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388

GEOFFREY DE MONMOUTH.

morse.” 1

in Gaul and Germany, and established him- the hands of a cruel army which Gratian self at Triers, as Emperor, Conan defeated all had sent into Germany to ravage Maximian's the attempts of the Gauls and the Aquitans sea coast. The leaders of these barbarians to dispossess him of his new kingdom. But were Guanius, king of the Huns, and Melga, though he had spared the women when he king of the Picts. It was not however either waged a war of extermination against the among Huns or Picts that the remnant of men, he considered it dangerous to allow of these virgins fell, but among Ambrones, a any intermarriages with them. Wives how people of Gallia Narbonensis, so notorious ever they must have; and Britain could as marauders that their name became a well afford to supply, after so large a draught common appellation of reproach. These had been made upon its male population. ruffians “inflamed with the beauty of the Conan therefore sent to Dianotus, king of virgins, courted them to their brutish emCornwall, the brother and successor of Duke braces, and being incensed by the refusal Caradoc, to ask his daughter in marriage which they received, fell upon them, and for himself, and a competent number of murdered the greater part without repartners for his fellow soldiers.

Dianotus was the person to whom Maxi- Geoffrey's British History has been the mian had committed the government of prolific source of the Round Table RomanBritain during his absence. His only daugh- ces. The superstructure of religious fable ter, Ursula, was celebrated for her wonder which has been erected upon it is not less ful beauty; Conan was deeply in love with extraordinary. He neither represented the her, and it cannot be inferred from the nar- Cornish Princess as a saint, nor her comrative of the veracious Geoffrey, that when panions as martyrs; but by the ancient and her father accepted the proposal, any disin- anonymous author whose relation was first clination was expressed or felt by the Prin- printed by Surius, a story which in the cess. The commission was readily executed; main may have been true, though probably eleven thousand virgins, daughters of the erroneous in its date, embellished in some nobility, and sixty thousand of the meaner of its circumstances, and greatly exaggesort were levied for this extraordinary oc- rated as to numbers, was made the groundcasion; they assembled in London, and work of a rich legend. ships were brought thither“ from all shores” That legend begins by relating that at a for their transportation. “In so great a time when the uttermost ends of the earth multitude," says the historian, “ many were had been converted to the Christian faith, pleased with this order, yet it was displeas- and not a corner of the ocean was hidden ing to the greater part, who had more affec- from the light of truth, there was in some tion for their relations and their native part of Britain a king called Deonotus, country. Nor perhaps were there wanting whose life was answerable to his name. This some, who preferring virginity to the mar- king took unto himself a wife in the fear of ried state, would rather have lost their lives the Lord, and when they were both expectin any country, than enjoyed the greatest ing in full hope the birth of a son and heir, affluence in wedlock.” No opposition how- it pleased God to bless them with a daughever, was made, all were enlisted for matri- ter, and in that daughter to surpass their mony, they embarked, and the fleet fell wishes.2 down the river Thames. Alas! as they were steering towards the coast of Armo

1 Book 5. cc. 8–16. rica, a storm arose; its violence was such

2 Warton says that the British or Armorican that most of the ships were lost, and those

Chronicle, from which Geoffrey composed his

history, that escaped from the tempest were driven

was undoubtedly framed after the le

gend of St. Ursula, the acts of St. Lucius, and the upon strange islands, where they fell into historical writings of the Venerable Bede had

M. LUSITANA- MORALES - JEREMY TAYLOR.

389

tronilla the fever, S. John, and S. Bennet The Catholic Directory.

the abbot, to cure all poison, S. Apollonia ST. FRUCTUOSO. Avogado dos Liti- the tooth-ache, S. Otilia sore eyes, S. Apolgantes,” for he, having a lawsuit, himself linaris the French Pox, (for it seems he prayed to God to be his friend, and his ad- hath lately got that employment since the versary accordingly died.-M. LUSITANA. discovery of the West Indies,) S. Vincen2. 6. 23.

tius hath a special faculty in restoring stoSTA. QUITERIA. Against mad dogs, and

len goods, and S. Liberius, if he please, does

infallibly cure the stone, and S. Felicitas, angustias de coraçõa.”—Ibid. 2. 5. 19.

