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together, and they never fit well unless you ! Could trochaic lines be introduced into see the seam in the middle. So Warner's the rhymeless four-lined stanza ? or would long line is splittable into the common bal- | the change of cadence be too harsh ? lad metre. Anapæstic. Tambic. Trochaic.
Or all subjects this is the most magni6.
ficent. The Adonic line, the Dactylic, the Ana
This is the work with which I would at
tempt to introduce hexameters into our lancreontic, the Sapphic.
guage. A scattered party of fifty or a hunThe sentence must not too often close on a long syllable. The trochaic line of eight
dred do nothing; but if I march a regular
army of some thousands into the country, is the only double ending. This may be
well disciplined, and on a good plan, they palliated by running the lines into the de
will effect their establishment. cimal one. And the anapæstic of nine will
My plan should be sketched before I have bear a redundant syllable at the end. There
read Bodmer's poem ; then, if his work be may also be occasionally introduced the tro
not above mediocrity, it may be melted at chaic of six, and the Adonic, perhaps the
my convenience into mine. Sapphic or Phaleucian line.
For the philosophy, Burnett's Theory is Thus are there thirteen usable lines. The
the finest possible ; for machinery the Rabmore complicate ones can, however, only be
bis must give it me, and the Talmuds are in inserted in polishing; composition will not
requisition. pause for them.
The feelings must be interested for some
of those who perished in the waters. A Metrical Memoranda.
maiden withheld from the ark by maternal
love, and her betrothed self-sacrificed with How would the galloping dactylic metre | suit to be written rhymelessly? rhyme is
her. Their deaths and consequent beati
tude may be deeply affecting. In the deseven less essential to harmony here than in the iambic cadence, for the lyric there would
potism that has degraded the world, and be the four-lined stanza of two twelve, two
made it fit only for destruction, there is room nine, with all its changes.
for strong painting. The Anakim have once *12 12 9 9
already destroyed mankind ! 9 9 12 12
March 26, 1800. 12 9 9 12
I have read the Noachid of Bodmer; it * 9 12 12 9
is a bad poem. In one point only does it In these long lines there is danger lest the deserve to be followed, in adopting the sysepithets should be too frequent.
tem of Whiston, and destroying the world Of these duodecimo lines there is no frac- by the approximation of a comet. This tion but the 9, for 8 and 9 are convertible, may be ingrafted upon Burnett's Theory. like 11 and 12, and 6 would be halving the long line only. The 7 makes a good line, / June 29, 1801. the last half of a pentameter.
It is unfortunate that Shem and Ham can
not be christened. With rhyme a correspondent metre to Japhet, the European inheritor, must be that of the ebb tide would have a good ef the prominent personage, and brimful of fect, rhyming alternately thus,
patriotism he should be. Some visit, per9 12 12 9
haps, to Enoch in paradise. The death of one of the just may tell well. A father of humanity in only destroying half,—when one of the wives; his son should be the love | Noah threatens all with extermination. victim. A martyrdom also ;—some hero, At length-the doom voice was uttered, burnt offering to the god-tyrant,-a rank and the Lord God Almighty turned from Romish priesthood. Why not an Atheist mankind the eyes of his mercy. friend of Noah? one who reasons from the The statue omen. They should fear Noah, wickedness of the world, a good man, but and attempt to destroy him so; but the blow not stiff-necked, who has never swallowed harms not the statue's head, it shivers the the poker of principle, nor laced on the mallet, and palsies the arm that struck. strait waistcoat of conscience, an incense The peace-virtues of the holy family, viburner to the idols whom he derides. olet virtues more sweet than showy. The
Anguish of Noah when the sentence of young hopes and heat of Japhet may force the world is past. The spirit of Adam him into a livelier interest; he should be for might announce it, on his own grave. isocratizing.
The chief tyrant? some beef-headed boo- ! The general embarkation must be kept by brute.
out of sight; it savours too much of the The universal iniquity will be difficultly ridiculous. made conceivable. There must be an universal monarchy to account for it, and focus
How to heighten the crimes ? to bring
Mango CAPAC. about the crisis of guilt ? all must be bad,
| I have completely failed in attempting to even those who see the evil must seek to
identify Madoc with Mango Capac. Hegoes remedy it by evil means ; some United Irish
indeed to Peru, but this is all—The histoviolence.
rical circumstances totally differ, but he has The burnt offering the outstanding fi.
a fleet of companions, and assumes no divine gure; a young man full of all good hopes
authority; – therefore will I remove the and arrogance, who would revolutionize the
| Welsh adventurers to Florida, and celeworld ; his error, the working with evil
brate the Peruvian legislation in another means, and his ruin. The final wickedness;
poem. his death, after an Abbe Barruel-Bartholo
From whence was Mango Capac ? he mew-massacre
could not have grown up in Peru, nor inIs language equal to describe the great | deed in any part of America. There is no crash ? one line of comfort must be the ter
instance, no possibility of any such character minating one -- lo, yonder the ark on the
growing up among savages; it is a miracle waters.
