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mother, was busy in having our wraps and KINGDOM OF SCOTLAND, rugs hung up to dry before the capacious

COUNTY OF DUMFRIES, fire-place; and the servant-maid had begun to cook some chops for us. Bell, too

Parish of Gretna. who might have figured as the elder sister of this faxen-haired and frank-eyed crea- These are to Certify to all whom these pre

sents shall come that *

from the parish ture, who had appeared to us in the storm

of * * * in the County of —was greatly interested in her; and was

* from the parish of *

* * in the much pleased to hear her distinctly and County of * * being now here present, and proudly claim to be Scotch, although it having declared themselves single persons, were was her misfortune to live a short distance this day Married after the manner of the Laws of on the wrong side of the Border. And Laws of Scotland; as Witness our hands, Alli

the Church of England, and agreeable to the with that the two girls fell to talking about son's Bank Toll-house, this * * day of Scotch and Cumbrian words; but here

18 Bell had a tremendous advantage, and pushed it to such an extreme, that her

Before * opponent, with a pretty blush and a laugh, said that she did not know the English cultnesses, young ladies knew so much of Scotch. And when Bell protested that she would

“ That is a dangerous paper to carry not be called English, the girl only stared. about wi' ye,” said the old woman, with a You see, she had never had the benefit of smile. hearing the Lieutenant discourse on the “Why so ?” inquired the Lieutenant. history of Strathclyde.

“ Because ye might be tempted to ask Well

, we had our chops and what not a young leddy to sign her name there ;" in the parlor of the inn; but it was re- and what should prevent that innocent-eyed markable how soon the Lieutenant pro- girl turning just at this moment to look posed that we should return to the kitchen. with a pleased smile at our Bell? The He pretended that he was anxious to learn Lieutenant laughed, in an embarrassed Scotch ; and affected a profound surprise way, and said the rugs might as well be that the young lady of the inn should not taken from before the fire, as they were know the meaning of the word “spurtle." quite dry now. When we went into the kitchen, however, I think none of us would have been it was to the mamma that he addressed him- sorry to have stayed the night in this self chiefly; and behold! she speedily re- homely and comfortable little inn, but we vealed to the young soldier that she was the wished to get on to Lockerbie, so as to widow of one of the Gretna priests. More reach Edinburgh in other two days. than that I don't mean to say. Some of Moreover, the clouds had broken, and you young fellows who may read this there was a pale glimmer of sunshine apmight perhaps like to know the name and pearing over the dark green woods and the precise whereabouts of the fair wild- meadows. We had the horses put into flower that we found blooming up in these the phaeton again, and with many a remote solitudes; but neither shall be re- friendly word of thanks to the good people vealed. If there was any one of us who who had been so kind to us, we started fell in love with the sweet and gentle face once more to cross the Border. it was Queen Tita; and I know not what “ And what do you think of the first compacts about photographs may not have Scotch family you have seen ?” says Queen been made between the two women, Tita to the Lieutenant, as we cross the

Meanwhile the Lieutenant had estab- bridge again. lished himself as a great favorite with the “ Madame,” he says, quite earnestly, "I elderly lady, and by and by she left the did dream for a moment I was in Gerkitchen, and came back with a sheet of many again-everything so friendly and paper in her hand, which she presented to homely, and the young lady not too proud him. It turned out to be one of the forms to wait on you, and help the servant in of the marriage-certificates used by her the cooking; and then, when that is over, husband in former days; and for curiosity's to talk to you with good education, and sake, I append it below, suppressing the intelligence, and great simpleness and name of the priest, for obvious reasons. frankness. Oh, that is very good

whether it is Scotch, or German, or any whisky-you must all drink it, for the good other country—the simple ways, and the of the country.” friendliness, and the absence of all the And of ourselves," says one of us, callfashions and the hypocrisy.”

ing attention to the chill dampness of the “That young lady was very fashion- night-air. ably dressed, Count von Rosen," says Tita My lady pleaded for a bit of sugar, but with a smile.

that was not allowed; and when she had “ That is nothing, Madame. Did she been induced to take about a third of the not bring in to us our dinner, just as the Lieutenant's preparation, she put down the daughter of the house in a German coun- glass with an air of having done her duty. try inn would do, as a compliment to you, As for Bell, she drank pretty nearly half and not to let the servant come in? Is it the quantity; and the chances are that if debasement, do you think? No. You the Lieutenant had handed her prussic do respect her for it; and you yourself, acid, she would have felt herself bound, as Madame, you did speak to her as if she a compliment, to have accepted it. were an old friend of yours—and why not, Darker and darker grew the landscape when you find people like that, honest and as we drove through the thick woods. good-willing towards you ?”

