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thy own; and that his cnemics can never be • thy friends. For even thy father, virtuous as 66 he is, has his enemies: but, believe me, Selaw, “ they are the enemies of virtue as well as of 6 Rexman. Let their crimes receive no coun. “ tenance from thee, and the truly good will love “ thee. Involve not thyself in the mazes of “ political controversy. It becomes not a prince 6 to be a pedagogue in politics. A& nobly, and 6 the Bulians will defend both thee and thine, “ They are not more tenacious of their own li6 berties than zealous for the rights of their kings.
Act as becomes thyself, my Selaw, and they u will love thee ; cherish that love, and they will 6 die to serve thee.
“ Let me conjure thee to renounce such of “ thy connexions as are calculated to disgrace 56 thee: men addicted to drunkenness, and wo
men to lasciviousness. Indulge not in excess 6 of wine, and forbear the wanton touch of har
lots. Let thy pleasures have a nobler source ; " let them not taint the purity of thy mind, nor " the honour of thy family,
“ Above all things, be punctual in the per“ formance of thy religious duties. I am sorry " to remark that a visible decline in this respect " has taken place amongst all ranks of people in “ Bulia. Let not thy example increase the gene“ ral depravity. On the contrary, use thy utmost « cndcavours to recover to religion its due influ
The people will be wretched in proportion as they are irreligious, and thou wilt “ be unhappy in proportion as they are wretch6 ed. Reflect then, how much depends on thy
religion ; thy own most ellential felicity; the “ happiness of thousands, ambitious of following
thy example; the safety, in a great measure of “ the state: for what state can long sublist with- out religion ? and the honour of thy God. «i Beware of thosc doctrines which would teach “ thee to regard religion as a system of priest
craft, or an engine of government to keep the · multitude in awe. Kings and princes are sub
ject to its ordinations and decrees; and how • much foever they may disregard, them here, • doubt not, my son, they, as well as the mean
est, shall be judged by them hereaster.
“ Look on me, my dearest Selaw, not as thy “ mother only, but as thy friend. My happiness " is wound up in thine. I love thee with more “ than maternal fondness; and I trust the decline “ of my days will be gilded by the sunshine of
thy glory. Dedicate the remainder of this day " to domestic felicity and me. Come; thy sisters wait for thee. We shall have a private concert
" of such music as is calculated to sooth the 6 troubled mind to rest, and ihe finiles of Sclaw 6 shall make his inother happy.”
From this speech, friend Spec, you may form some judgment of the Bulian queen. I did intend to draw her character; but she is so faultless, that it would seem rather a string of panegyric. I wish your fair readers may adopt her fentiments; and that every English youth may derive advantage from the moral instructions of the Bulian queen!
RANELACH. The proprietors of this Summer-scene of gaiety, have very foolishly opened it for the reception of company at this carly period, when the weather forbids all approach to summer amusements, and the evenings of the ladies are dedicated to the more important business of canvassing. I have not yet observed it frequented by above three-score people, who, sauntering about, scem to ask each other, “ what are we come here for ?” Even thc ladics of easy virtue, that is, of no virtue at all, apprehensive of being money out of pocket, wisely stay at home.
Of the musical entertainment it would be unfair to say any thing, as I doubt not but the proprietors mean to increase its excellence, as the season advances ; and in order to reinstatc Ranelagh in the line it formerly held amongst places of public amusement, it would not be amifs to engage Madame Mara, subsequent to the closing of the Pantheon. Her demand would doubtless be enormous, but, I think, the profits arising to the proprietors would be proportionable. And it should be remarked that as Renelaglı is perpetually the same, and as the people of these realms delight in nothing so much as novelty, the proprietors should guard against a sameness of entertainment, as the only way to secure the future vifits of those who have so often visited this elegant place of elegant amusement.
WESTMINSTER ELECTION. I INTEND, on the close of this violent contest, to insert the characters I have received from different correspondents, of certain members of law, phyfic, and divinity, who have rendered themselves marvellously conspicuous on this important occasion ; for
you must know, that infamy of conduct in the business of electioneering is not confined to the ladies. Several gentelmen have exerted themielves in a manner highly becoming their charaéters, and have added fresh laurels to those wreaths of fame with which they have for lome time been decorated.
CARD. The New SPECTATOR presents compliments to Curiofitatibus, Secretary to the Curious Club, and takes the liberty of informing him, that unless the said club think fit to comply with the conditions necessary to be observed for the gratification of their curiosity in the instance alluded to, they are likely to retain their curiosity, and their club the propriety of its appellation.
Somerset-Houfe. The annual exhibition of paintings, &c. of the Royal Academy, was opened yesterday. In the morning papers you will, for fomc time to come, be entertained with the remarks of men who by an affected use of technical terms, cndeavour to persuade the Town that they are fcientific critics; taking especial care to steer clear of censure on great names, left their judginent should be called in question.
Or Painting I knew nothing scientifically; I judge from my feelings, and as I am not personally acquainted with any of the mighty masters of the pencil, names cannot influence my judgment. If, therefore, as I suspect, my sentiments should differ widely from those of other people, you must recollect that I am no. adept in the science, and that the honest effusions of John Bull are never likely to coincide with those of incorrigible prejudice or supercilious affectation. In my next I will commence this business.
