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The blinded boy that shootes so trim;
From heaven downe did hie."

King Cophetua and the Beggar-maid.
“What is thy name, faire maid ?” quoth he.
“Penelophon, o King!” quoth she.?

bid. . And how should I know your true love

another one ?
Oh, by his cockle hat and staff,
And by his sandal shoone.

The Friar of Orders Gray.
O Lady, he is dead and gcne!

Lady, he's dead and gone!
And at his head a green grass turfe,
And at his heels a stone.

Ibid.
Sigh no more, ladies, sigh no more!

Men were deceivers ever;
One foot in sea and one on shore,
To one thing constant never.“

Toid.
no more, lady, weep no more,
Thy sorrowe is in vaine ;
For violets pluckt, the sweetest showers
Will ne'er make grow againe.

lbid He that would not when he might,

He shall not when he wolda.

Weep

5

Ibid.

1 Young Adam Cupid, he that shot so trim,
When King Cophetua loved the beggar-maid!

SHAKESPEARE: Romeo and Juliet, act ü. sc. 1. * Shakespeare, who alludes to this ballad in " Love's Labour's Lost," activ.sc . 1, gives the beggar's name Zenelophon. The story of the

king and the beggar is also alluded to in " King Richard 11.," act v. sc. 3.

8 Quoted in “Hamlet,” act iv. sc. 3.
+ See Shakespeare, page 51.
6 See John Fletcher, page 183.
6 See Heywood,

page 9.

He that will not when he may,
When he would, he should have nay.

CERVANTES : Don Quixote, part i. book üi. chap. iv.

We'll shine in more substantial honours,

And to be noble we 'll be good.' Winifreda (1720)
And when with envy Time, transported,

Shall think to rob us of our joys,
You'll in your girls again be courted,

And I'll go wooing in my boys.
King Stephen was a worthy peere,

His breeches cost him but a croune;
He held them sixpence all too deere,

Therefore he call’d the taylor loune.
He was a wight of high renowne,

And those but of a low degree;
Itt's pride that putts the countrye doune,
Then take thine old cloake about thee.?

Take thy old Cloak about Thee
A poore soule sat sighing under a sycamore tree;

Oh willow, willow, willow !
With his hand on his bosom, his head on his knee,
Oh willow, willow, willow !

Willow, willow, willow
When Arthur first in court began,
And was approved king.

Sir Launcelot dy Lake
Shall I bid her goe? What if I doe?

Shall I bid her goe and spare not ?
Oh no, no, no! I dare not.6

Corydon's Farewell to Phillik 1 See Chapman, page 37.

Nobilitas sola est atque unica virtus (Nobility is the one only virtue). JUVENAL: Satire viii. line 20.

The first stanza is quoted in full, and the last line of the second, by Shakespeare in “Othello," act ii. sc. 3.

8 The poor soul sat sighing by a sycamore tree,

Sing all a green willow;
Her hand on her bosom, her head on her knee,
Sing willow, willow, willow.

Othello, act id. sc. 3. 4 Quoted by Shakespeare in Second Part of “Henry IV.," act ii. sc. 4. s Quoted by Shakespeare in “ Twelfth Night," act ii. sc. 3.

4

But in vayne shee did conjure him

To depart her presence soe;
Having a thousand tongues to allure him,

And but one to bid him goe.

Dulcina

own.

others.

EDMUND BURKE. 1729–1797. The writers against religion, whilst they oppose every system, are wisely careful never to set up any of their

A Vindication of Natural Society. Preface, vol. i. p. 7. “War,” says Machiavel, “ought to be the only study of a prince ; ” and by a prince he means every sort of state, however constituted. “He ought,” says this great political doctor, “to consider peace only as a breathingtime

, which gives him leisure to contrive, and furnishes ability to execute military plans.” A meditation on the conduct of political societies made old Hobbes imagine that war was the state of nature.

A Vindication of Natural Society. Vol. i. p. 15. I am convinced that we have a degree of delight, and that no small one, in the real misfortunes and pains of

On the Sublime and Beautiful. Sect. xiv. vol. i. p. 118. Custom reconciles us to everything.

