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wenhoeck calculates that a hundred millions up the legs perpendicularly to the body. of animalculæ which are discovered in com- This was cutting the coat indeed according mon water, are not altogether so large as a to the cloth. But Dr. D.D. must have grain of sand. Query, may we not for Leeu- canvas enough, &c. wenhoeck read Lying-hoax!
RINGELBERG recommended bearing burThe ancients say there was a stone found dens as the best exercise for men of study. in Arcadia of the colour of iron, which, if He had a gown lined with lead, as much as it were once heated red-hot, never grew he could lift with both hands, which he used cool again. They called it Apsyctos. A to wear, and thus write and exercise at the “ warming stone" is used in Cornwall and same time. Dr. —, following this rule, Yorkshire, to lay at the feet in bed, because has his wig lined with lead,-a needless preof its property of retaining heat. Near Cor- caution, when the head was already so well doba, also, there is such a stone, which re- lined with the same materials. tains heat for twenty-four hours.
CAFFARELLI, the singer, lived in a palace The Aspalax of Aristotle has been dis- of his own building, over which was this covered. Olivier brought it from the Le- inscription, “ Amphion Thebas, ego dovant. It lives under ground, and certainly mum ;" and he purchased for his nephew has no eyes; the skin is not even pierced and heir a dukedom,–Sante Dorato ! in the place of the eyes.
DR. SPURZHEIM, the craniologist, shows Naples, or Italy itself, might properly that there is a great difference between the be called Sol-fa-terra.
skulls of men and of women; that in Ger
many the difference is greater than in EngBezozzi. See the history of these two land, in England than in France, where, inmusical brothers. Cyclopædia. See also deed, it scarcely exists at all. Damiani for a Burney-Mus-Doc-ism.
The canary fanciers in London have a The earliest account of the contagious pattern bird engraved and coloured, as the catarrhal fever, or influenza, published by standard of perfection at which they are to Boeckel, 1580, who calls it a new disease, aim, with his characteristic requisites exwhich had grievously afflicted, not Germany plained in technical terms. So Nobs might alone, but almost all Europe.
have been the fugel horse.
CARAMUEL's scheme was, to write about Dido was Jezebel's grand-daughter, says 100 volumes in folio, which all po
REES's Cyclopædia! to compel all their subjects to read. (?)— Cycl. Were these to supersede all other Louis BERTRAND Castel. See Cyclopæbooks?
dia for his scheme of a Clavecin Oculaire,
and the music of colours. See also ClaveThere is a painter known by the name
cin, ibid. of Hellish Breughel, because of his infernal subjects.
The Cyclopædia says that the petrified
child at Copenhagen is actually what it is BUFFALMACCO was engaged to paint a said to be. It was cut out of a woman at whole-length St. Christopher, twelve brac- Sens, 1582, having been in her about twenty cia high. The wall not being high enough, years. As far as petrifying the heart, such he painted him lying on his back, and turned changes are but too common.
THORNET ARBEAU, canon of Langres, | bodies. Here may be a communication,wrote a treatise called Orchesographia, and and perhaps a war of world against world! the art of expressing a dance by characters like music, was practised after his time. DOTHEL Figlio, a celebrated performer Beauchamps so much improved it, that he on the German flute, is said to have slit his was pronounced the inventor by a decree tongue in order that he might excel all of the French parliament. And, in 1775, others in what is called double-tonguing. Mr. Steel published an essay in which he undertook to record in his notation how In beating the drum there is the roll, the Garrick played his principal parts. Chore- swell, the flam, and the ruffle, &c. See graphy, however, as it was called, prevailed Cycl. for half a century, and Dr. Burney tells us he learnt to dance by it—at least under a The Romans used to breed up boys for dancing-master by whom it was used. dwarfs ! by inclosing them in a box, or
binding them with bandages. SIGNORA CORNARO-Piscopia. It was proposed to give her a seat among the doctors ENEOREMA, those parts of the urine which of theology, at Padua ; this the Bishop op- float about in the middle resembling a cloud, posed; but she was made a doctor in phi- formed, according to Boerhaave, chiefly of losophy, 1678, in the cathedral of that city. muriatic salt.
The craw-fish discharges itself of its sto- 'Evrelexela, term by which Aristotle demach, and, as M. Geoffroy thinks, of its in- fines the soul, and which has so puzzled all testines also. These, as they putrify and critics and commentators, that Hermolaus dissolve, serve for food to the animal; dur- Barbarus is said to have consulted the devil ing the time of the reformation, the old about it. He renders it — perfectihabia ; stomach seems to be the first food which and somebody need consult the devil to the new one digests.
explain this also.
SEVENTY-Two kinds of cross in heraldry. -Cycl. See them named.
CONSIDERING the matter entitatively, that is to say, secundum entitatem.
“Tuk panther is so greedy of men's ex- ERMESIA, a mixture of honey, myrrh, crements, that if they be hanged up in a saffron, and palm-wine, beaten together, vessel higher than his reach, he sooner kills and taken mixed in milk, to make people himself with the overstretching of his wind- beget handsome children.
