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WASHINGTON, AUGUST 6, 1832.
VOL. VI................$2.50 PER ANNUM..... BY DUFF GREEN. ..........No 21.
all.” “I shall use every means to defeat the
amendments in the Senate, because I believe LIBERIA.
them to be iniquitous and unjust. If those According to the political economy of the amendments should pass, the bill as amended friends of the American system, what a thriving by the Senate, will be a better tariff than the settlement Liberia must be. A letter from the present one, for I bave yet to learn that any commander of the United States schooner reduction is not an advantage to the people. Boxer, published in the Globe of yesterday: deavouring to impress on the public mind,
I know some of our political Solomons are enstates the exports of the colony to be $120,000 Imports
that altho' this bill evidently contains a reduction, it is no relief to the south.
"I am very $40,000 glad to see some certain bonourable gentlenen What a profitable business! They exchange in North Carolina, alive to the rights of the the value of 120,000 for $80,000. The editor people, in relation to the tariff. I remember of the Baltimore Weekly Register must, no two years ago that a very different sentiment doubt, be highly delighted at such manifest prevailed with some of them. I was then, as I signs of the prosperity of the colony. Quere. am now, in favor of taking such measures as Is the balance paid in gold and silver.
will effectually relieve the south, for really I thought I saw no evidence of a returning sense
of justice in our oppressors, and then gave it THE BANK. We are not advocates of the bank, but as the the tax on cotton bagging, that the "South
as my opinion, in a speech on the reduction of friends of truth, we cannot permit to pass uns would be justifiable in declaring the tariff un. noticed the gross misrepresentation in the constitutsonal and throwing open their ports." Globe of yesterday, relative to the first stock. The idea which I then meant to convey, was, holders of the Bank. It is there stated that, that if this tariff was to be considered the law " by these fictitious subscriptions, the bona of the land, and the settled policy of the coun. fide subscribers were cheated out of a large por- try, the
south ought to have a general convention of the stock which properly belonged to tion, and take such steps as would effectually them, and the whole concern was thrown into relieve us. But what was the response? Why, the bands of a few speculators and stockjob-by some of the very men who I now see very bers." The editor of the Globe is either gross. active in a certain course in our State, under the ly ignorant of the circumstances of which be deceitful mask of pretended opposition to the speaks, or he wilfully states what he knows to tariff, it was openly reprobated as amounting be untrue. The “fictitious subscriptions” had to treason. But now when, by the unremiting no effect whatever to prevent any bona fide exertions of Gen Jackson and his friends, the stockholder, or any one else, from having system is about to be attacked, and that in such whatever portion of the stock they chose to
a way as promises in the end a restoration to purchase. So far from that being the case, at good old principles, we hear those men cry out, the closing of the subscription, the whole of Nullification, if the protective principle is not the stock bad not been subscribed for. Shares to the amount of rather more than $2,000,000, because he voted for the tariff, and give us
Down with Van Buren!
speedily abolished. were not taken until after the period fixed by Judge Barbour for Vice President who is oplaw for the closing of the books. Mr. S. Ge-posed to the tariff." rard then took the balance.
The above is from the North Carolina Con.
stitutionalist. The object of the writer is to FROM THE NORTH CAROLINA CONSTITUTIONALIST. justify the course taken by bim and his coadju"Extract of a letter from a member of Congress tors of the south, relative to the tariff, and to
dated Washington, July 9th, 1832. say all that can be said in its favor. But it will "Dear Sir: I am much pleased to learn, through not do. Valess the people of the south are the columns of your valuable paper, that the determined to be deceived, they cannot much course which the friends of the Union have longer remain blind to the real nature of the pursued in relation to the tariff, has met with new bill. Even those who voted for it,denounce the approbation of our friends in North Caro- it. The honorable member tells the people, lina. For one I certainly had no other object that the "bill is by no means what the south in view, but the peace and harmony of the ought to have.". Wby then did he vote for it. country, and altho I am free to admit that the why did he and the other Van Buren Jackson bill, as it passed the House of Representatives, men strive so strenuously to pass the bill? Why is by no means what the south ought to have yet did they who are styled, par excellence, the I think it decidedly better than no reduction at friends of the President, exert all their influence
to get the bill through both Houses? The ob-/ber of Congress. The opinions entertained by vious reason is assigned in the above letter. Mr. Ingersoll, are no doubt those of the JackThe bill contained “a reduction." Here is son Van Buren party in Pennsylvania and New the secret. No matter what the reduction was, (York. We beg our readers to compare them whether as regards its nature or amount, it with those of the North Carolina member of was “a reduction," and that was enough. And Congress. Who could suppose they were we have no doubt but that it was owing to this speaking of the same President, the same bill, determination of the administration party of the the same system? They are both friends of the south, that the bill is so very different from what President. According to the member from it "ought to have been."
