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adversely held would have been confirmedand Error in instruction that the time of making

er cession to the United States by Act N. J. Review of criminal prosecutions, see "Criminal March 12, 1846, of jurisdiction over a portion Law," § 7. of that peninsula for military purposes.-Hamburg-American S. S. Co. v. Grube, 352.

§ 1. Record and proceedings not in rec

ord.

Errors committed in sustaining refusal of ADVERSE POSSESSION.

trial court to give certain instruction or set

aside assessment in condemnation cannot be con§ 1. Nature and requisites.

sidered on writ of error, in the absence of a sufTitle to right of way granted by Congress to ficient bill of exceptions.-Metropolitan R. Co. Northern Pacific Railroad Company cannot be v. MacFarland, 28. acquired by adverse possession for private use

of , unless $ § 2. the holder by Act April 28, 1904, c. 1782 (33 contract for lighting streets of city in Porto Stat. 538). — Northern Pac. Řy. Co. v. Ely, 302; current foreign money with which the payment

Rico was to be considered in determining the Same v. Hasse, 305.

was to be made held not prejudicial.-City of

San Juan v. St. John's Gas Co., 108.
AGREEMENT.

§ 3. Determination and disposition of See “Contracts.”

cause. Decree

of Supreme Court, reversing decree of ALIENS.

Circuit Court, confirming an award in arbitraSee "Indians."

tion proceedings, held not to prohibit the Circuit Due process of law as regards right of Chinese Court from allowing interest from the date fixed

to enter United States, see "Constitutional by the award.—Ex parte Republic of Colombia, Law," $ 7.

107. Right to habeas corpus in exclusion cases, see "Habeas Corpus," § 1.

APPLIANCES. $ 1. Exclusion or expulsion.

Liability of employer for defects, see "Master Decision of Secretary of Commerce and La

and Servant," $ 1. bor, affirming denial by immigration officer of right of Chinese to enter the United States, held conclusive under Act Aug. 18, 1894, c. 301, § ARBITRATION AND AWARD. 1, 28 Stat. 372, 390 (U. S. Comp. St. 1901, p. 1303], in habeas corpus proceedings when citi. Effect of decree on appeal, see "Appeal and Erzenship is claimed, as also when the ground is

ror," § 3. domicile.—United States v. Ju Toy, 644. § 2. Immigration.

ARMY AND NAVY. Shipowners, who wrongfully brought aliens into the country and received them on board

Allowances of an increase paid to army offivessel for deportation, held not insurers of re-yond limits of the United States, given by

cers serving in insular commissions and beturn of the immigrants to the port from whence Act May 26, 1900, c. 586, 31 Stat. 211, and they came, by Act March 3, 1891, c. 551, 5.10, Act March 2, 1901, c. 803, 31 Stat. 903 [U. S. 26 Stat. 1084 [U. S. Comp. St. 1901, p. 1299), Comp. St. 1901, p.' 896], do not inure to naval punishing neglect to detain such persons or return them to port as misdemeanor.-H. Hack-Act March 3, 1899, c. 413, 30 Stat. 1007 [Ú. S.

officers discharging ordinary sea duties, by feld & Co. v. United States, 456.

Comp. St. 1901, p. 1072], equalizing the pay of

army and navy officers, because of proviso of ALIMONY.

section 13 of the act.- United States v. Thom

as, 102; Thomas v. United States, Id. Effect of discharge in bankruptcy, see "Bank- Naval officers held not entitled to sea pay ruptcy," $ 3. §

while traveling on duty partly on merchant

steamer and partly on land; this not being AMBASSADORS AND CONSULS.

sea service, within Rev. St. U. S. $ 1571 [U. S.

Comp. St.' 1901, p. 1079].—United States v. Attestation of will, see "Wills," $ 2.

Thomas, 102; Thomas v. United States, Id.

Cadet in the United States Military Academy AMENDMENT.

held not an officer in the army, within Rev. St.

U. S. & 1229 [U. S. Comp. St. 1901, p. 868], Of pleadings, effect of limitation, see “Limita- prohibiting dismissals, except after conviction tion of Actions," $ 1.

by court-martial.—Hartigan v. United States,

204. AMOUNT IN CONTROVERSY. An aid to a rear admiral held entitled, in

addition to his regular pay, to the same comJurisdictional amount, see "Courts,” $$ 2-11.

pensation as is allowed an aid to a major general, under Navy Personnel Act, c. 413, & 13,

30 Stat. 1004 [U. S. Comp. St. 1901, p. 1072]. ANTI-TRUST LAW

-United States v. Crosley, 261. See "Monopolies," § 1.

