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Noailles, Marquis de, informs the North River, communication of the, im-
British ministry of the French treaty, portant, III. 76, 317. Fortifications
V. 379, 5499. Puts a prohibition on upon, 375. British vessels sail up
Lafayette, VI. 545.

the, 462, 468, 469, IV. 16. Engage-
NOAILLES, Viscount de, V. 445, VII. ment between the ships and galleys

341. Performs the march from Prov. on the, 29. Ships attacked by fire-
idence to the North River on foot, to vessels and pass down the, 54, 55.
encourage the troops, VIII. 82. A Indefensible against the passing of
commissioner for seitling the terms of British ships, 82, 164. American
capitulation at Yorktown, 184, 532. forces cross the, 172, 174. Thirty
Proscribed in France and flees to flat-boats pass up the, undiscovered,
America, X. 341.

175. Importance of the, 178. On
Nobility, incompatible with the princi. the obstruction of the, 300. Troops
ples of the American Constitution, to be posted on the mountains west of
IX. 14. Abolition of, in France, X. 141. the, 398. British shipping sent up
Non-importation, advisable, Ib. 351. the, April, 1777, 403. "Directions for
Proceedings of the Virginia Assem- examining and putting it and the
bly; Washington's directions to his passes of the Highlands in a state of
London agent respecting, 356.

defence, 414-416. Obstructed by a
Norfolk, III. 204. Destroyed, 276. boom and cables, 416, 434. Prepar-
Norridgewock, III. 165.

ations on, to oppose Howe, 476. Ves-
North, Lord, III. 224, 310. His Con- sels and craft on, ordered to New
ciliatory Bills and speech, V. 318,319, Windsor and Fishkill, 493. British
328, 330, 331, 390. Fears for the effects expedition up the, V. 104, 129, 130.
of them, 325, 326, 331. Impressions Importance of the, 176, 179, 296. Or-
by them should be counteracted, 328, der to obstruct the, 177, 178. Forti-
332. Great expectations from them, fications erected on the, 224, 296. Im-
341. Treatment of them by Congress, portance of the communication across,
and in Rhode Island, 343, 344. His to the army and the French fleet, VI.
views at different stages of the Amer. 60, 87. Measures for securing, 60,
ican war, VI. 246, 531.

64, 67, 70, 87. British expedition up
North, Colonel, appointed adjutant. thé, tó King's Ferry, 130, 131, 269.
general of the Provisional army, XI. See Clinton.
299, 301, 330.

Northwestern Boundary. Difficulties
North Carolina, unsuccessful expedi- respecting the, X. 151.
tion against, under General Clinton, Northwestern Territory. See St. Clair.
III. 223. Troops of, move to the Norwalk, burnt by the British, VI. 292,
southward, VI. 408, 415, 487. Re- 293, 350, 367.
ception and adoption of the Constitu- Norwich, threatened, IIl. 96. Troops
tion in, IX. 286, 288, 309, 390, 550, X. embark' at, for New York, 314, 3:32.
39, 67, XII. 7, 88, 157. Addresses to NOURSE, JOSEPH, secretary of the Board
the governor and council of, 157, 195; of War, V. 393.
to the Assembly of, 238. Soil and Nora Scotia, expedition against, dis-
climate of, 325. Governors of, during couraged, III. 58. Secret mission of
Washington's public life, 418. Mem. Willard and Child to; proclamations
bers of the Continental Congress from, of the governor of, cited, 169, 272.
424 ; of Congress from, during Wash: Petition from, 335. No relief given
ington's administration, 431.

to, 336.
Northeastern Boundary. See Eastern Number Four, Charlestown, in New
Boundary.

