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When taken to the
ship intended to be dock!
able return to the undertaker. The St.
ter, it is obvious that by placing props, or Raphael sold for £1780.
shoars, between, both will be supported, But this is the iron age. The N. Chro- while the ship will ride with all her stores nicle, vol. 25, p. 219, contains a description
on board, and masts standing, nearly as easy of a wrought iron moveable caisson with a as when in water. Should inconveniences rudder for docking a ship while riding at be apprehended at any time from blowing her moorings, in any depth of water, leav- weather, the caisson may be cast off and let ing her keel dry in three hours, without re- fall to the bottom, where it cannot be inmoving her stores or masts.
jured ; and whence it may be raised to the The floating dock of iron is half an inch ship's bottom again with as little labour as thick, 220 feet long, 64 wide, and 30 deep, weighing an anchor. The caisson will be weighing about 400 tons, or when immersed twelve feet above water when there is a first in water 350, and rendered nearly buoyant rate ship in it, this is a sufficient height to by an air receptacle which surrounds, and prevent the sea breaking over. By this plan which is capable of suspending the whole a ship may have her bottom examined and weight with great exactness, and which is be out of dock again in six hours. A caisrivetted to it in such a manner as also to son capable of docking a first rate will not strengthen the caisson, and support the prin- cost more than £20,000 ; judging from the cipal shoars from the ship. There is a stanch duration of wrought iron salt pans, it will six feet wide on the top for the workmen to last twenty years without repair, and when stand upon and also to strengthen the cais- worn out it will break up and sell for one
third of its original cost. .
In the next page. Hollow iron mastsed, the water is to be let into it at an open- stronger, lighter, more durable, less liable ing or plug hole in the bottom, and it is to to injury than wood, and easily repaired at be suffered to sink until the upper part is It weighs twelve tons, and costs £540. even with the surface of the water; the air A wooden one weighs twenty-three, and tube still keeping it buoyant. A small quan- costs £1200. It is made to strike nearly as tity of air is then to be discharged, by open- low as the deck, to ease the ship, when a ing a plug hole in the air receptacle, until wooden mast would be cut away. It is also a quantity of water is let in, just sufficient a conductor,-a bolt from the bottom being to sink the caisson below the ship's bottom. carried through kelson and keel. This is not This being effected, the caisson (nearly buoy- all — yards, bowsprits, chain shrouds and ant) is then to be raised to the surface of stays of iron are recommended, and finally the water by ropes made fast from the cais- the whole hull. son to each quarter of the ship. A pump placed within the caisson is then to be work
Cast iron coffins were made at some of ed by a steam engine of twelve horse power, the Yorkshire founderies some thirty years placed in a barge alongside, which will empty ago, packing one within another like nests it in three hours, and reduce the draft eight of pill-boxes, for convenience of carriage ; feet of water, that is from twenty-six to
but they did not get into use. eighteen feet, when she may be carried up into shoal water if required, or alongside
1779. A MR. CONSTABLE of Woolwich wharfs, or jetty heads of the dock yards. The passing through the churchyard there at ship’s sides and bottom tending to fall out- midnight, heard people singing jovially. At wards by their own weight, and the sides and first he thought they were in the church, bottom of the caisson tending to be forced but the doors were locked, and it was all inwards by the external pressure of the wa
silent there:- -on looking about he found
some drunken sailors who had got into a large endowment) for the blind, which enable them family vault, and were regaling with bread, to distribute £4,500 yearly! 1809. cheese, i **", and strong beer. They belonged to the Robust, man of war, and
- The country between Colchester and Harhaving resolved to spend a jolly night on wich visited annually by large flocks of rooks, shore, had kept it up in a neighbouring ale- who stay about two or three months, lodghouse till the landlord turned them out, and ing in the woods at night, and then return then they came here to finish their evening to the rookeries in Norfolk, eighty miles disThey had opened some of the coffins in their tant. dare devil drunkenness (which the N. Chronicle calls jollity), and crammed the mouth of
Jan. 1809. The rain froze as it fell, and one of the bodies with bread, and cheese, and
in London the umbrellas were so stiffened beer. Constable with much difficulty pre- that they could not be closed. Birds had vailed on them to return to their ship. In their feathers frozen so that they could not their way one fell down in the mud, and was suffocated, as much from drunkenness as the Ay, and many were picked up as they lay
helpless on the ground. real danger. The comrades took him on their shoulders and carried him back to sleep in company with the honest gentlemen with Jan. 4, 1809. There being only four cod whom he had passed the evening.
