Imágenes de páginas

As when he drinkes out all the totall summe,
Gave it the stile of supernagullum;
And when he quaffing doth his entrailes wash,
'Tis call'd a hunch, a thrust, a whiffe, a flash;
And when carousing niakes his wits to faile,
They say he hath a rattle at his taile.

Taylor's Workes, 1630. HUNGARIAN. A cant term, probably

formed in double allusion to the free-
booters of Hungary, that once in-
fested the continent of Europe, and
to the word hungry.
Away, I have knights and colonels at my house, and
musi tend the hungarians.

Merry Dec. of Edm., O. Pl., v, 267.
This is said by an innkeeper, who
probably was meant to speak of
hungry guests. Afterwards he gives
it us in the other sevse :
Cone, ye Hungarian pilchers, [for filchers] we are
once more come under the zona torrida of the forest.

Ibid., p. 285. The middle aile [of St Paul's) is much frequented at noon with a company of hungarians, not walking so much for recreation as need.

Lupton's London, Harl. Misc., ix, 314. Hungarian is the reading of the folio edition of Shakespeare, where the original quarto has Gongarian. Merry Wives of Windsor, i, 3. The latter is thought to be the right reading.

+To HUNGER. To starve.

At last the prince to Zeland came hymselfe
To hunger Middleburgh, or make it yeeld.

Gascoigne's Works, 1587. THUNGERBANED. Bitten with hun

When the hounds or beagles kunt it by the Acel, ve say they hunt counter, Gentl. Recr., Bro ed., p. 16. To hunt by the heel must be to go towards the heel instead of the toe of the game, i. e., backwards.

« To hunt counter, retrò legere vestigia.' Coles' Lat. Dict. You mean to make a hoiden or a hare O'me, t' kunt counter thus, and make these doubles.

B. Jons. Tale of a Tab, ii, 6. A hound that runs counter, and yet draws dry foot well.

Com. of Err., iv, 2. This is contradictory, as to hunting, for to draw dry foot, is to pursue rightly in one way; to hunt counter, is to go the wrong way; but it is a quibble upon a bailiff, as hunting for the Counter, or Compter prison. How cheerfully on the false trail they cry! O, this is counter, you false Danish dogs. Haal, iv, 5. And trulie, angwered Euphues, you are worse made for a hound than a hunter, for you mar your sent with carren, before you start your game, which maketh you hunt often counter. Euph. Engl., A a l. It seems to be an error to join the two words into one, as if to make a name, in this passage:

You kunt-counter, hence! avaunt! Falstaff means rather to tell the man that he is on a wrong scent: “You are hunting counter," that is, the wrong way. In the old quartos the words are disjoined accordingly: You kunt counter, hence! ayaunt!

2 Hen. IV, i, 2. We see, by the passage in Hamlet, that hunting counter was used with latitude for taking a false trail, and not strictly confined to going the

wrong way. A HUNT'S-UP. A noise made to rouse

a person in a morning; originally a
tune played to wake the sportsmen,
and call them together, the purport
of which was, The hunt is up! which
was the subject of hunting ballads
In Puttenbani's Art of English Poesy
it is said, that one Gray grew into
good estimation with Henry the Eighth
and the duke of Somerset, "for
making certaine merry ballades,
whereof one chiefly was, the hunte is
up, the hunte is up." D 2, b.
Such ballads are still extant. Mr.
Douce gives one, which, perhaps, is
the original. Illustr. of Sh., vol. ii,
p. 192. Another is very short, but
not very nioral :

ger, starved.

Whereby it cometh to passe that the people depart out of church full of musicke and harmonie, but yet hungerban:d and fasting, as touching heayenly foode and doctrine.

Northbrooke, Treatise against Dicing, 1577. HUNGER-BITTEN. Starved.

Here also be two verie notorious rivers, Oxus and
Maxera, which the tigres, when they bee hunger-bitten,
swin over sometimes, and at unwares do much mis-
chief in the parts bordering upon them.

Ammianus Marcellinus, 1609.
And this food failing, they were forc'd to eat
The crums and scraps of refuse bread and meat,
And with their hands to break (all hungerbit)
The sacred food, for other use more fit.