more unbelievable than his inspiration ; but The great temple-palace should be some
whence or how came he to Peru. Europe Tower of Babel building, made in despite
was too barbarous to furnish a civilizer for of prophecy, and mockery of God's venge
America; and from Europe he must have ance. It should resist the water weight, and
taken the impossible way up the Maragnon, overlive all things, till the vault of the earth
where I had led Madoc. But a European bursts.
would have been a Christian. From the Arbathan the self-confident hero. Some
| East his opinions might have proceeded; but act of solitary goodness seen by Japhet
the voyage from Persia! its impassable should win his affections, which the darkness of conspiracy had shocked. Arbathan would act like Omniscience. He would dare do ill
The reader is referred to the Commentarios
Reules, escritos por el Ynca Garcilusso de la Vega. for the good event. Thus, too, he should
The copy before me was SOUTHEY's. Lisboa, argue, and assume to himself the praise of | Año de M.DCIX.-J. W. W.
length—and New Holland and all those islands just in the course! This could not
Images. have been; the way from China is more Area
more AFTER a battle--the bank weeds of the practicable—but how could Mango Capac stream bloody. conceive such designs in that country? in: | Tameness of the birds where gunpowder spiration seems the solution most easy to is unknown. credit as well as to adopt.
The sound of a running brook like disReasoning as a necessarian, and so I +
tant voices. must reason, all effects proceed from the ! There is a sort of vegetable that grows first cause. The belief of inspiration is as in the water like a green mist or fog. much produced by that first cause, as what
Christ Church, Oct. 8, 1799. I crossed the is acknowledged to be real; where then is
bridge at night; the church and the ruins the difference; or does it result that he who
were before me, the marshes Nooded, the believes himself inspired, is so ? Crede quod
sky was stormy and wild, the moon rolling habeas et habes ? this rather puzzles than
among clouds, and the rush of the waters satisfies me.
now mingling with the wind, now heard But in another light why should inspira
| alone, in the pauses of the storm. tion be confined to Judea? Mohammed has
Perfect calmness—a spot so sheltered produced evil assuredly; but Zoroaster,
that the broad banana-leaf was not broken but Confucius, above all Mango Capac? he by the wind. at least produced extensive good ; there is
Bubbles in rain—a watry dome. therefore a cause for divine revelation ; or
Gilt weathercock-bright in the twilight. if it be deemed undeserving of such agency; | Holly-its white bark. intermediate beings may have produced
Beech in autumn-its upmost branches the same effect. Their existence is every
stript first and all pointed upwards. way probable, perhaps even their interpo- | Moss on the cot thatch the greenest obsition.
ject. About A.D. 1150 Mango Capac and Mama
Redness of the hawthorn with its berries. Oella, his sister-wife, appeared by the Lake
Water, like polished steel, dark, or splenTitiaca. At that time the Mohammedan su- Laia perstition had triumphed in the East; and Ice-sheets hanging from the banks above the few followers of Zoroaster were perse
the level of the water, which had been cuted, or safe only in obscurity. Here then
frozen at flood. the poem roots itself well. The father of
Willows early leaved, and their young these children is a Guebre, rather a Sabean,
leaves green. one driven into mountain seclusion; the
| The distant hill always appears steep. children necessarily become enthusiasts ; if
As we were sailing out of Falmouth the they see other human beings they at least
ships and the shore seemed to dance-like find none who can feel as they feel or com
a dream. prehend them-hence they love each other. At sea I saw a hen cating the egg she The spirit of the sun, whom they adore,
had just laid ! may drop them where he pleases. The rest
An old sailor described a marvellously is I doubt more philosophical than poetical
fine snow-storm to Tom. The sun rising -the influence of intellect over docile and
| remarkably red, a heavy gale from the opawed ignorance.—Anno, 1799.
1 This is the late CAPTAIN THOMAS SOUTHEY, i See libro iii. de los Commentarios Reales, C. | R.N. He was an acute observer of nature, and xxv. tom. i. f. 80.-J. W. W.
many references are made to his letters.
J. W. W.
posite point of the horizon driving the large rising to the surface. Trees, like men, grow flakes, which, tinged by the sun, looked like stiff with age; their brittle boughs break falling fire—so strikingly so that the men in the storm-a light breeze moves only remarked it, and thought it ominous. their leaves.
May 14, 1800. A singular and striking Glitter of water at the bottom of reeds. evening sky. The horizon is perfectly clear Storm from the south-east at the Cape. and blue; just in the west runs a ridge of The appearance of the heavenly bodies, as black clouds, heavy, and their outline as observed by the Abbé de la Caille, is strange strongly defined as a line of rock-a low and terrible, “ The stars look larger and ridge—the sky behind has the green tinge, seem to dance; the moon has an undulating the last green light. I well remember tremor ; and the planets have a sort of when a six years' boy drawing such un-beard like comets."-BARROW. couth shapes, making blotches of ink in the Where the ship breaks its way, the white same jagged formlessness, and fancying dust of the water sinks at first, with a histhem into the precipices and desert rocks sing noise, and mingles with the dark blue; of faery romance.
soon they rise again in air-sparkles. The trunk of the palm seems made by the Sound of a river-a blind man would ruins of the leaves.
have loved the lovely spot. The inside of the banana leaf feels like | Waterfall, its wind and its shower, and satten.
its rainbow, where the shade and the sunA gentle wind waving only the summit shine met, and its echo from the rock, inof the cypress.
creasing the inseparable sound. At the bull fight I saw the sweat of Insects moving upon smooth water like death darken the dun hide of the animal ! rain.