Mounted pay cannot be given to an aid to a rear admiral, under Navy Personnel Act, C.

413, § 13, 30 Stat. 1004 (U. S. Comp. St. 1901, APPEAL AND ERROR.

p. 1072], though an aid to a major general

is entitled to mounted pay, under Army ReguReview by supreme court, see "Courts," $$ 7, 8. lations 1895, § 1301, when read in connection Review of bankruptcy proceedings, see "Bank- with Rev. St. U. S.' $ 1270 [U. S. Comp. St. ruptcy," $ 4.

1901, p. 899].—United States v. Crosley, 261.

Shore duty performed by naval officer under

ASSOCIATIONS. orders held not incompatible with his permanent assignment, so as to defeat his right to sea pay See “Exchanges." while so engaged. United States v. Engard, 322.

ATTACHMENT. Pay proper, on which percentage of increased pay to army officer serving in the Philip- See “Garnishment.” pines is to be computed, under Act May 26, 1900, c. 586 (31 Stat. 211), and Act March Against national bank, see "Banks and Bank2, 1901, c. 803, 31 Stat. 903 [Ú.S. Comp. St. 1901,

ing," $ 1 p. 896) includes longevity pay, to which he is entitled under Rev. St. U. Š. § 1262 [U. S. AUTOMATIC COUPLERS. Comp. St. 1901, p. 896], as well as the minimum pay prescribed by section 1261 [U. S. Duty to adopt, see "Master and Servant," $ 1. Comp. St. 1901, p. 893] for his grade.—United States v. Mills, 434. Confirmation by President of sentence of

BAILMENT. court-martial held sufficiently shown.-Bishop See “Pledges.' v. United States, 440.

BAKERIES. Confirmation of sentence of court-martial by

it Act July 17, 1862, c. 204, arts. 19, 20, 12 Stat. 605. Regulation of hours of employment as inter

ference with liberty to contract, see "Constiwhere sentence extended to dismissal.—Bishop

tutional Law," $ 3. v. United States, 440.

Suspension of naval officer charged with drunkenness and neglect of duty held not such

BANKRUPTCY. a punishment for the offense as precludes, under Commencement of action by trustee as starting Navy Regulations 1865, par. 1205, further proceedings by court-martial.-Bishop v. United Foreign judgments, 'see "Judgment," "$ 3.

running of interest, see "Interest,” $ 1. States, 440.

Review by Supreme Court, see "Courts," $ 8. Copy of charges against naval officer, together with specifications, to be served, under Navy § 1. Petition, adjudication, warrant, Regulation Act April 23, 1800, c. 33, art. 38,

and custody of property. 2 Stat. 50, 51, on person sought to be court

Failure of adverse claimants to abandon martialed, need' not be served when he is placed claims to property not in possession of receiver under arrest, as a temporary precaution for the in bankruptcy heid not a waiver of their objecpreservation of good order, but is in time where tions or consent to an exercise of jurisdiction he is returned to duty, conformably to Navy by the court of bankruptcy.-First Nat. Bank Regulations 1865, par. 1202, when made on the v. Chicago Title & Trust Co., 693. day of rearrest. Bishop v. United States, 440. A court of bankruptcy, after adjudging, in a

Expressed satisfaction of accused with the proceeding by the receiver for directions as to court-martial precludes collateral attack on its a sale, that the receiver was not in possession, judgment because as many officers were not has no jurisdiction to decree the sale. — First summoned as could be convened, as Act July Nat. Bank v. Chicago Title & Trust Co., 693. 17, 1862, c. 204, art. 11, 12 Stat. 603, required. 8 2. Assignment, administration, and -Bishop v. United States, 440.

distribution of bankrupt's estate. The arrest referred to in Rev. St. U. S. $ A creditor, by electing to bring an action in 1624, art. 43 [U. S. Comp. St. 1901, p. 1117], trover, does not deprive his debt of its provable as the time when a copy of the charges on the character under Bankr. Act July 1, 1898, c. 541, trial by a naval court-martial is to be furnish- $ 63a, 30 Stat. 562 [U. S. Comp. St. 1901, p. ed, is an arrest resulting from the preferring 3447], where founded upon an open account, or of the charges by the proper authority.–United a contract, express or implied.—Crawford v. States v. Smith, 489.

