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calculations are made. All values are recorded to the nearest 0.1, rounding the values as follows:
(1) Drop any values less than 0.050 EXAMPLE:
calculated to be 18.743
Record ã as 18.7 (2) Increase any values to the next 0.1 when they are 0.050 or moreEXAMPLE:
calculated to be 10.650
Record K as 10.7 (b) After the required calculations are made and recorded, the appropriate values are plotted in accordance with the proposed U.S. Standards for Inspection by Variables.
INTERPRETATIONS $ 52.231 Interpretation of plotted val
ues with respect to limits. (a) Warning limits. The values representing LWL and LWLs are provided for the processor's benefit to use for control purposes. These limits are not to be confused with the reject limits.
(1) An X value that falls between LWL and LRL or X value that falls between LWL5 and LRL, may be expected occasionally, even when the process is still meeting requirements. This is the point, however, at which corrective action in the filling procedure may be taken
(b) Code segregation. The acceptance criteria specified in the proposed U.S. Standards for Inspection by Variables requires all X values to be equal to or above LRL for a low-sided specification and all Mi or X values to be equal to or above LRLS.
(1) When an X, Mi, or X value(s) causes a code or distinctive mark to be rejected, the code or mark for the remainder of the shift may be changed to provide a chance for subsequent production for that shift to pass.
(c) Sampling allowances. The sampling allowance code for each can size and style is specified in the grade standards which incorporate fill weights and the supplement to these standards for
the applicable product. To determine the sampling allowance, first obtain the letter code for the appropriate container size and style from the table containing the fill weight values. Locate the lino represented by this code on the sampling allowance chart accompanying the U.S. Standards for Inspection by Variables. This line represents the sampling allowance for the various sample sizes. Deduct this value from X'min. Do not add this value to X or Mi.
(1) The sampling allowance does not apply to a sample size of less than 10 sample units. [38 FR 10450, Apr. 27, 1973; 38 FR 12729, May 15, 1973] OPTIONAL FILL WEIGHT PROCEDURE FOR
SMALL LOTS $ 52.232 Optional fill weight procedure
for small lots. (a) For lots consisting of 100 cases or less which require 4 hours or more to pack, the following minimum sampling rate and acceptance criteria may be used in lieu of the requirements and procedures outlined in the U.S. Standards for Inspection by Variables. The conventional average option must be used for this procedure. Do not use the sample median (ñi).
(b) Draw a minimum of 15 sample units, one or two at a time throughout the entire production of the lot. The sampling intervals shall be such that the total sample will be representative of the lot.
(c) Accept the lot if:
(2) X is equal to or greater than X’min adjusted; and
(3) The condition under paragraph
(d) Reject the lot if:
(2) One or more X values are less than LRL; or
(3) All X values are less than I'min.
Subpart-United States Standards for and that the product occupy not less Grades of Canned Apple Juice
than 90 percent of the volume of the
container. SOURCE: $$ 52.301 to 52.312 appear at 18 F.R. 7921, Dec. 9, 1953, unless otherwise
FACTORS OF QUALITY noted.
§ 52.305 Ascertaining the grade. PRODUCT DESCRIPTION, STYLES, AND GRADES
(a) The grade of canned apple juice $ 52.301 Product description.
may be ascertained by considering, in Canned apple juice is the unfermented
conjunction with the requirements of liquid prepared from the first pressing
the respective grade, the respective rate juice of properly prepared sound, fresh
ings for the factors of color, absence of apples, excluding the liquid obtained
defects, and flavor. from any additional residual apple ma
(b) The relative importance of each terial. Such apple juice is prepared
factor is expressed numerically on the without any concentration, without dilu
scale of 100. The maximum number of tion, or without the addition of sweet
points that may be given each factor is: ening ingredients; may be processed with Factors:
Points or without the addition of antioxidants; Color.
20 and is sufficiently processed by heat to
Absence of defects. assure preservation of the product in
Flavor.. hermetically sealed containers (either
100 metal or glass).
