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remained with the sergeant. He did his duty. He walked up to the kneeling soldier, blew his brains out, and went back to his barracks desperate and reckless. Never, never more, was he to grasp the warm hand of a friend, never again to see his comrades' eyes brighten when he approached. He was a shunned, avoided man. Three days he bore it : on the fourth he committed suicide. We submit that this is one of the most painful stories we have ever read. Even the end of the “ Tale of Two Cities" is not more tragical.

But come, let us up and away to the Ghats with Mr. Dunlop.

“Far off the torrent called me from the cleft,

m the cleft, Far up the solitary morning smote The streaks of virgin snow.”

to a great disproportion in the sexes. Mr. Dunlop found a village in which there were 200 boys and only 120 girls ; which he is not inclined to attribute to infanticide, but rather to nature adapting the supply to the demand. In these hills, also, the inhabitants are in the habit of getting drunk on surreptitiously-distilled whisky (a custom we have heard attributed to mountaineers rather nearer home than the Himalayas). Arriving at 8 P. M. at a village, he was informed that it was useless to attempt to see any one on business that night, as they all were, or ought to be, drunk. The women do all the work. As for the men, they toil not, but curious to relate, they do spin ; in fact, they do nothing else, except get drunk. They go about with a yarn round their body, in a state of obfuscation, and spin away till they are too drunk to see. Taking it all in all, we should say that no state of society in the world approximates so closely to “Queer Street," as the higher ranges of the Himalayas.

And so, with many a pleasant story, and many a scrap of valuable information, we are led up over the dizzy snow slopes, and under the gleaming glaciers, into the Himachul, on the heads of the Sutledge in Thibet,—the land of everlasting snow,—the haunt of the Ovis Ammon and the Bunchowr.

Mr. Dunlop takes us up and on through the hills, leading from range to range, and giving us not only graphic and accurate descriptions of the various kinds of game to be killed, but also a highly interesting and important account of the manners and customs of our fellow-subjects in those wild regions. Her Majesty's lieges in those parts, we hear, are, in their social relations, not polygamists, but polyandrists,—the wife of one brother being common to the rest of the family; and we find, also, that this astonishing arrangement tends

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O SOLITARY shining sea

And look across that ocean line,
That ripples in the sun,

As o'er life's summer sea, O grey and melancholy sea,

Where many a hope went sailing once, O'er which the shadows run;

Full set, with canvas free.

Strange, strange to think how some of O many-voiced and angry sea,

them Breaking with moan and strain,

Their silver sails have furled, I, like a humble, chastened child,

And some have whitely glided down
Come back to thee again ;

Into the under world ;
And build child-castles and dig moats And some, dismasted, tossed and torn,
Upon the quiet sands,

Put back in port once more,
And twist the cliff-convolvulus

Thankful to ride, with freight still safe, Once more, round idle hands;

At anchor near the shore. No. 11.-VOL. II.


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To a student of the Law in Chambers possible to make out what a Volunteer on a bright day in May, seeking for of the 16th century did, and thought, mental illumination by the “gladsome and was like. light of Jurisprudence,” there will ensue They are more than ever interesting at times, after declarations and pleasnow, those quaint picturesque old Staduly drawn, and evidence advised upon, tutes, belonging as they do to the turna decided distaste for “Chitty's Practice," ing-point of English history, after the to try to learn law out of which seems death of the middle ages_times of as very like reading “Liddell and Scott” redundant external vigourand enterprise, to learn Greek. His thoughts, perhaps, and of greater change and development wander to his last Position-drill, (for of of “inner life," than even these times course he is a Volunteer,) and he tries of railways and telegraphs; when the doing a little drill at the same time, by country had had half a century of comreading, sitting on his right heel, “as a parative peace (as we have had since rear-rank kneeling ;” which attempt the French war), to recover from the proving both uncomfortable and unsuc- civil wars which had destroyed at once cessful, “ Chitty's Practice” has to be the feudal aristocracy of the country transferred to the refractory heel for a and the weapons with which they fought. connecting-link and cushion, and being The long-bow was slowly yielding to thus fully occupied, cannot be any longer the “handgonne" and the “hagbut," read. So by way of lighter reading, and as Brown-Bess has been driven out by in defiance of Chief Justice Wilmot's the Enfield and the Whitworth. dictum that “the Statute-Law is like a Fondly and pertinaciously did the “tyrant, where he comes he makes all government of those days cling to the “ void ; but the Common-Law is like a tradition that the strength of England “nursing-father, and makes void only was in the long-bow; and, when war and “ that part where the fault is, and saves threatened invasion menaced from one or “the rest,” he turns to an early volume other of the two great empires of the of the Statutes, and remembering Mr. Continent, passed act after act against the Froude's history of those times, opens at use of "crosbowes and hand-gonnes," and the reign of Henry VIII. to see if it is making constant practice with the long

bow compulsory upon “every man being "the King's subject within the age of “sixty years,” adding minute directions for the supply of bows, and the erection of practice-butts in every village in the country.

