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SOUT H.

A Guide to the Raising of Vegetables for
Northern Markets.

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PRESIDENT OF THE CHATHAM Co., GEORGIA, FRUIT AND VEGETABLE GRowe Rs
ASSOCIATION,

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Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1888, by the
O. JUDD CO.,
In the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington.

Add to Tib.
GIFT

PRINTED IN U. S. A.

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CONTENTS.

FAGE

Preface...................................... ...................... 5

CHAPTER I.

Labor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7

CHAPTER II.

Soil and its Preparation............................... - - - - - - - - - - - - ... 10

CHAPT10R III.

Manures, their Kinds and Uses........................ ------------- 15

CHAPTER IV.

The Rotation of Crops.................... ............. ... . . . . . . . . . 54

CHAPTER V.

Weeds. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - ... 59

CHAPTER WI.

Seed and Seed Sowing............ ................. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 62

CHAPTER VII.

Hot-Beds, Cold Frames and Weather............... - - - - - - . . . . . . ... 71

CHAPTER VIII.

Transplanting... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82

CHAPTER IX.

Water and Watering.................... - - - - - - - - - - - - - -------------- 87

CHAPTER X.

Packing and Markets................... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 90

CHAPTER XI

Insects and their Remedies.............................. . . . . . . . . . . . 96

CHAPTER XII.

Asparagus..... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ............119

CHAPTER XIII.

Beans, Bush or Snap.......... . . . . . . ...... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 130

CHAPTER XIV.

Beet...... ------ * - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ..........184

Cauliflower...................................... ------------------ 163

CHAPTER XVII.

Cucumber........... --------------------------------- ------------- 169

CHAPTER XVIII.

Egg Plant or Guinea Squash.................... ------------ - - - - - - - 175

CHAPTER XIX.

Kale, Borecole or Sprouts................... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 178

CHAPTER XX.

Lettuce. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..... 180

CHAPTER XXI.

Onions........... • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ---------------- 181

CHAPTER XXII.

Pea....... -------- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ---------- - - - - - - - - - - 191

CHAPTER XXIII.

Potato.................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ------------------- 195

CHAPTER XXIV.

Radish. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 207

CHAPTER XXV.

Spinach........ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 208

CHAPTER XXVI.

Squash. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ----------------------- 209

CHAPTER XXVII.

Sweet Potato... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ------- - - - - - - - 213

CHAPTER XXVIII.

Tomato.... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ---------------- 220

CHAPTER XXIX.

Watermelon..... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 229

- CHAPTER XXX.

Strawberry. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - 236

APPENDIX.

Analyses and Values of Fertilizers

Economy in Fertilization..........

Formula for Composts........... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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THIS work is written in the hope that it may be useful to my fellow farmers who are engaged in growing vegetables for the Northern markets. The instructions given, and facts presented, are mainly such as are not to be found in the few works extant on Southern gardening, and are those resulting from a long experience. When I commenced to produce vegetables for shipment, about twenty-six years ago, there were few or none following the pursuit as an exclusive business on a large scale. The consignments at that time consisted mainly of the mere surplus crops of the local market gardeners. The business has gradually developed to astonishing proportions, principally in the vicinity of the larger seaport cities of the South. One of the results has been that land within three miles of Savannah, for instance, has risen in value one hundred and fifty per cent. within the last twelve years. While the crops of the whole area tributary to Savannah, were by no means satisfactory during the past season, the aggregate quantity of produce was large. The following statement shows the produce forwarded to the Northern markets direct from the port of Savannah by the steamships alone.

ExpoRTs (BY STEAMERs) of vEGETABLEs (AND orANGES FROM FLORIDA), For THE SEASON ENDING AUGUST 31st, 1882.

PORT. VEGETABLES. ORANGES. TOTAL OF Crates. | Barrels. | Bozes. I Barrels. | ***** New York............... 105,739 27,572 69,379 2,519 205,209 Baltimore .............. 50,787 | 12,696 2,723 907 67,113 Philadelphia............. 24,472 7,956 13,033 445 y Boston.................. 4,132 630 9,837 174 14,773 185,130 || 48,854 94,972 | 4,045 333,001

The season's shipment of melons to New York aggregated 175,000.

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