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Recommending the editor of the Lynchburg Jeffersonian as the best man to start the new press in Richmond.
Calhoun's address has appeared and Virginia must "rally for her principles."
Important for Virginia to anticipate McLean's friends and come out for Calhoun at once.
"Mr. Calhoun's address was like a shock produced by the cold bath. His friends had been taught to believe that he was not a nullifier little considering what the term implied. They expected him to denounce the doctrine because they supposed that he knew that such a measure would promote his popularity; and without knowing the man or examining his position they were shocked to find that he had not availed himself of the occasion to make himself popular. But the shock has been felt and the healthful glow follows. The opposition cannot find material to censure. Even the Globe is compelled to put into his mouth the sentiments of his enemies, and all are surprised to see that nullification, if this be the monster, it (sic) is nothing more than the doctrine of Virginia & of the Republican party. You see that even Ritchie has been compelled to adopt his creed & to hope for its success.”
Green's calculation is that "opposition to Genl. Jackson" will suffice to throw the Clay men, alarmed at the unfavorable outcome of the August elections, on “the candidate of Virginia ;" that Calhoun is the "only man” who can take the Southern vote; and that the antimasonic influence will turn New England to Calhoun.
"Our strong ground is that the tendency of Genl. Jackson's administration has been the organization of the Country into too hostile personal factions, that the strife for office has endangered the constitution, and that the selection of the third candidate who will administer the govt in justice & moderation is rendered necessary. That under such considerations the withdrawal of Mr. Clay will leave Genl. Jackson no apology for continuing as a candidate except his desire to gratify his personal favorites and to appoint his successor which it is the incumbent duty of the people to defeat."
Green, on the eve of his departure for the North on political business and with special reference to conferences with the Antimasons, emphatically reiterates his conviction of the necessity of the immediate nomination of Calhoun by the people or the press of Virginia.
“The strong point to urge constantly is that Mr. Calhoun's proposition is in favor of Union. That Ritchie & Gales & Webster admit the right of resistance but insist that such resistance would be disunion. They therefore admit the right of disunion and Ritchie avows that unless the Tariff is repealed it will justify resistance. Whereas Mr. Calhoun's doctrine avows the right of resistance, and denies the right of oppression, and the only difference between him & Ritchie & Gales is that whilst they admi[t] the right of resistance on the part of the states they also claim the right of oppression for the Federal government. Preposterous!! We should argue that Mr. Calhoun's doctrine denies to the Federal Govt. none of its legitimate powers.It denies its
right to oppress and even concedes that if it be done by a majority of 3/4 of the states."
Dated-New York, September 11, 1831. “The Antimasons are afraid that Virginia will not sustain Mr. Calhoun's 'Sentiments' & are much inclined to nominate McLean. This Clay's friends here will oppose. They despair of Clay & are resolved to go for Mr. Calhoun.”
• "The Antimasonic nomination is all that is wanting to put Clay out of the field & to elect Calhoun. Much depends on your state. Send us some good & true men to Baltimore by the 26th."
Dated-Steamboat Wm. Penn, below Philadelphia (October 4, 1831; mailed at Baltimore, Oct. 6.
"The nomination of Mr. Wirt [by the Antimasons in Convention at Baltimore on September 26] was brought about by the friends of Mr. Calhoun, under the expectation that Virginia will be true to her principles—and the time has come when we cannot move without your press at Richmond.”
“But for the cry of Nullification Mr. Calhoun would have been nominated by the Antimasons * * * Many of Clay's friends prefer Calhoun to Wirt."
"I have only to add that the anti-tariff party are resolved to unite as one man against the tariff as unconstitutional & oppressive."
The funds necessary for starting the Richmond press are placed at Crallé's disposal, “through Gov. Floyd.”
(To be continued.)
THE DUANE LETTERS.
(To be continued.)
