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(ACT of March 3, 1807.) title to the same, as an estate of inheritance in fee simple: Provided, however, That no other claims shall be confirmed, by virtue of this section, than such as have been entered with the register of the land office of Detroit, within the time, and in the manner, provided by law, and, by the commissioners aforesaid, have been inserted in their report, transmitted as aforesaid; and shall not contain more than the quantity claimed, nor more than six hundred and forty acres: And provided, also, That the same shall not ex. tend to any tract heretofore reserved, or which may, by the president of the United States, be set aside for public uses, in the town of Detroit, and its vicinity, or on the isiand of Michilimackinac.

43. Sec. II. [The secretary of the territory of Michigan, together with the register and receiver of public moneys of the land office at Detroit; constituted commissioners to ascertain and decide on the claims for the benefit of this act, to meet July 1st, 1807, to make report, &c. Their decision in favour of the claimant, to entitle him to patents.]

ACT of March 3, 1807. 4 Bioren, 120. 44. Sec. I. All the decisions made by the commissioners appointed for the purpose of examining the claims of persons claiming lands in the district of Vincennes, in favour of such claimants, as entered in the transcripts of decisions which have been transmitted by the said commissioners, to the secretary of the treasury according to law, are hereby confirmed.

45. Sec. II. 'The confirmations or grants of land, made in the said district of Vincennes, by the governors of the Northwest and Indiana territories, prior to the establishment of the board of commissioners aforesaid, and in conformity with the act, entitled " An act for granting lands to the inhabitants and settlers at Vincennes and the Illinois country, in the territory northwest of the Ohio, and for confirming them in their possessions,” are hereby confirmed; unless when actually rejected by the said commissioners; although the persons entitled to the land may not have given notice of their claim, as required by the several acts making provision for the disposal of the public lands in the Indiana territory: Provided, however, That no other claims shall be confirmed by virtue of this section than such as, having been entered on the territorial records, have, by the commissioners aforesaid, been inserted in their reports transmitted as aforesaid,

Sec. III. The several persons, or the legal representatives of the several persons, to whom, or to whose assigns, the several tracts of the tract of land near Vincennes, known by the name of the “ Upper Praire,” have been heretofore confirmed, are hereby, respectively, confirmed in their claims to the respective tracts also claimed by them, and in their actual possession, lying in that tract of land, containing two hundred and forty-four acres, which is known by the name of “ Continuation," and is situated between

(ACT of March 3, 1807.) the boundaries of the tracts already confirmed and the river Wabash.

46. Sec. iv. The several persons whose claims are confirmed by this act, and had not been actually tocated prior to the establishment of the board of commissioners, are hereby authorised to enter their locations with the register of the land office of Vincendes, on any part of the tracts set aside for that purpose by virtue of the act, entitled “ An act respecting the claims to lands in the Indiana territory, and state of Ohio;" and in conformity with the provisions of that act: Provided, That such location shall be made prior to the first day of July, one thousand eight hundred and eight; and the right of any person who shall neglect to locate prior to that day, shall become void, and for ever be barred. [Infra, 57.]

Sec. v. Every person, or the legal representative of every person, whose claim to a tract of land is confirmed by this act, and who had not previously obtained a patent for the same, from the governor either of the territory northwest of the Ohio, or of the Indiana territory, shall, whenever his claim shall have been located and surveyed, be entitled to receive, from the register of the land office at Vincennes, a certificate, stating, that the claimant is entitled to receive a patent for such tract of land by virtue of this act; for which certificate the register shall receive one dollar; and which certificate shall entitle the party to a patent for the said tract, which shall issue in like manner as is provided by law for the other lands of the United States.

ACT of March 3, 1807. 4 Bioren, 125.

47. Sec. 1. For the disposal of the lands of the United States, situated between the United States military tract and the Connecticut reserve, a land office shall be established, which shall be kept at such place as the president of the United States may direct: and for the disposal of the lands of the United States lying on the Ohio river, between the Cincinnati and Vincennes districts, a land office shall be established at Jeffersonville: and for each of the said offices a register and receiver of public moneys shall be appointed, who shall give security in the same manner, in the same sums, and whose compensation, emoluments, duties, and authority, shall, in every respect, be the same, in relation to the lands which shall be disposed of at their offices, as are or may be provided by law in relation to the registers and receivers of public moneys in the several offices established for the disposal of the lands of the United States north of the river Ohio, and above the mouth of Kentucky river.

48. SEC. 11. All the lands of the United States, in the said districts, shall, with the exception of the section number sixteen, and with the exception also of thirteen sections, including the lower town of the Delaware tribe of Indians, and their improvements, which

• (ACT of February 29, 1808.) said thirteen sections shall be designated by the secretary of the treasury, and shall be reserved for the use of the said tribe and their descendants, so long as they continue to reside thereun, and cultivate the same, be offered for sale to the highest bidder, under the direction of the register of the land office, and of the receiver of public moneys, at the places respectively, where the land offices are kept, and on such day or days as shall, by proclamatioa of the president of the United States, be designated for that purpose; the sales shall remain open at each place for six weeks, and no longer: the lands shall not be sold for less than two dollars an acre; and shall, in every other respect, be sold in tracts of the same size, and on the same terms and conditions, as have been, or may be, by law, provided for lands sold north of the river Ohio, and above the mouth of the Kentucky river. All the lands of the United States, in the said districts, with the exceptions above mentioned, remaining unsold at the close of the public sales, may be disposed of at private sale, by the register of the respective land offices, in the same manner, under the same regulations, for the same price, and on the same terms and conditions, as are or may be provided by law for the sale of the lands of the United States north of the river Ohio, and above the mouth of the Kentucky river. And patents shall be obtained for all lands sold in said districts, in the same manner, and on the same terms, as are provided by law for other public lands sold in the state of Ohio and the Indiana territory.