in Billingsgate, a fisherman gave fourteen
guineas for them, and salmon soon after was About forty years ago the Dutch intro- sold at a guinea a pound ! duced potatoes in Bengal, and sold them in Calcutta at five shillings a pound! This PROSTITUTION.—Girls bought as property. they were enabled to do by the fondness of One dealer has three establishments — at the English for what they are used to in their London, Bath, and Cheltenham, shifting the own country, and by keeping secret the mode stock according to the season! Where acof culture. Other persons planted, but the cording to relative proportions the children haulm or stem shot up so rapidly and grew of dissenters ought to be ten, in fact they so high that it spent the plant. The Dutch are only three.—Panorama, vol. 6, p. 41. cut it down several times in the early part Half the prostitutes compelled to work in of the season, and thus forced the plant to the day for part of their maintenance, so produce its fruit under ground. It is said overstocked are the streets, and thousands that the potatoe has now accommodated it- of women who have plenty of work “try self to the climate there, and is getting into their chance," as they call it.-Ibid. vol. 6, general use.-Comm. to the Board of Agri- p. 875. culture, vol. 6, p. 1.
A girl who had been four years on the
town begged to be taken into custody at a Acres.
watch house, and was denied by the men in The area of England is esti
attendance, because “she had no charge mated at
31,929,340 brought against her.” The beadle of St. Wales
4,320,000 Bride's urged them to take her in for the Scotland
16,240,000 night,—and at last provided her a lodging. S. Isles adjacent to the coast 1,055,080 | In the morning, after various delays and W. Isles
851,200 examinations before parochial officers, the Orkneys
153,600 poor girl consented to go voluntarily as a Shetlands
643,840 culprit to the Lord Mayor, and thence to
the House of Correction, and was even enChrist's Hospital has funds (from private trusted with the order from the magistrate
for her own commitment during twenty-one
The coffin was 6 feet 4 inches long, days.
4 feet 4 wide, and 2 feet 4 deep; it conThe French prisoners manufacture obtained 126 superficial feet of elm. A grascene toys, and Italian pedlars are the great dual descent of 12 yards was made to the agents in this kind of ware.
grave, and the coffin wheeled down. The
budy a few hours after death was almost in Meux's brewery sold for £112,000, the a liquid state. stock to be taken at a valuation, and the public houses, 134 leasehold, and eight free- Courier, Wedn. March 2, 1814. hold and copyhold at £61,360.
Dublin. Feb. 21. At the Quarter Ses
sions, the King at the prosecution of John Bones of all kinds, not excepting human | Miller v. George Hope. The latter was, after bones, are sent by sea in great quantities patient hearing, found guilty, and senfrom London to the North ; many hundred tenced to twelve months imprisonment in tons of these are ground, or rather broken Newgate, after which he must give good small in mills contrived on purpose. The security for his conduct.
His offence was quantity necessary for an acre of land being fraudulently secreting a farthing belonging small in comparison of other materials.
to his employer, which it appears was one
of three coined by Queen Anne, and esteemA list of cows' names appeared in the ed of high value to antiquarians. He wanted advertisement of a set of dairy stock in to extort a bond for £700 from his master Shropshire, 1809. Earnest, Curlpate, Jeze- for the farthing, and refused to restore it bel, Judith, Bee, Gayless, Early, Secunda, otherwise. The Recorder regretted that the A. One, Fancy, Firbrina, Firbrella, Rose- Court was unable to go as far as it could berry, Pretty, Curly, Browney, Yorkshire, wish in his punishment." Daisy, Rose, Rosalina, Second, Standfast, K. Wouski, Broad Cap, Rosely, Helen, Fill- Money in both pockets. Lord St. Vinbowl, Sexta, M. Broadface, Fillpan, Rose- cent's hornpipe. Long life to the petticoat. bud, Wisky, Doctress, Lovely Lass, Urah, Dances. Third, Rurorea, Cot Lass, Rosamond, Ro- “ The present times," says Mr. Wilson, sella, Miss Key, Tertia, Furba.