Burke, 9. The prohibition against the convocation of a

al. A claim for conversion by stockbrokers of general court-martial by a commander of a shares held on customer's account held provfleet, without order of the President, under able under Bankr. Act July 1, 1898, c. 541, $ Rev. St. U. S. $ 1624, art. 38 (U. S. Comp. St. 63a, 30 Stat. 562 [U. S. Comp. St. 1901, n. 1901, p. 1116], when the fleet is in the waters 3447], as a debt "founded upon an open acof the United States, applies only to those wa- count, or upon a contract, express or implied.” ters within what was termed by Act March 3.-Crawford v. Burke, 9. 1901, c. 852, 31 Stat. 1108 [U. S. Comp. St. Evidence of dealings between debtor and cred1901, p. 1040], the continental limits of the itor, prior to a transaction alleged to be a pref United States.-United States v. Smith, 489. erence under Bankr. Act July 1, 1898, c. 541,

$ 60, 30 Stat. 544, 562 [U. S. Comp. St. 1901, ARREST.

p. 3445], held admissible on the question of

knowledge of creditor.-Kaufman v. Tredway, Due process of law, see “Constitutional Law," 33.

$ 7. Of naval officer, see “Army and Navy."

To secure set-off in favor of creditor who, aftOf seaman, see "Seamen.”

er receiving preference in good faith, extends

further credit, which is allowed under Bankr. ASSESSMENT.

Act July 1, 1898, c. 541, § 60c, 30 Stat. 544,

562 [U. S. Comp. St. 1901, p. 3445], it is not Due_ process of law, see "Constitutional Law," necessary, that the property should remain a $ 7.

part of the debtor's estate until the adjudicaOf expenses of public improvements, see “Mu- tion in bankruptcy.—Kaufman v. Tredway, 33. nicipal Corporations," § 1.

Trustee in bankruptcy held to have no greater Of tax, see "Taxation," Š 4.

rights against bankrupt’s chattel mortgagee, taking possession of after-acquired property S. Comp. St. 1901, p. 3447].-Wetmore v. Marunder the mortgage, because of an attachment koe, 172. and second chattel mortgage, both dissolved by the bankruptcy proceedings.—Thompson v. Fair- cannot be asserted by bankrupt ou termination

Title to claim for usury paid national bank banks, 306.

of bankruptcy proceedings.-First Nat. Bank Enforcement in Vermont of the inchoate lien v. Lasater, 206. of a valid recorded chattel mortgage covering after-acqạired property held not a preference, $ 4. Appeal and revision of proceedings. voidable by the trustee in bankruptcy, though

Decision of bankruptcy court, upholding its taken within four months of filing of petition. jurisdiction to adjudicate validity of equitable Thompson v. Fairbanks, 306.

lien on assets of bankrupt, held not to create a

question of jurisdiction, sustaining direct apSum retained by corporate creditor, with peal to federal Supreme Court, under Act knowledge of debtor's insolvency and within four March 3, 1891, c. 517, 26 Stat. 827 [U. S. Comp. months of bankruptcy proceedings. held not St. 1901, p. 549], since jurisdiction to detervoidable preference, under Bankr. Act July 1, mine claims to exemptions is given by Bankr. 1898, c. 541, $8 57g, 60b, 30 Stat. 553 (U. S! Act 1898, c. 541, $ 2, subd. 11, 30 Stat. 546 [U. Comp. St. 1901, pp. 3443, 3445]. —Western Tie S. Comp. St. 1901, p. 3421], to bankruptcy & Timber Co. v. Brown, 339.

courts.-Lucius v. Cawthon-Coleman Co., 214. Corporate creditor held not entitled to set off, Claim of right of set-off in proceeding in in proving claim against bankrupt's estate, sum bankruptcy presents a claim of federal right, retained by, it due the bankrupt with knowl- which will sustain an appeal from Circuit edge of debtor's insolvency.- Western Tie & Court of Appeals judgment rejecting claim to the Timber Co. v. Brown, 339.