North Carolina, he is making war, that is, as it When it was discovered by the friends of the is quaintly termed, he is " about to attack” the tariff, that there were some at the south who system. No, says the ex-member, “the surest would accept and laud any bill that was passed, means to sustain the American system "is to the whole power of the bill at once came into support General Jackson. He is "with the their hands, and they determined to modify in south," says one, and will destroy the protec. just to suit themselves. This they have done, tive system, and bring back the "good old and do not hesitate to avow it.
principles" of a tariff for revenue. Not 80, But what has the south gained by it to justify says the other, I am “well satisfied, by personal so much praise being bestowed on those who intercourse with the President, that he is inflexi. advocate it, and so much abuse upon those who bly determined to sustain by his official and disapprove of it? The honorable member tells personal influence, every branch of essential us what they have gained — "reduction" in manufactures." One considers the bill as an the taxes; and, “ by the unremitting exertions" attack" on the system, and the other consid
. of General Jackson and his friends, the system ers it as placing the manufactures on a " more is about to be altacked!" " About to be attack solid foundation than ever." But why need ed!” And this solemn mockery is attempted to we pursue the contradictions further? be put upon the people of North Carolina! • About to be attacked!” “General Jackson," Extracts from a letter of C. J. Ingersoll
. we are told, " is with ibe south, and the people "'The long and intimate connexion I have ought to stand by him.” He was elected by had with the cause of domestic industry, and the people of the south with especial reference my settled conviction that its protection is esto this very system. What has he done in re. sential to the independence and prosperity of gard to it! After being in office near four years, this country, induce me at the present moment, we are told that the system is about to be at- when that cause has just passed through a great tacked” by General Jackson and his friends. trial, endangering the Union itself
, to submit to And this grand, desperate "attack”; is to be my fellow citizens, especially of my nativecity and rin such a way as promises, in the end, a resto-State, the reasons which convince me that, to ration to good old principles." This restoration 10 good old principles," means of maintaining what is called the Ameri
support the present administration is the surest means either a return to a tariff simply for a re- can system, and the union of these United venue, or it means nothing. Now what grounds States, on which the only practicable American has the honorable member either in the bill it System altogether depends
. self, or in any thing connected with the pas.
“Residence at the seat of government du. sage of the bill, for this assertion. Nothing of ring a considerable part of the late session of the kind was stated by any member of the Congress, afforded me continual opportunities of House, either from north, south, east, or west, being satisfied, by personal intercourse with to authorise any one to draw any such conclu- the President and otherwise, that General Jacksion. But the precise contrary was declared in son has well considered the subject, is well in: every form and shape that the sentiment could formed in its principles and details, and interio be expressed. And Mr. Clay openly declared bly determined to sustain, by his official and his intention to advocate an increase of duty on personal influence, every branch of essential any article, in case the present one should not manufactures." be a sufficient protection. And this " is a re.
"I can bear witness, and I deem it a duty storation to the good old principles” of a tariff to do so, from actual and unbiassed observation simply for revenue.
while at the seat of government, that for the How very different from this is the represen- accomplishment of this vital compromise we tation made to the north by gentlemen of the are all deeply indebted to the personal exertions
, same party as this letter writer. There, quite the official courage, and the devoted patriotism a different tale is told, and with a great deal of General Jackson. more boldness, because what they say approxi “Now that the crisis is probably over, there mates much more nearly to a true statement of may still be more alarm in the east, and more the case. We have repeatedly called the at-disaffection in the south. But as far as it is tention of our readers to the discrepancies possible to anticipate results, all the great ndo and contradictions which exist in the state. tional interests bave reason not only to be satir ments made by the friends of the adminis-fied, but gratified. The recent act of Coptration in the tariff States, and in the south. gress places them all on a more solid foundaWe have before us now, a letter published in ton than they ever enjoyed before. The resethe Sentinel, by C. J. Ingersoll, a former mem.Inue has been taken mostly from articles not re
quiring protection. Iron, cotton, and sugar, intention of creating prejudices against those with the accessional branches of industry, are citizens of the south who are striving to rid well secured. Woollen, the only interest re. themselves of the oppressions of the tariff. We specting which there is any donbt, is fortified think it very likely that no such conversation by the enacted principle of what is conceived ever took place; but all will admit that similar to be sufficient protection, which can and no ideas will naturally arise in the mind of every doubt will be hereafier carried farther, if expe. English statesman, and, no doubt, they would rience should prove it to be necessary. The act accordingly. We cannot suppose them to modifications incorporated with the new law, be so inattentive to their own interests, as to especially that abridging credits, are not only shut their eyes to a fair opening for an exten. equivalents but improvements, which rendersion of their trade, that would be mutually bethe system more effectual by simplifying it; neficial. This circumstance alone ought to make and there is every reason to trust that American the manufacturing portion of our country seri. industry will hereafter, more certainly than here. onsly reflect, before they urge their southern tofore, enjoy the home market, without distress brethren into measures calculated so deeply to from foreigo incursions, which is all it has ever wound their own interests. required or can expect from Government." The letter was published to injure the cause
