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one who pleads for childhood and reverences its | it—and as for earthly counsel or comfort I never possibilities, of one who deeply feels that we had either when most wanted. do not sufficiently consider that our life is not She further represents herself as having had, made up of separate parts, but is one—is a pro- " like most children," confused ideas about truth, gressive whole. When we talk of leaving our more distinct and absolute ones about honor childhood behind us, we might as well say that to tell a lie was wicked, and, by her infant code the river flowing onward to the sca had left the of morals, worse than wicked-dishonorable.Countain behind."
But she had no compunction abont telling fico Mrs. Jameson here puts together some recol. tions, in which practice she disdains “ Ferdinand lections of her own child-life, not, she says, be- Mendez Pinto, that liar of the first magnitude," cause it was in any respect an exceptional or re- as nothing in comparison to herselt. Not markable existence, but for a reason exactly the naturally obstinate, she records how she was reverse, because it was like that of many child. punished as such—whereby hangs a tale well ren; many children having at least come under worth noting for the sake of the moral. An esher notice as thriving or suffering from the same pecial cause of childish suffering again, was fear, or similar unseen causes, even under external" fear of darkness and supernatural influences conditions and management every way dissimi. -at first experienced in vague terrors," hauntlar. She describes herself as not being partic- ing, thrilling, stifling" - afterwards in varied larly” anything, as a child, unless " particularly form, the most permanent being the ghost in naughty;" and that she gives on the authority Hamlet, derived from an old engraving : "0, of elulers who assured of it twenty times a day, that spectre! for three years it followed me up rather than from any conviction of her own;- and down the dark staircase, or stood by my bed; looking back, she is not conscious of having per- only the blessed light had power to exorcise it. petrated more than the usual amount of so-called Another grim presence not to be put by, was the *mischief” which every lively, active child per- figure of Bunyan's Apollyon looming over Chrispetrates between five and ten years old.- tian, also due to an old engraving. And worst She had the usual desire to know, and the of all were “ certain phantasms without shape," usual dislike to learn ; like her coevals she loved like the spirit that passed before the seer, fairy tales, and hated French exercises. But she which stood still, but he could not discern tho goes on to say, "but not of what I learned, but form thereof,—and inarticulate voices, whose of what I did not learn; not of what they taught burden was the more oppressive because so unme, but of what they could not teach me; not intelligible-voices as emphatic in sound as inof what was open, apparent, manageable, but of distinct in utterance. the under current, the hidden, the unmanaged or These were the dread accessories of darkness unmanageable, I have to speak.”.
to the imaginative child; the thoughtful woman's Very early memories she thus brings before account of which will excite sympathetie recolus, with a sacred freshness and vivid reality; lections in many a woman, and man too, and for she can testify, as so many have testified al- may avail to ward off increase of suffering from ready, that as we grow old the experiences of in- many a child. Mr. Leigh Hunt has wisely said fancy come back upon us with a strange vivid- that such things are no petty ones to a sensitive ness; a period indeed there is, when the overflow.child, when relating how himself was the victim ing, tumultuous life of our youth rises up between of an elder brother's delight to “ aggravate"us and those first years—" but as the torrent sub- the big boy taking advantage of the little one's sides in its bed we can look across the impassa- horror of the dark, and (like Mrs. Jameson in ble gulf to that haunted fairy land which we shall this also) of dreadful faces gathered from illus. never more approach, and never forget!” She trated books—which brotherly attentions helped can remember in infancy being sung to sleep, largely, he says in his Autobiography, “to mor. and even the tune which was sung to her, and bidize all that was weak in my temperament, and she begs “ blessings on the voice that sang it!" cost me many a bitter night." By day, Mrs. She recalls the amictions he endured at six years Jameson describes her little self as having been old from the fear of not being loved where she " not only fearless, but audacions, inclined to de. had attached herself, and from the idea that fy all power and brave all danger," provided another was preferred before her-such anguish always the danger could be seen. She rememit was, she says, “as had nearly killed me," and bers volunteering to lead the way through a herd which left a deeper impression than childish pas- of cattle (among which was a dangerous bull, sions usually do; and one so far salutary, that in the terror of the neighborhood) armed only with after life she guarded herself against the ap- a little stick; but first she said the Lord's Prayer proaches of " that hateful, deformed, agonizing fervently. In the ghastly night," she adds, " I thing which men call jealousy,' as she would never prayed; terror stifled prayer. These visfrom an attack of cramp or cholera.'' ionary sufferings, in some form or other, pursued
With a good temper, she was endued with the me till I was nearly twelve years old. If I had capacity of " strong, deep, silent resentment, and not possessed a strong constitution and a strong a vindictive spirit of rather a peculiar kind"- understanding, which rejected and contemned the latter a source for several years of intense, my own fears, even while they shook me, I had antold suffering, of which no one but the suf- been destroyed. How much weaker children sufferer was aware: "I was left to settle it ; and fer in this way I have since known ; and have my mind righted itself I hardly know how; not known how to bring them help and strength, certainly by religious infinences--they passed through sympathy and knowledge.--the sympaover my mind, and did not at the time sink into thy that soothes and does not encourage ---the
knowledge that dispels, and does not suggest, the satirist, and taught her so impressively how easy evil."
