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they that hear shall live. The cond man is the Lord from
Son quickeneth whom he will. heaven. As is the earthy, such
These are his seed, and they are are they also that are earthly, and
like him in their moral charac- as is the heavenly, such are they
ters, as the natural seed of Adam also which are heavenly. This
are like their Father. Thus corruptible must put on incor.
Adam is an image of our Lord, ruption, and this mortal must
inasmuch as both are the com- put on immortality. Christ is
mon fathers of their respective the first fruits from the grave,
seed, who derive their moral and the Apostle argues the cer.
qualities from them; and so tainty of the resurrection of his
are essentially affected by them. people, from the resurrection of
For what is so essential, as the their head. Indeed Christ will
moral qualities of a rational and raise the bodies of the wicked
immortal being ? In evidence also, but not as being their Fa.
of this we read, “By one man ther, but their judge and execu-
sin entered into the world, and tioner. They shall come. forth
death by sin, and so death pass-to shame and everlasting con
ed upon all men, for that all tempt to the second death.
have sinned." Thus, sin, or an And, therefore, the Apostle,
evil moral character, is the con- when writing to the Corinthi.
sequence of Adam's apostacy ans, on the effect of Christ on
to his posterity. But Christ the bodies of his people, makes
came to save his people from no mention of the resurrection
their sins; and from his fulness of the wicked.
they have all received, and

Moreover :

Adam was for grace, even an abundance of figure of Christ, in that the congrace, and so became holy.-- sequences of what they both They shall be like him, for they did, were to their respective shall see him as he is,

seed, of the most interesting Further: Adam was a figure nature, as to their standing with of Christ, in that his conduct God. By one man came sin affected the natural lives of his into the world. And as Adam seed. And what Christ has introduced sin into the world, done affects the natural lives of and all have sinned, so their his seed, not indeed in the same standing with God is a state of manner; for one renders them condemnation for their sins. mortal, and procures their The wages of sin is death, death death; the other raises them hath passed upon all men, for from the dead, and renders that all have sinned. The them immortal. On this sub- judgment was by one to ject the Apostle writes to the demnation. By the offence of Corinthians. For since by man one judgment came upon all came death, by inan came also men to condemnation. By one the resurrection from the dead ; | man's disobedience many were for as 'in Adam all die, so in made sinners. We are not, Christ shall all be made alive. however, to understand by this, Of the body he says, It is sown that men are condemned for a natural body, it is raised a Adam's sin, or that they will at spiritual body. The first man the day of judgment be called to is of the earth earthy ; the se- answer for it, or be punished as


though that were their sin. They numbers affected by Adam and will be condemned only for their Christ, for surely no more can own sins, yet their sins are the be saved by Christ, than were consequence of Adam's aposta- lost by Adam.

The preemicy, from whom they have re- nency which the Apostle gives, ceived their natures and moral must therefore respect the effipropensities. All derived from cacy of Christ in justification, him, are such as the fountain and not in the numbers justified. from which they proceed-are Therefore, as the numbers are sinful, and hence every one de- not respected, the reasoning of serves death for his own sin.-- the Apostle does not give us All are condemned his whole any information how many will posterity are ruined.--But as be justified; though perhaps Adam ruined all his seed, so the more will be eventually saved free gift through grace by Jesus by Jesus Christ, than will be Christ is much more efficacious finally and forever lost in conseon his people. Their standing quence of Adam's sin. with God is a state of fuil justi- Again: Another thing in fication. Not merely in conse- which “the offence" by Adam quence of the atonement of is not as “the free gift” by Jesus Christ, as condensnation came Christ, the Apostle notices in the in consequence of the sin of Ist chap.of his epistle to the Rom. Adam, but by virtue of his atone- and which is this, Christ saves ment and righteousness. Adam his people, after they were rucould not be the means of con- ined by Adam, and notwithdemnation, only as his seed was standing all the opposing influsinful also. But Christ's atone- ence of the apostacy for their ment is the meritorious ground, destruction; and besides this, he and the only meritorious ground saves them notwithstanding all of the justification of his seed. the many offences that they have And therefore it is written, But themselves committed. Many not as the offence, so also is the of those whom Christ saves are free gift; for if thro’ the offence among the number of the chief of one, many be dead, much more of sinners. Their guilt is inthe grace of God, and the gift calculable, and yet Christ's aby grace, which was by one, tonement is sufficient for their Jesus Christ, hath abounded un- pardon ; whereas the sin of to many

