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A B C STOUGHTON, WILLIAM. Mass. H. C. 1650; died July 7, 1701.

С TREAT, ROBERT. Ct. Died July 12, 1710.2

TYNG, EDWARD. Me. Died about 1701.3
A B C TYNG, JONATHAN. Mass. Died Jan. 19, 1724.4
A B C USHER, JOHN. Mass. Died Sept. 1, 1726.5

B C D WALLEY, JOHN. N. P. Died Jan. 11, 1714.6

for him to serve” (New York Colonial Documents, iii. 416). (Notwithstanding this statement, John Youngs did serve and was present at several Council meetings.) On the same day (February 22, 1687), “Names of the new Councillors recommended by Governor Dongan in the letter; with an intimation that he has already appointed Judge Palmer and Nicholas Bayard to the Council” (Calendar of State Papers, America and West Indies, 1685–1688, No. 11401, p. 322). On March 2, 1687, Dongan wrote to the King, “I send Capt" Baxter and M" Spragg and humbly beg your Mat will discourse them" (New York Colonial Documents, iii. 423). Spragg must have sailed about that time, since various documents were endorsed as “Recd. 9 May 1687, per Mr. J. Spragge” (Calendar of State Papers, America and West Indies, 1685–1688, pp. 322, 335). As stated in the text, Spragg was named a Councillor in the Instructions to Andros of April 16, 1688. In a document dated December, 1689, we read: “List of the Council of New York, with comments against the names. Anthony Brockholes (papist); Frederick Flypse; Gervais Baxter (a papist); Stephan van Cortlandt; John Sprag (in England); Nicholas Bayard; John Palmer (in custody at Boston)" (ibid. 1689–1692, No. 667, p. 197). This is the last allusion I find to Spragg, and as his name is not included as a Councillor in the Instructions to Governor Sloughter issued January 31, 1690 (ibid. No. 750, p. 215), it may be assumed that he died in London late in 1689. (Many other references to Spragg are in the Calendars of State Papers, America and West Indies; New York Colonial Documents; Calendar of Historical Manuscripts, in the Office of the Secretary of State, Albany, 1866, pt. ii. pp. 104, 106, 112, 114, 132, 133, 144, 146, 154, 155, 162; and Journal of the Legislative Council of the Colony of New York, 1861, vol. i. pp. xii, xiv, xv, xvii).

1 See p. 50, below.
2 H. R. Stiles, History of Ancient Wethersfield (1904), ii. 713.
3 Savage, iv. 357; Suffolk Probate Files, No. 2653.

4 "Wooburn; Lord's Day, January 19th. We were here entertain'd with a very loud Memento Mori: The Honourable Col. Jonathan Tyng Esq; walking to the place of Publick Worship in the Afternoon, expired as soon as he got into his seat, during the time of the first Prayer, and was carried out dead, Ætatis 81. His Faith and Holiness were so apparent that we are perswaded he was convey'd to the Assembly of the First-born in Heaven, to bear a part with them in glorifying their Creator and Redeemer” (Boston News Letter, January 23, 1724, p. 2/2). In the New England Courant of January 27, 1724, the date by an obvious misprint is given as “Sunday the 29th Instant” (p. 2/2).

5 “And on the 1st Instant, died at his Seat near Medford, the Honourable John Usher Esq; sometime since Lieut. Governour of the Province of New Hampshire, in the 79 Year of his Age, & was Honourably Interr'd here on Monday last” (Boston News Letter, September 8, 1726, p. 2/2).

6 Boston. On Friday the Eleventh Currant, Dyed here the Honourable John Walley Esq; of Her Majesty's Council, and one of the Judges of the Superiour

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GOVERNORS Sir WILLIAM PHIPS was commissioned Governor by William and Mary on December 12, 1691. Arriving in Boston on May 14, 1692, he was sworn on May 16. Sewall writes:

May 14th 1692. Sir William arrives in the Nonsuch Frigat: Candles are lighted before He gets into Town-house. Eight Companies wait on Him to his house, and then on Mr. (Increase] Mather to his. Made no volleys because 'twas Satterday night. ...