and vulgar is the habit of sarcasm, and hos In her own case, the power of these midnight much nobler it is to be benign and merciful, that terrors vanished gradually before what she calls she was, by the recoil,“ in great danger of fall. a more dangerous infatuation the propensity to ing into the opposite extreme-of socking the reverie; from ten years old to fifteen, she lived a beautiful even in the midst of the corrupt and double existence; like Hartley Coleridge with the repulsive.” “ Pity," she continues, a large his dreamland Ejuxria, like Thomas de Quincey element in my composition, might have easily with his dreamland Gombroon, she imagined degenerated into weakness, threatening to sub. new worlds, and peopled them with life, and vert hatred of evil in trying to find excuses for crowded them with air-castles, and constructed it; and whether my mind has ever completely for the denizens a concatenated series of duly de righted itself, I am not sure." Nor must we veloped action and carefully evolved adventures; forget to add, as characteristic of the quality and this habit of reverie, so systematical, so of her child-life, her sensibility to music; and methodical, grew upon her with such strength, how Mrs. Arkwright used to entrance her that at times she scarcely took cognizance of with her singing, so that the songster's very outward things and real persons, and, when pun- footfall made the tiny listener tremble with ished for idleness by solitary confinement, ex. expectant rapture.
“But her voice! - it has ulted in the sentence as giving thrice-welcome charmed hundreds since; whom has it ever scope for uninterrupted day-dreams. She was moved to a more genuine passion of delight always a princess-heroine in the disguise of a than the little child that crepi silent and tremu. knight, a sort of Clorinda or Britomart, going lous to her side ? And she was fond of meabout to redress the wrongs of the poor, fight fond of singing to me, and, it must be confessed, giants, and kill dragons; or founding a society food also of playing these experiments on me. in some far-off solitude or desolate island, inno. The music of Paul and Virginia' was then in cent of tears, of tasks, and of laws,-of caged vogue, and there was one air-a very simple air birds and of tormented kittens.
-in that opera, which, after the first few bars, From her earliest days she can remember her always made me stop my ears and rush out of delight in the beauties of nature-foiled but not the room." dulled by a much regretted change of abode from With her wonted candor, and didactic intenta country to town—which intense sense of beauty Mrs. Jameson owns, that she became at last gave the first zest to poetry-making Thomson's aware that this musical flight was sometimes · Seasons" a favorite book before she could yet done to please her parents, or amuse or interest understand one-half of it-and St. Pierre's “ In- others by the display of such vehement emotion; dian Cottage,” and the “ Oriental intoxication” her infant conscience became perplexed between of the “ Arabian Nights.” Shakspeare she had the reality of the feeling and the exhibition of read all through ere she was ten years old, hav- it; people are not always aware, she remarksing begun him at seren; the Tempest and Cym- and if a truism, it will stand another readingbeline were the plays she liked, and knew the of the injury done to children by repeating be best. Shakspeare was, indeed, on the forbidden fore them the things they say, or describing the shell; but the most genial and eloquent of his things they do ; words and actions, spontaneous female commentators--not to throw in, as some and unconscious, become thenceforth artificial will think we might, the worser half of creation and conscious. "I can speak of the injury - protests once and again, with an emphatic (thus] done to myself between five and eight " bless him!” that Shakspeare did her no harm. years old. There was some danger of my beBut of some religious tracts and stories by Han coming a precocious actress-danger of permanah More, the loan of a parish clerk, she as. nent mischief such as I have seen done to other serts : It is most certain that more moral mis- children—but I was saved by the recoil of rechief was done to me by some of these than by sistance and resentment excited in my mind." all Shakspeare's plays together. Those so-called From beginning to (too speedy) end, this " Repious traets first introduced me to a knowledge velation of Childhood," however uncventfal of the vices of vulgar life, and the excitements in outward circumstance, is so gracefully and of a vulgar religion-the fear of being hanged genially told, with such engaging, frankness, and the fear of hell became coexistent in my and fresh-hearted earnestness, and sagacions mind."
