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persons voted for as vice-president, and of the number of votes for each; which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the seat of the government of the United States, directed to the president of the senate. The president of the senate shall, in the presence of the senate and house of representatives, open all the certificates, and the votes shall then be counted. The person having the greatest number of votes for president shall be the president, if such number be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed; and if no person have such majority, then from the persons having the highest numbers, not exceeding three, on the list of those voted for as president, the house of representatives shall choose immediately, by ballot, the president. But, in choosing the president, the votes shall be taken by states, the representation from each state having one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the states, and a majority of all the states shall be necessary to a choice. And if the house of representatives shall not choose a president whenever the right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth day of March next following, then the vice-president shall act as president, as in the case of the death or other constitutional disability of the president.
The person having the greatest number of votes as vice-president shall be the vice-president, if such number be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed; and if no person have a majority, then from the two highest numbers on the list, the senate shall choose the vice-president. A quorum for the purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a choice.
But no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of president, shall be eligible to that of vice-president of the United States.
[Adopted in 1865.] Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
[Adopted in 1868.) SEC, 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside. No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States, nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty or property, without due process of law, nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
SEC. 2. Representatives shall be apportioned among the several states ac cording to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons each state, excluding Indians not taxed. But when the right to vote at any elex tion for the choice of electors for president and vice-president of the U'nited States, representatives in Congress, the executive and judicial officers of a state, or the members of the legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhabitants of such state, being twenty-one years of age, and citizens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebellion or other crime, the basis of representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of age in such state.
Sec. 3. No person shall be a senator or representative in Congress, or elector of president and vice-president, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any state, who having previously taken an oath as a member of congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any state legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any state, to support the constitution the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof; but congress may, by a vote of two-thirds of each house, remove such disability.
Sec. 4. The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But neither the United States nor any state shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obligations and claims shall be held illegal and void.
Sec. 5. The congress shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article.
[Adopted in 1870.] SEC. I. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
Sec. 2. The congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
THE PRINCIPAL CITIES AND TOWNS IN THE CNITED
STATES, BRITISH POSSESSIONS, AND MEXICO OF
0 S B R 11
37,180 50.840 18,969 16,653 12.119 11.126 10,8:26 10,495 9,714 9,576 9.480 8,753 8,020
Meriden, 3,023 Stamford, 14,387 New London, 9,834 New Britain,
Derby, 250,526 41,105
NEW YORK. 40,928 | Albany, 39,634 | New York, 28,921 | Brooklyn, 28,323 | Buffalo, 28,233 Rochester, 26,766 | Troy, 26,703 Syracuse, 24,117 | Utica, 21,320 Watervliet, 18,629 Oswego, 18,547 Newtown, 15,389 Poughkeepsie, 14,685 Morrisania, 13,092 | Auburn, 12,825 | Newburg, 12,595 Elmira, 12,090 Cohoes, 11,260 | Flushing, 11,112 Hempstead, 10,733 Yonkers, 10,160 Binghampton, 9,890 | Lockport, 9,607 | Johnstown, 9,308 | Fishkill, 9,065 Cortland, 9,010 Schenectady, 8,683 | Rome, 8,560 | Greenburg, 8,474 Huntington, 8,007
West Troy, ..
MASSACHUSETTS. Boston, Worcester, Lowell, Cambridge, Lawrence, Charlestown, Lynn, Fall River, Springfield, Salem, New Bedford, Taunton, Chelsea, Gloucester, Somerville, Haverhill, Newton, Newburyport, Adams, Fitchburg, Pittsfield, Holyoke, Northampton, Milford, Chicopee, Abington, Waltham, Weymouth, West Roxbury, Woburn, Marlborough, North Bridgewater,
76.216 912,292 396,099 117,715 62.383 46.465 43,051 28,804 22.609 20,910 20,274 20,080 19,610 17.225 17,014 15,863 15,357 14,650 13,999 12,733 12.092 12,426 12,273 11,759 11,694 11,026 11,000 10,790 10,704 10,693
Oyster Bay, Saugerties, Brookhaven, Rondout, Ithaca, Ogdensburg, Lenox, New Lots, Castleton, Wallkill, Oswego, Deer Park, West Farms, Watertown, Seneca, Hudson, Saratoga Springs, Plattsburg, Queensbury, Wawarsing,
MARYLAND. 10,455 Annapolis,
5,744 10,159 | Baltimore,
267,354 10,114 Frederick,
8,526 10,107 Cumberland,
8,056 10,076 9,816
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. 9,800 Washington,
11,384 9,477 9,442
51,038 Norfolk, 9,336
19,229 9,188 Petersburg,
18,950 8,615 Alexandria,
13,570 8,537 Portsmouth,
10,492 Dan River, 8,414
10,306 8,387 Beverly Manor,
19,280 22,874 105,059
NORTH CAROLINA. 82,546 Raleigh,
7,790 33,579 | Wilmington,
13,446 20,832 20,297 South CAROLINA.
28,235 23,104 Augusta,
10,810 86,076 53,180
FLORIDA. 35,092 Tallahassee,
2,023 33,930 20,233
ALABAMA. 19,646 Montgomery,
32,034 13,884 12,384
MISSISSIPPI. 11,003 Jackson,
4,234 10,987 Vicksburg,
9,057 10,610 10,174
LOUISIANA. 9,488 New Orleans,
191,418 9,485 9,400
PENNSYLVANIA. Harrisburg, Philadelphia, Pittsburg, Alleghany, Scranton, Reading, Lancaster, Erie City, Williamsport, Allentown, Pottsville, York, Easton, Norristown, Altoona, Wilkesbarre, East Birmingham, Chester City, Mahanoy, Titusville, Birmingham, Danville,
TEXA8. . 8,639 Austin,
4,428 8,603 Galveston,
13,818 8,436 San Antonio,
9,716 Houston, .
1,906 30,841 | Little Rock,
9,176 71,410 12,764 12,603 9,89 8,789
12,035 20,038 18.131 14,930 12.766 10,020
WISCONSIN. 25,865 | Madison, 40,226 | Milwaukee, 8,682 Fond du Lac,
Racine, 5,396 Janesville, 100,753 24,505
Des Moines, 14,801 Davenport,
Burlington, 31,274 Keokuk, 216,239
Council Bluffs, 92,829 31,584
MISSOURI. 30,473 Jefferson City, 13,000
St. Louis, 12,652 Kansas City, 11,081
St. Joseph, 10,592
MIXNESOTA. St. Paul, 5,241 Minneapolis, 79,577 16,507
CALIFORNIA. 11,447 Sacramento, 11,350 San Francisco, 9,181 Oakland, 8,438 Stockton,
Indianapolis, Evansville, Fort Wayne, Terre Haute, New Albany, Lafayette, Logansport, Madison, Richmond,
48,244 21,830 | Salem, 17,718 | Portland, 16,103 15,396 13.506 Carson City, 12,191 10,709 9,445 | Lincoln,
Springfield, Chicago, Quincy, Peoria, : Bloomington, Aurora, Rockford, Galesburg, Jacksonville, Alton, Belleville,
ARIZONA. 298,977 Tucson, 24,052 22,849
COLORADO. 14,590 Denver, 11,162 11,049
DAKOTA. 10,158 Yankton, 9,203 8,665