Here is vast differ- Adam could not bring conence. Adam was but the occa- demnation upon any that were sion of the condemnation of his themselves righteous. In this posterity, Christ the meritori- respect the difference between ous cause of the justification of them is great, and the preemihis children. Adam's seed are

nence is infinitely on the side condemned only for their own

of Christ. Adam was in this sins, Christ’s are justified, not matter as faint a figure of Christ for their own righteousness at

as the brazen serpent on a pole all, but only for the sake of their was, as the type of Christ upon Redeemer. This is one part of the cross.

Where sin hath athe superior efficacy of which bounded, grace did much more the Apostle speaks. This su- abound.

And not as by one periority cannot respect the " that sinned so is the gift, for the


judgment was by one to con- teousness of Christ. Whereas. demnation, but the free gift is of by the covenant of works, had many offences unto justification. they continued holy, they could

The Apostle also, in this con- have been interested only in their nexion, mentions another thing, own righteousness, as the ground in which Christ as the head of of favor and rewards. Their his spiritual seed is much great- exaltation also will now redound er than Adam, and in which, to to the glory of Christ alone, prevent any mistake, he limits whom the Father delighteth to the effect, and confines it to honor, and who is worthy that those only who have received for his sake, blessings should be abundant grace and mercy from bestowed with an unsparing Christ. For if by one man's of hand, upon those whose exaltafence, death reigned by one, tion is the glory of their Remuch more they which receivedeemer. They shall not be reabundance of grace, and of the stored to Eden, but to heaven gift of righteouness, shall reign itself, where they shall be in in life by one, Jesus Christ. union with their Lord, as the That is, if death reigned by members are united to their means of one man's offence, head. In this respect therefore, much more shall they reign in Christ is vastly superior to Alife by Christ, who have them- dam. selves received from him abun. We shall notice one thing dance of grace, and are justified more, in which Adam was by his righteousness. Those figure of Christ. As Adam's who have already received grace offence brought condemnation from Christ, have by that an as- on all men, so the atonement of surance of justification thro' his Christ is abundantly sufficient glorious redemption. Their faith for all : « God is in Christ re, is the substance of things hoped conciling the world to himself.” for, and the evidence of things -Salvation is offered to all : not seen the earnest of their “ Look unto me all the ends future inheritance in glory, and of the earth and be saved.”. an assurance, by way of benefits And all men without exception already received, that they shall may if they please receive it : inherit the promises. This 66 Whosoever cometh unto me teaches us clearly that the ap- I will in no wise cast out.”. plication of the benefits is only Those who, as Christ's seed, to the spiritual seed of Christ, will follow Christ's steps, as who partake of his spirit.

Adam's seed follow Adam's Again : Another thing in steps, shall share the blessings. which Christ has the preemi. There is no defect or limits in nence over the figure, is the the atonement, which might glory to which his children shall render it insufficient for the be exalted. They shall rise to salvation of the whole human an unspeakably greater height race. Those who are lost, are of blessedness and glory, than not lost for want of sufficient that from whence they have fal- atonement, but because they len, thro' the apostacy of Adam. will not come unto Christ that They are interested in an infi- / they may have life. 66 This is nite righteousness, the righ-' the condemnation, that light has

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come into the world, and men sons and daughters of the Lord have loved darkness rather than | Almighty. light.” And how shall they es- One inference which the Acape, who neglect this great sal- postie draws from the considervation,

ations we have noticed, and

which claims the attention of The preceding observations remind us of our vile original ; | the family of Christ, is the base

all who consider themselves of we are of the first man, who was of the earth, earthy, deprav

ness of committing sin, because

we believe ourselves not under ed, and ruined. Our sinful na

the law, but under grace. “Shall tures, as much as our bodies

we sin because we are not under and souls, are derived from our

law, but under grace

e? God parents, in a long line of succes.

forbid.” « Shall we continue in sion back to Adam. To this purpose it is written, Man

sin, that grace may abound ? that is born of a woman is of different spirit from the family

God forbid.” Such discover a few days, and full of trouble. to which they pretend to belong, And dost thou open thine eyes and have reason to regard the upon such an one? Who can bring a clean thing out of an

admonition given them in the unclean ? Not one." · Behold

following words : “ Now if any I was shapen in iniquity, and in Christ, he is none of his.".

have not the spirit of sin did my mother conceive me.”

