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(8) Observe any instructions given by this part to have valve protection the vessel's representative during the cap fitted in place on the cylinder may be voyage, or during "drive on" or "drive transported on board ferry vessels withoff" operations.
out having the valve protection cap in (b) Smoking by any person within the place when said cylinders are laden in vehicle is prohibited.
highway vehicles and are not removed 8 146.08–45 Private
from the vehicles while on board the
type motor vehicles (automobiles).
vessel. (a) Such vehicles shall not be offered
$ 146.08–55 Vehicles having refrigerator accepted for transportation on board
ing or heating equipment. passenger-carrying ferries while having (a) Vehicles, fitted with refrigerating within the automobile any permitted ex- or heating equipment using an inflamplosives (except permitted fireworks or mable liquid or gas or diesel oil as fuel, small arms ammunitions) unless com- may be accepted for transportation, and plying with all the provisions of the regu- such refrigerating or heating equipment lations in this part regarding such may be operated while the vehicle is on substances. Such automobiles shall not board a vessel, provided the installation have within the vehicle any other conforms with the following requiredangerous articles or substances or ments: combustible liquid as defined in the (1) The installation is rigidly mounted regulations in this part when being and free of any movement other than transported for hire except in com- normal vibration of operation. pliance with the regulations in this part: (2) A shut-off control, easily accesProvided, however, That such vehicles sible, is fitted to the fuel and electrical are exempt from the provisions of the supply of refrigerating or heating equipregulations in this part with respect to ment. descriptions, descriptive name, packing, (3) The fuel storage tank, the fuel marking, labeling, and certification when lines and the carburetor or other device having in the vehicle any permitted fire- shall be tight and show no signs of leakworks or small arms ammunition or any age. other dangerous articles or substances or (b) Refrigerating or heating equipany combustible liquid in tightly closed ment not fitted with automatic starting containers, provided such substances are and stopping devices shall, if the vehicle not being carried by the automobile for operator desires the equipment to operate hire. Such vehicles, their owners or op- while on board the vessel, be started beerators shall, when entering upon and fore the vehicle is taken on board. It while being transported and when leav- may continue in operation while the ing a vessel, conform with all of the pro- vehicle is on the vessel, but if for any visions of the regulations shown in the cause the motor ceases to operate it shall table in § 146.27–100 applying to the not be restarted until after the vehicle transportation of such vehicles.
leaves the vessel. (b) Motorboats being transported on (c) Vessels voyages exceeding boat trailers shall be considered as part thirty (30) minutes duration shall proof the towing vehicle, and the provision vide stowage for vehicles having of this section shall apply. Gasoline refrigerating heating equipment may be transported in the motorboat operated by internal combustion engines tanks, and in other containers, provided as will permit ready diffusion of exhaust such tanks and containers are unbreak- gases to the open air. Passenger veable, leakproof and have adequate hicles shall not be stowed in a position closures. Containers shall not exceed 6 adjacent to vehicles operating internal gallon capacity each, and two such con- combustion motors as would expose the tainers shall be permitted for each occupants thereof to excessive concenengine.
trations of exhaust fumes from such (CGFR 58–9, 23 F.R. 4842, June 28, 1958, as motors. amended, CGFR 59-14, 24 F.R. 5268, June 30,
(d) The master or person in charge of 1959)
a vessel may, when he deems it necessary § 146.08–50 Cylinders laden in highway for any cause, require the vehicle operavehicles.
tor to stop the operation of refrigerating Cylinders of compressed gas of the or heating equipment attached to a vetype required by the regulations in hicle while on board the vessel.
Subpart 146.09—Cargo Handling and deck hatch coaming, this coaming shall
Stowage Devices, U.S. Coast Guard be sheathed with wood. A magazine Container Specifications
located in the hatchway may be so con
structed as to occupy only a part of the SOURCE: $ $ 146.09-1 to 146.09-12 contained
area of the hatchway. Portable magain Order 74, 6 F.R. 277, Jan. 11, 1941, except zines may be stowed in the square of the as otherwise noted.
hatchway and either lashed or tommed $ 146.09-1 Magazines, location of. to prevent movement.