To other CORRESPONDENTS. The translation of the French Stanzas from M. Cuinet D'Orbeil, by C. V. Esq. in my next.—The Bevy of Originals, No. VI. alfo in my next.-Ignoratus is in remembrance.--Both the letters of G.J. were received at the same time. She will hear from me in a day or two.—The Bullies of Covent Garden, a poem in Hudibraffic verse, is under confideration. A Vindication of the Piccadilly Patrole, is a grofs reflection on a once amiable Duchess, and is too severe even for a fallen spirit.-The Bevy of Blockheads is received,
LONDON: Printed by T. RICKABY, No. 15, Duke's-Court, Bow-Street, Covent-Garden ;
And Sold by T. AXTELL, No. 2, Finch-Lane, Cornhill, and at the Royal Exchange; by
W. SWIFT, Bookseller, Charles-Street, St. James's-Square; by P. BRETT, Bookseller and Stationer, opposite St. Clement's-Church in the Strand; by G. KEARSLEY, No. 46, Fleet-Street; and by W. THISELTON, Bookseller and Stationer, No. 37, Goodge-Street, Rathbone-Place.
* CORRESPONDENTS are requested to address their favours to the New SPECTATOR, to be
left at Mr. Swift's, in Charles-Street, St. James's-Square, where a LETTER-Box is affixed for their reception.
To the New SPEC ŘATOR. Mr. SPECTATOR,
The advantages which arise from regulating the several appetites to the health of the body, have been too repetedly infifted upon to require any further animadversion. My present remarks shall be confined to temperance of diet in particular, and to the advantages which occur from it to the health of the mind.
How far the intellectual faculties are connected with the animal economy, is a disquisition which rather belongs to the natural philosopher than to the moralift. The experience of every individual must convince him of their alliance, so far as that the mind and body sympathise in all the modifications of pleasure or of pain.
One would imagine, that the stoical apathy was founded on a notion of the independence of the mind on the body. According to this philofophy, the mind may remain, as it were, an unconcerned fpectator, while the body undergoes
the most excruciating torments. But the moderns, however disposed to be ftoics, cannot help being afflicted by a fit of the gout or stone.
If the mind suffers with the body in the violence of pain, and acuteness of disease, it is usually found to recover its wonted strength, when the body is restored to health and vigour.
But there is some kind of sympathy, in which the mind continues to suffer even after the body is relieved. When the listless languor, and the nauseous satiety of recent excess is gradually worn off, the mind still continues for a while to feel a burden, which no efforts can remove; and to be surrounded with a cloud, which time only can diffipate.
DIDACTIC authors who have undertaken to prescribe rules for the student in the pursuit of knowledge, frequently insist on a regularity and abstinence in the articles of food and wine. It is indeed a fruitless labour to aim at increasing the stock of ideas, and improving the powers of penetration, without a strict observance of the laws of temperance.
It has been remarked, that the founders of colleges, who spared no expence in the embellishment of the buildings, have not been so liberal in providing food for the inhabitants.
Perhaps those no less judicious than pious patrons of learning were sensible of the utility of frequent fasting and temperate meals, in promoting literary, as well as moral and religious improvement. Nature's wants they took care to satisfy, and nature wants but little.
Horace, in a satire, in which he professedly enumerates the advantages of temperance, obferves, with a beautiful energy of expression, “ That the body, overcharged with the excess of
yesterday, weighs down the mind together 6 with itself, and fixes to the earth that particle 6 of the divine ípirit."
Tuas Aurora is a friend to the muses, is almost proverbial, and, like all those aphorisms which are founded on experience, is a just remark; but if an adequate cause were to be assigned for this effect, I know not whether it might not justly be attributed as much to fasting, as to the refreshment of sleep. The emptiness of the stomach it is which tends to give to the underftanding acuteness, to the imagination vigour, and to the memory retention.
It is well known that the principal meal of the ancients was the supper; and it has been matter of surprise that they, whose wisdom was so generally conspicuous in the severl institutions of common life, should adopt a practice which is now universally esteemed injurious to health. It is, however, not unreasonable to supposc, that they were unwilling to clog their intellects by fatisfying the cravings of hunger in the d.y-time, the season of business and deliberation, and chose rather to indulge themselves in the hour of natural festivity, when no care remained, but to retire from the banquet to the pillow.
Too much, indeed, cannot be said in praise of tenperance; and, with your permission, I shall take some future opportunity of making a few obfervations on the conduct of fume modern friends of this amiable virtue.
I am, Sir,
and knowledge. There are many men who have not an idea above their business, or profeflion-Ralph Crotchet, for example, cannot possibly repeat a story, or even a sentence, with out introducing some musical expreflions. He is ever boasting of his erudition, abilities, and knowledge ; but I can only refer you to the above motto, parturiunt montes, &c.
