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year to the world depends the good and means rare !--thus driving her husband the happiness of millions. In your houses to ruin and misery, and tempting him the real prosperity of the nation is deter- to drunkenness or desertion. mined more than in the Houses of Par- Why should I say more on this head, liament. In the name of thousands, I to prove that your boys and girls, who say, Have mercy upon us !-and give are growing up around you to be men us sober, industrious, honest men and and women, are of immense and incalwomen.
.culable importance to the well-being of Are your sons to be employed as society ? Have a care, then, how you workmen ? If so, they are of import- bring them up! ance to their fellow-workmen and em- 2. I must come nearer home, and ployers. They can form a strength or remind you that those little ones are weakness, a blessing or curse, to both. of great importance to yourselves. I am Let us have sober steady men, whose sure you feel this, at all events, to be words and example will be health and true. Oh! how important are these! comfort to all around them. Give us They strengthen your arms for labour, men to whom we can entrust our money and refresh you when at rest. They rouse and our property in our shops and count- you up, and send you out in the early ing-houses; and to whom we can entrust morning, and make you glad to return our lives when travelling under their home at night. That child who climbs guidance by land or sea. But save us, your knee, twines its arms around your we beseech of you, from the blaspheming neck, and kisses your rough cheek, has infidel, the filthy sensualist, the insane more power over you than all the police drunkard, the coarse and rude savage, in the city or than all the armies of the the leader of riots, the contriver of plots, world, were they arrayed against you ! the spouter of nonsense, the preacher of Its smile holds you fast as no iron chain rebellion, the instigator of strikes, and could do; and its fond caressings will the tryant of all !
often calm your wild heart, and make Are your daughters to be servants in yourself a child. It would be nothing, our houses? Give us such as are some- indeed, to the world if that little light times to be found, whom we can trust, was extinguished; but would it not be respect, and cherish, as valued friends darkness to your own home and heart ? of the family ; in whose keeping our That parent has indeed sunk lower than goods, our character, our children, are the beasts that perish, when he is no safe. But deliver us, we beseech of you, longer thus influenced by the love of his from the domestic affliction of a dishon- children. You cannot, then, say-you est, lying, quarrelling, disobedient, rude, surely never even thought—that it is selfish, or unfaithful servant, who, nothing to you how your children grow though leaving her place as soon as up. You feel that your happiness even possible, may only make way for another now is bound up in what they are. And of the same description!
when they leave the domestic roof, will In the name, too, of many a young you not be thankful and proud if they tradesman, see that the wife he receives turn out well, and are honoured and from your fireside may be such an one respected by the world? Will you not as can be a companion for an intelligent feel their shame and dishonour to be Christian man,-an economical house- your own? Will their well-doing not be keeper for & working man; and be a crown of glory to you in old age; and herself the Christian mother of his would not their ill-doing help to bring children ; and not a thoughtless, hand-down your grey hairs with sorrow to the less, tawdry slattern, who keeps her grave? Therefore, apart from any other house like a pig-stye, and her children or higher consideration, for your own sakes like pigs—who idles her time in gossip- have a care how you train them up. ping with her neighbours, or in drinking A strong working man once came to with them—for such horrors are by no me requesting the ordinance of baptism for his child. He was a smith; he con- , with fervent heat, new systems may be fessed that he had formerly been in the created, and pass away; but your child habit of drinking to excess, but that for will live amidst the changes and revolutwo years he had lived a strictly sober tions of endless ages, which will no more life. On my asking what led to this touch or destroy it than the wild hurrichange, he replied, after some hesita- cane can touch the rainbow which reposes tion: “Indeed, I believe it was the in the sky, though it may rage around bairns." “The bairns !" I exclaimed, its lovely form. When eras that no "how was that ?"_“Why, sir,” said he, arithmetic can number have marked the “when I came home at night they used life of your child, an eternity will still be to run and meet me, and play about me; before it, in which it shall live, move, and the youngest was a special favourite, and have its being! What think you, and extraordinary fond of me; and one parents, of having such a creature as evening when she had her arms about this under your roof, and under your my neck, and was giving me a kiss, the charge, and that creature your own thocht struck me, Wbat a beast I was to child ? Consider, be taking drink in this way, if it was for (2.) Your child must live for ever in bliss no other reason than the harm I was sure or woe. It must stand before the judgto do to baith the bodies and souls of my ment-seat of Christ. It must be for ain bairns. I took such shame to myself, ever lost, or for ever saved. It must be that I dropped it since then; and now I with God and Christ, with the angels and hope I have better reasons, even than the saints, loving and beloved, a glorious good of the family, for keeping sober.” and majestic being, or for ever wicked