(d) Construction and location of mag(a) Magazines shall be located in a
azines for stowage of explosives other hold, preferably a tween deck hold that
than as provided in this subpart or as is dry and well ventilated. They shall be
provided in $ 146.20–15 shall be authorso located as not to be in horizontal
ized by the Commandant of the Coast proximity to crew or passenger accom
Guard. modations nor below such living spaces, Magazines shall not be built on or under
(CGFR 59–14, 24 F.R. 5269, June 30, 1959) the principal bridge or other navigation § 146.09–2 Magazines, construction of. spaces. The hold or compartment in
The following shall be observed in the which a magazine is constructed shall
construction of a magazine for stowage provide a positive closing means to prevent all traffic through the area after
of explosives requiring magazine stow
age: the explosives are stowed, except ingress and egress for inspection purposes.
(a) Magazines may be constructed of
steel or wood. (b) Magazines shall not be constructed in bearing with the collision
(b) Magazines constructed of steel
shall have the whole of the interior combulkhead, nor with a bulkhead forming
pletely protected by wood sheathing of a boiler room, engine room, coal bunker
a minimum thickness of 34-inch to form or galley boundary. If it is necessary to construct a magazine in proximity to
a smooth surface, free of projections,
Metal stanchions within the magazine these bulkheads a cofferdam space of at
shall be boxed with wood of a thickness least one foot shall be provided between
of not less than 34-inch. When steel the permanent bulkhead and the magazine bulkhead. This cofferdam space
decks or tank tops are utilized to form
the floor of a magazine, a wooden floor shall remain open to the free circulation of air and shall not be used for stowage
of not less than 144-inch commerical
lumber, constructed on bearers shall be or storage purposes.
fitted. Such floor may be portable but (c) When a magazine is to be constructed over a tween deck hatch, the
tight to prevent movement.
(c) Magazines constructed of wood hatch girders or strongbacks and the hatch covers forming the tween deck
shall have the bulkheads forming the hatch shall be of such design and size
sides and ends constructed of commeras to insure their carrying the imposed
cial 1-inch lumber, of 34-inch tongue load with safety. Covers of the tween and groove sheathing, or of 34-inch plydeck and over deck hatch shall com- wood, secured to uprights of at least pletely close the hatch opening and fit a 3- by 4-inch size, spaced not more than securely in place. Tween deck hatch
18 inches apart and secured at top, botcovers of wood forming the base of the tom and center with horizontal bracing. magazine shall be completely covered
When 34-inch plywood is used, the upwith asbestos board at least 14 inch thick, fitted tight at the sides of the
rights may be spaced on 24-inch centers. magazine, the joints of the asbestos
Uprights shall not be stepped directly board being staggered midway between
onto a metal deck. A 2- by 4-inch joints formed by the wooden hatch cov
bearer to carry the uprights shall be laid ers. Magazines shall be constructed in upon the metal deck. A 2- by 4-inch accordance with the applicable proyi
header shall be fitted against the undersions of § 146.09–2, except floor shall be side of an overhead deck to receive the formed by dunnaging over the asbestos top of uprights. Top of uprights fitted board. In the construction of a maga- against channel beams may be wedged zine care should be taken that no metal directly to the beam with 2- by 4-inch structural parts protrude within the spacers fitted between. Care shall be magazine. If it is proposed to carry the taken in securing upright framing that stowage of explosives up into the over no nails penetrate to the interior of the
magazine. When a magazine is con- alternately on both sides of the uprights. structed as a permanent compartment This bulkhead shall be constructed bein the vessel, increased size and finish fore loading commences and care shall of lumber and other methods of fasten- be exercised that nail points do not proing may be used provided such fastenings trude beyond the surface of the boarding. are recessed below the surface of the
(CGFR 59-14, 24 F.R. 5269, June 30, 1959, boarding to avoid projections within the as amended, CGFR 61-57, 26 F.R. 12082, Dec. interior of the magazine. All boardings 16, 1961) shall be fitted and finished so as to form
$ 146.09–3 Entire hold forming maga. & smooth surface within the interior of
zine. the magazine. Construction shall be
When such as to separate all containers of
entire compartment or
hold is utilized for the stowage of ex. explosives from contact with metal surfaces of the structure of the vessel.
