« AnteriorContinuar »
Table 1.—Principal concessions made on Argentine agriculiural imports into ihe United States, effective Nov. 15, 1941-Continued
United States duty
705 Meat extract 15 cents per pound. 15 cents per pound. 15cents per pound 742 cents per
but not less but not less but not less
than 20 percent than 20 percent than 20 percent including corned
but not less but not less but not less but not less
ad valorem. ad valorem.
cubic foot Feb.
15 to June 30,
Feb. 1 to May
ripe, or in brine).
rem. rem, 17
valorem. fruit butters:
762 | Flaxseed. 40 cents per bushel. 65 cents per bushel. 65 cents per bushel | 50 cents per bushel
except for the
Nov. 16 to Feb.
15, inclusive. 775 Corned-beef hash 35 percent ad va- 35 percent ad va- 35 percent ad va- 20 percent ad va
$20 per ton. $10 per ton
than 40s not im-
24 cents per 27 cents per 27 cents per 16 cents per
pound.26 Sorted, or match-|(27).
25 cents per pound. 25 cents per pound. 14 cents per pound.
etc. 23 28 Footnotes at end of table.
Table 1.-Principal concessions made on Argentine agricultural imports into the United States, effective Nov. 15, 1941-Continued
1939 imports for consumption
United States duty
Ad valorem equiv-
1102 (a) Wools, not spe.
On the skin... 30 cents
provided for. 70
and frozen, con- valorum
Natural and uncompounded, but advanced in value or condition by shredding, grinding, chipping, crushing, or any other process of treatment whatever beyond that essential to
2 Reduced in the Brazilian trade agreement, effective Jan. 1, 1936. 3 This excise became effective Aug. 21, 1936. * Data not available.
Schedule III item on which United States can withdraw concession any time after the termination of hostilities between the United Kingdom and Germany, provided 6 months' written notice is given to the Argentine Government.
6 Less than 500 pounds.
• Includes prepared or preserved meats not otherwise specially provided for, except meat pastes other than liver pastes packed in air-tight containers weighing with their contents
10 Does not include duties on imports into Virgin Islands of United States.
13 Includes Romano, Pecorino, Reggiano, Parmesan, Provolini, and cheese classified in import statistics as "other cheese," since imports in this classification coming from Argen-
14 Duty on hothouse grapes was bound against increase in trade agreement with Belgium, effective May 1, 1935.
17 Reduced in trade agreement with United Kingdom, effective Jan. 1, 1939. Duty on products of Cuba (except orange marmalade) reduced from 23 to 14 percent ad valorem
18 The duty will revert to 50 cents, 30 days after proclamation by the President (following consultation with the Argentine Government) that the abnormal situation in the flax-
19 Reduced to 4 cents in first trade agreement with Canada, effective Jan. 1, 1936, and bound at 4 cents in the second Canadian agreement, effective Jan. 1, 1939.
22 Imports from Argentina of "pastes, balls, puddings, hash, and similar mixtures of vegetables, meat, or fish, not specially provided for," as classified in import statistics. These
23 Sections 1101 (a) and (b) include Donskoi, Smyrna, Cordova, Valparaiso, Ecuadoran, Syrian, Aleppo, Georgian, Turkestan, Arabian, Bagdad, Persian, Sistan, East Indian,
24 Actual weight.
28 The act of 1930 contains a provision whereby the duty is refunded on wools not finer than 40s that are imported under bond for the manufacture of competing and certain other
29 Except hides and skins of the India water buffalo imported to be used in the manufacture of rawhide articles.
31 Natural and uncompounded and in a crude state, not advanced in value or condition by shredding, grinding, chipping, crushing, or any other process or treatment whatever
The CHAIRMAN. The next witness is Mr. Carl H. Wilken, Raw Materials National Council, Sioux City, Iowa. Is Mr. Wilken here!
Please identify yourself by giving your name and address for the benefit of the record, Mr. Wilken.
STATEMENT OF CARL H. WILKEN, ECONOMIC ANALYST, RAW
MATERIALS NATIONAL COUNCIL, SIOUX CITY, IOWA
Mr. WILKEN. My name is Carl H. Wilken, economic analyst of the Raw Materials National Council at Sioux City, Iowa.
The CHAIRMAN. How much time do you think you need without interruption ?
Mr. WILKEN. About 7 or 8 minutes.
Mr. WILKEN. At previous meetings with this committee I have pointed out that the Raw Materials National Council is an independent research organization supported by citizens in the Sioux City area.
Today my purpose in appearing before your committee is to point out the tremendous importance of trade agreements to the people of the United States and the future of the world as a whole. Trade agreements and the conditions under which they operate strike at the very heart of our form of government and fundamental economy. Our forefathers fought a war to establish their right to govern themselves and protect themselves against exploitation. They drafted the Constitution as a framework of Government and economy to protect our civil, religious, and economic freedom.
The history of the world proves that the loss of economic freedom is the road to the loss of civil and religious freedoms. Even in our Nation unsound economic practices in the past have led to such centralization of Government that many fear the loss of the freedom that our people have enjoyed.
Our forefathers provided the needed protection when they drafted the Constitution, but politics, selfishness, and social reform have prevented the protection from being rightly used. Both the Democratic and Republican Parties can be charged with improperly exercising the economic powers given to the people in the Constitution.
It might be well to analyze our fundamental economy as it was put into operation under our form of government:
The people of any nation, to enjoy economic freedom, must have a proper measure of value for the goods and services they produce. It is impossible to maintain freedom where human labor is exploited through low wages for their services.
Our forefathers recognized this fact and gave Congress the right "to regulate the value of our dollar,” which is our medium of exchange and our measure of values. There has been much confusion about parity prices for farm products, but a study of the Nation as a business reveals that parity prices mean a 100-cent dollar or a measure of value that places the farmer on an equal economic status with industry, labor, and other groups. The parity equation applies to all goods and services.
The very essence of our Government is equality, and equality must extend all the way. Equality of price in measuring the dollar value