All derived from this original is corrupt; and our depravity is discovered, as soon as

Prospect of the state of Religion

on the Continent of Europe ; we become able to discover our

taken from The Religious moral natures.

Monitor or Scots Presbyterian Therefore we stand in the Magazine," published in Edinmost pressing need of being burg, March, 1803. born again, of incorruptible seed; 'HE present age has exhibof being quickened and made ited unprecedented and alive in Jesus Christ, that we eventful vicissitudes. Their promay be translated from the bable infiuence upon the interfamily of the first man, into that ests of Europe, the balance of of the second-from our cor

power, or the fate of nations, now rupt head, to that which is heav- engrosses the attention of polily. Hence Christ calls us to be- ticians and speculatists. Serilieve on him, with the assurance, ous and reflecting minds, at the that with our faith, we shall same time, cannot fail to obhave power to become the sons serve new aspects of the state of of God. We are not debtors religion in the world, and into the flesh, nor to the first man, teresting circumstances, which for that apostacy, by which our seem to forebode to it a more natures are vitiated; but we are extensive reception. It has been infinitely indebted to the se- generally remarked, that, from cond man, through whose be- the consideration of the awful nevolence we may be the chil convulsions which pernicious dren of God, and enjoy the titles, opinions have fomented abroad, privileges and inheritance of the a greater external reverence has


been professed for religion at , and the seductive splendour of home. Charity the most fer- | their promises. The world was vent, cannot, indeed, be so blind to be enlightened. The nations as to imagine that this profes- were no longer to be deceived. sion is very extensively sincere. Man was to be restored to his Yet though it may neither, in rights. Their philosophy was to this point of view, be the subject effect miraculous revolutions.of great triumph to Christians, And the golden age was to renor productive of lasting bene- turn to the world. fit to individuals, still this cer- The fatal experiment was at tain advantage results from this last tried. The dreams of these temper of public opinion, that pretended sages were for a time the doctrines of the gospel are realized. And they were perlistened to with greater respect, mitted, by awful lessons, to teach and its followers regarded with the nations what human society less prejudice.

would be without religion ; what How widely different was the man is by his nature, when aspect and reception of religion freed from all restraint; and in the world at a very late peri- what is the happiness and the od! Innumerable pretenders to freedom which such philosophy science, astonishingly dissimi- as theirs can confer. lar in spirit and manner to the The current of public opinion philosophers of ancient times, is now changed, and, in some and destitute of the features and countries, flows back even with the love of genuine wisdom, had too violent a revulsion. In poisoned, by their seductive France, such is the impression lucubrations, the public mind. of the people's fatal experience, The encyclopedists, ceconomists, such the cravings of remorse in and witty, superficial sophists of some, such the impulse of fear France, the grave and argumen- in others, such the prevailing tative sceptics of Britain, the horror for the enormities of metaphysical, pompous, or ex- atheism, and such the defect of travagant pretenders of Germa- salutary instruction, that, tho' ny, had obtained a wonderful and real religion is little known, pernicious ascendency over the Popery, with all its defects, is opinions of their readers ; and again, in many districts, eagerly these readers were found in al- embraced. It is not merely the most every rank of society in illiterate and bigoted who are Europe. The unprincipled were seen to adopt this, the most irdelighted with their imaginary rational and superstitious pertriumphs over religion, order version of Christianity ; but and virtue. The giddy and un- many of the learned, many that thinking were intoxicated with were once even its most decided their wit. The grave were as- opponents, now willingly profess tonished at their presumption. its peculiarities. Of these the The studious were perplexed amiable and eloquent Laharpe with their sophistry. Even the was a singular example ; once well disposed and sober minded the favorite disciple, the intiwere somewhat abashed at the mate friend of Voltaire, and conboldness of their assaults, at the sequently a zealous and remorsearrogance of their pretensions, less infidel ; but lately the most

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