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ported entirely by her exertions, and women from the evils mentioned as she is ever ready with her fund of-sen- following in the train of ignorance, I sible, unassuming and natural conver answer that much must depend on-nasation to answer the calls of those who tural talent, fortune and station ; but depend much on her for their enter- no Englishwounan, above the lower tainment in the domestic circle. I ranks of life, ought to be ignorant of have known another lady, blest with the Evidences and Principles of her affluence, employing the powers of religious belief of Sacred History, of her well-exercised mind in the further- the outline at least of General History, ance of projects of extensive benevo- . of the Elements of the Philosopby of lence; projects which would often Nature, and of the Human Mind; have failed, had they not been executed and to these should be added the knowby one early accustomed to give her ledge of such living languages, and the time to enlightened industry, to exer- acquirement of such accomplishments, cise her reason, and to feed her mind as situation and circumstances may with useful knowledge. Benevolent direct. dispositions, regulated by such a judg With respect to the third objection, ment, and supported by motives of viz., that the vanity, so universally piety, have been productive of an im- ascribed to the sex is apt to be inflated mense sum of good; and I may men. by any degree of proficiency in knowtion in favour of my argument, that ledge, and that women, therefore, beher powers of usefulness have been come forgetful of the subordinate stamuch einployed in teaching the poor tion assigned them by lawy, natural the arts of household economy, of and divine : the most important part which this lady is a perfect mistress. , of education, the implanting of reliMany other instances could I bring, if gious principles must be in part nemy limits would permit, but I trust glected, if the share of knowledge that what I have said will convince which women may appropriate, should others as well as myself, that the acqui- be suffered to inflate their vanity, or sition of knowledge does not necessa- excite feelings of pride. Christian rily lead to the neglect of woman's ap- humility should be one of the first propriate duties.
requisites in female education, and till With respect to the second objec. it is attained every acquirement of tion, viz., That the greatest advances, every kind will become a cause of which the female mind can make in self-exaltation, and those accomplishknowledge must fall far short of the ments which are the most rare, will attainments of the other sex,-I allow of course be looked upon with the that the acquirements of women can most self-complacency. But if the seldom equal those of men, and it is , taste for knowledge were more genenot desirable that they should. I do rally infusell, and if proficiency in the not wish to excite a spirit of rivalry attainments I have mentioned were between the sexes; I do not desire more common, there would be much that many females should seek for less pedantry than there is at present; fame as authors. I only wish that for when acquirements of this kind their powers should be so employed are no longer remarkable, they cease that they should not be obliged to seek to afford a subject for pride. I supamusements beneath them, and injuri- pose, when knowledge was rare among ous to them. I wish them to be com- men, many of those who had made panions to men, instead of playthings · some proficiency were as pedantic, as or servants, one of which an ignorant the blue-stockings of the present woman must commonly be. If they . day. As the spread of information exare called to be wives, a sensible mind . tended there was less cause for conis an essential qualification for the do- . ceit, and the case would be the same mestic character; if they remain sin- · with the female sex. This is a fact, gle, liberal pursuits are absolutely , which is proved from year to year, for necessary to preserve them from the female education is rapidly improving, faults so generally attributed to that and the odious pedantry to which it state, and so justly and inevitably, . at first gave rise is less observable, while the mind is buried in darknessa and will, ere long, I hope, be more a
If it be asked what kind and degree name than a reality. of knowledge is necessary to preserve Let woman then be taught that her
Notices of the Rev. John Lindsay.
