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shall have outside lights which provide at least 1 foot-candle of illumination on the station platform or street surface for a distance of 3 feet perpendicular to all points on the bottom step tread. Such lights shall be located below window level and shielded to protect the eyes of entering and exiting passengers. 8 38.83 Mobility aid accessibility.

(a)(1) General. All new light rail vehicles, other than level entry vehicles, covered by this subpart shall provide a level-change mechanism or boarding device (e.g., lift, ramp or bridge plate) complying with either paragraph (b) or (c) of this section and sufficient clearances to permit at least two wheelchair or mobility aid users to reach areas, each with a minimum clear floor space of 48 inches by 30 inches, which do not unduly restrict passenger flow. Space to accommodate wheelchairs and mobility aids may be provided within the normal area used by standees and designation of specific spaces is not required.

(2) Exception. If lifts, ramps bridge plates meeting the requirements of this section are provided on station platforms or other stops required to be accessible, or mini-high platforms complying with § 38.73(d) of this part are provided, the vehicle is not required to be equipped with a carborne device. Where each new vehicle is compatible with a single platformmounted access system or device, additional systems or devices are not required for each vehicle provided that the single device could be used to provide access to each new vehicle if passengers using wheelchairs or mobility aids could not be accommodated on a single vehicle.

(b) Vehicle lift-(1) Design load. The design load of the lift shall be at least 600 pounds. Working parts, such as cables, pulleys, and shafts, which can be expected to wear, and upon which the lift depends for support of the load, shall have a safety factor of at least six, based

on the ultimate strength of the material. Nonworking parts, such as platform, frame, and attachment hardware which would not be expected to wear, shall have a safety factor of at least three, based

on the ultimate strength of the material.

(2) Controls–(i) Requirements. The controls shall be interlocked with the vehicle brakes, propulsion system, or door, or shall provide other appropriate mechanisms or sy ems, to ensure that the vehicle cannot be moved when the lift is not stowed and so the lift cannot be deployed unless the interlocks or systems are engaged. The lift shall deploy to all levels (i.e., ground, curb, and intermediate positions) normally encountered in the operating environment. Where provided, each control for deploying, lowering, raising, and stowing the lift and lowering the roll-off barrier shall be of a momentary contact type requiring continuous manual pressure by the operator and shall not allow improper lift sequencing when the lift platform is occupied. The controls shall allow reversal of the lift operation sequence, such as raising or lowering a platform that is part way down, without allowing an occupied platform to fold or retract into the stowed position.

(ii) Exception. Where physical or safety constraints prevent the deployment at some stops of a lift having its long dimension perpendicular to the vehicle axis, the transportation entity may specify a lift which is designed to deploy with its long dimension parallel to the vehicle axis and which pivots into or out of the vehicle while occupied (i.e., “rotary lift”). The requirements of paragraph (b)(2)(i) of this section prohibiting the lift from being stowed while occupied shall not apply to a lift design of this type if the stowed position is within the passenger compartment and the lift is intended to be stowed while occupied.

(iii) Exception. The brake or propulsion system interlocks requirement does not apply to a station platform mounted lift provided that a mechanical, electrical or other system operates to ensure that vehicles do not move when the lift is in use.

(3) Emergency operation. The lift shall incorporate an emergency method of deploying, lowering to ground level with a lift occupant, and raising and stowing the empty lift if the power to the lift fails. No emergency method, manual or otherwise,

shall be capable of being operated in a slip resistant. The lift platform shall manner that could be hazardous to have a minimum clear width of 28% the lift occupant or to the operator inches at the platform, a minimum when operated according to manufac- clear width of 30 inches measured turer's instructions, and shall not from 2 inches above the lift platform permit the platform to be stowed or surface to 30 inches above the surface, folded when occupied, unless the lift is and a minimum clear length of 48 a rotary lift intended to be stowed inches measured from 2 inches above while occupied.

the surface of the platform to 30 (4) Power or equipment failure. Lift inches above the surface. (See Fig. 1) platforms stowed in a vertical position, (7) Platform gaps. Any openings be and deployed platforms when occu- tween the lift platform surface and pied, shall have provisions to prevent the raised barriers shall not exceed me their deploying, falling, or folding any inch wide. When the lift is at vehicle faster than 12 inches/second or their floor height with the inner barrier (if dropping of an occupant in the event applicable) down or retracted, gaps beof a single failure of any load carrying tween the forward lift platform edge component.