Supreme Court of the United States under Creditor of bankrupt, who in good faith re- Bankr. Act July 1, 1898, c. 541, $ 25, cl. (b) 1, ceived a preference, voidable under Bankr. Act 30 Stat. 553 [U. S. Comp. St. 1901, p. 3432;. — July 1, 1898, c. 541, $ 670, 30 Stat. 565 [U. S. Western Tie & Timber Co. v. Brown, 339. Comp. St. 1901, p. 3149], and who retained in No appeal lies from decree of the court of good faith the preference until deprived there- bankruptcy in a proceeding by the receiver for of by the trustee, may prove his debt, .notwith directions as to a sale of property, as it is not standing provision of section 57g.-Keppel v. an independent suit, and can only be reviewed Tiffin Sav. Bank, 443.

by the Circuit Court of Appeals by revision in Taking possession of mortgaged property un- matter of law, under Bankr. Act July 1, 1898, der an unrecorded chattel mortgage held not a 1901, p. 3432], on due notice and petition.

c. 541, § 24b, 30 Stat. 553 [U. S. Comp. St. preference, voidable by the mortgagor's trustee First Nat. Bank v. Chicago Title & Trust Co., in bankruptcy.-Humphrey v. Tatman, 567.

693. Exemption of policies of life insurance under Bankr. Act July 1, 1898, c. 541, § 6, 30 Stat.

BANKS AND BANKING. 548 [U. S. Comp. St. 1901, p. 3424], where exempt from execution by the state law, held not Right of bankrupt to assert title to claim for qualified by proviso in section 70a of that act. Taxation of national banks, see "Taxation,” 88

usury, see "Bankruptcy," $ 3. -Holden v. Stratton, 656.

1, 2. A court of bankruptcy has jurisdiction under Bankr. Act July 1, 1898. c. 541, $ 2, 30 Stat. 8 1. National banks. 545 [U. S. Comp. St. 1901, p. 3420], to deter- National bank, in action on note, cannot esmine rights of property in its possession.cape forfeiture_on a plea of usury of entire inWhitney v. Wenman, 778.

terest, under Rev. St. U. S. $ 5198 [U. S. $ 3. Rights, remedies, and discharge of the excess. Citizens' Nat Bank v. Donnell, 49.

Comp. St. 1901, p. 3493], by offering to remit bankrupt. Only debts created by fraud of a bankrupt

National bank charging 12 per cent. on overwhile he was acting as an officer or in a fiduci- drafts, where 8 per cent. is the highest rate alary capacity are excepted from the operation of lowed by the state, cannot escape forfeiture a discharge in bankruptcy by Act July 1, 1898, prescribed by Rev. St. U. S. § 5198 [U. S. c. 541, § 17, subd. 4, 30 Stat. 550 [U. S. Comp. Comp. St. 1901, p. 3493].—Citizens' Nat. Bank St. 1901, p. 3128].-Crawford v. Burke, 9. v. Donnell, 49.

Knowledge of bankruptcy proceedings on part By compounding interest oftener than is perof creditor, not acquired until after discharge, mitted by Rev. Št. Mo. $ 3711, the national though in time to prove claim under Bankr. Act bank charges interest at a higher rate than that July 1, 1898, c. 541, $ 65, 30 Stat. 503 [U. S. allowed by the laws of the state, within the Comp. St. 1901, p. 3448], and to move under meaning of Rev. St. U. S. & 5197 [U. S. Comp. section 15 (30 Stat. 550 [U. S. Comp. St. 1901, St. 1901, p. 3493].—Citizens' Nat. Bank v. Donp. 3428]) to revoke the discharge, helà not actual nell, 49. knowledge of the proceedings, which under sec

Giving a renewal note will not sustain retion 17 (30 Stat. 550 [U. S. Comp. St. 1901, p. covery from national bank, under Rev. St. U. 3428]) is essential to the release by discharge S. $ 5198 (U. S. Comp. St. 1901, p. 3493], on of provable debts not duly scheduled.-Birkett account of usurious interest in original note.v. Columbia Bank, 38.

First Nat. Bank v. Lasater, 206. Judgment of state court held rendered in an

The personal liability of shareholders in a action for fraud, so as to be exempt by Bankr. national bank, under Rev. St. U. S. § 5151 Act July 1, 1898, c. 541, $ 17, subd. 2, 30 Stat. [U. S. Comp. St. 1901, p. 3465], held not a 550 [U. S. Comp. St. 1901, p. 3428], from opera- contract liability, making applicable the limtion of discharge in bankruptcy. - Bullis v. itation prescribed by Ballinger's Ann. Codes & & O’Beirne, 118.