Monday, May 16. Eight Companies and two from Charlestown guard Sir William and his Councillors to the Townhouse, where the Comissions were read out and Oaths taken."

Court of this Province, in the Sixty Ninth Year of his Age” (Boston News Letter, January 14, 1712, p. 2/2).

1 "Tuesday, May 14th (1689), Mr. Richard Wharton dyes about 10 post merid(Sewall's Diary, i. 255).

: "Augt 3 (1700). . . . About 2 post merid, Mr. Adam Winthrop dies" (Sewall, Diary, ii. 21).

3 Boston, Nov. 27. About four a Clock this morning the Honourable John Winthrop Esqr. Governour of Her Majesties Colony of Connecticut, Departed this Life in the Sixty Ninth Year of his Age; being Born at Ipswich in New England the 14th day of March, Anno 1638" (Boston News Letter, December 1, 1707, p. 2/1). He was the son of Gov. John Winthrop, Jr., of Connecticut.

4 Boston, On Thursday the 7th Currant died here the Honourable Major General WAIT WINTHROP Esq; Aged 76 Years, Justly Dear to his Country for his Honourable Descent . .. but dearer yet for his personal Character and Vertues" (Boston News Letter, November 18, 1717). He was the son of Gov. John Winthrop, Jr., of Connecticut.

O“Young" (C).

6 His will, dated February 20, 1697, was proved May 28, 1698 (Collections New York Historical Society for 1892, pp. 292–293). On October 17, 1700, Bellomont wrote:“To instance, in some of those false articles, I am accus'd of having remov'd Coll. Young with others from the Council, and Coll: Young was dead two years before my coming into this country” (New York Colonial Documents, iv. 726). Bellomont reached New York April 2, 1698 (see p. 49 note 2, below).

7 Diary, i. 360.

The following extracts are from the Council Records of May 16th:

Their Majesties Royal Charter for the Erecting Uniting and Incorporating of their Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New-England, and for settling of Government within the said Province, under the great seal of England, was read and published.

Their Majesties Letters Pattents under the great seal of England, for constituting and appointing S: William Phips knt to be Captain General and Governour in Chief in and over their Majties Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New England; as also for the Constituting and appointing of the said S: William Phips to be their Majties Lieutenant and Commander in Chief of the Militia Forces, Forts and places of strength within their Majties several Colonies of Connecticutt, Rhode Island & Providence Planta con the Narragansett Country or Kings Province, & the Province of New Hampshire, was read and published.

Their Majesties Letters Patents under the great seal of the Supreme Court of Admiralty of England granting unto S: William Phips knt the Office of Vice Admiral within the Province and Territory of the Massachusetts Bay, and the sea parts belonging and adjoyning thereto whatsoever, was also shewn forth and published. ...

His Excellency the Gov' tooke his oath for the due & faithful performance of his Office or place of Governour; as also the Oaths appointed by Act of Parliament made in the first year of their present Majties Reign, Entituled an Act for the abrogating of all the Oaths of Supremacy & Allegiance, and appointing other Oaths, being administred unto him, by William Stoughton Esqre L Governour. ...

The Members of the Council then present: vizé John Richards Wait Winthrop, John Phillips, James Russell, John Joyliffe, Adam Winthrop, Richa Middlecutt, John Foster, Peter Sergeant, Joseph Lynde, Samuel Hayman, & Silvanus Davis Esqus each one severally for himselfe tooke his Oath for the due and faithful performance of his Office or place of a Councellor or Assistant, and the Oaths appointed to be taken instead of the Oaths of Allegiance & Supremacy. Before the Governour & Lt Governour.1

The oath taken by the Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, Secretary, and Councillors is as follows:

We S: William Phips Knt Governo? &c of their Majties Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New England William Stoughton Esq? Lieutenant Governour And the Councellors or Assistants of their Maties said Province, and Secretary, Each one particularly and severally for Our Selves, Do make, repeat and subscribe the following Declaration in the words thereof, — Mutatis Nominibus Vizt

