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Wellesley to send an officer to the reconnoitring, the whole army of the Marhatta camp to treat. This was enemy was discovered a few miles off, of course refused, but General Wels drawn up in order of battle. lesley expressed his readiness to re- Scindiah's force, consisting of one ceive any vakeel or envoy from the heavy body of cavalry, formed their confederates whom they might em- right wing, with its flank covered by power to negotiate a peace. The a body of Pindarries and other irrewar went on. Burhampoore surren- gulars. The infantry and guns were dered to Colonel Stevenson on the on the left of the centre, and on the 16th of October, and the strong fort left was the Berar cavalry. The line of Asseergbur capitulated on the 21st. occupied by this united army was On the ilth of November a vakeel about five miles in extent. In their from Scindiah arrived in the British front was an extensive plain, broken camp with proposals for a truce. This by water-courses, and in rear the vilwas readily agreed to by General lage of Argaum, with its extensive Wellesley, who considered a cessation gardens and inclosures. of hostilities with Scindiah to be highly General Wellesley formed his army advantageous, since it enabled him to in two lines ; the infantry in the first, direct lis whole force against the the cavalry in the second, and the Rajah of Berar. With this view he Mogul and Mysore horse covering the put his army in motion to co-operate left. In forming the line, some con. with Colonel Stevenson, whose corps fusion and delay took place from the he had directed upon Gawilghur, a fort unsteadiness of the native troops unin the Berar territory. On the 28th der the fire of the enemy's artillery. General Wellesley came up with the This, however, was remedied, and the army of the Rajah, and found in con- whole advanced in the highest order. junction with it a considerable force of A large body of Persian soldiers made Scindiah's cavalry, in direct violation a fierce attack on the 74th and 78th of the conditions of the truce. On the regiments, which repulsed them with following day, a junction was effected great slaughter. Scindiah's cavalry with the corps of Stevenson at Par- attacked a Sepoy battalion, and were terly, where from a tower the enemy also driven back in confusion. Their could be discerned apparently in march. whole line then retired in disorder, The weather being intensely hot, and followed by the cavalry, which purthe troops having marched a great sued them till night-fall. The result distance, it was not thought prudent of the action was the capture of thirtyto pursue them ; but shortly after- eight pieces of cannon, and all their wards, bodies of horse appeared in ammunition. The following extract front, and skirmished with the My- of a letter of General Wellesley relasore cavalry. The infantry picquets tive to this action will be found intewere advanced to support them, and on resting :
Major-General the Hon. A. Wellesley to Major Shawe.
** My Dear Sir,
Camp at Akote, 20 December, 1803. “ I have but little to add to my letter of the 30th to the Governor-General respecting the battle of Argaum. The number of the enemy destroyed is very great. Vittel Punt, who commanded the cavalry of the Rajah of Berar, was killed ; and Gopal Bhow, who commanded Scindiah's cavalry that fought, was wounded. If we had had daylight one hour more, not a man would have escaped.
“We should have had that time, if my native infantry had not been panicstruck, and got into confusion when the cannonade commenced. What do you think of nearly three entire battalions, who behaved so admirably in the battle of Assye, being broke and running off, when the cannonade commenced at Argaum, which was not to be compared to that at Assye? Luckily, I happened to be at no great distance from them, and I was able to rally them and re-establish the battle. If I had not been there, I am convinced we should have lost the day. But as it was, so much time elapsed before I could form them again, that we had not daylight enough for every thing that we should certainly have performed.
VOL. XLI. NO, CCLVIII.
“ The troops were under arms, and I was on horseback, from six in the morning until twelve at night.”
Gawilghur next fell, and the war It was with such testimonies of ad was at an end. Peace followed on miration and regard that General terms highly advantageous. Large Wellesley quitted India. It pleased cessions of territory were made by God that he should return in safety Scindiah and his allies, and the talents to commence a new course of glory, and of General Wellesley were no less confer benefits on his country, in comconspicuous as a negotiator than as parison with which, his services in Ina leader of armies.
dia now seem but as dust in the baFrom this period the military repu- lance. But had it been otherwise ortation of Wellesley was equal to that dained, he had already done enough of the most distinguished of his con- to secure an honourable place in his. temporaries. Honours flowed in upon tory for the name of Wellesley. him. As a testimony of bis Sove- in conclusion, we think it right to reign's approbation of his services, he state that we have been able to touch on was elected Knight of the Bath. The very few portions of the correspondence thanks of Parliament were voted to him. connected with India in the work be
The British inhabitants of Calcutta fore us. By far the greater part represented him with a sword L.1000 in lates to political negotiation, and the value. The officers he commanded details of civil government and milisolicited his acceptance of a golden tary discipline, and therefore contains vase, in testimony of their attachment little which, if taken separately, would and admiration. A monument was be found interesting when transferred erected in Calcutta in commemoration to the pages of a popular periodical. of the battle of Assye. On resign. But we say deliberately, that the coring the command of Mysore, the in- respondence cannot be perused by habitants of Seringapatam transmitted any one competent to appreciate its to him a parting address, imploring merits, without exciting the highest " the God of all castes and of all na- admiration of the extraordinary mental tions to hear their earnest prayer, and activity, and extensive knowledge of wherever greater affairs than the go- the writer. By those especially, whose vernment of an Indian province might duties are more immediately connectcall him, to bestow on him health, ed with India, the three first volumes glory, and happiness." At Madras a of the work will be found a treasury grand entertainment was given in ho- of military and political knowledge, nour of his arrival by the civil and and to their earnest study we most military officers of the Presidency. strongly recommend them.
