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Office of the naval officer: One deputy naval officer.
Office of the surveyor: One deputy surveyor.

Places authorized to be filled by non-competitive examination under General Rule III, section 2, clause (d):

1. In the customs district of New York, collector's office : The tellers employed in the cashier's office. Threo stenographers employed under the immediate supervision of the collector. 2. In the customs district of San Francisco: Chinese interpreter.

NUMBER OF OFFICERS AND EMPLOYÉS IN THE CLASSIFIED CUSTOMS SERVICE.

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Percentage of excepted and noncompetitive places to competitive is 4.6.
Percentage of places below the classified service to the competitive places is 44+.

3.-THE POSTAL SERVICE.

The classified postal service embraces all employés below postmaster, including postal clerks, money-order clerks, substitute clerks, carriers, regular and pubstitute, and others, excepting special-delivery messengers, at all offices to which the freedelivery system has been applied, in all, February 1, 1894, 610, employing 11,625 letter-carriers and 9,795 clerks.

The classification of the post-office service, made on March 9, 1883, and now existing, is as follows:

Class 4, $1,800 and over per annum.
Class 3, $1,400 and less than $1,800 per annum.
Class 2, $800 and less than $1,400 per annum.
Class 1, less than $800 per annum.

The following was suggested in the Fifth Report as a suitable classification for this service and its adoption recommended :

It is ordered, That all officers, clerks, carriers, and other employés at classified postoffices be, and they are hereby, arranged in the following classes:

Class 1, all persons receiving an annual salary of $800 or less, or a compensation at the rate of $800 or less per annum.

Class 2, all persons receiving an annual salary of $900 or less, but more than $800, or a compensation at the rate of $900 or less, but more than $800 per annum.

Class 3, all persons receiving an annual salary of $1,000 or less, but more than $900, or a compensation at the rate of $1,000 or less, but more than $900 per annum.

Class 4, all persons receiving an annual salary of $1,200 or less, but more than $1,000, or a compensation at the rate of $1,200 or less, but more than $1,000 per

annum.

Class 5, all persons receiving an annual salary of $1,400 or less, but more than $1,200, or a compensation at the rate of $1,400 or less, but more than $1,200 per annum.

Class 6, all persons receiving an annual salary of $1,600 or less, but more than $1,400, or a compensation at the rate of $1,600 or less, but more than $1,400 per annum.

Class 7, all persons receiving an annual salary of $1,800 or less, but more than $1,600, or a compensation at the rate of $1,800 or less, but more than $1,600 per annum.

Class 8, all persons receiving an annual salary of $2,000 or less, but more than $1,800, or a compensation at the rate of $2,000 or less, but more than $1,800 per annum.

Class 9, all persons receiving an annual salary of more than $2,000, or a compensation at the rate of more than $2,000 per annum.

It is provided, That no person who may be appointed to an office by and with the advice and consent of tho Senate, and that no person who may be employed merely as a laborer or workman (not including any person designated as skilled laborer or workman), shall be considered as within this classification, and no person so employed shall, without examination under the civil-service rules, be assigned to the duties of a classified place.

It is also ordered, That no person shall be admitted into any place not excepted from examination by the civil-service rules in any of the classes above designated until he shall have passed an appropriate examination prepared by the United States Civil Service Commission and his eligibility has been certified to by said Commission or the appropriate board of examiners.

4.-RAILWAY MAIL SERVICE.

The classified railway mail service embraces all superintendents, assistant superintendents, chief clerks, railway postal clerks, route agents, local agents, mail-route messengers, and other employés of the railway mail service. One general superintendent; one assistant general superintendent; printers, employed as such; clerks, employed exclusively as porters in handling mail matter in bulk, in sacks, or pouches, and not otherwise; clerks, employed exclusively on steamboats, and trans

H. Ex. 1, pt. 8—7

fer clerks at junction points or stations where not more than two such clerks aro employed, are exempted from examination. All other places can be filled only by promotion, transfer, reinstatement, or examination. Superintendents of mails at classified post-offices (those having free delivery) must be selected from among the employés of the railway mail service.

The railway mail service classification was made by the Postmaster-General December 31, 1888, and is as follows:

“By direction of the President of the United States, and subject to and in accordance with section 1 of an act entitled 'An act to designate, classify, and fix the salaries of persons in the railway mail service, approved July 31, 1882,' and in accordance with the third clause of section 6 of an act entitled 'An act to regulate and improve the civil service of the United States, approved January 16, 1883,

It is ordered, That all superintendents, assistant superintendents, chief clerks, railway postal clerks, route agents, local agents, mail-route messengers, and other employés of the railway mail service be, and they are hereby, arranged in the following classes:

“Class one, all persons receiving an annual salary of $800 or less, or a compensation at the rate of $800 or less per annum.