self-analysis, that we hope some day to read She adds her conviction, that she read the other and fuller autobiographic sketches in the Bible too carly, too indiscriminately, and too ir- same fair autograph. reverently; the “ letter of the Scriptures being There are one or two isolated scraps of the familiarized to her hy sermonizing and dogma- same personal and subjective interest occurring tizing, long before she could enter into the spir- in the varied pages of the Common-Place Book. it.” But the histories out of the Bible (the Para- For this interest, as part “ revelations" of inner bles especially) were enchanting to her, though life, as shadows of idiosyncrasy, we quote the her interpretation of them was, in some instan- following: "- Those are the killing griets that do ces, the very reverse of correct or orthodox. not speak,' is true of some, not all characters.
A tendency to become pert and satirical which There are natures in which the killing grief finds showed itself about this age (ten), was happily utterance while it kills; moods in which we cry .checked by a good clergyman's seasonable narra- aloud, “ as the beast crieth, expansive not appeal. tion of a fine old Eastern fable, which gave ing. That is my own nature; so in grief or in wholesome pain to the conscience of the young joy, I say as the birds sing :
" Und wenn der Mensch in Seiner Qual verstumint, those he sees vividly, but, as it were, exclusively. Gab mir ein Got zu sagen was ich leide!" All other things, though lying near, are dark,
because perversely he will not throw the light of Agrin: "As to the future, my soul, like Cato's, his mind upon them.” Elsewhere she notes it shrinks back upon herself and startles at de- as very curious to see such men as Arnold and struction ;' but I do not think of my own de. Carlyle both overwhelmed with a terror of the struction, rather of that which I love. That I magnitude of the mischiefs they see impending should cease to be is not very intolerable; but over us. “ Something alike, perhaps, in the that what I love, and do now in my soul possess, temperaments of these two extraordinary men; should cease to be there is the pang, the terror! - large conscientiousness, large destructiveness, I desire that which I love to be immortal, wheth- and small hope." Coleridge, too, is a familiar er I be so myself or not."
name, as might be expected; and we have a pasAnd in another place we read : “I wish I could sage of Tieck's table-talk on the occasion of that realize what you call my 'grand idea of being in- illustrious man's decease, and a true and beautidependent of the absent. I have not a friend ful saying of John Kenyon in relation to the worthy of the name, whose absence is not pain gifted daughter, Mrs. Ilenry Nelson Coleridge, and dread to me;-death itself is terrible only that “ like her father she had the controversial as it is absence. At some moments, if I could, intellect without the controversial spirit." I would cease to love those who are absent from There is an interesting parallel instituted beme, or to speak more correctly, those whose path tween Theodore Hook and Sydney Smith as. in life diverges from mine — whose dwelling-dinner table wits-the wit of the cleric being place is far off; with whom I am united in the emphatically preferred (notwithstanding Mrs. strongest bonds of sympathy while separated by Jameson's personal uncongeniality with him, as duties and interests, by space and time. The a nature so deficient in the artistic and imagi. presence of those whom we love is as a double native),--preferred because always involving a sife; absence, in its anxious longing, and sense thought worth remembering for its own sake, as of vacancy, is as a foretaste of death.” True; well as worth remembering for its brilliant veand yet, as Wordsworth says, and as every heart hicle; "the value of ten thousand pound sterechoes that has once pined for the absent and ling of sense concentrated into a cut and pol-, afterwards mourned for the dead,
If Mrs. Jameson could not "take to” the man, * Absence and death, how differ they ! certainly she gives good measure, pressed down,
