.

NATHANIEL COTTON. 1707-1788.

If solid happiness we prize,
Within our breast this jewel lies,

And they are fools who roam.
The world has nothing to bestow;
From our own selves our joys must flow,

And that dear hut, our home. The Fireside. Stanza 3
To be resign'd when ills betide,
Patient when favours are deni’d,

And pleas'd with favours given, — Dear Chloe, this is wisdom's part; This is that incense of the heart 1 Whose fragrance smells to heaven.

Stanza 11.
Thus hand in hand through life we'll go;
Its checker'd paths of joy and woe

With cautious steps we ’ll tread.
Yet still we hug the dear deceit.
Hold the fleet angel fast until he bless thee.

Stanza 31.

Content Vision ir.

To-morrow.

HENRY FIELDING. 1707-1754.

Sc.2.

All Nature wears one universal grin.

Tom Thumb the Great. Act i. Sc. 1. Petition me no petitions, sir, to-day ; Let other hours be set apart for business. To-day it is our pleasure to be drunk; And this our queen shall be as drunk as we. When I'm not thank'd at all, I'm thank'd enough; I've done my duty, and I've done no more. Thy modesty 's a candle to thy merit.

· The incense of the heart may rise. — PIERPONT: Every Place a Temple

Sc. 3.

Ibid.

To sun myself in Huncamunca's eyes.

Tom Thumb the Great. Act i. Sc. 3. Lo, when two dogs are fighting in the streets, With a third dog one of the two dogs meets; With angry teeth he bites him to the bone, And this dog smarts for what that dog has done. Sc. 6. I am as sober as a judge.?

Don Quixote in England. Act iii. Sc. 14. Much may be said on both sides. 8

The Covent Garden Tragedy. Act i. Sc. 8. Enough is equal to a feast.

Act v. Sc. 1.

We must eat to live and live to eat.5

The Miser. Act iii. Sc. 3.

Penny saved is a penny got.

Sc. 12. Oh, the roast beef of England, And old England's roast beef !

The Grub Street Opera. Act iii. Sc. 2. This story will not go down.

Tumble-down Dick.

1 Thus when a barber and a collier fight,

The barber beats the luckless collier – white;
The dusty collier heaves his ponderous sack,
And big with vengeance beats the barber - black.
In comes the brick-dust man, with grime o'erspread,
And beats the collier and the barber - red:
Black, red, and white in various clouds are tost,
And in the dust they raise the combatants are lost.

CHRISTOPHER SMART: The Trip to Cambridge (on

Campbell's Specimens of the British Poets,"

vol. vi. p. 185). 2 Sober as a judge. – CHARLES LAMB: Letter to Mr. and Mrs. Moxon. 8 See Addison, page 300. 4 See Heywood, page 20.

5 Socrates said, Bad men live that they may eat and drink, whereas good men eat and drink that they may live. – PLUTARCH: How a Young Man ought to hear Poems.

6 A penny saved is twopence dear;
A pin a day's a groat a year.
FRANKLIY: Hints to those that would be Rich

(1736).

1

364

FIELDING. - PITT.

Can any man have a higher notion of the rule of right and the eternal fitness of things ?

Tom Jones, Book iv. Chap. io. Distinction without a difference.

Book vi. Chap. zii. Amiable weakness."

Book a. Chap. riii. The dignity of history.'

Book zi. Chup. ii. Republic of letters.

Book zio. Chap. i. Illustrious predecessors.

Covent Garden Journal. jan. 11, 1752

WILLIAM PITT, EARL OF CHATHAM.

1708–1778. Confidence is a plant of slow growth in an aged bosom.

Speech, Jan. 14, 1766. A long train of these practices has at length unwillingly convinced me that there is something behind the throne greater than the King himself.4

Chatham Correspondence. Speech, March 2, 1770. Where law ends, tyranny begins.

Case of Wilkes. Speech, Jan. 9, 1770. Keparation for our rights at home, and security against the like future violations. 5

Letter to the Earl of Shelburne, Sept. 29, 1770. If I were an American, as I am an Englishman, while a foreign troop was landed in my country I never would luy down my arms, never! never! never !

Speech, Nor. 18, 1777.

1 Amiable weaknesses of human nature. - Gibbox: Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, chap. rir.

2 See Bolingbroke, page 304.
& Illustrious predecessor. - BURKE : The Present Discontents.

I tread in the footsteps of illustrious men. ... In receiving from the people the sacred trust contided to my illustrious predecessor. - MARTIN Van Bures: Innugural Address, March 4, 1837.

4 Quoted by Lord Mahon, “ greater than the throne itself.” History of England, vol. v. p. 258.

6 " Indemnity for the past and security for the future.. RUSSELL: Memoir of Fox, vol. iii. p. 345, Letter to the Hon. T. Maitland.

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