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testimony to the efficiency of Zopissa for arresting A PICTURE, which is supposed to represent the the decay of stone, it will be seen we have reason marriage of Shakespeare and Anne Hathaway for expressing surprise that the material has not has lately come to light in England, and at present been brought into universal use. Its value for is owned by Mr. Malam, of Scarborough. The maritime and military purposes appears to be ex- theory in regard to it is that, if not executed at traordinary. Opticians and opera-goers know the time of the marriage, it was painted early in the worth of the new metal, aluminium, owing to the seventeenth century. In the top corner on its two qualities of non-oxidation and great light the left hand is the legend :

A double opera-glass might be made of Rare Lymminge with us dothe make appere Zopissa paper, so light that the glass would be

The marriage of Anne Hatheway with William Shake

spere. the heaviest part, so strong as to be proof against any but intentional injury, and at a cost which The Cologne Gazette says that a very interest. would leave aluminium nowhere. Again, for ing discovery has just been made at Fribourg. In cisterns, pipes, or reservoirs of water; not only removing the whitewash from the walls of the old can these be made of this material at a third of post-office of that town, some fresco paintings the price of iron, but the chemical action that is have been discovered, which seem to be the proalways going on in metal containing water would duction of Holbein or of his school. The buildbe obviated, and the great trouble of the winter ing was formerly known as the Basler Hof, or frost in London and other large towns, the frac- Court of Bâle, and Holbein was a native of that ture of the water-pipes, would be rendered a

town. Unfortunately the paintings have suffered thing of the past; owing not so much to the great serious damage. strength as to the non-conducting quality of pipes made of this cheap material. Space would fail us CHURCH DECORATION.-One of the chief ob. to tell of the objects to which it might be satis. jects which the supporters of International Exhi. factorily applied. For vessels it may be made to bitions, local picture-galleries, and kindred'incombine the lightness of timber with the resistance stitutions have endeavored to promote, has been of iron armor. For shoes it is at once light and the creation of an artistic taste among the masses durable. For cartridge cases it presents to the of the people, the repression of that love of manufacturer of small arms, and, indeed, to the coarse and obtrusive decoration which disfigartillerist in any branch, exactly that of which he ures our buildings and our houses just as is in search.-From The Art Journal.

much as the “loud” dressing of a certain section

of society marks the absence of refinement on the A MECHANICAL TELL-TALE.”—Many at- part of those who adopt it. And, to some extent, tempts have been made to devise a tell-tale to good results have followed their labors. The as. show whether a watchman has gone his rounds pect of the ordinary English home of the present faithfully during the night; but not many have day presents a decided improvement on the past. succeeded. Among the latest and best is the one Even among the poorest of our population the now in use at the Penitentiary, Lausanne, in- neatly-framed photograph or chromo-lithograph vented by Mr. Cauderoy, which effects its object meets us where once the staring and irreverent by electricity. A disk of paper, divided into German print, with its superabundance of color, twelve hours, is set in movement by clockwork. was wont to be hung; while among the wealthier A number of electro-magnets are fixed in front of members of society the change effected has given the disk, and these are connected in the usual way rise to the production of suits of furniture on with buttons or keys placed in different parts of avowedly artistic principles, such as those de. the building. These buttons indicate stations on signed by Mr. Pugin, the eminent architect. To the watchman's round, and he is expected to push the mere utilitarian, like Mr. Ayrton, there is, of each one as he passes it. The push excites the course, something preposterous in allowing such electro-magnet, and releases a pricker, which humble domestic questions as the choice of car: starts forward and makes a hole in the paper disk. pets, curtains, and wall-paper to be governed by This disk may be placed in any part of the build- the rules of the artist, and yet there can be little ing; in the inspector's office or governor's room;


question that as our houses are places of constant consequently, any neglect or evasion on the part abode, not mere resting places for the moment, of the watchman is immediately detected.

such an attention to detail must conduce to the development of a correct taste in higher matters.

The child, for instance, who is brought up in a ART.

house where all such points are disregarded, where

the functions of the eye and ear are never conThe Long Gallery of the Louvre has lately sidered in the home-rule of the parent, where the made the acquisition of a religious picture by provision of food and raiment and the early forcBorgognone, whose name was one of the few ing of a new candidate for the labor-market are of the masters belonging to the school of the the only things thought of, can scarcely be exItalian Renaissance not represented in the mu- pected either to secure such enjoyment in after

life, or to contribute so materially to the pleasures


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of others, as the child who is educated on higher which at Oxford is directly personified at Com. principles, and who sees ari around him even in the memoration by the man in the red tie. The cure little things of daily life. In a word, then, the for such evils is obvious. As a rule, the laity recognition of Art in the homes of the people is hold the purse strings, and our honest advice to a thing to be labored for and striven after, and we them is to stop all supplies in cases where such know of no one, except the purely religious base practices prevail. Decorations let us have by teacher, who conveys more direct benefit to his all means, and of the best ; but “glare” let us fellows than the man who brings to bear on the avoid, whether in our churches or our homes. masses the ennobling and humanizing influences To man it is offensive. To God it is—an insult.of the love of the beautiful.