And when, at last, we got into Lockerbie What demon of mischief was it that there was scarcely enough light of any sort prompted Bell to sing that song as we to show us that the town, like most Scotch drove through the darkening woods in this country towns and villages, was whitedamp twilight? The Lieutenant had just washed. In the inn at which we stopped, got out her guitar for her when he was led appropriately named the Blue Bell, the into these fierce statements quoted above. Lieutenant once more remarked on the And Bell, with a great gravity, sang- exceeding homeliness and friendliness of

the Scotch. The landlord simply adopted “ Farewell to Glenshalloch, a farewell for ever, Farewell to my wee cot that stands by the

us, and gave us advice in a grave, paternal river;

fashion, about what we should have for The fall is loud-sounding in voices that vary, supper. The waiter who attended us took And the echoes surrounding lament with my quite a friendly interest in our trip; and Mary.”

said he would himself go and see that the This much may be said, that the name horses which had accomplished such a feat of the young lady of whom they had been were being properly looked after. Bell speaking was also Mary; and the Lieu- was immensely proud that she could untenant, divining some profound sarcasm derstand one or two phrases that were in the song, began to laugh and protest rather obscure to the rest of the party; and that it was not because the girl was pretty the Lieutenant still further delighted her and gentle that he had discovered so much by declaring that he wished we could excellence in the customs of Scotch house- travel for months through this friendly holds. Then Bell sang once more—as land, which reminded him of his own the sun went down behind the woods, and country. Perhaps the inquisitive reader we heard the streams murmuring in deep having learned that we drank Scotch valleys by the side of the road

whisky at the Bush Inn of Ecclefechan, " Hame, hame, hame, O hame fain would I be,

would like to know what we drank at the Hame, hame, hame, to my ain countree;

Blue Bell of Lockerbie. He may address There's an eye that ever weeps, and a fair face a letter to Queen Titania on that subject, will be fain,

and he will doubtless receive a perfectly As I pass through Annan water, wi' my bonny frank answer.

bands again !" We drive into the long village of Eccle- [Note by Queen Titania.-"I do not see why fechan, and pause for a moment or two in our pretty Bell should be made the chief subject front of the Bush Inn to let the horses of all the foregoing revelations. I will say this, have a draught of water and oatmeal. saw two men more jealous of each other than those

that she and myself were convinced that we never The Lieutenant, who has descended to two were in that inn near the Border. The old look after this prescription, now comes out lady was quite amused by it; but I do not think from the inn bearing a small tray with the girl herself noticed it, for she is a very innosome tumblers on it.

cent and gentle young thing, and has probably

had no experience of such absurdities. But I “Madame,” said he, “here is Scotch would like to ask who first mentioned that subject of photographs; and who proposed to send her a that anything of the kind took place with the orwhole series of engravings; and who offered to dinary candor of gentlemen who are found out.] send her a volume of German songs, If Arthur had been there, we should have had the laugh all

[From Macmillan's Magazine. on our side; but now I suppose they will deny

(To be continued.)

LIFE OF MADAME DE LAFAYETTE.*

In our view of the French Revolution, that, as soldiers say, they might be able to the violence of the torrent then loosed has “rally upon it.” For months and months always seemed less wonderful than the —nay, indeed, during nearly two years— exceeding weakness of the dam. Why on they found no such occasion. Everyearth did people submit ?

where submission, submission, submission, The germ of an answer to this question corresponding and more than correspondmay perhaps be discovered in the little ing to the triple audacity of Danton.* book which M, de Lasteyrie has so well The men “nowhere," as our turf people translated for us. “Submit yourselves say; the women devoutly resigned. humbly to the will of God;" “ obey the With the aid of Monsieur de Lasteyrie's laws of your country.” Yes, yes, but-so volume, observe a great noble's town-house complex is life!—it may be shown that an in the early days of the Terror. An affray undue and mistaken observance of these caused by some angry porters at the gate principles was the very evil which un- of the Hotel de Noailles, might have bechained the hell-hounds of the French come the nucleus of a victorious onset, Revolution. There is no greater mistake closely followed by a blessed deliverance; than that of imagining that the Reign of but then an affray was just what did not Terror was a time of incessant mobrule happen, and was not even probable. The and turbulence. It was really from the law reigned. If you are not afraid of being want of a little healthy turbulence, and the denounced by some spy as the associate of utter absence of any such thing as a good, “ aristocrats," you can enter the building. honest, indignant mob, that the continu- There, when in strict privacy with some ance of the “Reign" was made possible. members of the great historic house of This is easily shown. When the whole Noailles, you surely will see the germ of power of the State has been suffered to fall resistance to organised murder. Not at into the hands of murderers, it necessarily all. You will see two brave, noble, becomes the duty of the good to rise up and high-hearted women-one charmingly against crime—that is, against the law of attractive — recommending each other to the land; and in such case, like any other prepare for death, with a priest contriving insurgents, they must look to their means the disguise in which he will make bold to of action. Having on their side character, attend their execution; and this, mark, property, and overwhelming numbers, the about a year before the time when the vicenemies of “the Terror" were endowed tims who thus prepared themselves for the with great elements of strength, but they knife of the slaughterer were really thrown had to encounter a formidable antagonist into prison. —that is, an executive government which It was owing to their own “faults of was legally armed with the power to kill temper," as the conjugal phrase goes, and whomsoever it chose; and besides com- not to the prowess of adversaries, that the bination and valor, they were grievously in butchers at length succumbed. Good men need of opportunity. They wanted some loathing murder had no part at all in the interruption of the awful calm-some fight, conflict which preceded the end of the some row, some disturbance-in order Terror." Robespierre himself was the