81 powers of mind were given her to be anticipate. See what has already been improved. Let her be taught that she done. In the present age, and in our is to be a rational companion to those own country, we can reckon among of the other sex among whom her lot those who have rendered important in life is cast, that her proper sphere services to society at large, as well as is home-that there she is to provide, to their own circle of friends, the not only for the bodily comfort of names of More, Barbauld, Hamilton, man, but that she is to enter also into Edgeworth, Carter, Talbot, Elizabeth community of mind with him ; that Smith, Chapone, Grant, Aikin and she is to strengthen him in the hour Cappe. Most of these ladies have of trial; to cheer him in times of written on the noblest subjects which despondence; to exert herself for his can exercise the human mind, religion improvement and her own; to encou- and morality, and have thus proved rage him in rational pursuits, both by that the cultivation of the powers of her example and sympathy; that she the female mind is favourable instead is to be the participator in his happi- of injurious to these important inness, the consoler of his sorrows, the terests. support of his weakness, and his I cannot better conclude than with friend ander all circumstances. For the hope, that these examples of what this purpose she must exert her own may be done may excite a noble emufaculties, store her mind, strengthen -lation in their own sex, and in ours her reason, and so far enrich her na such a conviction of the value of the tural powers by cultivation, as to be female mind, as shall overcome our capable of performing the important long-cherished prejudices, and induce duties which fall to her lot. Let her us to give our earnest endeavours to preserve her natural simplicity, her the promotion of woman's best inteterninine gentleness, her perfect inno- rests. tence. Lot her become mistress of
DISCIPULUS. all the little arts, of all the important trifles, fit I may so express myself,) SIR,
Feb. 3, 1823. which render home a scene of comfort; but let not these be made the
A hon of the ve. Me weermesta
edition of the “ New Testaend instead of the means. Like our ment,” which Cantabrigiensis deattendant planet, let her, while she is scribes, • I flatter myself that I can the constant companion of man, bor give him some information as to the row sufficient light from the sun of editor, “The Rev.Mr. John Lindsay,!' knowledge to cheer him in his hours whose name occurs more than once of darkness, and he will find that the in a publication abounding with noprogress she makes towards this great tices of the lives and writings of clerlaminary will not interfere with the gymen. companionship she owes to him. The elder Mr. Bowyer's corrector When this is done, when woman is of the press, was usually a nonjuring allowed to claim her privileges ás an teacher; to which class of episcopaintellectual being, the folly, the frivo lians the worthy printer himself belity, and all the mean vices and faults longed. In the Historia Typographowhich have hitherto been the reproach rum, 8c., I we find an allusion to one of the sex, will gradually disappear. of the persons so employed by him; As she finds nobler objects presented “either,” says Nichols, “Mr. John to her grasp, and that her rank in the Blackburne, or Mr. John Lindsay." scale of being is elevated, she will Among the papers that issued from engraft the vigorous qualities of the the same press, during the year 1725, mind of man on her own blooming are enumerated." Proposals for printvirtues, and insinuate into his mind ing by subscription, A Vindication of those softer graces and milder beau- the Church of England and the lawful ties, which will smooth the ruggedness Ministry thereof, &c.
Written by of his character.
Francis Mason, B.D., &c., and now Surely this is the natural state of things, and to this perfection will they arrive, if the improvement of the fe
Mon. Repos. XVII. 530. male mind proceeds with the same + Nicholso Liter, Anecd., &c. rapidity which we have now reason to | Maittaire's.
faithfully translated from the Author's respondent, that the signs of the times Latin Edition, with considerable En- strongly shew the expediency of Unilargements. By John Lindsay, Pres- tarian ministers making the subjects byter of the Church of England.” of such a treatise their special care at We afterwards learn (17263, that this the present moment; and, taking the book was in the press, and would be hint from Robinson's plan of Leetures published, with a curious appendix. on Nonconformity, he has had for At the conclusion of the year 1727, it some weeks a Course of Lectures - in was announced as on the point of ap- delivery on Sunday Evenings in two pearing, but does not seem to have neighbouring Societies, which have come out until the commencement of been attended by a large and increasthe ensuing year * (1728].
ing number of hearers in both places, Nichols states, that Mr. Lindsay, the greater part of whom are either for many years, and till his death, members of the Church of England officiated as minister of the Nonjuring or of other Dissenting Churches.Society in Trinity Chapel, Aldersgate Much has been said to him about pub Street, and is said to have been their lishing these Lectures, and if it were last minister;" that he died in 1768, probable that the public would re(June 21,) at the age of eighty-two, ceive them with the same candour as and was buried in Islington Church- they have been listened to by his yard. A list of this gentleman's pub- neighbours, he would enjoy.a gratifilications, is subjoined by the editor of cation in offering his- aid to support the Literary Anecdotes : however, it the inalienable rights of conscience does not include the work after which against the gigantic power, which has Cantabrigiensis inquires.