shaken together, and running over, of laudation The nature of this Common-place Book im- to the wit. Of other literary names mentioned plies frequent reference to literary people and passim are Landor, “ rich in wise sayings,” a few literary topics. Mr. Carlyle is frequently alluded of which are quoted ; Balzac, of whom a certain to, with a respect sometimes verging on awe, oft-quoted 0. G. said once, with a shudder, to such as his detractors and the lady's admirers Mrs. Jameson, “ His laurels are steeped in the will think quite gratuitous. He once told her tears of women--every truth he tells has been his scorn of sending a man to study what the wrung in tortures from some woman's heart;" Greeks and Romans did, and said, and wrote; Robert Browning, whose “ Paracelsus" is pro: asking, “ Do ye think the Greeks and Romans nounced incomparable since Goethe and Words. would have been what they were, if they had worth, for profound, far-seeing philosophy, luxjust only studied what the Phænicians did be- uriance of illustration, and wealth of glorious fore them?” To which Mrs. Jameson, in her eloquence ; Southey, whose Life and Letters the modesty, adds : " I should have answered, had 1 authoress admires, but with whom as a man she dared– Yet perhaps the Greeks and Romans disclaims all sympathy, and the material of would not have been what they were if the whose character she tells us repels her--(more's Egyptians and Phænicians had not been before the pity, subauditur); Goethe, of whose Italian them." If she cannot muster courage to demur travels she says (following Niebhuhr) what so to his theses viva voce, at least she essays to many have felt-nor need the Italianische Reise tackle them, and turn them inside out, in her exhaust the remark--that a strong perception of book of common-places, as in this instance, and the heartless and the superficial in point of feel. in the case of her exception to his theory of hap- ing, mars the reader's enjoyment of so much piness, * which she believes him to confound with that is fine and valuable in criticism. “It is pleasure and self indulgence; and if she does well,” she says, deep and reverent as her apprenot mean the same author, many readers will ciation of the Weimar Baron is—“it is well to think she does, when she speaks of a certain be artistic in art, but not to walk about the "profound intellect weakened and narrowed in world en artiste, studying humanity and the general power and influence by a limited range deepest human interests, as if they were art." of sympathies’-of one “excellent, honest, gift- In her own hints and observations on art in ed," but who "wants gentleness," and whom she these pages, there is that will repay perusal, else depicts as a man carrying his bright intellect as a were they not Mrs. Jameson's. Music and mulight in a dark lantern;" he sees only the objects sicians come under her notice--especially Moon which he chooses to throw that blaze of light; zart and Chopin--but painting and sculpture
she more happily deals withal. There is a very * of which, however, she diffidently says: "I fine piece of criticism on the acting of Mdle. have had arguments, if it be not presumption to Rachel, too long for the reader to read here, but call them so, with Carlyle on this point.
too good for him to miss in the original.
Some of our English actresses, again, have anced antithesis dear to maxim-makers. Thus: been interrogated by Mrs. Jameson as to the In what regards policy--government--the inparts they preferred to play. Results : Mrs. Sid. terests of the many is sacrificed to the few; in dons replied after a moment's consideration, and what regards society, the morals and happiness in her " rich, deliberate, emphatic tones," " Lady of individuals are sacrificed to the many." Macbeth is the character I have most studied ; Again: "We can sometimes love what we do Mrs. Henry Siddons replied without a moment's not understand, but it is impossible completely consideration. "Imogen, in Cymbeline, was the to understand what we do not love." "I ob character I played with most ease to myself, and serve, that in our relations with the people around most success as regarded the public; it cost us, we forgive them more readily for what they no effort; Mrs. Fanny Kemble said the part she do, which they can help, than for what they are played with most pleasure to herself, was Cami- which they cannot help !” Men, it is generally ola, in Massivger's * Maid of Honor;"and allowed, teach better than women, because they Mrs. Charles Kean's "preferential share” was have been better taught the things they teach. Ginevra, in Leigh Hunt's “ Legend of Florence,” Women truin better than men because of their a play and a part which the gratificd drama. quick, instinctive perceptions and sympathies, tist himself saw the actress shed tears over, at and grcater tenderness and patience." With one the green-room readings.