man who (from overreaching ambition, or * Life of Madame de Lafayette, by Madame de from hatred or dread of his brother-terrorLasteyrie, her Daughter; preceded by the Life of ists) rose up (with the Commune at his the Duchesse d'Ayen, by Madame de Lafayette, back) against the more blood-thirsty memher Daughter. Translated from the French by Louis de Lasteyrie. Paris, Léon Techener, Rue de l'Arbre-Sec, 52: London, Barthès & Lowell, * Ce qu'il nous faut c'est de l'audace, et encore 114 Great Marlborough Street. 1872.

de l'audace, et toujours de l'audace.

bers of the Committee, and it was only in losing popular favor. In that view his the confusion resulting from the victory of delinquency should be carefully rememmen worse than he was, that honest people bered against him; but it was, after all, a at last found courage to interpose.

sin of ambition, and not one importing that Until the end thus came, the submis- fatal resignation which we have ventured siveness of France knew no bounds. The to ascribe to the French. Reign of Terror was also the Reign of Whatever counterbalancing merits may Law. Every scoundrel who sat round the be reckoned in defence of the Faith, it green table in the Committee of Public seems impossible to doubt that this selfish Safety, and agreed to the daily list of vic- vice, the vice of guilty resignation, is dilitims, was as amply invested with legal gently taught by the Roman Catholic authority as any grand-juryman who brings Church, and taught unhappily with a sucin a “true bill" at our English assizes. cess which does not attend its other and The scaffold reeked, but the women- more moral efforts. What makes the matbringing their work with them—who came ter worse is, that people with the best every day to see “ Madame Guillotine" natural dispositions and the most lively fed, could at least say that from the cut- consciences are precisely those who are ting of the hair of the victims to the re- the most surely corrupted and demoralised moval of their bodies and the baskets con- by religion thus misapplied. The very taining their heads, the whole proceeding men who, by their station, their character, was strictly legal, and sanctioned besides and their natural goodness of heart, might by universal suffrage. Paris was quiet. seem to be the best qualified to stand by Order reigned. Never, perhaps, was the their country in her hour of trial, are more law so respected.

than all others exposed to this moral palsy. But what is the meaning of all this? If Hampden had been a good Roman Were people all madly wicked ? Not at Catholic, he would have paid his shipall. Only a few were wicked; the rest money. were cowed.

Cowed! A whole people, Considering the known bravery of the a brave people cowed? Well, the expla- French race, we used always to marvel at nation seems to be this: The executions the decision taken by the nobles who emibegan, continued, increased in number, grated when threatened by the dangers of and therefore, of course—in one sense—it the Revolution ; but some part at least of was by the will of God that they took the required explanation is furnished by the place. Then, again, they were ordained circumstance of their having been bred by the law of the land. These two con- up as Roman Catholics. It might have siderations so effectually reinforced the seemed that, in their gay brilliant time at selfish motives which inclined men to Versailles, they were free enough from the shrink from the immediate danger of resis- sway of religion ; but they were all men tance, that there resulted that fatal guilt who had been piously taught in the which has been the cause of so much evil days of their childhood; and when the in France—the guilt of Resignation. hour of danger came, the fatal lesson of