and vehicle floor shall not exceed 4 (5) Platform barriers. The lift plat- inch horizontally and 5 inch verticalform shall be equipped with barriers ly. Platforms on semi-automatic lifts to prevent any of the wheels of a may have a hand hold not exceeding wheelchair or mobility aid from roll- 142 inches by 442 inches located being off the lift during its operation. A tween the edge barriers. movable barrier or inherent design (8) Platform entrance ramp. The enfeature shall prevent a wheelchair or trance ramp, or loading-edge barrier mobility aid from rolling off the edge used as a ramp, shall not exceed a closest to the vehicle until the lift is in slope of 1:8 measured on level ground, its fully raised position. Each side of for a maximum rise of 3 inches, and the lift platform which extends the transition from the station platbeyond the vehicle in its raised posi- form or roadway to ramp may be vertition shall have a barrier a minimum cal without edge treatment up to 4 142 inches high. Such barriers shall inch. Thresholds between 44 inch and not interfere with maneuvering into or 12 inch high shall be beveled with a out of the aisle. The loading-edge bar- slope no greater than 1:2. rier (outer barrier) which functions as (9) Platform deflection. The lift plata loading ramp when the lift is at form (not including the entrance ground level, shall be sufficient when ramp) shall not deflect more than 3 raised or closed, or a supplementary degrees (exclusive of vehicle roll) in system shall be provided, to prevent a any direction between its unloaded popower wheelchair or mobility aid from sition and its position when loaded riding over or defeating it. The outer with 600 pounds applied through a 26 barrier on the outboard of the lift inch by 26 inch test pallet at the censhall automatically rise or close, or a troid of the lift platform. supplementary system shall automati- (10) Platform movement. No part of cally engage, and remain raised, the platform shall move at a rate exclosed, or engaged at all times that the ceeding 6 inches/second during lowerlift is more than 3 inches above the ing and lifting an occupant, and shall station platform or roadway and the not exceed 12 inches/second during lift is occupied. Alternatively, a barrier deploying or stowing. This requireor system may be raised, lowered, ment does not apply to the deploy. opened, closed, engaged or disengaged ment or stowage cycles of lifts that are by the lift operator provided an inter- manually deployed or stowed. The lock or inherent design feature pre- maximum platform horizontal and vents the lift from rising unless the vertical acceleration when occupied barrier is raised or closed or the sup- shall be 0.3g. plementary system is engaged.

(11) Boarding direction. The lift (6) Platform surface. The lift plat- shall permit both inboard and outform surface shall be free of any pro- board facing of wheelchairs and mobiltrusions over 44 inch high and shall be ity aids.

(12) Use by standees. Lifts shall accommodate persons using walkers, crutches, canes or braces or who otherwise have difficulty using steps. The lift may be marked to indicate a preferred standing position.

(13) Handrails. Platforms on lifts shall be equipped with handrails, on two sides, which move in tandem with the lift which shall be graspable and provide support to standees throughout the entire lift operation. Handrails shall have a usable component at least 8 inches long with the lowest portion a minimum 30 inches above the platform and the highest portion a maximum 38 inches above the platform. The handrails shall be capable of withstanding a force of 100 pounds concentrated at any point on the handrail without permanent deformation of the rail or its supporting structure. Handrails shall have a cross-sectional diameter between 144 inches and 142 inches or shall provide an equivalent grasping surface, and have eased edges with corner radii of not less than 48 inch. Handrails shall be placed to provide a minimum 142 inches knuckle clearance from the nearest adjacent surface. Handrails shall not interfere with wheelchair or mobility aid maneuverability when entering or leaving the vehicle.

(c) Vehicle ramp or bridge plate.-(1) Design load. Ramps or bridge plates 30 inches or longer shall support a load of 600 pounds, placed at the centroid of the ramp or bridge plate distributed over an area of 26 inches, with a safety factor of at least 3 based on the ultimate strength of the material. Ramps or bridge plates shorter than 30 inches shall support a load of 300 pounds.

(2) Ramp surface. The ramp or bridge plate surface shall be continuous and slip resistant, shall not have protrusions from the surface greater then 14 inch, shall have a clear width of 30 inches, and shall accommodate both four-wheel and three-wheel mobility aids.