, Sec. iv. The president of the United States, in the recess of congress, shall have full power to appoint and commission the registers and receivers of public moneys of the land offices established by this act, and their commissions shall continue in force until the end of the session of congress next ensuing such appointment.

49. Sec. v. The several lead mines in the Indiana territory, together with as many sections contiguous to each as shall be deemed necessary by the president of the United States, shall be reserved for the future disposal of the United States; and any grant which may hereafter be made for a tract of land containing a lead mine, which had been discovered previous to the purchase of such tract from the United States shall be considered fraudulent and null: And the president of the United States shall be, and is hereby authorized to lease any lead mine, which has been, or may hereafter be, discovered in the Indiana territory, for a term not exceeding five years.

ACT of February 29, 1808. 4 Bioren, 146. 50. Sec. 1. All the sections of land heretofore reserved for the future disposition of congress, not sold or otherwise disposed of, and lying within either of the districts established for the disposition of public lands in the state of Ohio, with the exception of the seca tion numbered sixteen, of the Salt Springs, and lands reserved (ACT of April 25, 1808.) for the use of the same, shall be offered for sale in that district within which such reserved sections may respectively lie, on the same terms, and under the same regulations, as other lands in the same district: Provided, That such sections shall previously be offered to the highest bidder, at public sales, to be held under the superintend. ence of the registers and receivers of public moneys of the land offices, respectively, to which they are attached on the same terms as have been provided by law for the public sales of the other lands of the United States, and on such day or days as shall, by a proclamation of the president of the United States, be designated for that purpose: And provided, also, That no such heretofore reserved section shall be sold either at public or private sale, at a less price than four dollars per acre.

ACT of April 25, 1808. 4 Bioren, 185. An act supplemental to “ An act regulating the grants of land in the territory of

Michigan.” 51. Sec. I. Every person claiming lands within that part of the Michigan territory to which the Indian title hath been extinguished, by virtue of any legal grant made by the French government prior to the treaty of Paris, of the tenth of February, one thousand seven hundred and sixty-three; or of any legal grant made by the British government subsequent to the said treaty, and prior to the treaty of peace between the United States and Great Britain, of the third of September, one thousand seven hundred and eightythree, or of the second section of the act to which this act is a supplement, shall be allowed until the first day of January next, to deliver to the register of the land office for the district of Detroit, a notice in writing, stating the nature and extent of his claims, together with a plat or plats of the tract or tracts claimed; and if such person shall fail to deliver such notice in writing, together with a plat of the tract claimed, all his right, so far as it may be derived from any act of congress, shall become void: And the commissioners appointed for the purpose of ascertaining and deciding the rights of persons claiming lands in the said district of Detroit, shall have the same powers, and perform the duties, in relation to the claims, notices of which shall be thus filed, as are provided by the act to which this act is a supplement, in relation to the claims therein described.

Sec. 11. Every person whose claim has been, or shall be, confirmed by the commissioners aforesaid, to a tract of land bordering on the river Detroit, and not exceeding, in depth, forty arpens, French measure, shall be entitled to a preference in becoming the purchaser of any vacant tract of land adjacent to, and back of, his own tract, not exceeding forty arpens, French measure, in depth, nor in quantity of land that which is contained in his own tract, at the same price, and on the same terms and conditions, as are provided by law for the other public lands in the said district.

(ACT of April 25, 1808.) And the surveyor general shall be, and he is hereby authorised, as soon as may be, to cause to be surveyed the tracts claimed by virtue of this section; and in all cases where, by reason of bends in the said river, and of adjacent prior or pre-emption claims, each claimant cannot obtain a tract equal in quantity to the adjacent tract already owned by him, to divide the vacant land, applicable to that object, between the several claimants, in such manner as to him will appear most equitable. And every person entitled to the benefit of this section shall, on or before the first day of January next, deliver to the register of the land office for the district of Detroit, a notice in writing, stating the situation and extent of the tract of land he wishes to purchase, and deposit, at the same time, one-twentieth part of the purchase money; and shall also, within three months after the return of the survey to the office of the said register, produce to him a receipt from the receiver of public money for the said district, for one fourth part of the purchase money. And if any such person shall fail to deliver such notice, and make such deposit and payment, at the times above mentioned, his right of pre-emption shall cease and become void.

Sec. 111. Every person who, being the head of a family, did, prior to the twenty-sixth of March, one thousand eight hundred and four, and doth, at the time of the passage of this act, inhabit and cultivate a tract of land in the territory of Michigan, not claimed by virtue of a legal French or British grant, or by the second section of the act to which this act is a supplement, shall be entitled to a preference in becoming the purchaser from the United States of such tract of land, not exceeding one section, at the price at which the other public lands in the said territory are directed to be sold; and payment may be made therefor in the same manner, and under the same conditions, as are provided by law for such other public lands, And every person entitled to the benefit of this section shall, on or before the first day of January next, deliver to register of the land office, for the district aforesaid, a notice in writing, of the situation and extent of the tract of land he wishes to purchase. The commissioners aforesaid are hereby authorised to examine and decide the claims of every person claiming the benefit of this section, and whenever it shall appear to them that the claimant is entitled to a right of pre-emption, they shall give a certificate thereof, directed to the register of the land office; which certificate, together with a receipt from the receiver of public money, of at least one-fourth part of the purchase money, shall, on or before the first day of January next, be produced, by the claimant, to the register of the land office for the said district. And if any person shall fail to deliver such notice in writing, or produce such certificate and receipt, within the times above mentioned, his right of pre-emption shall cease and become void,

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