The cypress trunk is usually fluted. The wind sweeping the stream showers
July 1. The chesnut tree, now beginning up sparkles of light. to push out its catkin, and in full leaf; has The mountains and the mountain-stream a radiant foliage. Whiter than other trees had a grey tinge, somewhat blue, like the from its young catkin, and perfectly starry last evening light. in shape.
At Mafra, the sound of the organ when The Indian corn flowers only at the top; it ceased—like thunder; the rise of the the seed is in a sheath below, near the root; congregation-like the sea. from the point of the sheath hangs out a Finland. “The only noise the traveller lock of brown filaments, like hair, green in hears in this forest is the bursting of the its earlier stage. The flower is of light bark of the trees, from the effect of the brown, somewhat inclined to purple. frost, which has a loud but dull sound."
A thunder-storm burst over Cintra. Acerbi. Koster saw the eagles flying about their Trees seen from an eminence lie grouped nest, scared by the lightning from entering below in masses, like the swell of heavy to their young, and screaming with terror. | clouds.
From the Peniña I saw the sea so dap Flags. I saw the colours in a bright pled with clouds and slips of intermediate sky flowing like streams of colour with dazlight, as not to be distinguishable from the zling vividness. sky.
View from above of a wooded glen, after The reader of SOUTHEY's works will find describing the visible objects—the billowy
many of these ideas worked up. These words wood that hides all_below is the sound
occur in Madoc without alteration, part ii. xxiii.
and were quoted to me by SOUTHEY, 1829, in that tells of water, &c.
one of the loveliest spots of all Cumberland. Water, only varied by the air bubble
J. W. W.
When the Marlbro' was wrecked, the | alis flashing in bright columns behind large goats ran wildly about, and the cats came | masses of black cloud. I look upon it the screaming upon deck, evidently aware of clouds we have here are only detached danger. Wind, not in gusts, but one con- pieces, driven from the large mass that tinuous roar, like the perpetual bound of a constantly floats near the Arctic circle this cataract.
time of the year.” The hut enough upon the rising to be above all winter floods, trees enough about The Boiling Well, near Bristol. GREYit; the alder and the willow by the brook ; | GREENISH bubbles rise sometimes by dozens, orchards, and the yew among the stones, a whole shower of them. Sometimes one and the ash, and the mountain ash, and the huge one; the large ones always bring up birch ; but a little beyond and all was a trail of gravel soil. dreary -- the nakedness of nature, the Little volcanos of gravel, where the soil mountain side all ruined, loose stones and is finer it rises like smoke. crags that waited but the next frost to thunder down; in the bottom, a few lines The Howk. A sound that echoed from the of those low stone walls, that you hardly rock aright, aleft, around—and from the suspect to be the works of man.
| vault of rock, you felt the shaking war, and
it made the senses shake.
Grass under a gale, as if you saw the
stream of wind flowing over it. “ THERE were yesterday two fine water
· I have seen the yellow leaves of the ash spouts close to us. They appeared to de
and birch in Autumn give a sunshiny apscend from a heavy black cloud, not in a
pearance to the trees—a hectic beauty. straight column, but with a round. When
Twinkling of the water-lilly leaves in a they reached the water they blew it about
breeze. with great violence. One of them looked
Sept. 28. Crackling of the furze pods in like the smoking of a vessel burnt to the
a hot day. water's-edge. The other seemed not to
A steady rain, so slow and in so still a raise the water so high, but formed it very
day, that the leafless twigs of the birch like the capital of a Corinthian pillar; the
were covered with rain-drops - no raincolumn was more transparent in the middle
drop falling till with its own weight. than at the sides. When it ceased to act
An Autumn day, when at noon the mornupon the water, it reascended to the cloud,
ing dew lies still upon the grass undried, forming a circle with a still increasing ra
yet the weather delicious. dius as it drew directly up. The lower
“ We were most dreadfully annoyed by point at last formed the centre, it then was
flies which swarm about the heaps of old so wide. It was then interrupted by other
forage and filth scattered over the camp." clouds passing over."
This was near the camp in India which had “ A puesta del Sol parescio la Luna, e been abandoned the day before. comio poco a poco todas las nubes."-Cron. del Conde D. Pero Nino." Tom.
Similies. “ You should have been with us last cruise An uncharitable man to the desert-which (Lat. 60 n.) to have seen the Aurora Bore- receives the sunbeams and the rain, and re
turns no increase. I See Second Series, p. 615.-J. W. W. 1 “As the moon doth show her light in the