In 1514 was passed a statute (confirming a previous one), enacting that “no person from henceforth shote in "iany crosbowe, or any handgonne, un“less he have land and tenement to the “yerely value of 300 marke.” Eight years later this shooting-qualification is reduced to £100 a year. In 1534 a special permission is granted, as a protection against their border enemies, to the inhabitants of the “Countrees of Nor* thumberland, Durisme, Westmerland, “and Comberland to kepe in their houses "crosbowes and handgonnes for defence “of theire persones goodes and houses “against Thefes Scottes, and other the “Kynge's enemies, and for clensing and "scouring of the same only, and for none "other purpose.” A tacit admission this, that the long-bow was not the best weapon after all, and that the “thefes Scottes” required some more formidable weapon,

But, alas! Volunteers, in those days as well as in these, sometimes forgot their mission of “clensing and scouring the Kynge's enemies," and used their weapons for even worse purposes than “shooting the dog ;” for in 1541 we find that “divers malicious and evil-disposed “persons of their malicious and evil-dis“posed myndes and purposes have wil. "fully and shamefully committed divers “detestable and shamefull murthers, rob“eries, felonyes, ryotts and routs, with “ crosbowes, little short handguns, and “ little hagbuts, to the great pill and “contynuall fear and damage of the “Kyng's most lovinge subjects . . . . and "now of late the said evil-disposed per“sons, &c. doe yet daylie use to ride and “goe in the King's highewayes . ... with “ little hand-guns ready furnished with “ quarrell-gunpowder, fyer and touche, to “ the great pill, &c.” It is therefore enacted that these fire-arms shall be of a certain fixed length,“ provided alway... " that it shall be lawfull for all gentle

“men, yeomen, servingmen, &c. to shote “with any hand-gune, demyhake, or “ hagbut, at any butt or bank of earth “onlye, in place convenient for the same ".. wherebye they may the better ayde “and assist to the defence of this Realme “when nede shall require.”

The first mention this, of butts for ball practice. But it seems they were not enough used, for again in 1548 we find an act, described in the Act of William III. (which repealed it,) as forbidding any one “under the degree of “a Lord of the Parliament to shote any “more pellets than one at any one time.” It seems very hard that a Lord of Parliament's shoulder should have been subjected to the recoil of a charge of two bullets at once, and the “Statutes Unabridged,” on being referred to, do not bear out the description. The Act is “againste the shootinge of hayleshote," and runs thus,—“Forasmuch “.... as not onelye dwelling-houses, “dove-cotes and churches are daylye da“maged ... by men of light conversacon, “ but also there is growen a customable “manner of shotinge of hayle-shott, where“by infynite sorte of fowle ... is killed “ to the benefitt of no man.... Also the “sd use of hayle-shott utterly destroyeth "the certentye of shotinge which in “warres is much requisite, be it therefore “enacted that noe person under the “degree of a lorde of the Parliament “shall from hencefore shoote with any “handgonne within any citie or towne at “any fowle or other marke upon any “church house or dove-cote ; neither “ that any person shall shote in anye “place anye hayle-shott or anye moe “pellotts (bullets) than one at one "tyme, upon payne to forfayte for everie "tyme tenne poundes, and emprisonment “of his bodye during three months."

But the churches were disturbed not only by “pellotts” from without, but (like our St. George's-in-the-East) by rioters from within. Nor were they (as there is good hope will be the case at St. George's,) to be calmed by the devotion and ability of one clergyman, understanding the wounded instincts of both sides, and dealing gently, and patiently,

and firmly with each. In 1552 sterner unread on the table and go. Two measures were needed; for we find that, or three hours travelling through the __“Forasmuch as of late divers and meadows and hop-grounds of Kent, and “many outrageous and barbarous beha- he is at the focus and head-quarters of “ viours and acts have been used and the rifle movement, and the present nine“ committed by divers ungodly and ir- teenth soon drives out all thought of “ religious persons by quarrelling, brawl. the past sixteenth century. The town “ing, fraying, and fighting openly in is filling fast with Volunteers, who come “ Churches and Church-yards, ...” it in by coach-loads after every train, and is enacted that if the offence be by soon settle down into comfortable little words only, the offender shall be excom. lodgings in various parts of the town. municated ; but that “If any person T hey muster for the first time, to the “ shall strike any person with any number of eighty, next morning on the “ weapon in Church or Church-yard, parade-ground in front of the barracks, “ or draw any weapon in Church or and are told off into nine squads or “ Church-yard, to the intent to strike sections, grouped, as far as practicable, “ another, he shall be adjudged to have according to counties. The Scotchmen, “one of his ears cut off. And if the (no longer “Thefes Scottes and Kynge's “ person so offending have none ears enemies,") take post on the right as “whereby they should receive such section No. 1. Next come the Norfolk, "a punishment, that then he or they Suffolk, and Cambridgeshire men. “ to be marked and burned in the Middlesex, which sends a large quota, “ cheek with an hot iron having the makes up, with Surrey and Sussex, Nos. “ letter F therein, whereby he or they 3 and 4. Devon, Cornwall, and Somerset, “may be known or taken for Fray- make up No. 5, and complete the right “ makers and Fighters."