of the south. A heated partisan may extract “SIR-Your allusion to the tariff in your poison from it, but it contains wholsome truths speech, relative to our public lands, reminds for the cool and wise. They ought to see that me of a conversation I had with one of the great the manufacturers are contending against the political characters in London, in the month of very nature of things, and that they must neces. September last, which was as follows: sarily fail in their endeavors to continue their
My friend was very desirous of having my o-oppressions. The south see it and feel it also pinion respecting the affairs of this country. I and it is this certainty of final success, which stated to him that the natural resources of this makes them so patient and enduring. They great country were inexhaustible; that the tariff wish to give their northern brethern every of 1824 bad brought some of those dormant re- chance of retracing their steps, and restoring sources into use, while the revenues arising, the legislation of the General Government to its principally from imposts, had enabled the Go proper objects. The preceding letter will af. vernment to pay more than thirty millions of ford a subject for serious reflection to our intel. the public debt, exclusive of large advances ilgent ship owners and commercial men. for internal improvements ; that if we enjoy THE WOOL GROWERS AND WOOLLEN peace, and our Government continue to en. courage the industry of the country, as I be.
MANUFACTURERS. lieve it will, it is my decided opinion that the We publish to-day the letter of Judge Buel, United States will soon be the most wealthy, of Albany, relative to the combination of the powerful, and independent nation in the world. manufacturers to purchase foreign wool and My friend admitted all I said to be true. But,' yarn, and thus to depress the price of the woul said he, “if we were not so much perplexed with produced at home. It shows how easy it is our finances at home, we would soon put a stop for the great capitalists and large manufacturers, to the rising greatness and prosperity of the U-by their combinations, to affect the price of alí nited States. And how?' said i. 'Why,' said such articles as may influence the price of their he, 'we would instigate the southern States to own productions, and it is equally easy for rebel against the other States; would convince similar combinations to raise the price of their the people of the cotton growing States that your own productions, as to depreciate those which tariff oppresses them, and we would offer them affect that price. It is true, that when the dosuch protection, and such commercial advantages mestic production equals the demand, combias would induce them to rebel; and in less than nations to keep up the price cannot generally five years we would produce a separation of the be made, or if made, cupidity or a necessity of Union.
selling, will induce some to evade the engageBut,' said I, 'probably you would be disap. ments entered into for that purpose. But until pointed; you know you calculated on the east- this is the case, until the domestic production ern States joining you during the last war, but does equal the demand, it is always in the pow. you were disappointed, and probably you would er of the large manufacturers
to keep up the be disappointed again. 'No,' said he, we know price far beyond what will afford them a fair, aetter how to manage these matters; we could, and the usual, profit upon the employment of with our fleets, protect them, and our merchants capital. would take their produce and carry to them ma. The concluding paragraph of the letter nufactured articles, duty free, for their own use strikingly exemplifies the power of self-interest and for the purpose of smuggling into other to blind the mental vision. The pledge charges States, and thus, by these and other means, the manufacturers with want of patriotism,' (which I understood to be a liberal application and impugns the “purity of their motives" in of secret service money,) we would soon put a buying wool at a low price abroad, when the stop to the increasing wealth, power, and inde. Judge, and his wool-growing friends, would pendence of your country.".
sell it to them at a higher one. The preceding letter has been published in Patriotism in buying wool! Well! that is a several of the tariff journals, evidently with the good one. Why did not the Judge and his
FROM THE ALBANY ARGUS.
friends show their “ patriotism” by selling their change between the grower and manufacturer wool at the same price that the manufacturers of wool; but the inevitable effect upon the could purchase it at in the foreign market? farmer, of thus increasing the stock of wool be. But no! each seems to want the other to show yond the demands of the country, by extensive “patriotism,” but not to exhibit any of it them- foreign importations, none could fail to foreselves. The truth is, the manufacturers and see. The depreciated state of the wool mar. wool-growers have combined to plunder, un-ket, which subsequently took place, was cooder the favor of law, the rest of the community; fidently predicted, and considerable excite. and they are now quarrelling about the divi- ment produced among the wool-growers. These sion of the “ spoils." Under the last tariff the facts were spoken of freely by myself as well manufaciurers completely out maneuvred their as others in my presence ; and I do not recolallies; but under the present one, the latter lect that I heard them denied, though they seem to have got the upper hand, or, at least, were sometimes evaded, till I saw them con. are put upon an equality.