London Choir. But while the home may thus be brought within the domain of art, it is in the Church more especially that we naturally look for its highest

VARIETIES. development. As the Archbishop of Canterbury MR. SEWARD-A CORRECTION.-Mr. Sewremarked at the Royal Academy banquet some ard's death occurred just as we were going to two years ago, the Church has ever been the

press with our last number, and deeming the friend and patron of the painter, has furnished event too important to be ignored in our pages, him with his noblest subjects, and has conse- we selected the obituary notice of the Tribune as crated to holy uses his highest efforts. And yet much the most complete and satisfactory that up in not a few cases, at the present time, where the to that time had appeared. It is not surprising æsthetic is ostensibly cultivated, and where large that a notice prepared under such circumstances sums of money are annually spent, we fail alto- as those which meet the demands of the daily press gether to obtain that which we desiderate, and should contain minor errors; but a correspondent, have in its place that most objectionable of all

whose position and reputation entitle him to be forms of decoration-glare. Color of the most

heard, points out some mistakes which seriously gaudy style throughout the building leads the impair the value of the article, and which ought eye at last to a chancel in which there is an utter

not to go uncorrected. We print the letter be. absence of taste, and where we find what the low, but without committing ourselves to an enecclesiastical penny-a-liner terms a “perfect blaze dorsement of its statements and especially of its of light,” as if a blaze were not manifestly a inferences : token of gross imperfection. An altar vested in

New-York, Oct. 29, 1872. a covering of many colors, without the delicate

TO THE EDITOR OF THE ECLECTIC : gradations of the rainbow-tints to soften them to the eye, is in such places laden either actually, or

In your number for November you have an

article on Gov. Seward copied from the Tribune, by means of ledges and other contrivances, with

which contains so many falsehoods that I am ina mass of candles of all sizes and shapes, which duced, by my regard for your publication, to call must be offensive to the taste of any educated your attention to it.

I was elected a person, and can only satisfy the purveyor thereof, member of our Legislature in November 1830, and who doubtless is of the same mind as an ecclesi. I served in 1831 in the Assembly. In the fall of astical furnisher who once expressed to us a wish

that year, I was elected to the Senate and served

there four years, namely, during 1832, '33, '34 and that the Privy Council would issue a judgment

'35. against candles, and not simply against the two

Seward was elected to the Senate in 1830, and symbolical altar-lights, on the ground that it served there 1831, '32, '33 and '34, so that I was would largely increase his trade. Nor does the in the Legislature all the time he was, and three

'glare” end here. Unhappily there is consist. years in the same body with him, and I therefore ency in the surroundings, only it is of the wrong

speak from personal knowledge.

The article says,
The blaze of light,” which becomes so

'during his administration"

"imprisonment for debt was abolished.” His trying to the eye that it is not a little likely to

“administration" did not begin till 1839, and the produce defective vision the next morning, is ac- act to abolish imprisonment was passed in 1831. companied by a still more offensive “ blaze of

The article says, “ He sustained Gen. Jackson sound” from the choir and the organist, whose in his defense of the Union against Nullification." performances degenerate into noise, while even

The report and resolutions on that subject were the music they execute is in perfect keeping with brought into the Senate by Gov. Talmadge, from

a joint committee, of which I was a member. the way in which it is sung and played. That we

Their adoption was vehemently, opposed by six are not speaking without due cause, a visit to

Senators, Seward being one of them, and the desome prominent London churches, where such a

bate, in which he took a part, lasted from a system-totally different, be it observed, from the Monday morning till the following Friday, when true artistic Ritualism to be found elsewhere- the report was adopted, Seward voting against it. prevails, will convince any of our readers. We

The article says “ The career of Mr. Seward have, in fact, often witnessed this painful exhibi.

in the Assembly concluded with an address of

the minority to the people in defense of the Whig tion of that very vulgarity which is so loudly con

position.” demned when it is met with in the streets in the

Mr. S. never was a Member of the Assembly. perons of a vulgarly dressed man or woman, and The article says, speaking of his election to


the Senate at the age of 29, " Mr. Seward fell very name I have forgotten,) was discontented naturally into the position of leader of the oppo- with every answer made to him, kept asking fresh sition.”