(3) Ramp threshold. The transition from roadway or station platform and the transition from vehicle floor to the ramp or bridge plate may be vertical without edge treatment up to 44 inch. Changes in level between 44 inch

and 12 inch shall be beveled with a slope no greater than 1:2.

(4) Ramp barriers. Each side of the ramp or bridge plate shall have barriers at least 2 inches high to prevent mobility aid wheels from slipping off.

(5) Slope. Ramps or bridge plates shall have the least slope practicable. If the height of the vehicle floor, under 50% passenger load, from which the ramp is deployed is 3 inches or less above the station platform a maximum slope of 1:4 is permitted; if the height of the vehicle floor, under 50% passenger load, from which the ramp is deployed is 6 inches or less, but more than 3 inches, above the station platform a maximum slope of 1:6 is permitted; if the height of the vehicle floor, under 50% passenger load, from which the ramp is deployed is 9 inches or less, but more than 6 inches, above the station platform a maximum slope of 1:8 is permitted; if the height of the vehicle floor, under 50% passenger load, from which the ramp is deployed is greater than 9 inches above the station platform a slope of 1:12 shall be achieved. Folding or telescoping ramps are permitted provided they meet all structural requirements of this section.

(6) Attachment-(i) Requirement. When in use for boarding or alighting, the ramp or bridge plate shall be attached to the vehicle, or otherwise prevented from moving such that it is not subject to displacement when loading or unloading a heavy power mobility aid and that any gaps between vehicle and ramp or bridge plate, and station platform and ramp or bridge plate, shall not exceed 568 inch.

(ii) Exception. Ramps or bridge plates which are attached to, and deployed from, station platforms are permitted in lieu of vehicle devices provided they meet the displacement requirements of paragraph (c)(6)(i) of this section.

(7) Stowage. A compartment, securement system, or other appropriate method shall be provided to ensure that stowed ramps or bridge plates, including portable ramps or bridges plates stowed in the passenger area, do not impinge on a passenger's wheelchair or mobility aid or pose any

hazard to passengers in the event of a sudden stop.

(8) Handrails. If provided, handrails shall allow persons with disabilities to grasp them from outside the vehicle while starting to board, and to continue to use them throughout the boarding process, and shall have the top between 30 inches and 38 inches above the ramp surface. The handrails shall be capable of withstanding a force of 100 pounds concentrated at any point on the handrail without permanent deformation of the rail or its supporting structure. The handrail shall have a cross-sectional diameter between 144 inches and 142 inches or shall provide an equivalent grasping surface, and have "eased” edges with corner radii of not less than 48 inch. Handrails shall not interfere with wheelchair or mobility aid maneuverability when entering or leaving the vehicle. 8 38.85 Between-car barriers.

Where vehicles operate in a highplatform, level-boarding mode, devices or systems shall be provided to prevent, deter or warn individuals from inadvertently stepping off the platform between cars. Appropriate devices include, but are not limited to, pantograph gates, chains, motion detectors or other suitable devices.

portion shall comply, to the extent practicable, with the applicable provisions of this subpart. This provision does not require that inaccessible cars be retrofitted with lifts, ramps or other boarding devices.

(c)(1) Commuter rail cars shall comply with $$ 38.93(d) and 38.109 of this part for level boarding wherever structurally and operationally practicable.

(2) Where level boarding is not structurally or operationally practicable, commuter rail cars shall comply $ 38.95 of this part.

(d) Existing vehicles retrofitted to comply with the “one-car-per-train rule" at $ 37.93 of this title shall comply with $$ 38.93(e), 38.95(a) and 38.107 of this part and shall have, in new and key stations at least one door on each side from which passengers board which complies with $ 38.93(d) of this part. Vehicles previously designed and manufactured in accordance with the program accessibility requirements of section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, or implementing regulations of the Secretary of Transportation that were in effect before October 7, 1991; and which can be entered and used from stations in which they are to be operated, may be used to satisfy the requirements of $ 37.93 of this title.

8 38.87 Public information system.

(a) Each vehicle shall be equipped with an interior public address system permitting transportation system personnel, or recorded or digitized human speech messages, to announce stations and provide other passenger information. Alternative systems or devices which provide equivalent access are also permitted.

(b) (Reserved)

Subpart E-Commuter Rail Cars and

Systems

8 38.93 Doorways.