tradicted in the Journal. On the contrary, it We add a further remark. It appears that was more than tacitly admitted by a principal one object of the manufacturers was to defeat manufacturer, to whom I observed in allusion the speculations in wool, It is said, we, be to the report “So you intend to put down the lieve in truth, that Benjamin Knower, the fa- woollen speculator." “Yes," was the reply, ther-in-law of Mr. Marcy, and the head of the “and we will succeed, too." I saw what pur. moneyed combination known as the Albany Reported to be abstracts of letters from Europe, gency, had entered into large speculations in as well as from our commercial towns, stating wool; and that he himself admits that he was the quantity that was likely to be purchased in brought to thc verge of bankruptcy by the im- Great Britain and Germany, as I understood on portations of foreign wool. No wonder then the manufacturers account, and the names of that the Albany Argus should complain of the Campbell and Shaw of Lanesborough, Brown course pursued by the manufacturers. The of Boston, L. Pomeroy of Pittsbeld
, Joshua whole proceeding is a fit commentary on the Clapp of Boston, Walcott of Fall River, (or system.
Great Falls,) and others (including the large manufacturing establishments at Lowell
were given as manufacturers who had received THE MANUFACTURERS AND THE and were expecting wool thus purchased aWOOL-GROWERS.
broad. Mr. ChoSWELL: In a late communication of In the convention in November, at N. York, Doct. Beekman, published in your paper, it I was called to a circle of gentlemen in the was stated, among other things, that some of sessions room, among whom were Doct. Beek. the woollen manufacturers had combined to re-man, Maj. Kirby of Watertown, and others to duce the price of American wool, in the spring me unknown, and interrogated as to what I of 1831, by sending agents to Europe to puro had said on this subject. I detailed to them, in chase foreign stock for the supply of their es- substance, the facts above stated, omitting tablishments. In the N. Y. Advocate and Jour. Rames ; and at the same time seeing Mr. Pome. nal of June 20, the Doctor's statement is posi- roy, a woollen manufacturer near me, called to tively and Aatly denied, and his motives, as him, and begged he would further satisfy the well as his veracity, rather discourteously call. inquiries of the gentlemen, which I think be ed in question. As I may, in a measure, have offered to do at some other contenient opportuo been the inadvertent cause of bringing down nity. the wrath of the Advocate upon the Doctor, I I repeat, I had heard nothing from compc. ask permission to state in your paper the parti- tent authority to discredit these facts. And cipation I bad in giving currency to the report, believing them to be well-founded, I did not and of furnishing to the editor of the Journal, fail to ascribe to their influence, the enormous data to enable him to ascertain, if he is dispos excess in the importations of wool and woollens ed to enter upon the investigation, the truth in which took place during the last year
, the con. relation to the statement.
sequent depression of prices,
and the embar. Soon after the meeting of the manufacturers rassments of the grower, vender, and manufacin New York in the spring of 1831, the report turer of wool, which marked the close of the became current, that some sort of agreement, last and the commencement of the present year. at least implied and confidential, had been en It appears from official documents, publishtered into between several of the woollen maced in the Advocate and Journal, that there nufacturers, to abstain, as far as possible, for were imported, of wool, the season, from purchasing from the Ameri
5,622,960 pounds. can wool merchant, and in the mean time, to In 1830, but procure foreign wool for their establishments, showing an excess, in 1831, of 4,953,677 lbs, for the purchase of wbich two or more agents or more than 900 per cent increase in one had already gone to Europe ; and the names year, and valued at $1,192,056 dollars. That of Messrs. Searle and Lawrence, of Boston, of manufactures of wool the imports were, were mentioned as gentlemen who were em
$13,088,726 ployed for this purpose. The ostensible ob
5,800, 283 ject was stated to be, to put down the wool Making an excess imported in 1831, of 7,288, speculator, and to suffer no medium of inter-443 dollars, or nearly 250 per cent.