questions, scolded and threatened, and held the The opposition consisted of seven men, among whom were Albert H. Tracy, of Buffalo, and John

poor man a considerable time in the tortures of

abasement. The witnesses who stood nearest and Maynard, of Utica, and it was not till their terms expired, two or three years after, that he became beheld the scene, not without anxiety lest their leader of the opposition.

own turn should come next, declared afterward The article speaks him as the “champion of that there had not been the least ground for such many beneficent measures-of the abolition of

sury, and that the Emperor had only sought a imprisonment for debt,” &c.

pretext for venting his ill-humor. They said, This measure originated in the Assembly, was reported from a committee of which I was a mem

moreover, that he was in the habit of intentionally ber, and Silas M. Stillwell was the chairman, and

selecting some such poor wight for the purpose, met with no opposition anywhere.

in order that all the others might be cowed, and But the most remarkable feature of the whole any thing like a feeling of defiance toward himself article is this. It was evidently written to con- crushed into submission. As he passed onward ciliate the votes of Seward's friends for Greeley's he endeavored to converse with more moderation, election. Before Lincoln's election, Greeley had openly

but his bad humor made itself felt through all. quarreled with Seward and Weed, or, as he pro

He spoke brusquely, hastily, flinging down his claimed it, “had dissolved partnership with

words, uttered the most indifferent things with them.” And in 1860, Seward came so near being passionate rapidity, and even when he wished to nominated for the Presidency that it was undoubt- speak kindly. it sounded, nevertheless, as though edly owing to the volunteered opposition of Gree

he were angry. I have hardly heard so rough ley that Lincoln was nominated. Yet this article

and untamed a voice as his. His eyes were deepsays, “Yet one who in the National Convention received 173 votes had certainly a right to aspire

set, usually fixed on the ground, and glanced only to the coveted office. But other considerations,

by fits and starts sharply and rapidly over those which subsequent events have fully justified, rendered present. When he smiled, only his mouth and imperative the nomination of Mr. Lincoln,thus part of his cheeks smiled; the forehead and eyes slurring over and justifying the opposition of Mr. remained immovably gloomy. If-as I have Greeley, to which Mr. Seward owed his defeat.

sometimes seen on subsequent occasions—he So there are other topics on which the article is

forced these latter to smile also, his countenance equally false; such, for instance, as his being the champion of our common-school system-his

wore a still more distorted expression. This combeing an early friend of the Erie Railway-his bination of smiling and sternness had something being one of the chief promoters of our present about it frightfully repulsive. I know not what efficient militia system, etc., etc.”

to think of the people who found this face "charm

ing,' and were captivated by his amiability! His A PersoNAL GLIMPSE OF THE GREAT NA

features, while possessing undeniable plastic POLEON.-Napoleon advanced clumsily, wearing

beauty, were cold and hard as marble, strangers a simple blue uniform, and with his little hat under

to trustfulness, incapable of cordiality. What he his arm. Varnhagen shall describe him in his

said was, whenever I heard him speak, trivial both own words: “His bearing expressed the strug.

in matter and expression, without mind, without gle between a will that strives after something and

wit, without power, nay even at times absolutely contempt for those who must help him to attain

vulgar and absurd. Faber, in his Notices sur it. He would doubtless have been pleased to

l'Intérieur de la France, has spoken in full detail make a favorable impression, and yet it seemed

about the questions which Napoleon was accushardly worth the trouble of attempting. It would

tomed to ask on various occasions, and which cost him trouble; for truly he had not the gift by

have been so often unjustly lauded as showing nature. Hence carelessness and constraint alter

knowledge and sagacity. I had not then read nated in his manner, or were sometimes combined

Faber's book,, but later I found every thing I had in restlessness and dissatisfaction. He first turned myself seen and heard confirmed in it. The Emto the Austrian Embassy, which formed one ex

peror's catechising not seldom resembled the protremity of the semicircle. The results of the un

ceeding of a school-boy, who, not being sure of fortunate fête gave rise to many questions and

his lesson, keeps repeating to himself under his observations. The Emperor wished to appear breath what he fears he may otherwise forget at sympathizing; he even used a phrase or two ex

the moment it is wanted. This, indeed, is lite. pressive of emotion. But he could not at all succeed in this tone, and dropped it almost immedi- rally true of a visit Napoleon had made a shot

time before to the great library, where on the ately. His manner was less gracious to the Rus. sian Ambassador Kurakin, and in the course of staircase he already began to scream out about

that classic passage in Josephus where he speaks his further progress round the half-circle, some sight or some thought must have violently irri

of Jesus, and seemed really to have no other care tated him; for he flew into frightful anger,

at the moment than to exhibit his (apparently) stormed out horribly against one of those present,

newly-acquired bit of erudition. It absolutely (a by no means important personage, and whose appeared as though he had learned his questions

by heart. He once asked a man of some conse- enforcement of copy-book’ morality to tell as quence from Northern Germany to what country why.”—Temple Bar. he belonged, and when the gentleman named the place, close on the borders of Holland, Napoleon