wing. In the left wing are four sections It would be an endless, though not from the Midland, Northern, Southern, uninteresting, task to trace out all the and South-eastern counties. Acts bearing upon topics so familiar to It was a picturesque sight that morour own days; but there they are- ning, the nine many-coloured groups on Sewers Acts, Poison Acts, Wine-Licenses the fresh-mown grass. In front of the Acts, and what not.

barracks is a broad terrace of gravel, The long-bow must soon have almost with a lawn sloping gently down from disappeared, for we find English artillery it towards the road, from which it is in the ships of Queen Elizabeth's cap- separated by a row of fine elms; and tains superior beyond all comparison to under their shade each squad is drawn any that could be brought against it, up in line facing its Instructor, whose till, with our usual confidence and over- red coat stands out in pleasing contrast security, allowing it to be exported freely, of colour against the bright green grass; Spanish ships came to be armed with while at the further end are a group or English metal; and in 1601, in a debate two of regulars, drilling one another on the subject, we find Sir Walter Raw and getting the “slang” by heart, under leigh complaining, “I am sure hereto. the auspices of the adjutant, and amongst “fore one ship of Her Majesty's was able them two or three magnificent figures “to beat twenty Spaniards; but now, by in fez or turban, negroes and mulattoes “reason of our own ordnance, we are from West India regiments. “hardly matched one to one " . Of the volunteers scarcely two uni

Already half demoralized by such un- forms are alike. Black or dark-green lawful studies, how is a luckless law- seems to have least to recommend it. student to resist when one fine morning It soon shows dirt and wear, is hotter there comes an offer from the war-office in hot sun without being warmer in cold of a place in the volunteer class of weather, and against most back-grounds musketry instruction at Hythe. There is quite as visible as red, with a more is nothing for it but to leave the briefs clearly defined outline. Silver-lace, and

such tawdry ornamentation, soon gets shabby with Hythe use. Chains and whistles did not often appear, their only known use being to bring the dogs within easy range. On the whole, the least visible colour is the government brownish-grey. Everything depends upon the back-ground ; and the background is more likely to be of that colour than of any other. Roads, beaches, sandy rock, dry fallows, &c., are more or less brownish-grey; and even under the greatest disadvantage, as when seen against light green, a body of grey men, lying still in long grass at six hundred or seven hundred yards distance, might easily be mistaken for a flock of sheep, or so many pieces of rock or stone.

On the other hand, it is quite an open question whether it is desirable to be so invisible. At first it was laid down that Volunteers were to act only as skirmishers, or as half-drilled irregular sharpshooters, resting on the regular troops for support. But their number now far exceeds that of the regular army present at one time at home, and in case of war and impending invasion would be increased three or fourfold at least, so that it is to be hoped we may count upon having on an emergency at least 300,000 well-trained Volunteers. Now 300,000 men extended in files at skirmishing distance, six paces, or five yards, apart, would form a line of skirmishers 426 miles in length. Supposing half this force to be not engaged, and of the remainder half, or 75,000, to form the reserves, and a quarter, or 37,500, to be in support, there would still remain a line of front always ready to face the enemy of 37,500 men, or more than fifty-three miles of skirmishers, capable of being reinforced or relieved at any point and at any moment—a force absurdly out of proportion to the numbers of the regulars in line. It is clear that, if all are to be available, they must be prepared to act exactly as regulars, to take any place and perform any evolu. tion in the field of battle that may be required of them. And here is the use of the old red-coat. What a relief to

the volunteer officer, in the excitement of being under fire for the first time, and in the blinding smoke and confusion of the battle, to know that a red-coat covers a friend, and all other colours a foe! What a horrible suspense to await with cocked rifles the approach of a body of men with no distinctive appearance, some eager to fire on them, others as certain that they are friends ; or if the right word (to fire or to cease firing,) has been given, each man forming his own opinion and acting upon it, in the consciousness (and this is our one weak point,) that his commander has little, if any, more intelligence and knowledge and experience than himself!

As to shape, the best is something looser than a tunic and closer-fitting than a blouse. The 6th Wiltshire is excellent; but about the best specimen is one that was made for the captain commanding the 19th Middlesex, but which he could not persuade his corps to adopt. Under this a man may wear (if he likes) as many waistcoats as George IV., and thereby avoid the inconvenience of a great coat. A desire to look smart and soldierlike has been the reason for many corps adopting the tight wadded tunic. Some have gone so far as to adopt the shape and fit of a boy's jacket, which really in a portly Briton looks too scanty for propriety.

Dandyism unfortunately bids fair to be almost as mischievous amongst volunteers as red-tape once was in the army, in the matter of uniform ; and, as it is not likely to be extirpated in a hurry, it must be taken into account as an inevitable evil. But why does dandyism still crave after the Tight? One had hoped that the days of self-torture by means of tight coats, tight boots, and tight stocks were over. Are not the two loosest of modern dresses also the most graceful and becoming; namely, a lady's riding-habit, and a clergyman's surplice (the latter, at least, as worn by undergraduates, without hood or scarf or other incongruous symbol of mundane learning)?

The great diversity of dress might be a serious evil in the field. Could not a

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