Virgil, by Vicars, 1632. THUNGERLIN. A sort of short furred

robe, so named from having been
derived from Hungary.
A letter or epistle, should be short-coated, and closely
couchd; a hungerlin becomes a letter more hansomly
then a gown.

Howell's Familiar Letters, 1650. +HUNKS. A term of contempt, applied especially to a miser. I, I will peace it, if I catch the hunkes.

Historie of Albino and Bellama, 1638. TO HUNT COUNTER. To hunt the

wrong way, to trace the scent backwards.

my booke.

The hunt is up, the hunt is up,

THURLEBAT. A weapon, apparently
And now it is almost day;
And he that's a-bed with another man's wife, a sort of dart or javelin.
It's time to get him away.

Acad. of Compl.

Aclis, aclidis, a kynde of weapon, used in olde tyme, In a third, referred to by Mr. Steevens,

as it wer an hurlebatte. Eliotes Dictionarie, 1559.

Hurlebats having pikes of yron in the end, aclides. it is spiritualised. The expression

Withals' Dictionarie, ed. 1608, p. 317.

Laying about him as if they had beene fighting at was commou.

hurlebats. Holland's Ammianus Marcel., 1609. Since arm from arm that voice doth us affray,

HURLEWIND. Whirlwind; possibly IIunting thee lence with hunts-up to the day.

Rom. and Jul., iii, 5. the original word. I love no chamber-musick; but a drum

And as oft-times upon some fearfull clap To give me hunts-up. Four Prentices, 0. Pl., vi, 472.

Of thunder, straight a hurlerind doth arise Ruwland, for shame, awake thy drowsy muse,

And lift the waves aloft, from Thetys' lap
Time plays the hunts-up to thy sleepy head.

Ev'n iu a moment up into the skyes.
Drayt, Ecl., iii, p. 1392.

Harringt. Ariost., xlv, 69.
No sooner doth the earth her flowery bosom brave, Like scatter'd down by howling Eurus blown,
At such time as the year brings on the pleasant spring, By rapid hurlinds from his mansion thrown.
But hunts-up to the morn the feather'd sylvans sing.
Drayt. Pol., xiii, p.

Sandys, cited by Toll. 915.

HURLY. A noise, or tumult; from td HUNTER'S MASS. A short mass,

hurler, French; also hurlu-burlu. said in great haste, for hunters who

That with the hurly death itself awakes. were eager to start for the chase ;

2 Hen. IV, iii, 1.

Methinks I see this hurly all on foot. hence used as a phrase for any hurried

John, iii, 4.

Hurlu-burlu, which is not in the comproceeding. A frier that was vesting himselfe to masse, a gentle

mon French dictionaries, is in the man pray'd him to say a hunter's masse (meaning a latest editions of the dictionary of briefe masse); with that the frier tooke his missall and turn'd it all over leafe by leafe, continuing so doing a

the Academy, both as substantive and good while, which the gentleman thinking, long, at adjective. Explained “étourdi.” last said unto him, I pray you, father, dispatch; methinkes you are very long a registring your missal ?

+By happe if in this hurly burle with prince or king he met.

4. Hall's Homer, p. 18, 1581. Why, sir, answered the frier, you bespake a hunters' masse, and in sooth I can finde no such masse in all

A hurly burly went

through the house, and one comes Copley's Wits, Fits, and Fancies, 1614.

and whispers the lady with the newes. And this farre only I touch, that, when the conjured

Armin, Nest of Ninnies, 1608.

+Well, they fall out, they go together by the eares, and spirit appeares, which will not be while after many

such a hurly burly is in the roome, that passes. Ibid. circumstances, long prayers, and much muttering and murmurings of the conjurers, like a papist prieste To HURRE. To growl or snarl like a despatching a huntting masse-how soone, I say, he appeares. K. James's Demonology.


R is the dog's letter, and hurreth in the sound. +HUNT-SPEAR. A hunting spear.

B. Jons. Engl. Gr. Sister, see, see Ascanius in his pomp,

HURRICANO. Used for a water-spout. Bearing bis hunt-spear bravely in his hand.

Ouragan, French.
Dido Queen of Carthage, 1594.

Not the dreadful spout HURDEN. Made of tow, or such coarse Which shipmen do the hurricano call, materials.