The CHANNEL PASSAGE.—Mr. Henry Besse. cried out, half defiantly, half delightedly, as he

mer announces that Mr. E. J. Reed is busily enturned away, “Ah, je sais bien ! c'est du Nord, c'est gaged settling the details of a pair of vessels, es. de la Hollande! He did not come off so fortu. pecially adapted to the Channel service between nately with Lacepede at the Natural History Col.

England and France. These steamers are of lection. There he took the giraffe for a bird, and larger dimensions than the famous Holyhead spoke of the long-necked beast as such to his

boats, but will only draw 7 feet of water, and wife, who, together with Lacepede, was in a state

will each be propelled by engines of 750 horseof consternation at the Emperor's mistake, so much so, that the latter, observing it, angrily power nominal, equal to 4,600 indicated horse.

power, and, consequently, with their small imbroke off his discourse, and went away in exces

mersed area of midship section, be capable of sive dudgeon. The pitiable eagerness with

running with ease at a speed of 20 miles per which Napoleon strove to gain admiration in the hour. They will be provided with a spacious sphere of social conversation was often downright saloon of 50 feet in length by 30 feet broad, and laughable. He was as unsuccessful in this at.

with a height of 20 feet. At each end of the tempt as-to our misfortune-he was successful

saloon there will be four private rooms for ladies in other things. He preferred to make wounding, and the same number for gentlemen, the whole or at least unpleasant, speeches ; but even when being surmounted by a promenade deck of yo he tried to say something different, he only reached

feet in length, at a height of 7 feet above the ortrivial insignificance at the outside.

For example,

dinary deck of the vessel. The whole of these once at St. Cloud I myself heard him repeat

rooms and the raised promenade deck will be so twenty times to a whole row of ladies the same

constructed that a words, Il fait chand.' It is true that some vigo. powerful hydraulic apparatus govern and sustain

steersman" can by means of rous sayings are reported of him, and his orders

the whole structure so completely and quietly were generally stern and brief. But even here

that the passengers will not be subjected in the the pow'r is the chief thing, and the force of the roughest weather to a greater amount of motion words is due to the Emperor, not to the orator.

than is felt in an ordinary railway carriage ; each Many -ppy sallies which his courtiers were in

of the rooms and the promenade deck will be at the h of attributing to him rightfully belonged all times accessible by a broad staircase free from who respectfully gave up their intellec

motion and of most easy ascent, so that passencopo when it pleased His Majesty to P. et it. The gift of eloquence and agreeable level promenade deck, or, if the weather is un

gers may enjoy the fresh sea breeze on the quiet, expression which belonged to Alexander, Cæsar,

favorable descend to the saloon below. and Friedrich could not co-exist with Napoleon's nature; the quality of his mind, and still more his temperament, forbade it. For this very reason, because he found himself totally unarmed The drear days wane, the clouded sky on this sort of battle-ground, was Napoleon above

Shows not one star; all other men irritable and sensitive to a clever, The swallows round the old church vane sharp, or jesting word against himself. And a

Dream of afar, mocking song, a witty lampoon, could absolutely infuriate him.

Where fruitful climes and sunny days “No, it was not in the domains of intellect and

Invite their call, fancy, nor by means of eloquent speech, that Na- Night quick creeps on, and on the wolds poleon Bonaparte attained his aims. He reached

The shadows fall. them by his surpassing pre-eminence as a Gen

The gray bat flits athwart the eaves eral, and by the iron force of his will. His real

With flapping wing; greatness consists in these qualities; and it is not needful inventively to attribute any others to him,

The thrush, tired out with even hymn,

Ceases to sing. in order to make him out one of the most extraordinary men who ever lived.

Patter the rain-drops on the pane “A divinity, if you will, but a Plutonian, sul

With measured beat; phureous, dark divinity; subject at last-as all

The dead leaves rustle 'neath the tread such are forever-to the superior powers of light.

Of passing feet. A gloomy, intrinsically unhappy soul. Nothing is clearer to me than that in the midst of his Summer is dead, and Autumn days highest triumphs, the man-when we get a

Are dying fast; glimpse of him as above, beneath the velvet man- Three seasons gone, the fourth comes on tles bee-embroidered, and other historical stage

Sternest and last! properties—was not happy. And there needs no

Astley H. BALDWIN, in “Belgravia."




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