The effect of American agents buying up commencement of the late war arose from the wool in the foreign market, for American con- want of preparation, the loss of credit, and the sumption, would naturally be to induce fo- derangement of our finances, from the want reigners to ship largely, under the expectation of an efficient administration of the Treasury of finding here a good market: nor is it strange Department. Mr. Clay charged Mr. Gallatin that it should have produced a corresponding with having defeated the measures essential influence in increasing the shipment of wool to the vigorous prosecution of the war in the len goods.
first instance, and then with baving done all In regard to the importation of yarn, Mr. in his power to render it unpopular, by reFisher states that the quantity imported was commending the most odious taxes; and, ultismall, and the quality coarse, such as was suit- mately, with having, after sapping the foundaable for carpets. This does not tally with re- tion of the public credit, sougot a refuge from port. For it is stated on authority that I deem the consequence of his own intrigues in the to be unquestionable, that an individual manu- mission to Ghent. Mr. Clay confirms this by facturer (of Rbode Island) imported $20,000 Mr. Gallatin's own words : for when told, at St. worth of yarn during last year, and that, this Petersburgh, and afterwards at Ghent, of the year, under whatever grade it may have passed derangement of our finances, Mr. Gallatin said, the custom house, was absolutely intended for "If I had not foreseen this, you would not have - not carpeting-but fine broadcloths. As I seen me here." dislike to deal in inuendoes, I will cheerfully In confirmation, and by way of explanation of communicate to Mr. Fisher, by letter, should what Mr. Clay has stated, we will add that he desire it, all the information I possess upon a citizen of the west, perhaps the most this branch of the subject, with the name of devoted partisan of Mr. Gallatin living, speakthe reputed importer.
ing of Mr. Gallatin's foresight, said that he was In making this communication, I disclaim all opposed to the war, because he anticipated political and personal motives ; nor do I intend that, in the course of its prosecution, some into become a party in the controversy. It is due dividual, not qualified to administer the Goto Dr. Beekman, it is due to the editor of the vernment, would, by some daring act, win over Journal, and it is due to the manufacturers im- the multitude and grasp the Presidency, as the plicated. The woollens'cause has ever had reward of mere military services. my ardent support. I have been liberal of Let the reader bear these facts in mind. At time and means to sustain it. And I have a that day, the aspirants for the Presidency were personal respect and esteem for the gentlemen Monroe, Adams, Clay, Crawford, and Gallatin. above named, so far as they are known to me Mr. Gallatin had been the associate of Jefferpersonally. The reports that have had cur. son, and, as the Secretary of the Treasury, had rency, have operated to the prejudice of the laid the basis of that school of politicians who manufacturer ; and if they are not true, it is look to the spoils of office as the reward of time they were arrested and disproved, at least victory. by the unqualified denial of the parties impli Mr. Gallatin had fixed his eye upon the first cated. I will not question the manufacturers' office; but the war and its consequences inright to purchase wool or yarn where he pleas. terposed. The competiton settled down bees, or in the way he deems best for his inter-tween Mr. Monroe and Mr. Crawford ; the first est. It is a pretty general rule among all was sustained by Mr. Madison, Mr. Clay, and classes to buy where they can do it to the best Mr. Adams; the last was selected as the chief advantage. At the same time the public will of that disciplined corps who had been trained decide upon the purity, or patriotism, of the by Mr. Gallatin. With an art, worthy of his motive.
J. BUEL. chief, he retained his position, and continued
the operations of the party, through the Trea. “ THE CRAWFORD PARTY."
sury Department. The Richmond Enquirer of the 20th, con The fruit of their joint intrigues was, the tains the following statement, in the shape of joint nomination of Crawford and Gallatin, by an extract from a letter from Warrenton, North the Congressional caucus in 1824. The result Carolina :
of the canvass satisfied the most ardent parti. “It is calculated, that the former friends of sans of Mr. Gallatin, that he never could be Mr. Crawford, and the real, original friends of elected President; and the party were comGen. Jackson, will, at the next election, sup- pelled to choose another pretender for the port Jackson and VAN BUREN. If so, there crown. Accordingly, the Crawford party 0. cannot be a doubt of the success of the ticket Georgia voted for Mr. Van Buren as Vice Pre in North Carolina."
sident. The observant reader, who notes the cur Even at this day, there are none so ignorant rent of events, can be at no loss to understand as not to know that the “ former friends of Mr. the apparently contradictory course of the Crawford” were the most violent and abusive “former friends of Mr. Crawford.” In the opponents of General Jackson. Mr. Forsyth, late debate in the Senate, Mr. Clay gave some the bosom friend of Mr. Crawford then, and of important facts relative to the origin of that Mr. Van Buren now, was among the most acparty. Although it bears Mr. Crawford's cog-tive of those who, from 1819 until the defeat nomen, it is, in truth, the party of the wily of Mr. Crawford in 1825, endeavored to cover Genevan. The disasters which marked the the "old Hero" with disgrace; wbo used ev.