3. But consider, further, the personal and unutterably miserable with Satan, as well as relative importance of these and lost spirits.! I am assuming, of young ones, or their importance to them- course, that it shall here attain that age selves. For you know how one's own as shall make it fully responsible to God; state for time and for eternity is of more for if it dies in infancy, I believe that importance to ourselves than anything it is certainly saved through Jesus Christ. else possibly can be. It is this fact which But even to be able to entertain such a the words of our Lord imply, when He hope as this, that your babe, though dead, says: “For what shall it profit a man if actually lives somewhere with Jesus ; or he will gain the whole world and lose his that, if living here, is yet capable of besoul ?—and what shall a man give in ex- coming one of God's high and holy family change for his soul ?” Not anything ! in His home above for ever-may well not the whole universe! To a man him- deepen upon you a sense of its personal self, his own soul — his own life and value! Do you ask what this fact has happiness, are more valuable than aught to do with your duty of training up your else. Now, parents, weigh this matter children? I will tell you. Whether your well. Behold your children, or any one child—should it be spared some years on of them, and hear what I have to say earth-shall live for ever in joy or in about that one child.
sorrow, depends upon what it believes (1.) That child must live for ever. Its and does in this world. It is how it lives existence is endless as the life of its here which must determine where and how Maker. There lies concealed in that it shall live hereafter. Is that not a solemn frame, clasped to a mother's bosom, and consideration for you ?—and is it not 80 feeble that the evening breeze might more solemn still, when you further reseem sufficient to destroy it, a living member, that the character which your spark which no created power can ever child is to possess on this side of the extinguish! Cities and empires shall grave, and retain on the other, and on rise and fall during coming centuries; which its destiny hangs, is affected more but that infant of yours will survive them by what it sees, hears, learns, from you, all ! The world and its works shall be and in your house, thau upon anything burnt up, and the clements shall welt else in this world?
4. But I notice, lastly, that your child, with such corruptible things as silver ren are of inestimable importance to and gold for these could not purchase their Father in heaven. Perhaps you are the least and poorest of them,- but with disposed at first to doubt this ; but if you the precious blood of His own Son! And consider it you will see how true it is. at baptism did He not claim them as His God being so great and glorious, you own, revealing Himself as their God,think that probably a child is too small their Father, Saviour, and Sanctifier ? and insignificant a thing to be noticed or Remember, then, parents, that God has cared for by Him. But it is just because given you this precious property of His God is so great and glorious that He in trust; and of each child beneath your is able to know and consider every roof He says: “Nurse this child for me !" person and thing in the universe. “Are Have a care, then, I again say, how you not five sparrows sold for a farthing? yet train them up “in the murture and not one of them is forgotten before God. admonition of the Lord.” Fear not; ye are of more value than many sparrows !"
I cannot conclude this address to It was perhaps this wrong impression of parents of the working classes, without God's greatness which, on one occasion, saying a few words to employers. induced the disciples to prevent mothers Masters of public works, masters and bringing their children to the Saviour mistresses of private families !—I have to obtain His blessing. How could the appealed to these parents in your name, great Messias, thought they, condescend begging them to furnish you with good to attend to such weak and insignificant and faithful servants; and you know creatures ? But very different were His well how much your comfort and own feelings! “Suffer little children to prosperity depend upon the supply come to mej and forbid them not!" and which they may afford to such demands. accordingly the good Shepherd took the But let me remind you that duties are lambs into His arms, and blessed them. reciprocal,—that if you require those in
Who gave the heartiest welcome to your service to consider your comfort the King when He entered the temple ? and advantage, it becomes you equally Not the priests, nor Sadducees, nor Phar- to consider theirs, actuated by that isees, but the children who cried Hosan- Christian principle which should be comna! Those who pretended to great mon to both-the principle of " loving wisdom and piety rebuked them, and our neighbour, and pleasing him for his wished Christ to do the same; but He good to edification.” If you treat those would not. He received the praises of in your service as mere machines, mere the young ; for God had ordained such to helps to your personal aggrandizement come from the mouths even of babes and or convenience; if you acknowledge no sucklings.