An ancient preless body than he will cease from his intended scription. enterprize.” Quære ?
Dr. Smith named a plant Goodenia, in A hot iron for warming old men's feet honour of the Bishop of Carlisle, not recolis called a Damsel, or Nun. I have named lecting that Goodenovia would have been Mrs. Coleridge's bottle, therefore, the Friar. nearer the original and equally unexcep
tionable. But he constructed the former Coltie timber,--so called when the heart after the example of Tournefus, "who not is loose, and slips out.
without much consideration, contrived to
form Gundelia out of Gundelscheimer." DOUBLE stars, so near each other as to appear one; and it requires the strongest Gun barrels (the twisted sort) made of glasses to ascertain that they are two distinct | old horse-shoe nails.
About the beginning of George the Third's OARISTUS or Oaristys. A Greek term reign, the guitar was so much in vogue as for a poetical dialogue between husband nearly to break all the harpsichord and spinet and wife, of which Scaliger says that in the makers; and indeed the harpsichord masters Sixth Iliad is the only proper ancient spethemselves. All the ladies disposed of their cimen. Upon the death of Nobbs, what a harpsichords at auctions for one third of subject for one! their price, or exchanged them for guitars ; till old Kirkman, the harpsichord maker, “The merits and demerits of husband and after almost ruining himself with buying in wife are equally divided between them, and his instruments for better times, purchased their fruits extend to both in a future state; likewise some cheap guitars, and made a as, for instance, if a wife perform many mepresent of several to girls in milliners' shops, ritorious works, and the husband die first, and to ballad singers in the streets whom he will enjoy heaven as the fruit of his wife's he had taught to accompany themselves, good works; and if the wife be guilty of with a few chords and triplets, which soon many wicked actions, and the husband die made the ladies ashamed of their frivolous first, he must go to hell for the sins of his and vulgar taste, and return to the harpsi- wife. In the apprehensions of a Hindoo, chord.
therefore, marriage ought to be a very serious
business."—WARD, vol. 2, The King of England is a mixed person, say the lawyers, priest as well as prince.
“The juta is the hair behind, which is sufThe milt of one cod fish contains one
fered to grow by the Sunyasees, till it is hundred and fifty thousand million animal. sometimes three, four, and even five cubits cules!
long. They mix ashes with it till it is as
hard as a rope, and then tie it round their A FINE specimen of adequate style.—Cycl. head like a turban.”—Ibid. p. 123. Moscow.
“ The French army, under the command A PUNDIT sent word to Ward, that the of Buonaparte, Emperor of France, took mysteries of the Hindoo astronomy lay hid possession of Moscow, after several engage in 300,000 books.-Ibid. vol. 2, p. 270. ments with the Russians, 14th September, 1812, but the place was previously set on It is an act of merit among the Hindoos fire by order of the Governor, and so much to read a book, even if you do not underdesolated that it afforded no satisfactory stand it. When a Hindu opens one of the accommodation for the Emperor and his shastrus, or even an account book, he makes troops. After enhancing the distress of a bow to it.-Ibid. vol. 4, p. 220. the city and its vicinity, the French were under a necessity of abandoning the city, WARD saw a Hindu play the Aute with and making their retreat homeward !"
MORHOFF mentions a certain Dutchman
Form of concluding a letter in Hindosof the name of Petter who broke a glass by tan :-“ What more shall I write ?"—or, the sound of his voice.
The sense of smell supposed to have been The Hindoos believe that a person can given to man for pleasure. See Cycl. Nose. receive only one blessing at a time from his Apply this to the facts respecting odours in god. They relate a story of a man who put medicine. Sebastian lay on a bed of roses, a trick on his guardian god, and obtained in a fever, and was cured.
three at once : he asked that he might see his child eat from off a golden dish every people who would give it, because he misdny. He was blind, childless, and poor.- trusted his own felicity, and dreaded that vol. 3, p. 153.
-so frightful in those days—Invidiam Nu
minis. (?)-Ibid. 419. Four things, according to the Pend Nameh, are undoubtedly the work of Satan, “ Tristitia enim, non secus atque tinea sneezing, bleeding at the nose, gaping, and vestem, vitam rodit.”—Van Helmont, p. vomiting.
A Moor who had been in England said M. Petit, a French physician, asserted to Lancelot Addison, it was a shame to see that St. Augustine "avoit la force de boire women, dogs, and dirty shoes admitted into beaucoup, et s'en servant quelquefois, mais a place sacred to God's worship.
sans s'enivrer.”—BAYLE, vol. 2, p.551.
“ Videri B. Aug. non invalidum potorem Tun Roman ladies used to dye their hair fuisse,” is the title of Petit's chapter on his
Homeri Nepanthes, and he quotes a passage yellow, (that being the favourite colour),
from the Conf. in which Augustine prays with the flowers of the mullein, or of the
against a propensity to tippling. gonistella,--probably of both. "Some of the fathers went so far as to
HARRINGTON's Mechanics of Nature,esteem the love of music a sign of predes
and his notion that spirits produced distination; as a thing divine, and reserved for
eases. See his Works, xxxix. the felicities of heaven itself."-Sir WilLIAM TEMPLE.