if she be heartily called upon, will give the Sto. ENGRACIA. Complaints of the heart teeming mother a fine boy. It were strange and liver, having been tortured in both.- if nothing but intercession by these saints Ibid. 2. 5. 21.

were intended, that they cannot as well pray S. MARZAL. Against fire. The city of

for other things as these, or that they have

no commission to ask of these any thing Burdegala was in flames, and his stick extinguished them. — Colec. de Poesias Cast. else, or not so confidently; and that if

they do ask, that S. Otilia shall not as much tom. 2, p. 336.

prevail to help a fever as a cataract, or that ST. MARCULPHO. The king's evil. The if S. Sebastian be called upon to pray for kings of France derived from him their spe- the help of a poor female sinner, who by cific power in this disease. — MORALES, 13. sad diseases pays the price of her lust, he 51. 5.

must go to S. Apollinaris in behalf of his “ BESIDES what the common people are

client."-JEREMY Taylor. Diss. from Potaught to do, as to pray to S. Gall for the pery, p. 116. health and fecundity of their geese; to S.

The saints seem each like Mr. Bree, Wendeline, for their sheep; to S. Anthony, have confined themselves to the cure of one

Member of the Corporation of Surgeons, to for their hogs; to S. Pelagius, for their

disease. oxen ; and that several trades have their peculiar saints; and the physicians are pa- Even stupidity was curable. There was tronized by Cosmas and Damian, the paint- a canon, by name Martin, in the Monasers by S. Luke, the potters by Goarus, the tery of St. Isidore, excellently pious, but huntsmen by Eustachius, the harlots, (for an incorrigible blockhead. In vain he puzthat also is a trade at Rome,) by S. Afra zled himself to learn, till the saint apand S. Mary Magdalene; they do also rely peared to him in a dream, and made him upon peculiar saints for the cure of several eat a book. He awoke a learned man, and diseases; S. Sebastian and S. Roch have a wrote good Latin. It was certainly a sure special privilege to cure the plague, S. Pe- way of making him digest knowledge.

MORALES, 12. 22. 21. undergone some degree of circulation in the world !” (History of English Poetry, vol. 1, Diss. 1, p. 12. 2nd edition.) But as Geoffrey never let

[Memoranda.] a story lose any thing by passing through his

The Council of Trent first instituted hands, it may fairly be inferred that he has included every thing which was accredited in his the plan of purging and prohibiting books. time concerning Ursula and her companions. The The Indices Exp. were kept secret. Junius probable groundwork of the story may be that discovered that of Antwerp. The one for some ships with women on board, bound for Ar

Spain and Portugal was found at the takmorica to join their countrymen there, were driven to the coast of Flanders or Zealand, and fell into

ing of Cales.-Doctor JAMES. Part 4. of the hands of the barbarians.

The Myst. of the Indic. Expur. p. 22.

390

BIRCKBECK – HERBERT.

such other manner of penitence, fakir-like.
-Hist. de Montser. 30.

The Partidas mention this as a mode of
penance. 1 p. tit. 4, ley 20, that they shall
wear iron round arm or neck.

JUNIUS, 1559, saw a friend who was corrector to a press at Leyden, looking over some sheets of St. Ambrose, which Frellonius was printing. He commended the elegance of the type and edition, but the corrector told him secretly it was of all editions the worst, and showed him the genuine sheets which had been cancelled by the authority of two Franciscans.—JUNIUS in Præf. ante Indicem Exp. Belgicum, a se editum, 1586. - BIRCKBECK's Protestants' Evidence, p. 13.

This, BIRCKBECK calls “purging the good old men till you wrung the very blood and life out of them.”

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“ Placuit picturas in Ecclesia esse non debere, ne quod colitur aut adoratur in parietibus depingatur."—Concil. Eliber. cap. 36, quoted by BIRCKBECK, p. 81.

PRIVATE wars were not confined to chiefs.
A man who seems to have been of no rank,

uno que dezian Juan Artes,” was set
upon by seven men, at the instigation of
his enemy, though he had been nine years
ať truce with him.-Ibid. 111.

The Benedictines and Dominicans all have the same miracles. The dog-dream is related before the birth of S. Bernard as well as S. Dominick. The under-the-petticoat place in heaven is claimed by both orders. The Virgin Mary suckles S. Fulbus as well as S. Domingo, and S. Bernard also. These are the property of the Predicants, because none but the setters-up-ofa-new-shop would have invented such novelties.