plosives that are required by the regu. When a metal stanchion, post or other
lations in this part to be given magaobstruction is located within the interior
zine stowage, the entire compartment area of the magazine, such obstruction
may be considered as a magazine. The must be completely covered with wood
frames and bulkhead stiffeners protrudof a thickness of at least 34-inch secured
ing into the compartment shall be effecin place with nails or screws. All screws
tively boarded over to provide a smooth or nalls used in the magazine for fasten
surface for the stowage of the explosives. ing shall be countersunk below the sur
This boarding need not be applied to the lace of the wood. Flooring of magazines
over deck beams when the explosives are shall be of not less than 144-inch com- not stowed closer than twelve (12) inches mercial lumber, constructed on bearers.
of such beams. If explosives are stowed Such floor may be portable but tight to up to the over deck beams and into the prevent movement. The door of the square of the hatch formed by the coammagazine shall be of substantial con
ing such over deck beams including the struction, fitted reasonably tight in its
hatch coaming shall be effectively Jamb and provided with a locking means
boarded over. The installation of such of a tamper-proof type. The door shall boarding shall be in accordance with the be so located as to be easily accessible.
specifications for the construction of a (d) If the bulkheads forming the sides magazine, except when cargo battens are of a magazine are to be constructed
fitted to the vessel's shell or bulkheads directly against the ship's side and bat- forming part of the hold such boarding tens are fitted, then 58-inch plywood
may be secured vertically using the batmay be used, provided the plywood is
tens as an anchorage for the necessary fastened to furring strips of not less than
securing means. 1 inch by 3 inches, spaced not more than $ 146.09_4 Ventilation of magazines. 18 inches apart, and securely fastened vertically to the battens.
Every magazine shall be efficiently
ventilated. Cowl deck ventilators, when (e) A magazine constructed in accordance with the provisions of paragraphs
fitted into or immediately adjacent to the (b) and (c) of this section, in which it
magazine, shall be covered with a fine is proposed to stow containers of ex
wire screen of not less than a 30 x 30
mesh at the weather end of the ventilaplosives within 12 inches of the overdeck beams, or hatch coaming, shall have such
tor. Magazines which occupy only & deck beams and coaming sheathed with
portion of a hold and are not fitted with
a ventilator entering into the magazine wood similar to that required for metal stanchions, posts or other obstructions
shall be so constructed on one side as by the provisions of paragraph (c) of
to leave an open space of not more than this section.
one inch below the over deck frame. (f) When a Class A magazine meas- § 146.09–5 Metal lockers for stowage of ures more than 40 feet in any direction,
fireworks. & partition bulkhead shall be fitted
Metal lockers required to be provided within the magazine as near half length
for the stowage of fireworks (class Bas practicable, extending from the deck to at least the top of the stowage. Such
less dangerous explosives), permitted by partition bulkhead shall be constructed the regulations in this part to be acto the same scantlings as the sides of cepted and transported on board pasthe magazine, except the boardings may senger vessels, shall conform to the be spaced not more than 6 inches apart following specifications:
(a) Size. The cubic capacity of a less than those required by § 146.09–2, locker shall not exceed 150 cubic feet. and a strong, close fitting hinged cover
(b) Division. Lockers exceeding 5 feet or door fitted with hasps and padlock in height shall be fitted with a division shall be provided. shelf at about 12 height so constructed (d) When constructed of metal, the as to carry the imposed load without minimum thickness shall be not less than deflection.