risen up in the States and Empires of The epitaph on Mr. Lindsay, repre- the world to restrain and to destroy sents him as having studied at St. them. In most respects the object Mary Hall, in Oxford : but I do not of these Lectures is that which P.D. meet with his name in the catalogue has stated to be most important; but either of the graduates of that Univer- they are distinguished by one strong "sity or of those of Cambridge. .additional feature, which the compiler
Perhaps the preface to the “New of them has deemed of the very first Testament,” or some of the notes, importance; and which, at the pre may accord with this communication, sent moment, when a large proportion which is respectfully offered to Canta- of the religious public are disposed brigiensis and your other readers. I to entertain far milder feelings towards
N. Unitarian professors, appears to him
fit to be brought forward with the
best prospect of success. While suck SIR,
a course contains views in which all TOUR correspondent P. D. (XVII. Dissenters agree, and some of the sideratum, in the pr state of par. meet the ideas of Nonconformists at ties, of a treatise on the grounds and large, no opportunity need be lost of reasons of Protestant Dissent, which setting our views of the original simwould discuss the capital objections plicity of Christian teaching in a clear to national churches, and especially and just point of light; and, as Histhe plea for the patronage of religion tory will furnish, not the ground-work by the State. The writer of the pre- alone, but the greater proportion of sent article has thought, like your cor- the materials of these Lectures, it will
afford the best possible opportunity
of so doing • Nichols' Lit. Anecd., &c. I. 136, 137, &c. The name of “Blackburue" is Christian Church as it is exhibited in
They may begin with a view of the otherwise spelt (Blackbourne) in pp. 285, the Acts of the Apostles, and may be 286.
+ " Aulæ Mariæ apud Osonienses judged of by various passages in the olim alumni,” Ib. 376.
Epistles, at that time strictly UnitaI Watkins, in his Biographical Dic- rian; and may proceed to shew, partly tionary, the comprehensiveness and gene- from the Epistles themselves and stiú ral accuracy of which merit great praise, more from Ecclesiastical History, in has a short article on Mr. Lindsay. what way those errors which bear the
Abstrost of Lectures on Nonconformity. Christian name found their way into uniformity of belief. Together with the Church and there obtained a set- this disastrous step, it will he our tlement, and how the monstrous power duty to speak of the Councils, the of priests and bishops accumulated, fruits of whose noisy labours have until at length mystery and arbitrary come down to our time and signalize power obtained a joint and universal our own Established Church." Here sway. In treating wbich subject the we must pause, and not attempt to remark will have peculiar weight, that draw back the thick veil of ignorance while the Antichrist, the Man of Sin, and of priestcraft, which hung through required no less than three centuries successive centuries over the falselyto grow up to maturity, present ap- called Church of Christ; until our pearances strongly indicate that the eyes are gladdened by the light of same period will be employed, under truth which again began to dawn at the Divine Government, from the Re- the Reformation. Faint indeed and, formation, to reduce his power and feeble was its light, yet sweet its inturn him out of the Christian Church. fuence to the mind that long had,
lo treating a subject of such exten- groaned under the excessive severities, sive application and high importance, the gross impositions and the imputhe first duty of the advocate of pure dent iniquity of the Papal power and Christianity will be to shew, that reli- its satellites. Joyfully was it hailed gion is a personal duty, which is in- by every honest heart; and although capable of either compulsion or re- it found its way into our island only straint; and that any attempt to enforce through the small loop hole which, belief may check the timid in their in the lust of its king had rent open, and quiries and may multiply kuaves and was on that account little preferable hypocrites without number, but can- to the darkness and bigotry of Popery, not lead to the conscientious profes- yet it was acceptable, inasmuch as it sion of religion. The history of the broke the charm of priestly power, three first centuries will shew, in what and put to flight the swarm of locusts, manner the professors of the Gospel which had spread desolation over the were drawn away by the plausibility of fair field of human industry and descience falsely so called, from the sim- voured its fruits. plicity of belief which characterised the We shall then be led to examine preaching of the apostles; the early the principle upon which Establishschisms which divided the Church, and ments are necessarily formed, the the gradual growth of what may well strong objections against all of them be called Pagan Christianity: and, if alike, the Auctuating state in which a comparison be drawn between the the doctrines of our own remained for churches which then existed in their a long time, and the persecuting spirit defective state, and those which are of its advocates ; and it will be an How called Christian churches under easy task to sheiv, that this principle the sanction of the civil power, the is altogether inconsistent with the greater purity even of those churches rights of conscience, calculated to exwill be inanifest at the first view, tend error and superstition, to make
History may then lead us to that men hypocrites ar careless of every eventful period in which the authority thing, discarding the authority of of the Emperor of the West was called scripture and the language of the in to put a stop to the jarring inter- gospel, and setting up that of kings ets and differences of opinion which and priests in the place of it. prevailed, and were especially seen in Immediately conuected with this, is ibe Church of Alexandria, á city of the formation of Creeds and Categreat wealth and power, celebrated chisms, which part of Church History. for its learning and for its cultivation will furnish a distinct view of the enof the arts and sciences, which gave croachments which were deliberately it a decisive influence over the smaller made upon the freedom of the mind, spots in which Christianity had been and how men have been led to acreceived. The history of that church knowledge for Scripture truth all the is the history of the churches gene- jargon of the Athanasian Creed; adrally, until the vain and futile attempt vancing by alınost equally measured was made by Constantipe, to effect a paces, from the test given by Peter to
the jailor, through the creed wrongly 'rect view of the history of Christianity, culled the Apostles', to the larger de and for a clear understanding of what mands of the Nicene, and thence to it has been and what it should be. the mysteries of Athanasius.