Agues, it is said, have not unfrequently
been cured by electricity ;-the mode by Timothy Rogers says, melancholy is
drawing sparks through flannel or the
clothes for ten or fifteen minutes, either at “ one of the sad effects produced by that
the time of the fit or before it is expected. black humour that has vitiated all the natural spirits."-MICHAELIS, N. T. xi.
The botanical theory of diseases. The “Do not attribute the effects of mere dis
sorts which blossom, seed, and die. They
will not grow in every soil. The fungous ease to the devil, though I deny not that the devil has a hand in the causing of several
tribes, as wens, cancers, &c. diseases. The envy and rage that he is
ALKAHEST—the universal solvent of Van filled with prompts him to disturb the
Helmont. health and peace of man ; and, by God's permission no doubt, he brings a great many LANGUIS held that all diseases were anisicknesses upon him."-Ibid. xv.
“I would not have you bring a railing Tuomas Bovius, an empiric, who called accusation against the devil, so as to attri- | himself Zephiraelim, after his tutelar and bute to him a thousand things wherein he assistant spirit, contrived a preparation of has no hand at all." - Ibid. xvi.
mercury and gold, which he called his HerSee pp. 104, 5, of Tim. ROGERS.
cules, and an aurum potabile.” He wrote
Flagello contro de medici communi delti What is the authority for this anecdote rationale. Veneci, 1583, et Fulmine contro of Augustin,—that once a year he turned de medici putatiti rationali. Verona, 1592. beggar, and received alms of the common
PHOSPHORUS was discovered by Nicolas some of these rooms fire is lighted at winter Brandt (or Sebastian), in a course of ex- time according to the desire of the sick, and periments upon urine, made with a view of they are fondled with silk cushions, good extracting a fluid proper for converting beds, &c. for the spring, when madness is silver into gold.
particularly raging. The madmen sick of
mystic love are seen to lie here chained like Cucupha, a cap with cephalic powders lions in their dens, looking to the basin, and quilted therein, worn of old for such dis- speaking in the cant of Kalenders. Others orders as particularly affected the head. dispersing in the garden amongst the flower
beds, yell and shout to the song of the nightMNENE Cephalicum Balsamum. The ingale, without measure or art. In the seapower of which was to preserve in the mind son of the flowers, the sick are often cured the memory of all things past. Charles only by the sight and smell of them; and Duke of Burgundy gave an English physi- some lose their wits by the sweet scent of cian 10,000 florins for the receipt, for which them. The greater number of the madmen SENNERTUS, Pract. lib. 1, cap. 5, is referred | enchained here are love-sick, and their sight to. What would some princes give for an may cure those who are in danger to beamneme, &c.—a counter balsam !
come mad by the number of pretty faces to
be seen here. Some of the mad are cured We read in the History of the Academy by music; and therefore Sultaun Bayazed, of Sciences, of a musician who was cured of the founder, established a living for some a violent fever by a concert at his bedside. musicians, who come thrice a week and play
in the winter and summer rooms to the sick The red oil of the glass of antimony, and mad. The mad begin then to jump like the universal medicine of Basil, Valentine, apes at the tunes, Rast, Neva, Sigah, Bheand others, for which Kerkring has given hargah, but above all to the tunes Zeugoole an unintelligible process. He says he saw and Boslik, which being accompanied by the a confirmed dropsy cured by it, the patient great kettledrum gives particular pleasure swimming in his own exudations, which ran to the mad. Briefly, there is no hospital in drops through the bed upon the floor. (Dareshifa), and no madhouse (Bimares
taun), in the whole world like that of AdriMONTAGNE, (vol. 8, p. 213), says it was anople. The sick and mad receive three an opinion held by some gardeners,“que les times in four and twenty hours, not only roses et violettes naissent plus odoriférantes common food, but birds and all kinds of près des aulx et des oignons, d'autant qu'ils aviary dainties from the kitchen founded succent et tirent à eux, ce qu'il y a de mau- for that purpose. Twice in the week the vaise odeur en la terre.”
apothecary's room is opened, and medicines
are distributed to all those who ask for it; “ Non si sanano le malatie de gli huo- preparations of cardamom, caryophils, and mini con le contemplationi di medicina."- all kind of aromatic spices. On the door Lodovico Dolce, Dialogo de Memoria, ff. of the room a curse is written against those 104.
who without being sick should ask such But contemplation will bring on diseases, medicines, that they should fall sick immethough it cannot cure them.
diately." Evlia EFFENDI concludes this
account with a benediction, which he freHospital of Sultaun Bayazed at Adria- quently uses, but seldom with such pronople, with a medical academy.
priety as in this place,—“ Health to you." There were eight rooms here, which “are -Vol. 3. ever full of sick people, poor and rich. In