Constring'a in mass by the almighty sun,
What from the hurden smock, with lockram upper

Shall dizzy with more clamour Neptune's ear
In his descent.

Tr. f Cr., V, 2. bodies, and hempen sheets, to wear and sleep in holland. R. Brome's Nero Acad., iii, p. 47.

You cataracts, and hurricanos, spout

Till you have drench'd our steeples. Lear, iii, 2. +Then hee [king Charles) returning to his chamber,

And down the show'r impetuously doth fall, sitting down by the fier side, we pulled his

As that which men the hurricano call. and stockings, and washed his feet, which were most sadly galled, and then pulled of likewaies his apparell

Drayt. Mooncalf, p. 494. and shirt, which was of hurden cloth, and put him one

Menage says that ouragan is an of Mr. Huddleston's, and other apparell of ours. Indian word.

Account of K. Charles's escape from Worcester.
+For she's as good a toothless dame,

I find it written herocane in one pas-
As mumbleth on brown bread;
Where thou shalt lie in hurden shects,
Upon a fresh straw bed.

Such as would have made their party good against all King Alfred and the Shepherd. assailants, had they not been dispersed and weakened HURDS. Another name for tow.

by violent tempests; besides the unexpected herocane,

which dashed all the endeavours of the best pilots. Now that part of the flax) which is utmost, and next

Lady Alimony, iv, 1. to the pill or rind, is called tow or hurds,

+HURRY-WHORE. A contemptuous Holland's Pliny, vol. ii, p. 4. Por I have harde olde hauswyves saye, that better is name for a common prostitute. Marche hurdes, than Apryil flaxe, the reason appereth. And I doe wish with all my heart, that the superfluous

Hitsherbert's Husbandry. number of all our hyreling hackney carryknaves, and + To HURKLE. To shrug.

hurry-whores, with their makers and maintainers,

were there, where they might never want continuali Another sadly fixing his eies on the ground, and imployment.

Taylor's Workes, 1630, kurckiing with his head to his sholders, foolishly HURST. A wood. Saxon and low imagind, that Atlas being faint, and weary of his burthen, would shortly let the heavens fall upon his Latin. It occurs in many names of head, and break his crag. Oplick Glasse of Humors, 1639.

places, either singly or in composition,

sage :

as a

implying that the situation was once reprinted in Hawkins's Origin of the woody; as Hurst in Berks, Glouces- English Drama, vol. i, p. 69. Hycketershire, Kent, Lincoln, Sussex, &c. scorner is there represented Also Hawkhurst, Speldhurst, Wad- libertine returned from travel, who, hurst, Penshurst, Crowhurst, and agreeably to his name, scoffs at remany other similar names.

ligion.” Percy Anc. Ballads, i, p.132. From each rising hurst

But whether the term were taken Where many a goodly oak had carefully been nurst. Drayt. Polyolb., ii, p. 689.

from the drama, or the name of the For further discussion of the etymo- play from a term already current, we logy, which, however, seems undeces- find it used as a general name. sary, see Todd's Johnson.

Zeno beeyng outright all together a stoique, used to

call Socrates the scoffer or the Hicke-scorner of the To HÜRTLE, v. n. To clash together. citee of Athens. Udall's Apophth. of Erasmus, 1564, Heurter, French. Gray has used it.

Preface, sign. xxv, b.

Sophistrie dooeth no helpe, use, ne service to doings In which hurtling,

in publique affaires or bearing offices in a common From miserable slumber I awak'd.

weale, whiche publique offices who so is a suiter to As you like it, iv, 3.

have, it behoveth the same not to plaie Hicke skorner Together hurtled both their steeds, and brake

with insolubles and with idle knackes of sophisticaEach other's neck.

Fairf. Tasso, vi, 41.

cions, but rather to frame and facion himself to the To make a sound like clashing:

maners and condicions of menne, and to bee of soche sort as other men be.

Toid, The noise of battle hurtled in the air.

I find hick used for a man, in cant

Jul. Cæs., ii, 2. To skirmish :

language, in an old song:

That not one hick spares.
Now kurtling round, advantage for to take.
Spens. 7. Q., IV. iv, 29.

And again :
Also actively, to brandish :

That can bulk any kick.

Acad. of Compl., ed. 1713, p. 204. His harmfull club he gan to hurtle hye.