St. Wash. § 4800, subd. 3.-McClaine v. RanDischarge in bankruptcy held not to bar the kin, 410. collection of arrears in alimony, under decree Jurisdiction over the person or property of a for divorce; it not being a debt within Bankr. national bank is not acquired by the issue of Act July 1, 1898, c. 541, 8 63, 30 Stat. 562 [U. an attachment out of a state court before judgment, which, by reason of Rev. St. U. S. § Exclusion or expulsion, see "Aliens," g 1. clause of federal Constitution.-American ExRight to habeas corpus in exclusion cases, see press Co. v. State of Iowa, 182; Adams Ex"Habeas Corpus," $ 1.

CARGO. 5242 [U. S. Comp. St. 1901, p. 3517), is beyond the power of the court.—Van Reed v. People's

See “Shipping." Nat. Bank, 775.

CARRIERS. No right of attachment against a national bank before judgment in a suit in a state Authority of receiver, see “Railroads.” § 1. court is given by Act July 12, 1882, c. 290, $ 4, Carriage of goods by vessels, see "Shipping," 22 Stat. 163 (U. S. Comp. St. 1901, p. 3458]. — § 1. Van Reed v. People's Nat. Bank, 775.

Customs, see “Customs and Usages." A national bank is within the exemption from Regulation of, see “Commerce," $82, 3. issue of attachment before judgment given by s 1. Carriage of goods. Rev. St. U. S. § 5242 [U. S. Comp. St. 1901, p. 3517]. —Van Reed v. People's Nat. Bank, company held acting as agent for such receiver,

General agent of a receiver of a railroad 775.

and not as agent of a connecting steamship BAR.

company, in agreeing to forward a through

shipment by a steamer_sailing on a specified Of action by former adjudication, see "Judg- date.-Northern Pac. Ry. Co. v. American ment," $ 1.

Trading Co., 84.
BEQUESTS.

Special agreement of railway receiver to for

ward a through shipment by steamer of a conSee "Wills.”

necting carrier sailing on a designated day held

not modified by bill of lading issued, where the BILL OF LADING.

bill was not examined or read. -Northern Pac.

Ry. Co. v. American Trading Co., 84. See "Carriers," $ 1.

Contract with carrier held to create a special

agreement to transport a through shipment by BILLS AND NOTES.

a vessel to a connecting carrier sailing on a

designated day.-Northern Pac. Ry. Co. v. Enforcement of judgment by confession in other American Trading Co., 84. state, see "Judgment," § 3.

Nonperformance of special agreement of car

rier to forward a through shipment by steamBOARD OF TRADE.

er of connecting carrier sailing on a designated

day held not excused by refusal of collector of See "Exchanges.”

port to grant a clearance while the freight was on board, because it was contraband of war.

Northern Pac. Ry. Co. v. American Trading BONA FIDE PURCHASERS. Co., 84. Liability for local assessment, see “Municipal

Mistaken refusal of collector of port to grant Corporations," $ 1.

a clearance while certain freight was on board, Of public lands, see “Public Lands," $ 2.

because contraband of war, held not a restraint of princes, rulers, or people, within clause in

bill of lading, so as to excuse nonperformance of BOUNDARIES.

agreement to forward shipment by such refus

al.—Northern Pac. Ry. Co. v. American TradOf state, see "States," § 1.

ing Co., 84. 8 1. Description.

CERTIORARI. A rule of local law that the owner of lånd bordering on a river owns to the center of the Incident to habeas corpus, see "Habeas Corchannel held to inure to the benefit of a patentee

pus,” § 2. from the United States as against one claiming To circuit court of appeals, see "Courts," $ 7. homestead in an unsurveyed island in such river.- Whitaker v. McBride, 530.

CHANCERY. A patentee from the United States has all

See “Equity.the rights of a riparian owner in the channel opposite his banks, though his land is surround

CHARGE. ed by two channels of the river.- Whitaker v. McBride, 530.

Against naval officers, copy for accused, see

'Army and Navy." BREACH.

By court to jury, see "Trial," § 1.

[blocks in formation]

press Co. v. Same, 185.

§ 2. Subjects of regulation. CIGARETTES.

A dining car in constant use, while waiting

for a train to be made up for its next interstate See "Commerce," $ 2.

trip, is used in moving interstate commerce, Due process of law as to taxation, see “Consti- within Act March 2, 1893, c. 196, § 2, 27 Stat! tutional Law," $ 7.