(a) Clear width. (1) At least one door on each side of the car from which passengers board opening onto station platforms and at least one adjacent doorway into the passenger coach compartment, if provided, shall have a minimum clear opening of 32 inches.

(2) If doorways connecting adjoining cars in a multi-car train are provided, and if such doorway is connected by an aisle with a minimum clear width of 30 inches to one or more spaces where wheelchair mobility aid users can be accommodated, then such doorway shall have, to the maximum extent practicable in accordance with the regulations issued under the Federal Railroad Safety Act of 1970 (49 CFR parts 229 and 231), a clear opening of 30 inches.

8 38.91 General.

(a) New, used and remanufactured commuter rail cars, to be considered accessible by regulations in part 37 of this title, shall comply with this subpart.

(b) If portions of the car are modi. fied in such a way that it affects or could affect accessibility, each such

(b) Passageways. A route at least 32 by the access symbol (see Fig. 6). Apinches wide shall be provided from propriate signage shall also indicate doors required to be accessible by which accessible doors are adjacent to paragraph (a)(1) of this section to an accessible restroom, if applicable. seating locations complying with $ 38.95(d) of this part. In cars where 8 38.95 Mobility aid accessibility. such doorways require passage

(a)(1) General. All new commuter through a vestibule, such vestibule

rail cars, other than level entry cars, shall have a minimum width of 42

covered by this subpart shall provide a inches. (See Fig. 3.)

level-change mechanism or boarding (c) Signals. If doors to the platform

device (e.g., lift, ramp or bridge plate) close automatically or from a remote

complying with either paragraph (b) location, auditory and visual warning

or (c) of this section; sufficient clearsignals shall be provided to alert pas

ances to permit a wheelchair or mobilsengers or closing doors.

ity aid user to reach a seating location; (d) Coordination with boarding plat

and at least two wheelchair or mobiliform1) Requirements. Cars operating in stations with high platforms, or

ty aid seating locations complying

with paragraph (d) of this section. mini-high platforms, shall be coordi. nated with the boarding platform

(2) Exception. If portable or plat

form lifts, ramps or bridge plates design such that the horizontal gap between a car at rest and the platform

meeting the applicable requirements shall be no greater than 3 inches and

of this section are provided on station the height of the car floor shall be

platforms or other stops required to be within plus or minus 578 inch of the

accessible, or mini-high platforms platform height. Vertical alignment

complying with $ 38.93(d) are providmay be accomplished by car air sus

ed, the car is not required to be pension, platform lifts or other de

equipped with a car-borne device. vices, or any combination.

Where each new car is compatible (2) Exception. New vehicles operat

with a single platform-mounted access ing in existing stations may have a

system or device, additional systems or floor height within plus or minus 142

devices are not required for each car inches of the platform height. At key

provided that the single device could stations, the horizontal gap between at

be used to provide access to each new least one accessible door of each such

car if passengers using wheelchairs or vehicle and the platform shall be no

mobility aids could not be accommogreater than 3 inches.

dated on a single car. (3) Exception. Where platform set- (b) Car Lift-(1) Design load. The backs do not allow the horizontal gap design load of the lift shall be at least or vertical alignment specified in para- 600 pounds. Working parts, such as graph (d)(1) or (d)(2) of this section,

cables, pulleys, and shafts, which can car, platform or portable lifts comply. be expected to wear, and upon which ing with § 38.95(b) of this part, or car the lift depends for support of the or platform ramps or bridge plates, load, shall have a safety factor of at complying with § 38.95(c) of this part, least six, based on the ultimate shall be provided.

strength of the material. Nonworking (4) Exception. Retrofitted vehicles parts, such as platform, frame, and atshall be coordinated with the platform tachment hardware which would not in new and key stations such that the be expected to wear, shall have a horizontal gap shall be no greater safety factor of at least three, based than 4 inches and the height of the on the ultimate strength of the matevehicle floor, under 50% passenger rial. load, shall be within plus or minus 2 (2) Controls-(i) Requirements. The inches of the platform height.

controls shall be interlocked with the (e) Signage. The International car brakes, propulsion system, or door, Symbol of Accessibility shall be dis- or shall provide other appropriate placed on the exterior of all doors mechanisms or systems, to ensure that complying with this section unless all the car cannot be moved when the lift cars are accessible and are not marked is not stowed and so the lift cannot be

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