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1780. Tench Tilghman," 21 June. David Humphreys, 23 June.

1781. Jona. Trumbull, Jr.,

Peregrine Fitzhugh, 2 July. Secretary, 8 June.

William S. Smith, 6 July David Cobb,

15 June.

1782. Benjamin Walker, 25 Jan.

H. Baylies,

13 May * Was an aid from September 1st, 1776, but not declared in Orders till the above date. See Volume VIII. p. 38.

No. VII.

GOVERNORS OR CHIEF MAGISTRATES OF THE SEVERAL COLONIES AND STATES DURING THE PUBLIC LIFE OF WASHINGTON.

The Chief Magistrates of the Colonies and States were at different times and places called Governors, Deputy-Governors, Lieutenant-Governors, Acting Governors, and Presidents. The years denote the times of their appointment or election.

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New HAMPSHIRE. Benning Wentworth, Gov. 1741 John Langdon, Pres. 1788 John Wentworth, 1767 John Sullivan,

1789 Meshech Weare, Pres. 1784 Josiah Bartlett,

1790 John Langdon,

1785 Josiah Bartlett, Gov. 1792 John Sullivan,

1786 John Taylor Gilman, 1794

VERMONT. Thomas Chittenden, Gov. 1778 Thomas Chittenden, Gov. 1790 Moses Robinson, 1789 Isaac Tichenor,

1797

MassachUSETTS. Spencer Phips, Lieut. Gov. 1749 Provincial Congress, 1774 Thomas Pownall, Gov. 1757 Council, from 1775 to 1780 Tho. Hutchinson, L. Gov. 1760 John Hancock, Gov. 1780 Francis Bernard, Gov. 1760 James Bowdoin,

1785 Tho. Hutchinson, L. Gov. 1770 John Hancock,

1787 Thomas Hutchinson, Gov. 1770 Samuel Adams,

1794 Thomas Gage, 1774 Increasc Sumner,

1797

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New YORK. James Delancey, L. Gov. 1753 Earl of Dunmore, Gov. 1770 Danvers Osborn, Gov. 1753 William Tryon,

1771 Sir Charles Hardy, 1755 Provincial Congress from James Delancey, L. Gov. 1757 1774 to 1777. Cadwallader Colden, 1760 Nathaniel Woodhull, Pres. 1775 Robert Moncton, Gov. 1762 George Clinton, Gov. 1777 Cadwallader Colden, Lt. G. 1763 John Jay,

1795 Henry Moore, Gov. 1765

Jonathan Belcher, John Reading, Francis Bernard, Thomas Boone, Josiah Hardy,

New JERSEY.
Gov. 1747 William Franklin,
Pres. 1757 William Livingston,
Gov. 1758 William Patterson,

1760 Richard Howell,
1761

Gov. 1763

1776 1791 1794

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PENNSYLVANIA.
James Hamilton, Dep. Gov. 1748 Thomas Wharton,
Robert H. Morris,

1754 Joseph Reed, William Denny,

1756 William Moore,

co James Hamilton,

1759 John Dickinson, John Penn,

Gov. 1763 Benjamin Franklin, James Hamilton, Pres. 1771 Thomas Mifflin, Richard Penn, Gov. 1771 Thomas Mimin, John Penn,

1773 Thomas McKean, The Proprietary Govern

ment ceased, 1776. VOL. XII.

53

Pres. 1777

1778 1781 1782 1785

1788 Gov. 1790

1799

DELAWARE. John McKinly, Pres. 1777 John Davis, Acting Pres. 1789 Cæsar Rodney, 1778 Joshua Clayton,

Pres. 1789 John Dickinson, 1781 Joshua Clayton,

Gov. 1793

1796 John Cook, Acting Pres. 1783 Gunning Bedford, Nicholas Van Dyke, Pres. 1783 Daniel Rogers, Acting Gov. 1797 Thomas Collins,

1786 Richard Bassett, Gov. 1798

MARYLAND.

Benjamin Tasker,
Horatio Sharpe,
Robert Eden,
Thomas Johnson,
Thomas Sim Lee,
William Paca,
William Smallwood,

Pres. 1751 John Eager Howard, Gov. 1788
Gov. 1753 George Plater,

1792 1769 Thomas Sim Lee,

1792 1777 John Haskins Stone, 1794 1779 John Henry

1797 1782 Benjamin Ogle,

1798 1785

VIRGINIA.

Robert Dinwiddie, Gov. 1752 Patrick Henry,
John Blair, Pres. of Council, 1758 Thomas Jefferson,
Francis Fauquier, Gov. 1758 Thomas Nelson,
John Blair, Pres. of Council, 1767 Benjamin Harrison,
Lord Botetourt, Gov. 1768 Patrick Henry,
Wm. Nelson, Pres. of Coun. 1770 Edmund Randolph,
Lord Dunmore, Gov. 1772 Beverley Randolph,
Peyton Randolph, Pres. of Henry Lee,
Convention,

1775 Robert Brooke, Edmund Pendleton, Pres. James Wood, of Convention,

1775 James Monroe,

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NORTH CAROLINA.