531 [U. S. Comp. St. 1901, p. 3174].—Johnson Equal protection of laws as to taxation, see

v. Southern Pac. Co., 158. "Constitutional Law," $ 6.

Code Iowa, § 5007, imposing taxes on ciga

rette selling, held not an invalid regulation of CIRCUIT COURTS.

commerce.-Cook v. Marshall County, 233.

Trade in fresh meats held sufficiently shown See "Courts," $ 9.

to be commerce among the states, protected

from restraint by Act July 2, 1890, c. 617, 26 CITATION.

Stat. 209 [U. S. Comp. St. 1901, p. 3200], by

allegations of bill.–Swift & Co. v. United See “Process.”

States, 276.
CITIES.

A combination of independent meat dealers

in aid of an attempt to monopolize commerce See “Municipal Corporations."

in fresh meats and to restrict competition in

purchasing stock held an interference with inCITIZENS.

terstate commerce, forbidden by Act July 2, 1890, c. 647, 26 Stat. 209 [U. S. Comp. St.

1901, p. 3200].--Swift & Co. v. United States, See "Aliens"; "Indians.”

276. Citizenship ground of jurisdiction of United § 3. Means and methods of regulation.

States courts, see “Courts," § 4; “Removal of Causes," $ 2.

State legislation concerning pilotage held not Equal protection of laws, see “Constitutional necessarily repugnant to the commerce clause of

the federal Constitution.—Olsen v. Smith, 52. Law," $ 6. State corporation as citizen of United States, The imposition on the initial or any connectsee "Public Lands," 8 2.

ing carrier by Code Ga. 1895, 88 2317, 2318, as condition of availing itself of a contract of ex

emption from liability beyond its own line of CIVIL RIGHTS.

the tracing of freight lost or destroyed, is, when

applied to an interstate shipment, a violation of See “Constitutional Law," $$ 3, 6.

the commerce clause of the federal Constitution.

- Central of Georgia Ry. Co. v. Murphey, 218. CLAIMS.

Taxation of $200 on resident managing agents

of nonresident meat packing houses, imposed by Against estate of bankrupt, see “Bankruptcy,” | Act Ga. Dec. 21, 1900, held not in conflict with § 2.

commerce clause of federal Constitution as conAgainst United States, see “United States,” $ 2. strued by the highest state courts.—Kehrer v. Court of, see “Courts," § 10.

Stewart. 403. Mining claims, see "Mines and Minerals," § 1. To property in bankruptcy proceedings, see is not unlawfully burdened by an inspection

Interstate commerce in intoxicating liquors "Bankruptcy," $ 1.

law enacted by a state in the exercise of its

police powers, within the meaning of Wilson COLLATERAL ATTACK.

Act Aug. 8, 1890, c. 728, 26 Stat. 313 [U. S.

Comp. št. 1901, p. 3177].-Pabst Brewing Co. On judgment of court-martial, see “Army and v. Crenshaw, 552. Navy.

An inspection law enacted by a state under its

police powers, within the meaning of Wilson COLLATERAL SECURITY,

Act Aug. 8, 1890, c. 728, 26 Stat. 313 [U. S.

Comp. St. 1901, p. 3177], relating to intoxicating See "Pledges.”

liquors, held not void as an interference with interstate commerce.—Pabst Brewing Co. v. Cren

shaw, 552. COMBINATIONS.

Vessel engaged in interstate commerce, but See “Commerce,” § 2; “Conspiracy”; “Monop- employed within the limits of the state,' held olies," $ 2.

subject to taxation in the state, though enrolled

under Rev. St. U. S. $$ 4141, 4311 [U. S. Comp. COMMERCE.

St. 1901, pp. 2808, 2959), at a port outside the

state.—oid Dominion S. S. Co. v. CommonAdoption of pilotage regulations as preference wealth of Virginia, 686.

in regulation of commerce, see "Pilots." Carriage of goods and passengers, see “Carri

COMMON CARRIERS. ers"; "Shipping." Review by Supreme Court, see “Courts," § 8. See "Carriers.” Sale of liquor to Indians, see “Indians.” § 1. Power to regulate in general.

COMPENSATION. Intoxicating liquors, shipped C. O. D. from one state into another, cannot be subject to For carrying mails, see "Post Office," $ 1. seizure in the latter state, while in the hands of For performance of contract, see "Contracts," express company, without infringing commerce 2

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