Pid., II, vii, 42. A HYEN. Used by Shakespeare only, THURTLE, 8. A pimple?

I believe, for hyena. Upon whose palmes such warts and hurtells rise,

I will laugh like a hyen, and that when thou art As may in poulder grate a nutmegge thick.

disposed to sleep. As you like it, iv, 1.--243, a. Silkeroormes and their Flies, 1599. HYREN, for hiren. Sylvester uses it HUSBAND, for husbandman, farmer.

to signify a seducing woman. For husband's life is labourous and hard. Spens. Moth. Hubb. Tale, 266.

Of charming sin the deep-inchaunting syrens,
That feeds the husband's neat each winter's day

The snares of virtue, valour-softening hyrens.
Browne, Brit. Past., 1, 3, p. 61.

Du B., Week ii, Day 2, part 8. Johnson has cited it from Dryden

See IIIREN. also, with whom many words lingered that are since obsolete.

I & J. HUSHER, or HUJSHER. An usher, or gentleman usher. Huissier,

I was commonly said and written, in French.

the time of Shakespeare, for aye; A gentle kusher, Vanitie by name, Made rowme, and passage for them did

prepare. which afforded greatscope and tempta

Spens. F. Q:, I, iv, 13. But more for care of the security,

tion for punning, as may be seen in My huisher hath her now in his grave charge.

the following passages : B. Jons. Tale of a Tub, iv, 6.

But what said she did she nod! Sp. l. Pro. Nod And throughout that play.

I! why that's noddy, &c. Theo Gent. Ver., i, 1. THUSHTNESS. Silence.

And at these people with their l's and No's.

Fansk. Lus. iv, 14 A generall hushtnesse hath the world possest,

Hath Romeo slain himself? say thou but I, And all the tower surpriz'd with golden dreames,

And that bare vowel I shall poison more Alone king Jupiter abandons rest,

Than the death-darting eye of cockatrice. Still wishing for Apolloes golden beames.

I am not I, if there be such an I. Rom. & Jul., iii, 2. Heywood's Troia Britanica, 1609. +To HUSK. To cover with a husk.

This is very lamentable, in a passage Like Jupiter huskt in a female skin.

that should rather have been paHistorie of Albino and Bellama, 1638. thetic. In the same strain Drayton +TO HUZZ. To hum.

has a whole sonnet, which carries the Murmure. A murmuring: a mumbling in the mouth : a muttering: an humming or huzzing noise.

absurdity still further; it is, however, Nomenclator.

curious: HYCKE-SCORNER. The title of an

Nothiug but No and I, and I and No, old morality, or allegorical drama,

How falls it out so strangely you reply? printed by Wynken de Worde, and

I tell you, fair, I'll

not be answer'd so With this affirming No, denying 1.

I say, I love ; you slightly answer, I :

which in other countries they use, as corslets, Al. I say, you love; you peule me out a No:

maine rivets, shiris of male, jackes quilted, and I say, I die ; you echo me with I:

covered over with leather, fustian, or canvas, over Save me, I cry; you sigh me out a No.

thick plates of yrou that are sowed to the same. Must woe and I have nought but No and I?

Euph. Engl., F f 2, b. No I am I, if I no more can have;

Their horsemen are with jacks for most part clad. Answer no more, with silence make reply,

Harr. Ariost., x, 73. And let me take myself what I do crave: Let No and I, with I and you be so;

The following, however, is an instance Then answer No and I, and I and No. Idea 5. of jack used for a coat of mail : Line the tenth is nearly the same as Nor lay aside their jacks of gymold mail. the fourth cited from Shakespeare.

Edw. Ili, i, 2, in Capell's Prolus.

Unless the original copy had “jacks, As when the disagreeing commons throw About their house their clamorous I or No.

or gymold,” which seems to me most

Herrick, p. 360. In the modern editions of Shake


+But with the trusty bow, speare, I is generally changed to aye; Aud jacks well quilted with soft wool, they came to


Chapm. I., iii. but in Whalley's Ben Jonson the

[To be on the jack of any one, to single vowel is retained, which the

attack him violently, evidently in reader should recollect, or he will sometimes take it for the pronoun.

allusion to the preceding word.]