Our French critics may tell us that we resignation which they had received in too-and that very lately—have incurred their early days refastened itself upon their this kind of disgrace-thé disgrace of guil- minds, and concurred with their selfish ty acquiescence. When the rioters, some fears in inducing them to shrink from the five years ago, were in possession of duty they owed to their country. Besides, Hyde Park, Parliament was sitting, and the brilliant vigor of the women in France Mr. Gladstone was the leader of the Op- has an incalculable effect in inspiring the position. It was plainly incumbent upon courage and enterprise of the men; and if him to stand up in his place and say that the “ better half”-the by far better halfin the duty of maintaining order the Gov- of the nation becomes so piously despondernment would be as firmly supported by ing of human resources as to be preparing his side of the House as by their own for death, there must be imminent danger accustomed adherents. He remained si- of a collapse on the part of the men. lent-guiltily silent; but we imagine that When French regiments go into action, his error arose from an impassioned desire they like to be led by a woman ;* ' but who for the recovery of office, and a consequent unwillingness to run the least risk of

* At Inkerman the 2d battalion of the 3d Zou

would expect great achievements from the company you. They took me at my word, men of a Zouave battalion if the neat- and eagerly exclaimed, Will you promise footed vivandière who so prettily marches to do so ? For one moment I hesitated. at their head were to begin prematurely Yes, I replied, and so that you may easily despairing of victory, and crying out for a recognise me, I shall wear a dark-blue coat priest?

and a red waist-coat. Since then they The working of this poison—the poison often reminded me of my promise. which the French call “ clerical”-is ex- “ In the month of April 1794, during emplified in the little book now before us. Easter week, they were all three conveyed We there see the pious and blameless “va- to the Luxembourg. I had frequent acriety" of the “grande dame" practising counts of them through M. Grellet,* whose every virtue, and coming after all to the delicate attentions and zealous services scaffold with angelic sweetness; no fathers, were of such use both to them and to their no husbands, no sons, no lovers throwing children. I was often reminded of my any sort of impediment in the way of all promise. On the 27th of June, on a this organised murder; and by the time we Monday, or a Friday, he came to beg of have finished the volume, we begin to un- me to fulfil the engagement I had taken derstand how the divine lesson of resigna- with the Maréchal de Mouchy and his tion to the will of God may be taught and wife. taught and taught by priests till it ends in “ I went to the · Palais de Justice,' and producing resignation to the will of de- succeeded in entering the court. I stood mons.

very near, with my eyes fixed upon them, The lives of both the Duchesse d'Ayen during a quarter of an hour. M. and and the Marquise de la Fayette are writ- Mme, de Mouchy, whom I had only seen ten in so pious, or rather in so “ clerical," once at their own house, and whom I a spirit, as to be absolutely colorless, and knew better than they knew me, could not it is from their general tenor rather than distinguish me in the crowd. God inspired from any particular passage that we have me, and with His help I did all I could for been able to deduce our conclusions. The them. The Maréchal was singularly edilives, in truth, are so written that it would fying, and prayed aloud with all his heart. be more fitting to read them on a Sunday The day before, on leaving the Luxembourg, than to quote them on the other six days; he had said to those who had given him

marks but the narrative of the good priest Car- of sympathy: “At seventeen years of age I richon is extremely interesting, and we mounted the breach for my King; at sevengive it almost entire. We do this the ty-seven I ascend the scaffold for my God; more readily because the kind, zealous, my friends, I am not to be pitied.' I devoted man tells us how he was able avoid details, which would become interto grant absolution under circumstances minable. That day I thought it useless to strange and terrible.

go as far as the guillotine; besides, my “ The Maréchale de Noailles,* the Du- courage failed me. This was ominous for chesse d'Ayen her daughter-in-law, and the the fulfilment of the promise I had made Vicomtesse de Noailles her grand-daughter, to their relations, who were thrown into the were detained prisoners in their own house deepest affliction by this catastrophe. They from November 1793 till April 1794. The had all been confined in the same prison, and first I only knew by sight, but was well ac- had thus been of great comfort to each quainted with the two others, whom I gen- other. erally visited once a-week. Terror and “On the 22d of July (1794), on a Tuescrime were increasing together; victims day,t between eight and ten o'clock in the were becoming more numerous. One day, morning, I was just going out; I heard a as the ladies were exhorting each other to knock. I opened the door, and saw the prepare for death, I said to them, as by Noailles children with their tutor. The foresight: If you go to the scaffold, and if children were cheerful, as is usually the God gives me strength to do so, I shall ac- case at that age, but under their merriment

was concealed a sadness of heart caused aves went into the fight headed gaily by its vivan. dière. She was killed.

* Tutor to Alexis and Alfred de Noailles, sons * She was by birth a Cossé-Brissac. Her ad- of the Vicomtesse de Noailles. vanced age had impaired her faculties.

+ 4 Thermidor.

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