ELIZABETH OF SIBERIA.
BY THE SKETCHER.
Amid Siberian shows the exile's child
* WORLD WE LIVE IN.
af its literature --its voice would About the middle of the last century, umphsu. ival,-its opinion was the when the French Savans began their suffer 110 l. and the Englishnotable conspiracy against the Chris. oracle of Euro, intuous of national tian religion, one of their favourite man, always conten, * left the truth contrivances was, to praise the virtues vanity, told his tale, anu od time. of Paganism. Examples of excellence to make its way in its own g.
'ways were quoted in every corner of the Time has done its work, as it a. globe but Christendom. The Chinese, does, and the native Hindoo character the Laplanders, the Sandwich Island- has at length blackened the cover of ers, the Tartars, all were pronounced to romance that wrapped it in imaginaexhibit virtues unknown to nations de- ry virtue. Treachery, craft, cruelty, graded by Christianity. But it was selfishness instinctive, and sensuality on India that the eyes of the perfec- unbounded, were acknowledged to be tionists were turned with the most as- the national character. And though sured triumph. The gentle manners, exceptions may occur, the utter infe. and gentle countenances of the Hin- riority of the Indian Pagan to the Eu. doos were assumed as spontaneous ropean Christian has long been an evidences of moral superiority. Their established conviction. diet chiefly on herbs, their dwelling But a remarkable reinforcement to chiefly among forests ; their pastoral, this conviction has just been given. simple, and obscure habits, marked It has been ascertained that Hindosthem, in the estimate of Paris, less as tan has contained for ages, and conthe best of Pagans, than the moral tains at this hour, a vast multitude masters of mankind. Raynal's huge whose profession is murder, whose romance, Savary's Egypt, The Stories livelihood is the plunder obtained by of Paraguay, The Narratives of the this murder, and whose religion conAmerican Wilderness, all teeming with sists in offering up human lives, from the charms, passions, valour and ge- one to a hundred at a time, in comnius of uncultivated man, displayed pendious bloodshed, to their demon before the dazzled eyes of Europe a goddess, Kalee! perpetual panorama. Still the Hin- The enquiries made during the late doos were the chief figures of the illu- government of Lord William Bentinck sion; and the crimes of Christianity have proved that this Satanic brotherwere gloomily contrasted with the hood consists of many thousands; that innocence of a vast people, reposing it has existed through many ages, and under their banyan trees, bathing their all the revolutions of Indian power in graceful forms in vast marble foun- those ages; that it it has spread over tains by moonlight, offering up their the whole immense surface of the coun. primitive worship to Nature and Mind, try, from the sea to the mountains ; in temples of porphyry; and, when that it has held on its hideous course life was about to decay, calmly sitting alike under the successive Hindoo, by the brink of some of their mighty Mahometan, and British lords of the streams, and surrendering their feeble golden peninsula ; and most singular forms to the sacred embrace of the In- of all, that it has almost wholly evaded dus or the Ganges.
research during this long period, and The growing intercourse of the Eng. that, fully kuown to exist, it has always lish with India from the period of escaped the direct grasp of justice, the famous battle of Plassey in 1746, thus adding to the remorseless cruelty partially resisted this declamation of a fiend scarcely less than the impalThey rapidly discovered the qualities pability and invisibility of a spirit of of the Hindoo, and the Englishman's darkness, This abhorred league, or rough sincerity, at all times the anti- worship, is called Thuggee, and the podes of the Frenchman's willing de assassins are called Thugs. The hislusion, alternately argued against, tory of their goddess is as follows: laughed at, and disdained the romances. Rakut Beej Dana, a demon in the But all France resounded with the tri- early ages of the world, devoured the
human race as fast as they were born. worshippers of this incarnate devil,
her votaries. The East India about to be lost. The flow of blood Company, too, is charged with the idle was obviously the cause. In this cri- and culpable subserviency of assigning sis, she brushed the moisture from one to this horrible superstition lands for of her arms-of it formed two men- the endowment of its temple! And and, that no drop of blood more might the priests often publicly make offerings be shed, equipped them with two hand- to the idol in the name of the Company. kerchiefs, to strangle the demon army. Should such things be? Or, if they
The work was done. The demons exist, could we be surprised at any dewere extinguished, and the two cham- gree of scorn that might be felt for pions returned to the goddess to re- our timidity, our policy, or our relistore their handkerchiefs. But she gion? The Hindoos worship her with desired that they should preserve them, great veneration. They often repeat as the means of a profession by which in their prayers, “ Oh, Kalee! great their descendants were to live. En- goddess of Calcutta, may thy promise joining them to strangle men with never be made in vain.