obligation to make any sacrifices of your Why should this astonish you, parents? ease or wealth to make them better or “O) ye of little faith, wherefore do ye happier,—why should you expect them doubt ?” For oply reflect for a moment to be actuated by different motives toupon the relationship in which God wards you? If such motives as, “ Each stands to those children. They belong to man for himself"_“look after number Him, and are His property, not yours. one”_" what will pay”—are to be inHe it is who has given them all the scribed on the banners of employersvalue which they possess. He it is who why not on those of the employed, your. has created them, and endowed them selves being judges ? I know well that prith such wonderful powers and capaci- heads of works and heads of houses are ties, in order that, as the very end of often loud in their cry about the “intheir being, they might glorify Him, and gratitude and selfishness" of those who enjoy Him for ever. And such immense serve them. But let those who complain value does He attach to those His own be sure that such real unselfish kindness creatures, that He redeemed them, not has been shewn by themselves as ought to have excited corresponding feelings | by their own conduct towards them. Only in those who were its objects. Very true, let this honest discharge of duty begin it is alleged, “the working classes are ex. and be more general in this Christian land tremely suspicious.” Whether this may with the employers, and it will very arise from ignorance, and conscious weak- speedily tell too on the employed, to an ness when opposed to those in whose power extent that the most sanguine could they more or less are, or may be the hardly venture to hope for. The law of legitimate effect of many lessons taught love must be allowed to have its share in them in the school of a hard and worldly regulating labour as well as the law of selfishness, I know not. I admit, how- mere money-profit. There is a demand ever, that they often do attribute what and supply by hearts required, as well as was prompted by benevolence in their by pockets. “Live and let live,” was employers, to mean and unworthy mo- surely not intended for the body more tives. But in the vast majority of cases than for the soul ! this is an error of judgment rather than
N. of heart; and if a course of wise, frank, considerate, and generous treatment of them is pursued, it will soon be perceived,
ILLUSTRATIONS OF PERSEVERANCE,
SOBRIETY, AND HONESTY. and duly appreciated by the workman or servant. And what a blessed effect At the annual festival in Glasgow (held it would have upon home education, if March 16) of the employees of Mr. Napier, employers manifested a personal Christian the well-known and much-esteemed eninterest in those who serve them, --if they gineer, one of the speakers, Mr. Robb, acted towards them as beings of Aesh stated the following interesting facts :and blood, with minds and hearts, with “I shall give you a few illustrations social and domestic affections, like their of working men who, being true to themown! Why, then, should not masters and number of years ago I was acquainted
selves, were true to every one beside. A mistresses at home have more friendly, with a young man; he was a farm servthoughtful, Christian intercourse with ant; he was so because his selfish father their servants, so as to gain their hearts, would not teach him a trade; he would and to help them to good? Why should not keep him for the wages of an apprennot masters of works try to become better be a tradesman. Did he ask any one to
tice. Well, the youth resolved he would acquainted with their workmen as fellow- help him ? No; he carefully saved his men! Would it be too condescending penny-fee until he had acquired as much in them to visit them in their houses ? as, with his apprentice wages, would Why not? Do they imagine that this keep bim independent of his father. He would lower their dignity, or weaken their applied himself diligently to his work;
bound himself to an engineering firm ; influence, or occupy too much time? And was true to his employer; spent his evencould they not do more to make those ings, not in singing-saloons or free-andhouses fit for the home education of easy8; no, but in the drawing and other human beings ? Could not more be done schools. What was the result? Immedifor affording a practical training to boys, his employer found him a situation in a
ately on the expiry of his apprenticeship but especially to girls, so as to fit them large steamboat; and in a very short to become respectable men and women ? time he was first engineer, in receipt of Could not more be done to relieve and the highest pay. He was true to his cheer up those thrown out of work by other, more than true to his fathersickness or bad trade? There are heads the true and happy husband of a true
true and useful to his brother, and is now of public works who do all this, and wife. Take another instance-it occurred verily they have their reward in the when I was an apprentice. In the imaffection and respect of their men, shewn mediate vicinity of our shop there was a often in very trying circumstances; and public house—some of you may rememthere are masters and mistresses who berit, it had a very peculiar sign—a negro