in his Treasures of Terpsichore, “would
give a foreigner a deplorable idea of the 1793. The bull Shakespere, by Shakes- English nation, if he were to judge from pere, off young Nell, sold for 400 guineas, their country dancing,—which is a credit to the seller conditioning that he should have the nation when properly conducted and two cows bulled by him yearly.
executed; if not, it only wants the addition
of grimaces to reduce it to the dances of the At the lying-in hospital, Dublin, twenty- savages of Terra del Fuego. It is indeed eight boys baptized at one time by the name
lamentable that our amusements should be on the decline, while the arts, sciences, and
manufactures flourish beyond all precedent MR. LAMBERT, forty years of age, weight among us. At a period, too, when a power52 stone 11 lb. being 10 stone 11 lb. more
ful and inveterate enemy is endeavouring than - the greatest weight of the celebrated to surpass us in every art and science, and Mr. Bright.” His coffin was built
two who would perhaps rejoice to hear that we axles and four clog wheels. The window could neither dance, paint, nor write, we and part of the wall of the room in which should therefore endeavour to do everything he died (on the ground floor) being taken in the best manner possible, not only for down, he was drawn out with ropes by eight / our own satisfaction, but for the credit of
our country." He goes on to prove, in de- screams; and by its third, a married lady, fiance of ridicule, that good dancing is re- because the bird chose to be jealous of her quisite to preserve a high national charac- husband. ter; and hopes that as dancing, being only an amusement, perhaps is not likely to be At the siege of Copenhagen, the villa promoted by its professors, not being formed of a wealthy man, about five miles from the into a corporate body as the painters are, city, was taken possession of, and the family (i. e. that there is no Royal Academy for filed, leaving the plate on the dining table. Dancing,) that his exertions may reform the By the capitulation, private property was present deplorable state of country dancing, to be respected. The owner returned to which will cause the superior departments his house, and was refused admittance by a to advance in proportion; and we may then sentinel, who told him that his orders were perhaps have the satisfaction to hear of an to guard the property, and that no person Englishman blending all the powers of at- should enter unless he brought a permission traction, drawing down the reiterated plau- in form from his commanding officer. The dits of approbation from the Parisians, to
owner persisted in asserting his right, till the credit of himself and of his country.
the sentinel threatened to shoot him on the
spot if he did not retire. Then he went in HORSE - RACING. Newmarket Craven search of the colonel, procured the formal Meeting. Sweepstakes of 100 guineas each, order, and upon entering his house found half forfeit, for the produce of untried mares, everything just as he had leftit,--not aspoon covered by untried stallions.
or a salver missing.
6 We know several masters of stage In the first report which was made to the French in favour of re-establishing religion, coaches, particularly on the Essex road, we heard of the bons esprits, the beaux-es- who, when their stage horses are past laprits had had their day! and the difference bour, let them run in the pastures, or frebegan to be acknowledged between them. quent the stables, as they had been used to
do when in service. They come regularly -PORTATIS. L. GOLDSMITH, vol. i. p. 276.
to see the others set out on their journey, “ QUIEN adelante no cata, atras se cae."
and when they are off, they return to their strawyards. We remember some such in
stances living for years in that condition, “ El creer es cortesia."
and others after having received incurable
hurts. PARSONS the Jesuit, born at Stowey.
If any doubt this humanity, let
them enquire of Cracklin of Brentwood.”— Of the dollar DONNE
Panorama, Oct. 1809.