Her delight the handkerchief, as they had strangled is said to be in massacre ; her drink the demons, and giving them their is perpetual gore. She is believed to plunder, she added, perhaps for the be of the intensest black, and to be so hiease of their consciences, they might deous, that no mortal eye could endure claim this as a matter of right; for, hav- the sight of her appalling deformity. ing been the means of securing the This we conceive to be a final anpeopling of the earth, they were en- swer to all the dreams of human pertitled to take some lives at their plea- fectibility. A league in which mu
Kalee next told them, that they tual crime is the single bond ; a worneed not trouble themselves about bu- ship in which murder is the religion ; rying their victims, as she would pro- a morality in which the commission vide for that case, on the condition, of the most revolting of all human however, that they never looked back crimes is held not merely innocent, to see what she did with them. At but a duty. What is this, but Satan length, a slave had the daring curio- visible in man? sity to look. He saw Kalee, utterly naked, devouring the bodies, and toss- Of all the poets whom we have lateing them into the air. The modesty ly lost, Crabbe is the most natural. of the goddess was offended, and she He has his extravagances, too, and his pronounced that thenceforth they must poetry is disfigured by them. Quaintinanage the matter for themselves.
ness of language, and eccentricity of It must have startled our showy re- thought, are but feeble contrivances for sidents, and glittering dames at the fame. They swindle public attention Bengal Presidency, to know, that in for the moment, to be detected, like Calcutta they were in the favourite all swindling, the moment after. His region of Kalee; that they had assisted low education, early difficulties, and at the orgies of Kalee ; and that the long solitude, account for some of those Hindoos regarded them as frequently failures of taste. But he has a re
But his pro
markable faculty of combining tender- “ A wealthy grazier passed. • Attend,' ness with power. His nature was
The sufferer cried; some aid allow.' strongly disposed to look upon the • Thou art not of our parish, friend, seamy side of things."
Nor am I in my office now.' fession softened his spirit, and where he would have once been sullen, he
66 Another came. The poor man prayed. was only sad. Other poets have been
A smooth-tongued teacher heard the
word. more ostentatious of their religion. In Crabbe it is a hidden spring which
. Be patient, friend,' he softly said ;
• Another will the help afford.' gives a perpetual verdure to his poe. try. His views of life are melancholy,
66 Another came. • Turn, stranger, turn.' not malignant. He groans,
The stranger stopped with furious mien. curses not." He has no love for hor
" What, stop me ? when I haste to burn rors; and sees beauty in despair. He
The Gospel light on Saveall Green!". follows the felon to the foot of the scaffold, but spares us the appalling pro
“ Another came.
• In thee I trust.' cess of the dissecting-room.
• What, pauper, stop the public way? We know not whether the two lit
Lie in the dust ; we all are dust. tle poems, which we give here, have My people wait ; I can't delay.' been published ; but they deserve to be remembered—the one as a striking “ Hard Levite ! Bitter priest, begone. specimen of native tenderness, the Swell knaves with fools your nasal strain; other of easy sarcasm. (If his, of The Gospel knows no heart of stone, which we are not perfectly sure.) The Gospel scorns no cry of pain.
“ Go, bigots, leave no stone unturn'd, On seeing a light in the window of the
New fools, new proselytes to find. chamber where his wife died. Oh Charity ! how art thou spurn'd,
When thus the blind can lead the blind." “ Yes; I behold again the place,
The seat of joy, the source of pain, It brings to view the form, the face,
It is notorious that, among the imThat I must never see again.
provements of the age, is a contempt
for the Universities of Oxford and “ The night-bird's song, that sweetly floats Cambridge. There religion and learn
On this soft gloom, this balmy air, ing are taught, and men of known abiBrings to my mind her sweeter notes, lity, honest principles, and avowed That I again must never hear.
Christianity are there to carry on
the duties of those great places of “ Lo, yonder shines that window's light,
piety and education. But to both My guide, my token, heretofore ; Universities there are certain objecAnd now again it shines as bright,
tions which must be fatal in our enWhen those dear eves can shine no lightened age.
There is probably not a decided Atheist among all their Pro
fessors. With a few exceptions, and “ Then hurry from this place away!
those have been promptly and handIt gives not now the bliss it gave ; For death has made its charm its prey,
somely rewarded, Socinianism, the deAnd joy is buried in her grave."
nial of the primary doctrine of Chris
tianity, and on which all the others deCrabbe's residence at his first living pend, has not been popularly professhad been greatly molested by some
ed. The Colleges generally regard vulgar fellows, who, on the credit of it a duty to adhere to the Protestant their half-crown license, set up for Church. And their laws, framed by preachers, and talked the populace those weak and ignorant persons who into all kinds of absurdity.
established the Reformation among us,
and followed it up by establishing liA new Version of the Parable.
berty, are hostile to the intrusion of
schism, even from such respectable “ A weary traveller walked his way,
authorities as cobblers elected to conWith grief, and want, and pain opprest; venticles, mountebanks alternately His looks were sad, his locks were grey, juggling in the booth and in the pul.
He sought for food, he sigh'd for rest. pit, strolling actors struck with saint