Hampshire, III. 251.
Northern Department, under General
Schuyler, forces in the, III. 43. Num.
ber of troops to be increased in the,
443. Troops ordered there from Boss Oath of allegiance, required to be taken,
ton, 455, 461. Sickness and disaffec. IV. 297. Complained of, 298. Value
tion in the, IV. 6, 12, 47. Army of of, 311. Should be imposed by the
the, cannot be formed by a mixture of States, 312. People of Elizabethtown
troops, 316. Impartiality towards the refuse to take the, 319. Required of
427, 428. Washington declines ap the officers in the American army,
pointing a commander of the, in the and administered, V, 352, 552. Ditli-
place of Schuyler, V. 13, 14. Army culties about the, in Woodford's brig-
of the, retreats to Saratoga, 23. See ade, 366. The form of it, 367.
Clinton, Gates, and SCHUILER. Oats, price of, XII. 294. Cultivation
of, 330, 331. Weight of, 331. On OGLE, BENJAMIN, presents deer to
sowing, 341, 342, 379, 380.

Washington, IX. 176.
O'BRYEN, Richard, his captivity by OGLETHORPE, JAMES, General, a letter
the Algerines, X. 15.

about his lands in Georgia, X. 76.
Office, letters and sentiments in regard Ohio Company, sends Cliristopher Gist
to nominations and appointments to, on a tour of discovery, in 1751 ; par-
IX. 371, 460, 476, 478, X. 2, 3, 6, 7, ticulars respecting the, II. 15, 478.
23, 24, 57, 66, 136, 319, 397, 399, 432. Opens Braddock's road, 302. Makes
On the mode of communicating to the a treaty with the Indians at Logs.
Senate nominations to, 25, 484. Ro- town, 480. A project for settling the
tation in, 71. Principles in regard to lands of the, 481. Appoints Gist sur-
appointments to, XI. 74, 78, 312, 393. veyor; its operations suspended by
Rotation in, XII. 383.

the French war; appoints George
Officers, appointment of, by the Com Mercer agent, 482. Termination of
mander-in-chief, II. 95, 127. Dissatis- the, 483.
faction about the appointment of, III. Ohio expedition, in 1754. Preparations
22, 32, 103, 349. The appointment for the, II. 1, 4, 219. Washington
of, should not be left to the provin- marches to Will's Creek, and calls a
cial governments, 68. Difficulties council of war after the capitulation
about the arrangement of, 150, 100. of Captain Trent's company, 7, 15.
Men of suitable character to be ap How far aided by the different colo-
pointed, IV. 135, 149, 269. Want nies, 11. Their laborious progress to
of, urged on Congress, 290, 311. the Little Meadows, 14. French and
Embarrassments by the, 396. Resig. Indians opposing the, 16, 22, 45, 51.
nations of, and the consequent evils, Officers in the, dissatisfied, on account
399, V. 312. On parole, except Bur- of pay, 17, 28, 61. Intrenchment
goyne, VI. 139. Inadequate pay of, at the Great Meadows; defeat of
in the American army, and their in Jumonville's party, 25, 26, 32, 447.
clination to resign, 167. Difficulties The colonel dies, and the command
of, with the citizens, 180. Qualifica devolves on the lieutenant-colonel,
tions required of, 419. Difficulties who is reinforced, 27. Colonel Innes
in procuring quarters for, at Morris appointed commander-in-chief, and
town, 428, 449. Their inadequate Washington commander of the Vir.
compensation, VII. 9, 11, 53, 151. ginia regiment in the, 41. In want
The suspension of, considered, 150. of provisions, 43. Joined by Captain
Irregular appointments of, 167, Treat Mackay, which leads to difficulty
ment of those who are prisoners at about rank, 48. The stay of Mackay,
Quebec, 179. Deficiency of, in the the advance of Washington to Gist's
arıny, 246. Promotion of, on the house, and the action of the Great
principle of State proportion, consid Meadows, 51, 456. The project of
ered, 308, 332. Rules for the promo- crossing the Alleganies, and its aban-
tion of, 342, VIII. 37, 69. Number donment, 52, 58. Great desertion
of the, should not be reduced, 145. from the, 60. Fort Cumberland built,
Their inadequate pay, and hardships, 63. A new military arrangement, and
351, 399, 401, 403. Combine to re- Washington resigns, 64. See Great
sign at given periods in a body, 369. Meadows, JUMONVILLE, Necessity, and
Consulted about a peace establish Virginia Regiment.
ment, 417. Reply to their address Ohio River, advantages for a fort at the
through General Heath, respecting fork of the, II. 432, 433. Virginia
pay and furloughs, VIII. 435. Names relinquishes her claim to the land
and rank of, during the revolution, west of the, VII. 400. Plan suggest-
XII. 412. See Half-pay, Neuburg ed for a State beyond the, VIII. 403.
Addresses, Public Officers, and Rank. A project for connecting, by inland
OGDEN, MATTHIAS, Colonel, directions navigation, with the Potomac and
to, about procuring provisions, VI. Lake Erie, IX. 30, 64, 80, 119, 291,
437; 443. His desire to continue in 303, 327, 471. Military men propose
service, VII. 335. Detached to sup to settle there, 320. Message to Con-
port Lee at Springfield, 507. Instruc- gress respecting the territory south of
tions to, for capturing Prince William the, XII. 116. Washington's lands
Henry and Admiral Digby, VIII. 261. on the, 264, 301, 318. See Walpole's
On a committee from the army to Grant and Western Inland Nariga.
Congress, 551, 554.