1 Council Records, ii. 166–168.

I, William Phips, do solemnly and sincerly in the presence of God, profess, Testify and declare. That I do believe, That in the Sacrament of the Lords Supper, there is not any Transubstantiation of the Elements of Bread and Wine into the Body and Blood of Christ, at or after the Consecration thereof by any person whatsoever, and that the Invocation or Adoration of the Virgin Mary, or any other Saint, and the Sacrifice of the Mass as they are now used in the Church of Rome are Superstitious and Idolatrous. And I do solemnly in the presence of God profess, testify and declare, That I do make this Declaration and every part thereof in the plain and Ordinary Sense of the words read unto me, as they are commonly understood by English. Protestants, without any Evasion, Equivocation or Mental Reservation whatsoever, And without any dispensation already granted me for this purpose by the Pope, or any Authority, or Person whatsoever, Or without any hope of any such dispensation from any Person, or Authority whatsoever, Or without thinking that I am or can be Acquitted before God or man, Or absolved of this Declaration, or any part thereof, Although the Pope, or any other person or persons whatsoever should dispense with, or annul the same, Or declare that it was Null and void from the begining.


1 For convenience these names are arranged alphabetically.

Public Record Office, Colonial Office, Class 5, Vol. 785, p. 172. (A copy is in Council Records, ii. 165–166.) The signatures to this document are not autographs, as I am informed by Miss Lucy Drucker, who also says that “the original ought to be among the Oath Rolls (Chancery Petty Bag), of which however very few have been preserved, and I have found none of the various colonies among them.” Nor is the original at the Boston State House. Phips's Commission was approved December 3, and he himself took the oaths in London on December 31, 1691 (Acts of the Privy Council, Colonial, ii. 799). Many oaths, however, have been preserved at the State House. The oath taken by the Representatives on

On November 15, 1694, —

Upon the motion of his Excelloy the Governour that he had some things material to offer, relating to the complaints exhibited against him by

June 8, 1692 (Massachusetts Archives, xlviii. 188), is written and is like the oath printed in the text. The oaths taken by the Councillors in May, 1693, are printed on a broadside to which the signatures are attached, and read as follows (Massachusetts Archives, xlviii. 212):



O ATHS That are appointed by Act of Parliament, made in the First Year

of Their present Majesties Reign; to be Taken instead of the Oaths of Supremacy and Allegiance, and the Declaration ap

pointed to be made, Repeated and Subscribed T A. B. do sincerely Promise and Swear, That I will be Faithful, and bear true | Allegiance to Their Majesties, King WILLIAM and Queen M A RY.

So help me God, &c. T A. B. do Swear, That I do from my Heart Abhor, Detest, and Abjure, as ImI pious and Heretical, that Damnable Doctrine and Position, That Princes Excommunicated or Deprived by the Pope, or any Authority of the See of Rome, may be Deposed or Murthered by their Subjects, or any other whatsoever.

And I do Declare, That no Foreign Prince, Person, Prelate, State, or Potentate, hath, or ought to have any Jurisdiction, Power, Superiority, Preeminence, or Authority Ecclesiastical or Spiritual within this Realm.

So help me God, &c. Then follows the Declaration —"I A. B. do solemnly and sincerely . . . null and void from the beginning" — as printed in the text.

To these oaths were added in May, 1699, what was called the Association, which in that year was written (Massachusetts Archives, cvi. 450). This, taken from a printed broadside, signed in 1700, reads as follows (Massachusetts Archives, xlviii. 317):

Association. HEREAS there has been a horrid and detestable Conspiracy formed and carried on by Papists and other wicked and traiterous persons foş Assassinating His Majesties Royal Person, in order to encourage an Invasion from France, to subvert our

Religion, Laws and Liberty. We whose Names are hereunto subscribed, Do heartily, sincerely and solemnly profess, testify and declare, That His present Majesty KING WILLIAM is rightful and lawful KING of the Realms of England, Scotland and Ireland: And we do mutually promise and engage to stand by and assist each other to the utmost of our power, in the support and defence of His Majesties most Sacred Person and Government, against the

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