I. W. After the inquirer has gone through an examination of the modes of wor
High Holborn, ship, and now in SIR,
Feb. 6, 1823.
VOUR to the Pagan worship of Rome, and the consideration of tythes and other Monthly Repository are distinguished revenues by which a false system of for cogent argument and valuable criChristianity has been propped up, it ticism, has favoured us in your last will become his duty to shew, that mumber (p. 8) with one of great intercivil power is not required to maintain est on Ephes. iv. 32, “ As God for the honour, the worship of God; that Christ's sake has forgiven you ;" in an established religion is inconsistent which he adduces the unsuspicious auwith the enjoyment of civil rights, on thority of the orthodox and learned which it necessarily intrudes, and is Valckenaer to prove, in concert with fatal to the moral and mental charac- many of our best critics and divines, ter of man.
that when the passage is properly From hence he will be led by an rendered, it conveys no such meaning easy transition to the character and as that generally attributed to it by conduct of the English Noncons., to those who believe in the doctrine of the noble sacrifice they made to the vicarious atonement. My present ob rights of conscience, and the immense ject is to prove, for the benefit of the advantages that England has derived, common reader, that, independently both in the extension of its civil lic of criticism, however just, and taking berties, and in its manufacturing and the passage in its present faulty form, commercial celebrity, from that large it will be seen, if we are allowed to body of the people who have consci- explain Scripture by Scripture, that it entiously declined uniting in the ser- neither supports nor expresses the pow vice of the Church of England. pular meaning
This course might conclude with a This form of expression odeurs general view of the ground we have more than 160 times in the Old, and gone over, together with those objects about 50 times in the New Testament; which are peculiar to Unitarians in used by different persons, and on Oce their dissent from every establishment; casions so various as if it were proánd, having surveyed the growth of verbial, or a common mode of speech : error and the gigantic forms it has as. as where God is represented as saying, sumed, it might exhibit the distinct that he will bestow blessings, inflict kines of similarity between the modern punishments, or have mercy, for the Unitarian and the primitive Apostolic earth's sake;" " for man's sake,” Church.
* for Abraham's sake;"> “for Israel's Whatever may be the opinion of sake;" " for David's sake;" " for P. D. as to confining our views to the his dame's sake;" “for Zion's sake;" general principle of Dissent, the wri- "for Jerusalem's sake," &c. &c. Now ter of these lines cannot but think that if we apply the terms according to the error in doctrine is far more injurious popular notion, to the different per than error in forms: the latter touches sons, things and occasions where these only the pocket, the former corrupts' occur, could any thing appear more the mind and defiles the heart. Paley absurd or foolish'? If we come to the says any man may go into the Church use of the terms in the New Testa who is not a Papist or an Anabaptist ; ment, we find the apostles and first we know that any man may be a Qua- Christians "ready to suffer and to ker who will conform to their extes die for righteousness' sake;"* "for the rör rules, as any one may be a Dis- gospel's sake;" " for the word's senter who will contend against the sake ; " " for the truth's sake;" for Hierarchy and its impositions. But the sake of the church and of the bre. much more than this is required surely thren;" and " for Christ's sake." . Are in the present day, for a full and core we then to understand that they made