man holding up his broken fetters, with thank God for the Christian servants the word "freedom' underneath. Well, whom they have gained as friends, chiefly in this "freedom' the men in our shop
had credit. During every week a pretty would, at that time, lave had difficulty large score was run up for drink, which in borrowing one pound; while the made an impression on every man's pay known honesty of principle of the other on Saturday. This went on for some was the open sesame !' to his friend's time, till one Monday morning, as we entire purse. I have given you those sat round the stove during the breakfast three incidents with the view of exhibithour, one of my shopmates said, “This ing to you what I look upon as the three drinking is confounded nonsense ; for my great essentials of success,-namely, quiet part I mean to give it up.' In this he perseverance, strict sobriety, and stern was true to his word and true to himself, honesty. The working man who daily and that young man is now worth several practises these three simple virtues will thousand pounds; is very true to his certainly reach a comfortable position, worthy parents ; and is a true and digni- and may attain one of fortune and honfied member of society. One other inci- ourable distinction-may stand in proud dent: About fifteen years ago two appren- equality with the most exalted of the tice boys were employed cleaning out a land. There is no lack of evidence to warehouse in this city. The youngest of illustrate this. Take one or twoexamples: the two boys, in cleaning out below the Sir Joseph Paxton, who reared the desk, where the floor was much affected Crystal Palace, was a working gardener. by dry rot, came upon several large Mr. Dargan, who did more for Irish inmushrooips; on turning up one of which dustry than all her nobility put together, a bright shilling was discovered, as if was the son of a peasant farmer. Mr. growing right in the centre of it. The Andrews, the late mayor of Southampton, boy's fancy was rather tickled at what who did honour to Britain in his noble appeared to him a natural curiosity. reception of the Hungarian patriot, was He immediately went into the workshop a working blacksmith; and Mr. Peto, and exhibited the mushroom and shilling. the Queen's last-made baronet, learned a Having done so he went to his employer, trade. Among ourselves we have our and throwing down the shilling, said, 'I Duons, our Bairds, and our Campbellsfound it under the desk. Returning to all architects of their own fortunes; and the workshop, the elder apprentice asked, last, though not least, we have your own
Where is the shilling?' The answer was, worthy employer, who, beginning life a 'I gave it to the cork. You must be a humble mechanic, stands now at the head fool,' said the other ; 'did you not find of the greatest engineering establishment it?'Yes,' said the boy; 'I found it where in the world, and is the worthy and hosthe Highlandman found the tongs.' He pitable occupant of a fair palace on one added, "He would as soon have thought of of Scotland's sweetest lakes,—and that, stealing a shilling as keeping that one too, with the best wishes of all who Another of the apprentices now joined labour under his sway. I know the rethe two, and to him the youth who sponse you will give to the sentiment I believed in keeping the shilling told how now utter : Long life, health, wealth, and stupid his neighbour had been in giving happiness to your worthy employer, Mr. up the shilling, which he said should have Napier.” been divided. The third apprentice thus
“ People seldom improve when they appealed to, said: “The youth perhaps have no other model but themselves to believes that "honesty is the best policy."
copy after.”—Goldsmith, Some twelve years after the occurrence of this incident, the boy who found the
" We never know the true value of shilling having become a man, was car- friends. While they live, we are too rying on a large business, where a con- sensitive to their faults; when we have siderable capital was required. He was lost them, we only see their virtues.”— in want of money. He knew his old Guesses at Truth. shopmate, who had witnessed the shilling. finding, had money to spare. He called
ON THE PROVERBS OF SOLOMON. upon him—it was early in the morning. “It was a fine conception, that of curdThe party called on was still in bed. He ling up the common sense of mankind asked the caller what he wanted so early. into pleasing and portable form—of drivThe brief answer was, “Money.' 'How ing the flocks of loose wandering thoughts much?'—' As much as you can spare.' into the penfolds of proverbs. They shew Without saying another word, the old the same principles and passions to have shopmate wrote a bank check for six operated in every age, proving the unity hundred-and-fifty pounds, and handing of man. Solomon's proverbs are every it to the youth, said, “You can give me a nation's laws,-proverbial, because based receipt for it at your leisure.' The youth on simple truth."-Gilfillan's “ Burds of who believed in keeping the shilling, I the Bible.”