Sect. xviii. vol. i. p. 231. There is, however, a limit at which forbearance ceases

Observations on a Late Publication on the Present State of the

Nation. Vol. i. p. 273. The wisdom of our ancestors.8

Ibid. p. 516. Also in the Discussion on the Traitorous

Correspondence Bill, 1793. Boston edition. 1865–1867.

In the adversity of our best friends we always find something which is not wholly

displeasing to us. — RocheFOUCAULD: Reflections, zv. 3 Lord Brougham says of Bacon, “He it was who first employed the wellknown phrase of the wisdom of our ancestors,'". Samuel Romilly's Bill, 1815. CICERO: De Legibus, ii. 2, 3.

SYDNEY Smith: Plymley's Letters, letter 0. Lord ELDON: On Sir

to be a virtue.

Illustrious predecessor."

Thoughts on the Cause of the Preseni Discontents. Vol. i. p. 458. In such a strait the wisest may well be perplexed and the boldest staggered.

P. 516. When bad men combine, the good must associate; else they will fall one by one, an unpitied sacrifice in a contemptible struggle.

P. 526. Of this stamp is the cant of, Not men, but measures.?

P. 631. The concessions of the weak are the concessions of fear.

Speech on the Conciliation of America. Vol. ii. p. 108. There is America, which at this day serves for little more than to amuse you with stories of savage men and uncouth manners, yet shall, before you taste of death, show itself equal to the whole of that commerce which now attracts the envy of the world.

P. 115. Fiction lags after truth, invention is unfruitful, and imagination cold and barren.

P. 116. A people who are still, as it were, but in the gristle, and not yet hardened into the bone of manhood.

P. 117. A wise and salutary neglect.

Ibid. My vigour relents, - I pardon something to the spirit of liberty.

P. 118. The religion most prevalent in our northern colonies is a refinement on the principles of resistance: it is the dissidence of dissent, and the protestantism of the Protestant religion.

P. 123. I do not know the method of drawing up an indictment against a whole people.

P. 136 The march of the human mind is slow.8

P. 149.

1 See Fielding, page 364.

2 See Goldsmith, page 401. 2 The march of intellect. - SOUTHEY : Progress and Prospects of Society, vol. ii. p. 360.

All government, - indeed, every human benefit and enjoyment, every virtue and every prudent act, – is founded on compromise and barter.

Speech on the Conciliation of America. Vol. ii. p. 169. The worthy gentleman who has been snatched from us at the moment of the election, and in the middle of the contest, whilst his desires were as warm and his hopes as eager as ours, has feelingly told us what shadows we are, and what shadows we pursue.

Speech at Bristol on Declining the Poll. Vol. ii. p. 420. They made and recorded a sort of institute and digest of anarchy, called the Rights of Man.

On the Army Estimates. Voliii. p. 221. People will not look forward to posterity who never look backward to their ancestors. Reflections on the Revolution in France.

Vol. iii. p. 274. You had that action and counteraction which, in the natural and in the political world, from the reciprocal struggle of discordant powers draws out the harmony of

P. 277. It is now sixteen or seventeen years since I saw the Queen of France, then the Dauphiness, at Versailles ;

never lighted on this orb, which she hardly seemed to touch, a more delightful vision. I saw her just above the horizon, decorating and cheering the elevated sphere she just began to move in, - glittering like the morning star full of life and splendour and joy. ... Little did I dream that I should have lived to see such disasters fallen upon her in a nation of gallant men, - in a nation of men of honour and of cavaliers. I thought ten thousand swords must have leaped from

2. Quid velit et possit rerum concordia discors (What the discordant harmony of circumstances would and could effect). – HoraCE: Epistle i. 12, 19.

Mr. Breen, in his Modern English Literature," says: "This remarkable thought Alison the historian has turned to good account; it occurs so often in his disquisitions that he seems to have made it the staple of all wiodom and the basis of every truth."

the universe.)

and surely

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