18-inch sheet. (c) Gauge. The thickness of metal (e) Runners, bearers, or skids shall be used in the construction of lockers shall provided to elevate the magazine a mininot be less than No. 16 U.S. standard mum of 4 inches from the deck. Pad gauge.
eyes, ring bolts, or other suitable means (d) Type of construction. Design and shall be provided for securing, and they construction of lockers shall be such as shall be so lashed, chocked or braced as to provide smooth interior surfaces. to prevent movement in any direction. Stiffener elements, when fitted, shall not (f) Portable magazines shall be stowed project beyond interior surfaces. Lock- in the square of a tween deck hatch exers shall be fitted with top and bottom cept when other stowage is authorized closures except when "built in” to the by § 146.20-15. structure of the vessels with the over (g) Portable magazine containers may and under deck forming the top and bot- be used for the stowage of explosives tom of the locker. “Built in" construc- exceeding 100 cubic feet plus 10 percent tion shall not be accepted when the over (gross) under such conditions of conor under deck is of wood.
struction, handling and stowage that (e) Closures. Closing means may be meet the approval of the Commandant removable plates or the hinged door type, of the Coast Guard. provided that in either case the locker (h) Portable magazines shall be shall, when closed in, be flame tight. marked on the top and sides in letters Lockers having portable plate closing at least 3 inches high with the legend means shall have an opening provided "EXPLOSIVES_HANDLE CAREFULLY-KEEP in an accessible side of the locker to per- LIGHTS AND FIRE AWAY." mit insertion of a fire hose nozzle for (CGFR 59-14, 24 F.R. 5269, June 30, 1959, purpose of flooding. Such opening shall as amended, CGFR 61-11, 26 F.R. 3924, May be of at least 3' in diameter, not more 5, 1961) than 12" below the top of the locker, and be fitted with a metal flap cover to sub
§ 146.09–7 Specifications of moisture
proofed paper bags. stantially preserve the flame tight requirement.
SPECIFICATION MIN-W10 (f) Location. Lockers shall be so lo- MOISTURE PROOVED MULTIWALL PAPER BAGS ron cated as to be readily accessible to com
TRANSPORTATION OF QUICKLIME BY WATER panionways or cargo hatches. When
General fitted in vessels .constructed of wood the lockers shall be so located as to be easily
1. Compliance. Containers must comply
with, or may exceed, details of the specificaobserved by a watchman on his rounds.
tions. Lockers shall be secured in place to pre- 2. Capacity. Not over 100 pounds net. vent shifting in a seaway.
Material § 146.09–6 Portable magazines for stowage of explosives.
3. Paper. Kraft (100% sulfate) paper.
4. Moisture proofing. Asphalt or other maPortable magazines used for the stow- terial equal or superior to asphalt. age of explosives shall conform to the
Construction following provisions: (a) Portable magazines shall be con
5. (a) Description. A múltiwall paper bag
constructed of not less than four plies, one structed watertight of wood, or of metal
or more of which will be moisture proofed. lined with wood 34-inch minimum thick- (b) Assembly of moisture proofed ply. ness. Not more than 100 cubic feet The assembly of the moisture proofed ply plus 10 percent (gross) of explosives shall will be accomplished by combining two sheets be stowed therein.
of Kraft (100% sulfate) paper having a basis (b) All inner surfaces of the magazine
weight of not less than 20 pounds each with shall be smooth and free of nails, screws
not less than 25 pounds of asphalt applied
evenly to the paper surface. or other projections.
(c) Alternate moisture proofed ply. Any (c) When constructed of wood the other moisture proofed Kraft paper of a total scantlings and arrangement shall be not basis weight of not less than 40 pounds
before treatment, whose moisture proofed qualities are equal or superior to the above asphalt treated paper as determined by the Thwing Vapometer test for moisture-vapor transmission.