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Matthew Rowan, Gov. 1753 Thomas Burke,
Arthur Dobbs,

1754 Alexander Martin, William Tryon,

1766 Richard Caswell, Joseph Martin,

1773 Samuel Johnston, Provincial Congress, 1775 Alexander Martin, and 1776

Richard D. Spaight,
Richard Caswell, Gov. 1777 Samuel Ashe,
Abner Nash,

1780 Benjamin Williams,

Gov. 1782

1784 1785 1788 1790 1793 1796 1799

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South Carolina.
James Glen,
Gov. 1743 John Rutledge,

Gov. 1779 William H. Littleton, 1756 John Mathews,

1782 William Bull, 1760 Benjamin Guerard,

1783 Thomas Boone, 1762 William Moultrie,

1785 William Bull,

1763 Thomas Pinckney, 1787 Charles Montague, 1766 Charles Pinckney,

1789 William Bull,

1769 Arnoldus Vanderhorst, 1792 Lord William Campbell, 1775 William Moultrie,

1794 John Rutledge, 1775 Charles Pinckney,

1796 Rawlins Lowndes, 1778 Edward Rutledge,

1798

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GEORGIA.
Henry Parker, Acting Gov. 1751 Stephen Heard,
John Reynolds, Gov. 1754 Nathan Brownson,
Henry Ellis,

1757 John Martin, Sir James Wright,

1760 Lyman Hall, J. Habersham, Acting Gov. 1771 John Houstoun, Sir James Wright, Gov. 1773 Samuel Elbert, William Ewin, President Edward Telfair, of Council,

1775 George Matthews, Archibald Bulloch, Gov. 1776 George Handley, Button Gwinnett,

1777 George Walton, John A. Truitlen,

1777 Edward Telfair, John Houstoun,

1778 George Matthews, John Wereat, Acting Gov. 1778 Jared Irwin, George Walton, Gov. 1779 James Jackson, Richard Howley,

1780

Gov. 1781

1781 1782 1783 1784 1785 1786 1787 1788 1789 1790 1793 1796 1798

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No. VIII.

MEMBERS OF CONGRESS BEFORE THE ADOPTION OF

THE CONSTITUTION.

This list is collected from the Journals of the Old Congress; and, owing to the manner in which the Journals were kept, it is necessarily imperfect. The credentials were not always inserted, and it is only from these that a complete list of the members can be formed. Before the adoption of the Constitution, Congress, with very few intermissions, was continually sitting. Hence it was a custom with several of the States to appoint more delegates than were expected to attend at the same time, and they relieved each other in turn. It is hardly possible to ascertain, from the Journals of Congress, how long each member attended. The dates in the table indicate the times of their appointment. Where these are not known, the times at which their names first appear in the Journals are noted and included in brackets. Asterisks are prefixed to the names of those who signed the Declaration of Independence.

PRESIDENTS OF Congress. Randolph, Peyton, 5 Sept. 1774 Hanson, John,

5 Nov. 1781 Middleton, Henry, 22 Oct. 1774 Boudinot, Elias, 4 Nov. 1782 Randolph, Peyton, 10 May, 1775 Mifflin, Thomas, 3 Nov. 1783 Hancock, John, 24 May, 1775 Lee, Richard Henry, 30 Nov. 1784 Laurens, Henry, 1 Nov. 1777 Gorham, Nathaniel, 6 June, 1786 Jay, John,

10 Dec. 1778 St. Clair, Arthur, 2 Feb. 1787 Huntington, Samuel, 28 Sept. 1779 Griffin, Cyrus, 22 Jan. 1788 M Kean, Thomas, 10 July, 1781

MEMBERS OF CONGRESS.

New HAMPSHIRE. * Bartlett, Josiah, 23 Aug. 1775 Langdon, Woodbury, [3 Sept. 1779) Blanchard, Jonathan, 26 Dec. 1783 Livermore, Samuel, [7 Feb. 1780] Folsom, Nathaniel, 21 July, 1774 Long, Pierce, [11 Jan. 1785]

1 April, 1777 Peabody, Nathaniel, [22 June, 1779]

30 Dec. 1779 Sullivan, John, 21 July, 1774 Foster, Abiel, 18 Feb. 1783

11 Sept. 1780 Frost, George, 1 April, 1777 *Thornton, Matthew, 2 Sept. 1776 Gilman, John Taylor, 15 Jan. 1782 Wentworth, John, Jr. 14 Mar. 1778 Gilman, Nicholas, 14 June,' 1786 *Whipple, William, 23 Jan. 1776 Langdon, John, 25 Jan. 1775 White, Phillips, [4 Nov. 1782]

14 June, 1786 Wingate, Paine, (11 Feb. 1778]

MASSACHUSETTS.
Adams, John, 17 June, 1774 Dana, Francis,

10 Dec. 1776 *Adams, Samuel, 17 June, 1774

11 Feb. 1784 Bowdoin, James, 17 June, 1774 Dane, Nathan, 16 June, 1785 Cusbing, Thomas,

1774 *Gerry, Elbridge, 18 Jan. 1776

17 June,

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