tion.

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Ontario, Fort, taken possession of, XI. Commander-in-chief, taken from the,
159.

415.
Ontario, Lake, on the purchase of a O'Riley, a Hessian captain, IV. 418.
vessel there, XI. 160.

ORME, ROBERT, aid to General Brad-
Orangeburg District, inhabitants of, dock, Washington's correspondence
disapprove the British treaty, XII. with, about joining Braddock's family,
212.

II. 68 - 72. 84. Wounded ; cited re-
Orderly Book, extracts from, II. 100; specting Braddock's defeat, 86, 88,
respecting discipline, 149 ; profane- 47).
ness, 167 ; Washington's taking com- Orphan children, annual donation for
mand of the army; the condemnation the education of, X. 393.
of Callender, and the burning of the Osgood, SAMUEL, a member of the
effigy of the Pope, III. 144, 490; Board of the Treasury Department,
the mode and qualifications for enlist. X. 11.
ments, 154; Colonels Whitcomb and Osgood, captain of one of three New
Brewer's honorable conduct, 161; Hampshire companies on Connecticut
gaining and cowardice, 2.96; the de- River, at Coos, III. 65.
fence of Boston after the evacuation, OSWALD, RICHARD, empowered to treat
323; a riotous behaviour in the army, on peace, VIII. 371.
and legal modes of relief, 372; the OSWALD, Colonel, IX. 377.
observance of a fast, 392; the execu- Oswego, enemy taking post at, and
tion of Hickey, 441; an attack on fortifying, VIII. 316, 319. Failure of
New York city, 416, 448; chaplains, an expedition against, 385. Taken
456 ; the declaration of Independence, possession of, by the United States,
438; Lee's success in South Carolina, XII. 66.
IV. 15; jealousies and divisions, 26; Otis, JAMES, III. 20.
fatigue duty on Sundays, profaneness, Orto, L. W., Chargé d'Affaires from
and swearing, 23; the report that France, IX. 150.
Howe has made propositions of peace, Oren, XII. 314. Hints respecting, 364.
and an expected attack, 52; the land- Oyster shells to be bought, XII. 338.
ing of the British on Long Island, 60;
the skirmish at Haerlein, 99; plun-
dering, and bravery, 119; Major Hen.
ly, 137; contending with cavalry,
and a bounty for captured troopers, Paca, William, appointed district
153; the burning of the houses at judge, X. 56, 66.
White Plains, 160; appropriating plun. Paine, Elijah, senator from Vermont,
der to scouting parties, and condemn- XI. 174, XII. 237.
ing private plunder, 288; public wor- Paine, Thomas, author of "The Cri-
ship on week days when interrupted sis," VIII. 345. His remarks on the
on the Lord's day, V. 88; offering a period of seren years, 346. Measures
reward for a substitute for shoes, 167. for the relief of, ix. 49. Transmits
On the treaty with France, 355 ; upon the key of the Bastille to the President;
going into winter-quarters at Valley his iron bridge, X. 104, 139. Republi-
Forge, 523, 524 ; the arrival of the cation of his * Rights of Man,” 159 ; its
French forces, in 1780, VII. 119; the extensive circulation in Europe, 232.
mutiny in the Jersey line, 565; Duke Palatines, from Holland, inquiries re-