[Through the kindness of Dr. Thomas Featherstonhaugh, Washington, D. C., the Association has come into possession of some interesting selections from the large correspondence of Judge James Duane, which have never before been made public. Thy bear on Revolutionary, Southern and early educational history. The first instalment, that in this issue, relates largly to Duane himself, at the same time throwing light on the life of the day. The originals have been stored away in old hide-covered trunks all these years in the Duane Mansion, Duanesburgh, N. Y. This mansion was not the residence of James Duane, but was built by his daughter, Catharine Livingston Duane, and is now owned by the Featherstonhaugh family, which is directly descended from Judge Duane.
The letters are well preserved and many of them look as fresh as though written a few months ago. Among them may be seen the handwriting of many of the prominent men of the time, such as Aaron Burr, Alexander Hamilton, Generals John Stark, Horatio Gates, Philip Schuyler, Chancellor R. R. Livingston, Philip Livingston, Samuel Chase, Sir William Johnson, etc.
The letters need no editing and are presented as written, preserving the capitalization, punctuation and orthography of the original manuscripts.
James Duane was born in New York city on February 6th, 1732. After a liberal education he studied law and was admitted to the bar 1754. In 1759 he married Mary, a daughter of Robert Livingston, then proprietor of the Livingston Manor. He devoted himself to the practice of his profession and was engaged in most of the important causes of his time. He was a member of the Continental Congress during its whole existence, and served as a member of the Provincial Congress of New York. He was also a member of the committee of safety and many other important committees of the Revolutionary period. In 1784 he was appointed mayor of New York by the Governor upon the petition of the common council, in which it is said: "No one is better qualified, so none will be more acceptable to us and our constituents at large than Mr. Duane. Few have sacrificed more or deserve better from their country.” For more than five years James Duane fulfilled the varied duties of mayor of his native city, and among these duties was that of holding a mayor's court.
In 1787 he was a member of the Philadelphia convention to consider the adoption of the Constitution of the United States, where he both spoke and voted for its adoption.
In 1789 he was nominated by Washington as district judge and served as such for five years. His letter to his wife announcing this nomination, copied from the original manuscript, is found farther on.
Somewhat broken in health from his many years of arduous pub
1 lic service, in 1794 he addressed a letter to the President announcing his wishes to resign his judgeship and retire to Duanesburgh. On April 8th of this year his resignation was accepted and his successor appointed. In leaving. New York he presented Gramercy Park, which was a part of his estate, to the city, and resigned as warden of Trinity church. He then devoted himself to settling his almost wild land in Duanesburgh. He built and endowed a church, which is still in use, and beneath which his body rests. He commenced to build a magnificent house not far from the church, but just as the foundation which still stands, was completed, this earnest and upright patriot died suddenly on February ist, 1797.]
ABRAM DUANE TO JAMES DUANE.
LONDON, 14th March, 1761. DEAR BROTHER Your favors of the 19th Sept and 4th January 1761 I received with pleasure I wrote you a long letter by the Earl of Leicester Packett, (If I mistake not her name) who was lately taken by a French Frigate, and carried Into France. I am Sorry to Inform you, that my Situ
, ation is the same, as when I wrote you last. I have Endeavour'd to go on the Expedition, which will sail in a few days, for the, Mauritius, in the East Indies, But cannot get a Sufficient Recommendation, to the Commanding Officer, as I have no Friends in Power. Capt Tyrell is still Unemploy'd, and will Remain so Unless they Promote him to an Admiral, or give him a Separate Command, the Latter he will Scarecly Obtain, as he has no Friends to support him, Notwithstanding he is so much Esteemed for Humanity, Good Sence, Bravery, Diligence, Capacity, and in Short every accomplishment necessary for a Gentleman and an Officer. If a man at Present, has Parliamentary Interest, he is promoted, without the least Scrutiny, into his Merit, or Charecter. I have been near 16 years In the Service, at a Great Expence, and for what I know, If I behave well, and live long Enough, I may double that number of years upon the same Conditions, Chance and only Chance, may turn the Scales, But I am very Dubious of Her, as she is Sworn foe, to my most Inveterate Sister, Miss Fortune, who Seldom re