On the Existence of God: Lectures given at the Universities of Würzburg and Vienna (1868–1891)
Springer Science & Business Media, 1987 M06 30 - 360 páginas
Of the works by Franz Brentano (1838-1917) which have appeared in thus far, perhaps none is better suited to convey a clear idea of the English spirit of the man that this volume of his lectures on proving the existence of God. In order to understand his metaphysics, it would he better to read The Theory of Categories; in order to master the finer points of his psychology, it would be better to read Psychology From an Empirical Standpoint; in order to appreciate his ethical theory, it would be better to read The Origin of Our Knowledge of Right and Wrong or, for a more thorough treatment, The Foundation and Construction of Ethics. But in order to see what it was that gave Brentano the enthusiasm and dedication to do all that work and much more besides, it is necessary to find out what Brentano believed the philosophical enterprise itself to be; and this comes forth most vividly when he bends his philosophical efforts to the subject he considered most important of all, namely, natural theology. For, like Socrates, Brentano brought a kind of religious fervor to his philosophy precisely because he saw it as dealing much better than religion does with the matters that are closest to our hearts.
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Introduction to the English Translation by Susan F Krantz
The Theoretical and Practical Interest
IS IT EVIDENT
Arguments the Purpose of Which is to Show
A SURVEY OF THE PROOFS ATTEMPTED THROUGHOUT
Objections Against the Appearance of Teleology
HI Reply to the Arguments Against the Appearance
THE PROOF FROM MOTION
THE PROOF FROM CONTINGENCY
COMPLETION OF THE PROOF OF THE EXISTENCE
THE TRAIN OF THOUGHT IN THE PROOF
ON THE FIRST DIRECTLY NECESSARY
Editors Foreword to the German Edition
THE REALITY OF TELEOLOGY
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absolutely accidental according achieved actually Alfred Kastil analogy analytic analytic propositions animal apodictic apparent teleology appearance of teleology Aristotle artificial selection assume assumption basis believe body Brentano causal cause certainty conceivable concept conclusion considered contradiction contradictory creative Darwin Darwinian demonstration deny Descartes determinations directly necessary doctrine effect everything evident example existence of God existential proposition experience explain finite God's existence human Hume Hume's idea impossible inference infinitely improbable infinitely perfect inorganic intelligence intuition judgment Kant Kant's knowledge law of non-contradiction Leibniz likewise logical means motion nature Nevertheless objection obvious ontological argument organisms phenomena philosophy possible precisely predicate principle produced proof of God's proposition proved purposeful order question realm reason regard relation result seems sense skepticism someone space species struggle supposed synthetic a priori teleological argument teleological proof theists theory things thought truth unconditional probability universal valid whole