or two other ethical fragments, quoted almost at Hier own sex will be grateful to Mrs. Jame hazard, we must draw to a close : son, as the eloquent and earnest spokeswoman ** The bread of life is love; the salt of life is of their general feeling, felt often, but ne'er so work; the sweetness of life, poesy; the water of well expressed, for her protest against Mr. life, faith.” Thackeray's women. No woman, she allows, will • In the same moment that we begin to spect, resent his Rebecca Sharp, “no woman but feels late on the possibility of cessation or change in and acknowledges with a shiver, the complete any strong affection that we feel, even from that ness of that wonderful and finished artistic crea- moment we may date its death ;-it has become tion; but all resent the "selfish and inane Ame. the fetch of the living love." lia," and "tho inconsistency, the indelicacy of “*If the deepest and best affections which God the portrait" of Laura ("in love with Warring. has given us sometimes brood over the heart like ton, and then going back to Pendennis, and mar- doves of peace-they sometimes suck out our rying him!” and the entire history and charac. life-blood like vampires." ter of Lady Castlewood, which elicit from Mrs. "Why will teachers suppose that in confessing Jameson an honestly passionate“ O, Mr. Thack- their own ignorance or admitting uncertainties eray ! this will never do ! ”
they must diminish the respect of their pupils, The social position of her sex, its anomalies or their faith in truth? I should say from my and abuses, she discusses as she has done before, own experience that the effect is just the rewith energy of head and heart-going over the verse. I remember when a child, hearing a very, old ground, but strewing flowers by the way, and celebrated man profess his ignorance on some not flowers of eloquence only, but good seed particular subject, and I felt awe struck-it gave which may take root, as she hopes, and spring me a perception of the infinite-as when lookup where the brambles and weeds are now, and ing up at the starry sky. What we unadrisedly show first the blade, then the ear, then the full cram into a child's mind in the same form it. corn in the ear, and so bear fruit an hundred-fold. has taken in our own, does not always healthily Assuredly, these “common-places," of hers, on or immediately assimilate ; it dissolves away in the education, and the conventional stulus of wo. doubts, or it hardens into prejudice, instead of men, whether to be assented to or dissented mingling with the life as truth ought to do." from, are not to be skipped.
Like fragments might be added without stint, of the apothegmatic and sententious passa- but for a conspiracy between editor and composges in which the book abounds, we have given itor to hamper our notions of space. So we refew or no samples. They are often weighty in tire under cover of a Ciceronian phrase: “Multa matter, and felicitous in'manner; in substance ejusmodi preferre possum; sed genus ipsum vifull of meaning, and in form at once graceful detis.” and impressive. Some of them have the bal.
The Electric Telegraph Popularized. With one modes of working them, as well as of the suba
hundred Illustrations. By Dionysius Lardner, queous undertakings. To these more strictly D. C. L., etc. From “The Museum of Sci- scientific topics, Dr. Lardner adds a lit:le of what ence and Art.