“Class two, all persons receiving an annual salary of $900 or less, but more than $800, or a compensation at the rate of $900 or less, but more than $800 per annum.

“Class three, all persons receiving an annual salary of $1,000 or less, but more than $900, or a compensation at the rate of $1,000 or less, but more than $900 per

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annum.

“Class for r, all persons receiving an annual salary of $1,200 or less, but more than $1,000, or a compensation at the rate of $1,200 or less, but more than $1,000 per

annuim.

Class five, all persons receiving an annual salary of $1,400 or less, but more than $1,200, or a compensation at the rate of $1,400 or less, but more than $1,200 per

annum.

“Class six, all persons receiving an annual salary of $1,600 or less, but more than $1,400, or a compensation at the rate of $1,600 or less, but more than $1,400 per

annum.

“Class seven, all persons receiving an annual salary of $1,800 or less, but more than $1,600, or a compensation at the rate of $1,800 or less, but more than $1,600 per annum.

“Class eight, all persons receiving an annual salary of $2,000 or less, but more than $1,800, or a compensation at the rate of $2,000 or less, but more than $1,800 per

annum.

“Class nine, all persons receiving an annual salary of more than $2,000, or a compensation at the rate of more than $2,000 per annum.

It is provided, That no person who may be appointed to an office by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and that no person who may be employed merely as a laborer or workman (not including any person designated as skilled laborer or workman), shall be considered as within this classification; and no person so employed shall, without examination under the civil-service rules, be assigned to the duties of a classified place.

It is also ordered, That no person shall be admitted into any place not excepted from examination by the civil-service rules in any of the classes above designated until he shall have passed an appropriate examination prepared by the United States Civil Service Commission, and his eligibility has been certified to this Department by said Commission.

The following table shows the number of employés in the railway mail service on December 31, 1893.

States.

Clerks.

Substi.
tutes.

Total.

3 0 10 11 6 7 2 0 4 14 1

28

20

0 17 16 6 4

Alabama
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut.
Delaware.
District of Columbia.
Florida.
Georgia
Idaho
Illinois.
Indiana
Indian Territory
Iowa
Kansas.
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine.
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan..
Minnesota
Mississippi.
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada.
New Hampshire.
New Jersey
New Mexico..
New York.
North Carolina
North Dakota.
Ohio.
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island.
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee.
Texas...
Utah
Vermont
Virginia.
Washington.
West Virginia.
Wisconsin
Wyoming

76

3 79 120

76 104 18 58 47 150

6 570 379

2 326 275 115 42 74 110 197 236 167

60 354

33 180 14 61 94 16 514 98 38 579

4 37 411 14 63 49 142 183 14 44 153 38

79

3 89 131

82 111 20 58 51 161

7 593 399

2 343 291 121 46 79 119 210 249 173

66 373

38 190

13
13
6
6
19

5
10
2
7

16

31
7
5
39

4 20 2 7 5 13 15 2 4 11 2

68 98 18 545 105

43 618

5 41 431 16 70 54 155 198 16 48 164 40 80 194 26

75

188

22

Total.

6, 708

433

7, 141

5.—THE INDIAN SERVICE.

The classified Indian service includes all physicians, superintendents, assistant superintendents, teachers, and matrons in the Indian service.*

The classification of the Indian service was made by the Secretary of the Interior on the 13th day of April, 1891, and is as follows:

By direction of the President of the United States, and in accordance with the third clause of section 6 of an act entitled “An act to regulate and improve the civil service of the United States," approved January 16, 1883,

* Under date of February 16, 1894, the Secretary of the Interior informed the Commission that he had decided to treat Assistant Teachers as classified to be filled through examination, except always in cases where Indians may be found who are qualified for such positions.

It is ordered, That all physicians, school superintendents, and assistant superintend. ents, school teachers, and matrons in the Indian service be, and they are hereby, arranged in the following classes, without regard to salary or compensation:

Class One. Physicians.
Class Two, School superintendents and assistant superintendents.
Class Three. School teachers.
Class Four. Matrons.

Provided, That no person who may be required by law to be appointed to an offico by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and that no person who may be employed merely as a laborer or workman, or in connection with any contract schools, shall be considered as within this classification; and no person so employed shall be assigned to the duties of a classified place.

It is further ordered, That no person shall be admitted to any place not excepted from examination by the civil service rules in any of the classes above designated until he or she shall have passed an appropriate examination under the United States Civil Service Commission and his or her eligibility has been certified to by said Commission or the appropriate board of examiners.

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* Includes 11,625 letter-carriers and 9,795 clerks in post-offices. + Exclusive of 433 substitutes.

The precise number is not known. It comprises a few laborers and watchmon at the larger offices who do not handle mail except in pouches.

Embraces a few laborers who do not handle mail in any way.

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