+ Te ulciscar, I will be revenged on thee: I will sit on I, the pronoun, was sometimes re

thy skirts: I will be upon your jacke for it. peated in colloquial use, as the French

Terence in English, 1614.

#And our armie, joyning with the prince's, wee made subjoin moi : Je n'aime pas cela, moi; a gallant body; which made him sneake to his quar.

ters at Openhan. And, as often as he stur'd, wee “I like not such a thing, I.” Some

were on his jack. A. Wilson's Autobiography. instances of it occur in Shakespeare, My lord lay in Morton College; and, as he was

going to parliament one morning on foot, a man in a and many other writers.

faire and civill outward habit mett him, and josseld I'll drink no more than will do me good, for no man's him., And, though I was at that time behind his pleasure, I.

2 Hen. IV, ii, 4. lordship, I saw it not; for, if I had, I should have I will not budge for no man's pleasure, I.

been upon his jack.

Ibid. Yon light is not day-light, I know it, 1.

Rom. & Jul., iri,:.: +JACK-A-LANTERN. The ignis faIronically:

tuus. I am an ass, 11 and yet I kept the stage in master

I am an evening dark as night, Tarleton's time. Induct. to B. Jons. Barth. Fair.

Jack-with-the-lantern, bring a light. I am none of those common pedants, I,

The Slighted Maid, p. 48. That cannot speak without propterea quod.


A stuffed puppet, Edward II, O. Pl., ii, 342. For my disport I rode on hunting, I.

dressed in rags, &c., which was

Mirr. Mag., p. 52. thrown at throughout Lent, as cocks I per se, as A PER SE, &c.; I by itself:

were on Shrove Tuesday.
If then your I agreement want,
I to your I must answer No.

Thou cam'st but half a thing into the world,
Therefore leave off your spelling plea,

And wast made up of patches, parings, shreds;

Thou, that when last thou wert put out of service, Aud let my I be I per se. Wit's Interp., p. 116.

Travell’d to Hamstead Heath on an Ash Wednesday, +JABISH. Perhaps amisprint for jadish. Where thou didst stand six weeks the Jack of Lent,

To discourse him seriously is to read the ethics to a For boys to harl three throws a penny at thee, monkey, or make an oration to Caligula's horse,

To make thee a purse. B. Jons. Tale of a Tub, iv, 2. whence you can only expect a wee-hee or jabish Six weeks are again mentioned as the spurn.

Twelve Ingenious Characters, 1686. JACK, 8. A horseman's defensive upper

duration of a Jack of Lent, in the

following passage : garment, quilted and covered with

Nay, you old Jack-a-Lent, six weeks and upwards, strong leather. It is usually inter though you be our captain's

father you

cannot stay there.

Pour Prentices, O. Pl., vi, 478. preted a coat of mail, but some of the

By which is meant, that the old man following quotations seem to prove

is come to the utmost extent of his otherwise. A kind of pitcher made

utility and existence. of leather was similarly called a black The very children in the street do adore me; for if a jack, even in my memory.

boy that is throwing at his Jack-a-Lent chance to hit

me on the shins, why, I say nothing but Tu quoque, I have half a score jades that draw my beer carts; and every jade shall bear a knave, and every knave

smile, and forgive the child.

Greene's Tu Quoque, 0. Pl., vii, 92. shall wear a jack, and every jack shall have a skull,

If I forfeit, and every skull shall shew a spear, and every spear Make me a Jack o' Lent, and break my shins shall kill a foe at Ficket Field. First P. of Sir J. Olde., Suppl. to St., ii, 297.

For untayg'd points and compters.

B. & Fl. Woman's Prize, iv, 8. The bill-men come to blows, that, by their cruel thwacks,

Jack-u-Lent occurs twice in the Merry The ground lay strew'd with male and shreds of Wives of Windsor; once merely as a

tatter'd jacks. Drayt. Polyolb., xxii, p. 1062. Their armour (in England) is not unlike unto that jocular appellation, iii, 3, and once as

a butt, or object of satire and attack,

V, 5.

p. 113.

Breton introduces the name of this
personage with an allusion to a well-
known proverb :
The puffing fat that shewes the pesant's feede,
Proves Jack a Lent was never gentleman.