de Lauzun's march, and the American specting, II. 382. Plan for importing,
army after the attempted attack on with a view to settle lands on the
York Island, VIII. 96; Rochambeau's Ohio, 383. See Emigrant servants.
march and junction with the American PALFREY, William, biographical no-
army, 100; the disposition of New York tice of, III. 158. 'Aid to the Com-
troops under Hamilton, 117; divine mander-in-chief, 309. Appointed pay.
service, after the capitulation at York- master-general, 351.
town, 189; the celebration of the an. Paper money, emission of, 11. 338. Con-
niversary of the treaty of alliance sented to and ordered by Congress,
with France, 381 ; the Commander-in- III. 6. Emitted by Virginia, 153.
chief's visit to Congress at Princeton, Will not procure intelligence respect-
474 ; the Newburg Addresses, 558, ing the enemy, VI. 53. Depreciation
565 ; cessation of hostilities, 567. Il- of, to one-fourth or one-fifth of its
lustrative of Washington's religious nominal value, 55. Diminution of
opinions and habits, XII. 400, 401. the value of, 127, 162, 211, 229, 315,
Names of the aids-de-camp of the 330 - 332, 394, 471. Private letter of

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the Commander-in-chief about receiv. wood, 308; 385. Commands an ex-
ing and paying, 321. Speculators pedition against Morrisania, 392, 393,
withhuld, froin the public, 394. The 415. Appointed major-general, 415.
enemy's measures to depreciate, 413. To put an effectual stop to a com.
Depreciation of, VII. 56, 57, 90, 197, bination of Tories, 423. Possesses
504. Some corps decline receiving the heights commanding Kingsbridge,
105. Remedying the evils of, recom- VIII. 98; 109.
mended, 184. Its emission condemn- Partisan corps, recommended, and plan
ed, IX. 120, 186, 187. Agitation as proposed for, VII. 252, 253.'
to, in the Maryland Assembly, 226, Party spirit, baneful effects of, XII.
231.

224.
Papers of Washington, the early, II. Pasture grounds, XII. 302, 370.
411. Ilis habits in regard to, 505. Re- Patterson, Joun, Colonel, detached
moved from New York for safety in to Canada, III. 365. Appointed brig-
expectation of a battle, IV. 45. The adier-general, IV. 329; V. 167, 168 ;
arranging and registering of, VII. VII. 336; VIII. 457.
468, IX. 2, 103; X. 473. The build- PATERSON, William, appointed asso-
ing of a house for, XI. 198.

ciate justice, X. 318, 319. Declines
Paramus, attempt of the Tories to cut the office of secretary of state, XI. 78.
off the militia at, IV. 423.

PATERSON, a British lieutenant-colonel.
Paris, has a skirmish with Donville's adjutant-general of the British army,
party, II. 136.

has an interview with Washington re-
Parish, Joun, consul at Hamburg, XI. specting the mode of addressing let-
156,

ters to him ; the treatment of prison-
PARKER, B. C. C., XII. 407.

ers; officers' breaking their paroles;
PARKER, DANIEL, a commissioner to the commissioners for dispensing par-
superintend the embarkation at New dons; the exchange of Governor
York, VIII. 431, 545.