ACHARAO tres mosquetes, e quatro espingardas.” They are different then. The mosqueti must be a larger gun, for on the journey they buried two, as being very heavy, very inconvenient, and of little use. 242. Hist. dos Naufragios, vol. 2, p. 30.

St. EDMUND, Archbishop of Canterbury, made a vow of chastity, and betrothed himself to the Virgin, putting a ring upon her finger.-Marian Kalendar. November 16.

Most of the Zamorim's artillery were of metal cast by the Mil. Renegados. Of what then was the rest ?-Castaneda. 1, c. 70.

“ The primitive Christians were called

In their first intercourse with India, the the crickets of the night, because at any

English were mere pirates. See a shocktime of it, if any interruption of sleep hap

ing tale in HERBERT, p. 334, of their seizpened, they ever made it out with ejacula

ing a junk that came to them for protection tory prayer.”Philanax Anglicus. Preface. from a Malabar pirate. They sold the pri

soners for slaves in Java, and sixty threw

themselves overboard in indignation, which PILGRIMS went to Montserrate in ar- seemed sport to some there ; but not so to mour, or carrying bars of iron, and with me who had compassion."

JEREMY TAYLOR — CC. DO C. D. PEDRO — FARIA — LUCENA. 391

LEO X. Session 11 of the last Lateran Their success in Paraguay is attributaCouncil, excommunicates all the inventors ble to the political system connected with and forgers of visions and false miracles, a the faith they preached.

Their converts practice so common as to be heavily com- partook immediately of obvious and imporplained of in the Centum Gravamina of the tant advantages, the comforts of peace and German princes. - J. Taylor. Liberty of civilization. Prophesying, p. 513.

“ The rebellion of a clergyman against

his prince is not treason, because he is not The Alcayde of Alcacer saved one from his prince's subject.”—EMANUEL SA. Aphor. death for the sake of D. Pedro, though of

verb. Clericus. “ These words were left out ten called upon to give him up to public in the edition of Paris, not suiting French justice, every man being bound to give him loyalty, but still remain in the editions of a dobra to make up his ransom, which would Antwerp and Cologne.”. JER. TAYLOR. then have been fifteen hundred dobras.- Dissuasion from Popery, p. 149. It is marCC. DO C. D. PEDRO, p. 380.

vellous that all the kings of Christendom did not combine against such a system!

Jesuits. Tuey seem to have aimed at a system Imago Primi Sæculi Societatis Jesu. Antof Illuminism, which would have ended in

verpiæ, ex off. Plantiniana. Anno Sociesomething like the Chinese establishment,

tatis Seculari, 1640. an oligarchy of the learned. Men would The state of the Company in their sebe happier than they now are, but not pro- cular year justifies their emblem — the sun gressive.

shining upon the globe of earth, and the CARDINAL HENRIQUE founded a univer

motto Psalm 18. “Non est qui se abscondat sity for them at Evora: it became so much

a calore ejus.”—P. 43. the custom to send boys to them for edu

175. Paupertas sapiens. A ship in dancation, that agriculture suffered in conse

ger, and the sailors heaving their treasure

overboard. quence. “Vinieron a perderse muchas tierras que fertilmente produzian el sustento

176. Paupertas expedita. Elijah dropde grande parte del Reyno, traydo por esto ping his cloak as the fire-chariot carries a necessidad de pedir pan a sus propios ene

him away. Liber ab exuviis. migos.”—Faria.

179. A truer emblem. Paupertas omni

curâ soluta. A bird in a cage. Aliunde They were “ quais aquelles, por quem pascitur. perguntava Isaias, comparando os na pressa, 324. Societas ad Missiones expedita. Mite fervor as nuvens, que vam voando sem

tet fulgura et ibunt, et revertentia dicent, outra tençam, nem tino, que o do vento e adsumus. Job 38. espirito, que as leva."— LUCENA, vol. 5, p.