On Saturday evening, 1 July, 1809, beThat are become as Catholic as their king." ing the first club night after the annual feast
of St. Peter's society of change-ringing arMiss CHRISTIAN' knew a cockatoo turned
tists of Norwich, which is kept always to away by its first owner for its determined the honour of St. Peter, on St. Peter's day, hatred of a little girl; by its second, be- Mr. Samuel Thurston, one of the above socause it disturbed a whole hospital with its ciety, struck on their peals of musical hand
bells the five following intricate short peals, "A neighbour of Southey's, who resided at
in the society's club-room, at the New TheKeswick, and a descendant of the Deemster Christian,
- a name familiar to all readers of ? I have frequently met the person here al. Peveril of the Peak.-J. W. W.
luded to in Copenhagen.-J. W. W.
atre public house, that evening, in presence
consume annually the produce of rather of most of the change-ringers.
more than 3% acres of land: half an acre 1st. A peal of plain-bob-triples, contain- for bread, one-eighth for beer, cider, &c. ing 84 changes, and was nobly brought round one-fiftieth vegetables, 2 animal food, 39 in 2 minutes and 45 seconds.
stone of which, on an average population of 2nd. A peal of bob-major, containing 112 10,000,000, each person is computed to dechanges, and completed in 3 minutes and 48 vour. In England and Wales there are comseconds.
puted 1,759,000 horses for labour and plea3rd. A peal of bob-major reversed, con- sure, requiring with their colts 7,500,000 taining 112 changes, and finished in 3 mi- acres of land for their support. In Midnutes and 12 seconds.
dlesex, 1797, the number of taxed pleasure 4th. A peal of double-bob-major, con- horses was 18,266; for agriculture, &c. taining 112 fine changes, completed in 3 12,709. The cultivated lands in England minutes and 55 seconds.
and Wales, allowing 3,603,000 acres for 5th. A peal of grandsire-bob-cators, con- hedges, copses, wood, water, and roads, is taining 126 changes, and was nobly finished computed as 39,027,000 acres, of which in 5 minutes and 14 seconds.
about 14,000,000 are supposed to be arable, N.B. The first four peals he struck on namely, 3,850,000 wheat, 1,050,000 barley eight musical hand-bells, and the last on a and rye, 3,500,000 oats and beans, 1,400,000 fine-toned peal of ten, being the greatest clover, rye-grass, &c., a like quantity turperformance ever completed by one person nips and other roots, and 2,800,000 lost anin the world.
nually by the generally injurious system of
fallow. The commons and waste lands are O.P. The Rev. Solomon Herschell, high stated at 7,889,000 acres,—the whole supriest of the Jewish synagogue, has caused perficies 46,916,000. The metropolis con100 itinerant Jews to be struck off the cha- sumes butcher's meat annually to the amount rity list for six months, for making a noise of £7,000,000 sterling. About 12,000,000 at Covent Garden theatre. He has also sheep are annually killed, and 3,000,000 warned them of excommunication in case lambs.
The number of sheep in England they should be guilty of the like again. and Wales, according to evidence in the
Wool Bill, exceeds 40,000,000.
A calf for the London market consumes DIED, 1809, at an advanced age, Mr. P. Tompkins, in an obscure lodging near Moor
as much milk as would make a hundredfields. This person was formerly supposed weight of cheese.- Panorama, January,1810. to be not only the most correct, but the Dean Nowell was fishing when news most incorrect bookkeeper in the kingdom; reached him which made him fly without and obtained a very handsome indepen- " going back to take anything out of his dence by making sets of books for those bouse." He left his bottle of ale covered persons who were, for their own interest, with grass or earth; and after Mary's death, obliged to appear before certain gentlemen when he returned, happening to recollect it in commission at Guildhall. It is said he
when fishing on the very spot, looked for person who suggested the idea it, uncorked it, and found it, says Fuller, of imputing the losses of bankrupts to speculations in the lottery, and procured the
not a bottle, but a gun, such the sound of unsuccessful numbers (collected at 2s. each) Fuller's words are—“he found it some days as having been purchased unfortunately by
after.” Worthies of England, Lancashire, p. 115. his employers.
Folio. His love of fishing is well known, and the motto, “ Piscator hominum," See CHCR
ton's Life of Alerunder Nowell, p. 20. A HUMAN being (English) is supposed to
J. W. W.
was the first