may be called the gossip of the snbject, – as its [Dr. Lardner's aim in this publication is to ren- uses in the detection of criminals, and the various der the subject of the electric telegraph "intelli- messages it transmits. There is also some aegible to all who can read, irrespective of any pre-count of the other purposes to which the electric vious scientific acquirements ;” and exceedingly power may be applied. The book is copiously well he has accomplished his intention. The na- illustrated by cuts of a very explanatory kind. fure of electricity, so far as it is known or con- Altogether, Dr. Lardner's Electric Teleuraph is jectured, and the principles of its application to an interesting volume, giving mach in a small telegraphic uses, are lucidly explained. Descrip- compass.] - Spectator. tions are then given of the principal lines and
From the New Monthly Magazine. surface, and much and various contrasted con'TROPICAL SCENERY - BRITISH figuration. Such ignorance of the country as
would describe it either as an islaud or a mudGUIANA.*
flat is now no longer tolerable. It was only It is surprising how little is known of Brit- so in times long gone by: ish Guiana. A distinguished statesman actu
“ Before the arrival of the European," says ally spoke, not a very long time back, of this Dr. Dalton," the lofty mountain heights of the important continental colony as an island ! interior, the fertile and undulating valleys of Sir Robert Shomburgk (who'if he did not dis- the hilly region, and the borders of the illimitcover, at least was the first to bring home, that able forests and savannahs, were alone tenantpride of its waters, the Victoria Regia) has ed by the various tribes of Indians who were done most in modern times towards making scattered throughout this vast domain. Their us acquainted with the interior of the coun- fragile canoes were occasionally seen gliding try ; but his valuable papers are chiefly con- along the large rivers and the numerous trisigned to the pages of the journal of a learned butary streams which intersect the country, a society. Take up any modern work on geo
dense mass of unrivalled foliage, comprising graphy and you will find something to the palms, mangroves, couridas and ferns, fringed following effect :-" The whole coast is so flat, the banks of the rivers and the margins of the that it is scarcely visible till the shore has coasts; while a thicker bush of an infinite been touched; the tops of the trees only are
variety of trees extended inland over an unseen, and even seem to be growing out of the cleared territory, where the prowling beast, sea; --nothing of varied scenery is presented the dreaded reptile, the wild bird, and the to the eye,-- little is beheld but water and noxious insect roamed at large. But when woods, which seem to conceal every appear- colonization commenced and civilization proance of land. The same sombre and mono- gressed, the flat lands bordering on the coasts tonous appearance is presented in the interior and rivers were cleared and cultivated, the to those few curious individuals who have en- savage forests and their occupants retreated deavored to penetrate into those recesses of before the encroaching step of civilization and the forest, by the numerous openings which the march of industry, plantations were laid. nature has made by the streams which succes-out, canals and trenches dug, roads formed, sively augment the Corentin, the Berbice, the and houses raised over the level plain of alluDemerara, and the Essequebo."
vial soil, which, without a hill or elevation of Such a picture of Guiana is perhaps the any kind, stretches for many miles between least correct that could be possibly given. the sand-hill regions and the Atlantic Ocean." True it is that this extensive territory is large
The land on the banks of the rivers and ly encircled and intersected by rivers, which along the sea-coasts between the mouths of present the almost unparalleled hydrographic the rivers being entirely alluvial, the whole phenomenon of flowing in almost uninterrupt- line of coast is skirted by mul-flats and sanded communication throughout the land. The banks, soon to form themselves part of the South American Indian, seated in his buoyant great continent of South America. The alluboat—the stripped bark of some forest tree- vial soil thus deposited is covered with perenmight have entered the broad mouth of the nial foliage, nourished by the frequent rains Amazon, and wending his solitary way along and balmy atmosphere of the tropics. Hence the southern boundary, have navigated the the first indication of land is characterized by broad tributary stream of the river Negro, and a long irregular outline of thick bush, on apascending its waters along the western out- proaching which, groups of clevated trees, line of this tract of country, persevered chiefly palms, with occasionally an isolated through the natural canal of Cassiquiare and silk-cotton, or the tall chimneys of the sugar, the southern branches of the Orinoco until he plantations, with the smoke curling upwards, reached that river; and here his course would begin rapidly to be recognized, and indicate be unbroken to the wide waters of the Atlan- to the experienced trader almost the very tic, a few degrees higher to the north than spot he has made. On nearing the land the where he cominenced his voyage.
range of plantations may be easily marked by But, notwithstanding this peculiarity, the the line of chimneys; the dense foliage of the interior of Guiana presents a very diversified coast partly intercepts the view of any build
ings, the low ground being coverered with General Description of the Colony; 'a Narrative of other plants; but behind this wooded barrier
* The History of British Guiana; comprising a mangroves and courida bushes, ferns, and some of the Principal Events from the Earliest Pe- numerous dwelling-houses, extensive villages, riod of its Discovery to the Present Time; togeth- and the sugar manufactories, extend along the er with an Account of its Climate, Geology, Sta- belt of land which, in an unbroken level, conple Products, and Natural History.' By Henry G. Dalton, M.D., etc. 2 vols. Longman, Brown, stitutes the cultivated districts of the colony. Green, and Lougmans.
“Once in sight of the land the scene rapidly