383. Sparserat hæc Coimbricæ in vulgus, 21.

iis qui se apud Patres Societatis exercerent, They called P. Simam and F. Xavier spectra nescio quæ et visa objici. Calumapostles when first they came to Portugal, niæ fidem adstruebat, quam detrahere deand they continue to call us by that appel- buerat, ut repentina ita ingens et crebra molation, which is too much, though we rightly rum mutatio. Denique adeo invaluit hæc esteem the love that bestows it; but our fabula, ut Cardinalis Henricus fidei Quæsi. proper name, says Lucena, is not apostles, tor de re totâ cognoscendum censuerit. Hoc but the Religious of the Company of Je- dum ejus imperio dissimulanter facit Jacosus.—Vol. 1, p. 66.

bus de Murciâ Academiæ Rector, Fratres

392

VIDA DEL S. FR. DE BORJA, ETC.

meros.

que nostros de objectis visis legitimé inter- | Septimus Eois jam sol caput exserit undis, rogat, unus aperte fatetur se visa vidisse, et Cum tibi non ullus venit in ora cibus. quidem feralia atque horrenda. Et quæ- Scilicet æthereo pendes sublimis olympo, nam illa ? inquit Rector, simulque Scribam Et Superum latices ambrosiamque bibis. admonet ut quæ narrarentur exciperet. Ille Vivitur exiguo, quoties mens proxima cælo vere, Memetipsum, inquit, vidi, quem num

est, quam ante satis perspexeram, monstrum Quid petat e terræ pulvere plena Deo ?" sane tetrum, quo turpius mihique magis timendum numquam vidi. Hoc responsum

722. B. Fran. Borgia stemma suum virab ipsâ veritate facetè petitum, calumniam tute nobilitat. A good emblem. A long potentius discussit, quam fortasse potuisset

line of cyphers, to which Cupid has prefixed studiosa defensio, et compendio quodam ru

the S. O nihil! at numeros sic facit innudem exercitiorum imaginem ac laudem amplectens, calumniam suo veluti telo confecit." Some of the Emblems are in a Flemish

Vida del S. Fr. de Borja. Por el Eminentiss. taste. 478. Catechista docet pueros orare

y Reverendiss. P. D. Alvaro Cien Fuegos. ante refectionem. 'Tis a Cupid making his

Cardinal de la Santa Iglesia de Roma. cur dog beg for his food. Non capit ante

Arçobispo de Monreal, 8c. cibum. 569. Societati optandæ res adver- 50. When the Empress Isabel, D. Masæ. Cupid flying a kite. Præstant adver- noel's daughter, was in labour of Philip II. sa secundis—best in a high wind. 570. So- she was told to groan, for it would relieve cietas adversis oppressa virtutem exserit, a her. She answered, in Portugueze, “ Morfellow playing the bagpipes, Pressus dulce rer sim, queyxar me nað.” sonat.

At her death she requested that her 715. Ignatii crebra et per multos dies body might not be embalmed, nor handled continuata jejunia. The Bird of Paradise. by any person except the Marquesa de Exiguo vivit quia proxima cælo.

Lombay. The Marquis was charged to at

tend the funeral from Toledo to Granada. “Ut reparet vires, prædam Jovis armiger It was in hot May, and the body, in obeungue

dience to her will, had only been exterDiripit, et tepido rostra cruore notat. nally anointed. He never left the coffin, I licet, et tuus est quaqua patet arduus praying beside it at night in the churches, æther,

or sleeping on the church floor. At GreÆtheris in campis pascere, tuta via est. nada, when he gave up his charge, he deEcce recens sudat madidis Aurora capil- posed that what he delivered was the corpse lis,

of the Empress, and as a part of this forEt favet et pennas evocat aura tuas. mality, the coffin was opened, and he lifted I procul, et tenuem magis ac magis aera up the face-cloth. The face was half concarpe ;

sumed by worms, and excessively putrid. I, matutinas combibe delicias.

She had been of exceeding beauty, and the Exiguum stillæ satis est, et simplicis auræ, horror of this spectacle permanently affected

Stilla sitim tollet, tollet et aura famem. Borja. This happened in the Puerta de ElDum loquor illa solum fugiens Jove pas- vira, at his entrance, and was painted afcetur udo,

terward over the gate.-P. 232. Sed tamen arguto quod capit ore, parum 69. From Barcelona he made it his emest.

ployment to hunt out banditti. This was Non tibi Loiolidæ tenuis se conferat ales called cruelty. He said he found no such

Dum nihil in terris, quo satieris, habes. diversion in any other chase. “Porque le

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