I went with a friend to a club, one evening; where Crotchet was president. It consisted of demi-gentlemen, and respectable musicians. At the bottom of the table, were fix members, overheated with the force of opposition, talking politics, and peremptorily setling the affairs of the nation. On the left, were cight more, engaged in deep conversation about religion, and revealing the mysteries of its different sects, the consequence of which, generally ends with the loss of friendship, a perpetually enmity, and a violent quarrelling. On the right, were a groupe of members, making, and breaking laws, for the better regulation of society, which could not be finally settled, on account of the several divided opinions.
ORDER was called. Crotchet rising, filence cnlucd.“ Gentlemen, says he, as this fociety 6 is dedicated to music, it ought to be the nur.
sery of rising genius. Though I am a profeffor of that noble fcience, now, so averse was
my inclination to it when yoring, that a. c.“ famous Greenwich organist was obliged from
my inattention, to tie me to the Ilarpsichord.”
BEFORE he had finished his sentence, a general hissing cnsued, and order was heard from cvery corner of the room.
Crotchet demanded silence for five minutes, alluring the members, that the history of his conduct, from his infancy merited their hearing, as it proved how people mijlake their genius. He then produced a large manufcript- “ This, gentlemen, is some music that I have composed, entirely for your future amusement, and which I will beg of you to play over now.” Instruments were produced, and the music handed about. Though there were professors present, the composition pofsessed such harmonious flights, that it was incomprehen sible to a common genius, as it attempted to prove that the thcory of that science was quite useless, and that any person, however ignorant of music, might compose; in short, he referred you to his own composition, as a specimen, and proof of what he urged. The manuscript was so lost in the labyrinth of discord, that the musicians declared they would not attempt to perform that,
which they did not understand. After a severe reprimand to Ralph Crotchet on the insult, a new president was elected, and the Lodge closed.
A few days after, I happened to meet with 'Crotchet, at a stall in Parliament-street, chcapening some music, for the instruction of his scholars--he recollected my features, and, after some conversation, he insisted that I should go home with him. He used so many harmonious words that I was obliged to acquicsce. When we arrived in street; he led me into a back room, up one pair of stairs ; - where he introduced me to his wife, as he called her. This, says he, is Mrs. Crotchet.A mutual smile ensues between me and the lady, as we happened, two years ago, to have been intimately acquainted.
To the New SPECTATO R. Dear Spec!
Ar the Chapter coffee-house, a few days ago, I had the pleasure of hearing myself heartily abused for speaking disrespectfully of great
I have since that time, been seriously considering the influence of names, and am sorry to find that any name can be rendered respectable but by eminent virtue. This is matter of surprise and regret to me. Poets have been inspired, moralists have written, and divines have preached in vain, if they have not been able to root out of the mind the paltry prejudices in regard to the situation of individuals, and do not judge of man as he acts. No other consideration, however, shall rule my opinions of persons; as I have long since learned to pay more respect to an honest tradesman than a titled rascal. Names, therefore, have no influence on me; nor do I trouble myself with observing the advice of Horace :
Quid de quoque viro, 3 cui dicas, fæpe caveto. Take heed of whom you speak, and what it is, Take heed to whom--
AFTER remaining in the aukward situation of doubt, fear, and apprehension half an hour, I was relieved by a message coming to Ralph demanding his immediate attendance.-- Politeness obliged me to make an attempt at going, which he refused ; infifting, at the same time, that I should rema in till his reiurn. As soon as he had shut the door I gave vent to my surprize! Bless “ me, Louisa ! exclaimed I, with astonishment, “ where is Captain ****** ? Is it poflible that
you have left him for such an ignorant, illite" rate man as Ralph Crotchet?”After drawing her chair ricarer to mine, she replied,
66 Our ci sex will be fickle. Captain
went “ abroad, leaving me an annuity, with a promise of
marriage on his return. The chance of storms, “ waves, and fhipwrecks being uncertain, and
as we cannot account for affections, you may “ banish your surprize. However, I am not
married." This was my cue ; and as she was not united to Crotchet I was pleased with the renewal of a former connexion.
I beg, therefore, that the gentleman in the brown
-Hæ nugæ feria ducunt
The mysteries of love were unravelled, but no Crotchet came home. I then bid Louisa adieu, with a sincere promise of waiting on her often. Fate intervened. By some unfortunate accident, our discourse was overheard, and the whole of our conduct seen, which was instantly conveyed to Crotchet, who assumed the prerogative of a husband, and the next morning sent me a musical, interesting, harmonious, laughable, and nonsensical letter, which you will find tranf. cribed in a future number of the Bevies.
These toys will once to serious mischiefs fall. This lagacious gentleman appeared at the Hanover-Square Concert, on Wednesday; his hat decorated with laurel. Enquiring into the reason of that peculiar ornament, I was told that his worship had gained a complete victory over one Common Sense, with whom he had been at war a considerable time; but I was assured, that as this was the first, so it would be the last time we should ever see his worship's head decorated with laurel.
FASHION The commencement of Spring necessarily introduces new fashions in dress amongst the bcaux and belles. Such of the former as do not choose to sport new uniforms, distinguish themselves by putting a black velvet collar to their half-worn coats, that being the ton; and, doubtless, a black velvet collar is quite charming for a Spring coat,
[ To be continued.]