Honour of Valour, 1605. Taylor the water-poet has a tract entitled, Jacke a Lent, his Beginning and Entertainment: with the mad Prankes of bis Gentleman-usher,

Shrove-Tuesday,” &c. See Works, JACK-AN-APES. A monkey, or ape;

from Jack and ape. In this sense it
has been long disused, though com-
mon enough still, as addressed to an
impertinent and contemptible cox-
This performed, and the horse and jack-an-apes for a
jigge, they had sport enough that day for nothing;

Gayton, Fest. Notes, p. 272. Like a come aloft jacanapes. Sheldon, cited by Todd. Notwithstanding the attempts of Ritson and others to derive it from Jack Napes, a person never heard of, I have no doubt that the real derivation is Jack and ape, as Johnson gave it. Mr. Todd does not appear to have observed, that in the instance which I have copied from him, it simply means an ape. See COME ALOFT. That which would make a jackanapes a monkey, if he could get it, a tayle.

Isle of Gulls, ii, 1. Massinger coined the word "Jane-anapes, as a jocular counterpart to Jackan-apes. Bondm., iii, 2. JACK OF THE CLOCK, or CLOCK.

HOUSE. A figure made in old pub- ! lic clocks to strike the bell on the outside ; of the same kind as those formerly at St. Dupstan's church in Fleet-street. Jack, being the most familiar appellative, was frequently bestowed upon whatever bore the form, or seemed to do the work, of a

or servant. Thus, roasting jacks were so named from performing the office of a man, who acted as turnspit, before that office devolved upon dogs. Jack and Gill were, indeed, familiar representatives of the two sexes in low life; as in the proverb, “Every Jack must have bis Gill;" and, “A good Jack makes a

good Gill.Ray, Prod., p. 124.
So jack alone :
Since every jack became a gentleman,
There's many a gentle person made a jack.

Rick. III, 1,3.
But my time
Runs posting on in Bolingbroke's proud joy,
While I stand fooling here, his jack o' the clock.

Rick. II, v, 5. K. Rich. Well, but what's o'clock? Buck. Upon the stroke of ten. K. Rich. Well, let it strike. Buck. Why let it strike ? K. Rich. Because that, like a jack, thou keep'st the

stroke Betwixt thy begging and my meditation

Rich. III, iv, 2. Skirm. How now, creatures, what's o'clock ? Fra. Why, do you take us to be jacks o'tk' clock house?

Puritan, Suppl. to Sh., ii, 573. How's the night, boy? Drau. Faith, sir, 'tis very

late. Uber. Faith, sir, you lie. Is this your jack i' (k'

clock-house? Will you strike, sir? B.& Fl. Coscomb, act i, p. 167. But, howsoever, if Powles jacks be once up with their elbowes, and quarelling to strike eleven, as soon as ever the clock has parted them, and ended the fray with his hammer, let not the duke's gallery conteyne you any longer. Decker's Gul's Hornbook, 1609. By the above it appears that the jacks at St. Paul's struck only the quarters. Decker, in another pamphlet, tells us of a fraternity of sharpers who called themselves Jackes of the clockhouse : There is another fraternitie of wandring pilgrims, who merrily call themselves Jackes of the clock-house. He then describes that piece of mechanism particularly: The jacke of a clock-house goes upon screws, and his oftice is to do nothing but strike, so does this noise (for they walke up and down like fidlers) travaile with motions, and whatever their motions get them is called striking Lantern and Candlelight, or the Belman's Second

Nighi Walk, fe. See NOISE. He scrapes you just such a leg, in answering you, as jack o' th' clock-house agoing about to strike.

Flecknoe's Enigmat. Char., P. 76. Cotgrave, in the article Fretillon, iutroduces it as a general term for a diminutive or paltry fellow : A little nimble dwarfe or hop-on-my-thumbe; a jacke of the clock-house ; a little busie-body, medler, jackstickler; one that has an oare in every wan’s buat, or his hand in every man's dish. Minute-jacks, in Timon of Athens, have been supposed to mean the same thing; but jacks that struck hours or quarters could hardly be so called. Cap and knee slaves, vapours, and minute-jacks.

Timon, iii, 6 Probably jacks are there only equivalent to fellows, as in Richard III:

silken, sly, insinuating jacks." It will then mean “fellows who watch the proper minutes to offer their


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