(d) Additional plies. Remaining plles of the bag will be constructed of Kraft (100%) sulfate paper, each sheet having a basis weight of not less than 40 pounds, and a Kady or Mullen test of 40 pounds per square inch. The combined weight of said remaining plies to be not less than the weights given in the following table:
of remaining plies Approximate weight of in addition to contents:
moisture proofed ply described in
(5) (6) To and including 50 pounds.- 130 pounds 61 pounds to and including 80 pounds.---
150 pounds 81 pounds to and including 100 pounds.----
170 pounds All weights given are on the basis of 480 (24 x 88 inch) sheets.
(e) Longitudinal sea m 3. Longitudinal seams made by lapping not less than one inch and pasting.
(1) Bottom closure. Bottom closure made by folding and interlapping and pasting; or taped sewed and dipped in a waterproofing compound; or sewed and taped over stitching.
(g) Top closure. By wire ties consisting of not less than two No. 16 Birmingham wire gauge or heavier wires; or by valve mouth with top of bag folded and interlapped and pasted; or by valve mouth with top of bag taped, sewed and dipped in waterproofing compound; or sewed and taped over stitching.
8. Test. The finished container, filled and closed, must be capable of withstanding a drop test of 4 feet on the butt without sifting or rupture of any ply.
Marking 7. On each container. By marks at least one inch high as follows:
(a) Min-W10. This marking shall be understood to certify that the container complies with all specification requirements.
(b) Name and address of maker located above or below the mark specified in (7) (a). 8 146.09–8 Specifications of moisture proofed paper lined burlap bags.
Material 8. Burlap. At least equal in equality and strength to 742 ounce 40 inch (742/40) Calcutta common burlap. Thread count at least 9 per inch warp and 9 per inch Aller.
4. Paper. No. 1 Kraft creped. Finished weight of 40 pounds per ream (480 sheets 24 x 36 inch) after creping.
Construction 6. (a) Description. Burlap bag lined with & water proofed paper lining.
(b) Assembly of moisture proofed lining. The assembly of the moisture proofed lining will be accomplished by combining two plies of creped paper having a finished weight of not less than 40 pounds each, evenly coated between the two plies with asphalt of any desirable type, of minimum 150° F. melting point, over the entire area of paper, with minimum coverage of 110 pounds per rean.
(c) Assembly of moisture proofed ply and burlap. The burlap will be lined with the moisture proofed creped paper by cementing together with a suitable latex compounded adhesive to securely attach paper lining to the burlap.
(d) Stretch of paper lining. After they are cemented to the burlap the stretch of the paper lining must equal the stretch of the burlap in the direction of the warp and Pulling and equal to 10 percent in a diagonal direction.
(e) Seams. Bags must be made with cemented center seams and taped bottoms to make them sift proof and airtigbt and to provide strength at least equal to the bag material,
(f) Closure. Bags to be wire tied with two No. 16 Birmingham wire gauge or heavier wire ties.
6. Test. The finished container, filled and closed, must be capable of withstanding a drop test of 4 feet on the butt without siting or rupture of any ply.
Marking 7. On each container. By marks at least 1 inch high as follows:
(a) MIN-W11. This marking shall be understood to certify that the container complies with all specification requirements.
(b) Name and address of maker located above or below the mark specified in (7)(a). 8 146.09–11 Chutes and conveyors for
handling explosives. (a) Chutes for loading and unloading explosives shall be constructed as follows: of smooth planed boards not less than 1" thick. Side guards of the same material 4" high. Assembly shall be with brass screws only. D-shaped wooden strips or runners not more than
MOISTURE PROOF END PAPER LINED BURLAP BAGS FOR
TRANSPORTATION OF QUICKLIME BY WATER
General 1. Compliance. Containers must comply with, or may exceed, details of the specifications.
2. Capacity. Not over 100 pounds net.