$ 52.306 Ascertaining the rating for $ 52.302 Styles of canned apple juice.
each factor. (a) Style I, Clear (typical of "clari
The essential variations within each fied" apple juice).
factor are so described that the value (b) Style II, Cloudy (typical of "non
may be ascertained for each factor and clarified" apple juice, but not a crushed or disintegrated apple product).
expressed numerically. The numerical
range within each factor is inclusive $ 52.303 Grades of canned apple juice. (for example, "18 to 20 points" means (a) “U.S. Grade A” or “U.S. Fancy"
18, 19, or 20 points). is the quality of canned apple juice that
(36 F.R. 2860, Feb. 11, 1971) possesses a very good color; is practically $ 52.307 Color. free from defects; possesses a very good
(a) (A) classification. Canned apple flavor; and scores not less than 90 points when scored in accordance with the scor
juice that possesses a very good color ing system outlined in this subpart.
may be given a score of 18 to 20 points. (b) "U.S. Grade B" or "U.S. Choice"
"Very good color" means that the color is the quality of canned apple juice that
is bright and
of freshly pre sed possesses a good color; is fairly free from Juice and may vary from characteristic defects; possesses a good flavor; and light non-amber shades to medium scores not less than 80 points when amber shades; that the canned apple scored in accordance with the scoring Juice of Style I, Clear, is sparkling clear system outlined in this subpart.
and transparent; and that canned (c) “Substandard” is the quality of apple juice of Style II, Cloudy, may canned apple juice that falls to meet range from a slight translucent appearthe requirements of U.S. Grade B.
ance to a definitely hazy appearance. (36 F.R. 2859, Feb. 11, 1971)
(b) (B) classification. If the canned FILL OF CONTAINER
apple juice possesses a good color, e
score of 16 or 17 points may be given. 8 52.304 Recommended fill of
Canned apple juice that falls into this tainer.
classification shall not be graded above The recommended fill of container is U.S. Grade B, regardless of the total not incorporated in the grades of the score for the product (this is a limitfinished product since fill of container, ing rule). “Good color" means that the as such, is not a factor of quality for color is typical of canned apple juice, the purposes of these grades. It is rec- which color may be deep amber or other ommended that each container be filled typical color but is not off color for the as full as practicable with apple juice respective style.
(c) (SStd) classification. Canned may be given a score of 54 to 60 points. apple juice that fails to meet the re- “Very good flavor" means that the apple quirements of paragraph (b) of this juice has a fine, distinct fruity flavor section may be given a score of 0 to 15 that is free from astringent flavors, points and shall not be graded above flavors due to overripe apples, oxidation, Substandard, regardless of the total score caramelization, ground or musty flavors, for the product (this is a limiting rule). or any other undesirable flavor; and in (36 F.R. 2860, Feb. 11, 1971)
addition shall meet the following $ 52.308 Absence of defects.
requirements: The factor of absence of defects refers
Brix. Not less than 11.5°. to the degree of freedom from sediment Acid. Not less than 0.25 g. nor more than or other residue, dark specks, particles 0.70 g., calculated as malic acid, per 100 ml. of seeds, coarse particles of pulp, or
of juice. other defects.
(b) (B) classification. Canned apple (a) (A) classification. Canned apple
juice that possesses a good flavor may be juice that is practically free from defects
given a score of 48 to 53 points. Canned may be given a score of 18 to 20 points.
apple juice that falls into this classifi"Practically free from defects” means
cation shall not be graded above U.S. that the canned apple juice may possess
Grade B, regardless of the total score a slight amount of sediment or residue
for the product (this is a limiting rule). of an amorphous nature; may possess
"Good flavor" means that the canned not more than a trace of dark specks or of sediment or residue of a non
apple juice has a normal flavor which amorphous nature; and shall be free
may be slightly astringent or slightly from particles of seed, coarse particles affected by overripe apples, caramelizaof pulp, or other defects.
tion, or ground or musty flavors, but is (b) (B) classification. If the canned free from objectionable flavors or objecapple juice is fairly free from defects, a tionable odors of any kind, and in addiscore of 16 or 17 points may be given. tion meets the following requirements: Canned apple juice that falls into this
Briz. Not less than 10.5°. classification shall not be graded above
Acid. Not less than 0.20 g. nor more than U.S. Grade B, regardless of the total
0.80 g., calculated as malic acid, per 100 mal. -score for the product (this is a limiting
of juice. rule). "Fairly free from defects" means that the canned apple juice may possess
(c) (SStd) classification. Canned a slight amount of sediment or residue apple juice that fails to meet the reof an amorphous or nonamorphous na- quirements of paragraph (b) of this secture, of dark specks, of particles of seed, tion may be given a score of 0 to 47 points of coarse particles of pulp, or of any and shall not be graded above Substandother defects, provided such defects do ard, regardless of the total score for the not seriously affect the appearance or product (this is a limiting rule). palatability of the product.