Skene for Mr. Lovell, III. 524, IV.
Parker, Sir Peter, and his feet re- 14, 25, 509. Is introduced to the

pulsed at Sullivan's Island, IV. 20. American officers, 511.
PARKER, Colonel, IV. 301.

Patterson's Creek, two forts built on,
PARKER, a British naval captain, threat. II. 125. Fort at the mouth of, attack-
ens New York, III. 292.

ed, 145.
Parker, captain of a New Hampshire Patriotic Society, the, IX. 200, 209.
company at Coos, III. 65.

Paulding, John, one of the captors of
Parkinson, Richard, his visit to Aroer. Major André, VII. 220, 236, 5:29.

ica, and publication of a Tour, XI. 338. Paulding, the signature of a writer
Paroles, persons violating, given up against the administration, XI. 150.
IV. 24, 431. Violations of, condemn- Paulus Hook, proposition for an attack
ed, 511. Violation of, inquired into, on, VI. 317, 336. Expedition to, by
and measures taken respecting them, Major Lee, 326, 332, 333, 336, 349.
VI. 277, 294, 334, 352.

Loss at, 333. Compensation voted to
Parsons, Samuel H., Colonel, requests those engaged in the attack, 376.
the murderer of his brother, Ill. 437. Pawling, Levi, Lieutenant-Colonel,
Appointed brigadier-general, IV. 27. VI. 275, 276.
Moves towards New York, 280. Pro- Pay, of the Virginia forces in 1756,
poses an expedition to Long Island, compared with others, II. 173. Is in-
314, 427, 440. Ordered to Peekskill, sufficient in itself, 174. Of the sol-
426, 442, 478, 481. Takes possession diers, ought to be the same in all the
of Peekskill, V. 104 ; 177. His expe- States, IV. 170, 173. Inquiry into
dition to Long Island, 211. Takes the private appropriation of, by the
command at the Highlands, 225, 282. officers, 402. Not made to the troops,
Plan proposed to, for capturing Clin- VII. 56, 57, 351, 352, 388. See Officers.
ton, 261, 262. Cited respecting Presi- PEABODY, NATHANIEL, on a committee
dent Dwight, 288. Discourages an of Congress to effect reforins and
expedition against New York city, changes in all the departments of the
303 ; 471. Subscribes Neuville's cer- army, with the advice of General
tificate, VI. 15, 17. Stationed opposite Washington, VII. 15; 50, 80.
to West Point, 276. Written to, about Peace, prospect of, viewed with sus.
procuring intelligence from New York, picions, VIII. 266, 287, 293, 294, 296,
4:23. To form a junction with Shel. 299, 306, 326, 331, 344. Proceedings
don, for the protection of the High- in the House of Commons respecting,
lands, VII. 181. Superseded by Small- forwarded to the Commander-in-chief,

KELT

294, 5:36. Despatches forwarded to of, 120, 146,300. Chief dependence of
the Commander-in-chief respecting the army on, for flour, VII. 62. Makes
the negotiations for, 325, 327, 331, a half-pay establishment, 166. Pro-
540. Prospect of, affected by the poses to reward Washington, IX. 10.
death of the Marquis of Rockingham, Address to the State Society of the
344, 349, 359. Commissioners ap Cincinnati of, XII. 142 ; to the presi.
pointed to negotiate a treaty of, 371, dent and executive council of, 143;
372. Arrival of the Preliminary Ar to the president and faculty of the
ticles of, 402, 406, 542. Official ac University of, 146; to the represen.
counts of, received, 416, 542. Com tatives of, 165, 242; to the Senate
mendation of, IX. 139. Measures for of, 239. The general receptacle of
perpetuating with foreign powers, foreigners, 324. List of the chief
recommended, XII. 31. See War. magistrates of, during Washington's
Peace establishment, requests made and public life, 417. Members of the Con-
memoirs presented for a, VIII, 417, tinental Congress from, 422; of Con-
463, 482, 485. Necessity of a proper, gress from, during Washington's ad-
443, 450. The objects to be had in ministration, 42).
view, IX. 25.

Pennsylvania Assembly, II. 11 ; 13; 109.
Peach trees, XII. 369, 373.

Insists that the Proprietaries' estates
PEACHEY, WILLIAM, Captain, sent to shall be taxed for the common de-
Dinwiddie, II. 146. Details a conver fence, in 1755, II. 122. Votes money
sation about Washington, 254. Opens and organizes a voluntary militia, 123.
Braddock's road, 298, 299.

Coöperation of, requested, 289.
Pearsall's Fort, on the South Branch, Pennsylvania Association, a volunteer

II. 208, 209. 'Troops posted at, 293. company of militia, dissatisfied and
Peas, brought from England, XI. 129. returning home, IV. 37.
Hints about, XII. 370, 300.'

Pennsylvania Board of War, their inis-
Pedigrees of the Washington family, understanding with Washington about
I. 552.

the appointment of officers, IV. 374.
Peckskill, importance of, IV. 359, 362, Pennsylvania Committee of Safety, pre-
413. Troops ordered to, 361, 362. pares to obstruct the Delaware at Bil-
Successful expedition of the British lingsport, III. 427. Forwards the as-
against, 369. McDougall's retreat sociated militia, 458.
from, 370. Willett's skirmish, and Pennsylrania insurrection, preliminary
the embarkation of the British at, 371. steps for suppressing, X. 291. Pro-
Eastern troops ordered to, 413. Troops ceedings of the executive respecting
ordered froin, lo New Jersey, 463, it, 292, 297, 305, 526. Proclamations,
464. Ten pieces of artillery ordered 205, 207, 427, 532. General opinion
from, 483 ; V. 9; 12. Buildings burnt of it, 420, 437. Army, joined by the
there by the British, 104. See Par President, marches to suppress it, 438,
sons and Putnam.

439, 442, 448. The army left by the
PENDLETON, EDMUND, chosen to the President, 446. Further particulars
first General Congress by the Wil. of the operations against, 448, 454.
liamsburg Convention, II. 396. Drafts Expense and advantages of suppress-
Washington's will, III. 4; VI. 392. ing the, XI. 10, 11. Proclamation
Chairinan of the Virginia Convention granting pardon to persons engaged
for the adoption of the new Constitu in it, 44. Historical account of it,
tion, IX. 370, 373; 548. His nomi. XII. 45. Proclamations of August,
nation for the judiciary, X. 27, 58, 59. 1794, 47, 125 ; of September, 48, 129.
On the treasury department, 369. On Indemnification for losses by it, rec-
the Pennsylvania insurrection, and a ommended, 50. Reflections drawn
tribute to the Indians, XI. 10.

from it, 50, 60. Pardons granted, 60,
PENET, with Pliarne, furnishes sup 134. Regretted, 209-211.
plies for the American army, III. 198, Pennsylvania line, in the army, diffi-
IV. 145. Receives the title and rank culty in the, from the promotion of an
of aid-de-camp, 145.

officer, VII. 188. Marched to West
Penn, Richard, exainined before the Point, 234. Mutiny in, 348, 357 - 367,
House of Lords, in 1775, respecting 397. Reject overtures of the enemy;
Independence, II. 498.

accommodation with, 359, 362, 382,
Pennsylvania, Washington's influence 386, 387, 405. Their mode of releas-
there, in 1755, II. 109. Disaffection ing themselves from enlistments, 387,
in, IV. 223. Inactivity of, V. 95, 96. 398, 405. Ordered to the southward,
Disaffection and internal distraction 434, 436, 451, 465, 472, 473. March

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