136 F.R. 2860, Feb. 11, 1971) (c) (SStd) classification. Canned apple juice that fails to meet the require
EXPLANATIONS AND ANALYSES ments of paragraph (b) of this section $ 52.310 Explanation of terms. may be given a score of 0 to 15 points and shall not be graded above Substandard,
(a) "Brix” means the degrees Brix of
canned apple juice when tested with a regardless of the total score for the
Brix hydrometer calibrated at 20 degrees product (this is a limiting rule).
C. (68 degrees F.). If canned apple juice (18 F.R. 7921, Dec. 9, 1953, as amended at 36 F.R. 2860, Feb. 11, 1971)
is tested at a temperature other than 20
degrees C. (68 degrees F.) the applicable $ 52.309 Flavor.
temperature correction shall be made to The factor of flavor refers to the de- the reading of the scale as prescribed in gree of excellence and palatability of a "Official and Tentative Methods of Analdistinct apple juice flavor and aroma, ysis of the Association of Official Agricultypical of apple juice that has been tural Chemists." The degrees Brix of properly processed.
canned apple juice may be determined (a) (A) classification. Canned apple by any other method which gives equivaJuice that possesses a very good flavor lent results.
(b) *Acid” means grams of acid (calculated as malic acid) per 100 ml. of juice in canned apple juice determined by titration with standard sodium hydroxide solution, using phenolphthalein as indi. cator or any other satisfactory indicator.
LOT INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION 8 52.311 Ascertaining the grade of a lot.
The grade of a lot of the processed product covered by these standards is determined by the procedures set forth in the regulations governing inspection and certification of processed fruits and vegetables, processed products thereof, and certain other processed food products ($ $ 52.1 to 52.87). (22 P. R. 8547, May 22, 1957)
SCORE SHEET § 52.312 Score sheet for canned apple
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION, STYLES, GRADES $ 52.331 Product description.
“Canned applesauce” is the product represented as defined in the standards of identity for canned applesauce (21 CFR 27.80) issued pursuant to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. [39 FR 22939, June 25, 1974) § 52.332
Color types. (a) Natural color. (1) Canned applesauce in which the color of the finished product is derived wholly from the apple ingredient.
(2) When a spice or spices have been added, consideration is given to the color, if any, imparted by the added spice or spices.
(b) Artificially colored. Canned applesauce in which the color of the finished product is derived from an artificial coloring substance as permitted in the Federal Food and Drug Definitions and Standards of Identity mentioned in $ 52.331. $ 52.333 Flavor types.
(a) Natural flavor. Natural flavored canned applesauce is the product in which the flavor is derived from the apple ingredient and other permitted additives exclusive of flavorings or spices.
(b) Flavored. Flavored canned applesauce is the product in which the flavor is derived substantially from an added flavoring ingredient, including artificial flavorings.
(c) Spiced. Spiced canned applesauce is the product in which the flavor is derived substantially from added spice(s). (35 FR 16906, Nov. 3, 1970, as amended at 39 FR 22940, June 25, 1974) $ 52.334 Type of pack.
(a) Unsweetened. Canned applesauce prepared without the addition of nutritive carbohydrate sweeteners. The product shall test not less than 9° Brix as prescribed under $ 52.345.
(b) Sweetened. Canned applesauce with nutritive carbohydrate sweeteners added. (35 FR 16906, Nov. 3, 1970, as amended at 39 FR 22940, June 25, 1974) $ 52.335 Styles.
(a) Regular (or comminuted). Canned applesauce in which the apple ingredient
* Indicates limiting rule. (36 F.R. 2860, Feb. 11, 1971) Subpart-U.S. Standards for Grades
of Canned Applesauce 1 AUTHORITY: The provisions of this subpart issued under sec. 205, 60 Stat. 1090 AS amended; 7 U.S.C. 1624.
SOURCE: The provisions of this subpart appear at 35 F.R. 16906, Nov. 3, 1970, unless otherwise noted.
1 Compliance with the provisions of these standards shall not excuse fallure to comply with the provisions of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act or with applicable State laws and regulations.