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laws passed at the 2d session of the 40th Congress, Impeachment trial, Reconstruction, National Platforms, and miscellaneous tables and facts of interest. It also contains a brief historical notice of each state and territory, a list of the executive and judicial officers, and an account of the finances, debts, resources, educational and charitable institutions, population, and industry of each.

PART III. contains an account of Foreign countries, their area and population, constitution and government, finances, army, navy, commerce, and other important facts.

Part IV gives a full account of the religious condition of the world, with ecclesiastical statistics of different countries and denominations.

PART V. embraces miscellaneous essays on Agriculture, Currency and Finance, Mining, and Literature, written by persons who have made these subjects a study.

Part VI. contains full Presidential election returns for all the States from 1836 to 1868; a summary of the most important events for 1868, and obituary notices of eminent persons who have died during the year.

It is believed that all classes will find facts of importance relating to the general condition of the country and the world; and statesmen, lawyers, physicians, clergymen, teachers, students, politicians, merchants, importers, manufacturers, and farmers, will find facts pertaining specifically to their several professions or callings.

The accounts of Foreign Countries, the Ecclesiastical Statistics, the Summary of Important Events, and the Obituary Notices, were prepared expressly for this work by Prof. A. J. Schem, and the Election Returns by A. J. Cum? mings, both of New York.

The thanks of the editor are due to the Heads of Departments at Washington, their assistants and clerks; to members and officers of Congress who have rendered special aid ; to the officers of the Freedmen's Bureau; the Director of the Mint; the Secretary and Chief Clerk of the Smithsonian Institution; the Librarian of Congress; to Inspectors of Light House Districts and of Steamboats; to the Governors, Secretaries, Auditors, Treasurers, and other executive officers of the several States; to Superintendents of Public Instruction, Presidents and Professors of Colleges and Professional Schools, Superintendents and Directors of Charitable Institutions and Prisons, and to many contributors and correspondents who have furnished valuable information and made important suggestions.

No labor or expense has been spared to make the work accurate, and to furnish the latest statistics that could be obtained. But in gathering such a variety of information from so wide a field, condensing and arranging in proper form so many facts, and transcribing a great number of names and a multitude of figures, complete accuracy in all matters of detail can hardly be hoped for; and the editor and publishers will be thankful for information relating to any errors or inaccuracies, however unimportant, that may be discovered.

CONTENTS.

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PART II.

THE UNITED STATES.

Page.

TEE UNITED STATES.....

THE UNITED STATES-

Hietorical Notice......

Alphabetical List of Senators......

Principal Officers of the Government from

Alphabetical List of Representatives.

the First Continental Congress to the Executive Government.........

Present Time.....................

The Cabinet......

Presidents ........

Department of State.........

Vice Presidents....

Intercourse with Foreign Nations....

Secretaries of State...

Chief Officers in the State Department.

Secretaries of the Treasury...

Envoys Extraordinary and Ministers

Secretaries of War.

Plenipotentiary .....

Secretaries of the Navy....

61 Secretaries of Legation.....

Secretaries of the Interior...

Assistant Secretaries of Legation.

Postmasters General.....

Ministers Resident.....

Attorneys General.......

Consular Officers of the United States.

Chief Justices of the Supreme Court....

Diplomatic Corps.......

Associate Justices of the Supreme Court. 62 List of Foreign Consuls in the

Presidents pro tempore of the Senate...

Treasury Department.....

Speakers of the House of Representatives. Chief Officers in the Treasury Dept....

List of Congresses...

63 Collectors of Customs.....

Governors of States...

Assessors & Collectors of Internal Revenue 99

Governors of Territories..

United States Coast Survey............

104

Congress...

Light-House Board.....

.............. 105

Apportiopment of Representatives.

Light-House Districts and Officers....... 105

Fortieth Congress-2d Session..

Supervising Inspectors of Steamboats...

Senators................

Army and Navy

........106

.

Committees of the Senate......

War Department.....

......107

Othcers of the Senate......

Chief Oficers in the War Department...108

House of Representatives...

U.S. Military Academy,

108

Delegates from Territories....

Appointment and Admission of Cadets. .110

Committees of the House....

Army List....

.111

Otticers of the House........

Retired from Active Service............

..119

76

Page.

THE UNITED STATES—

Pay of the Army....

.121

Organization of the Regular Army. .122

Armories and Arsenals.......

...........123

Military Divisions and Departments

Freedmen's Bureau....

Navy Department..

128

Chief Officers in the Navy Department...128

U.S. Naval Academy...

129

Admission of Students...

130

Navy List....

132

Retired List..........

......135

Marine Corps............

.......136

Naval Constructors......

......136

Resignations, Deaths and Dismissals .136

List of Vessels of the Navy .....

136

Naval Force...

138

Squadrons......

....139

Navy Yards and Shore Stations.. ......140

Pay of the Navy...

.....141

Attorney General's Office......... ......146

...... 146

Supreme Court of the United States .....147

Circuit Courts.....

......147

Court of Claims.....

.....147

Supreme Court of the Dis

ia..147

Post Office Department..

.148

Chief Officers in Post Office Department.149

Postal Conventions........

........150

Postal Service.............

.......151

Revenues & Expenditures from 1854-1868..154

Estimates for 1869......

Appropriations for Special Service....... 155

Mail Service, Receipts and Expenditures. 155

Rates of Domestic Postage...............157

Foreign Letters, &c. .............

Printed Matter for Foreign Countries ....158

Exchange offices for Foreign Mails.. 160

Table of Postages to Foreign Countries.. 160

Department of the Interior.

169

Chief Officers in the Interior Department.. 169

Public Lands..

.170

******

Land Grants for Education...............173

Grants for Internal Improvement........173

Private Land Claims......

..............174

Pension Office............

.175

No. of Army pensioners in each State....177

Page.

THE UNITED STATES-

No. of Navy pensioners in each State....178

Bureau of Indian Affairs......

.179

Patent Office..................

.181

Business of the Patent Office.....

.....

Department of Agriculture... ......183

Temperature and rain fall for each month.186

Average yield of principal crops.........187

Averaye price of principal products......187

Averaye price of farm stock, Jan. 1868...188

Condition of crops, September, 1869......189

Department of Education....

190

Colleges and Higher Seminaries..... 196

Theological Schools.......

.204

Law Schools....

.208

Medical Schools.....

206

Normal Schools

,210

Agricultural and Scientific Schools.......212

Cont of education in principal cities.. ...213

Library of Congress...

.214

Smithsonian Institution....

.216

United States Mint.........

218

Foreign gold and silver coins

221

Coins of the United States.

2:12

National Societies......

Proceedings of the 40th Congress.

Impeachment Trial......

Reconstruction ................... .233

Finances ....

................235

Duties on leading articles of commerce..236

Receipts and Expenditures of the U.S.

Treasury for year ending June 30, 1868..237

Sales of Merchandise....

.239

......

United States National Debt..

.239

United States Bonds....

341

Legal Tender Notes.....

.....241

National Banke, National Bank Notes....242

Debts of the several States...

.....245

Titles and abstracts of the public laws.... 246

Public resolutions......

.254

Proclamations of the President..... ......235

Fourteenth Constitutional Amendment...257

Stamp Duties...........

Fortieth Congress.....

,261

Forty-first Congress....

National Platforms of 1868...

2015

State Governments....

......274

...158

259

.262

STATES AND TERRITORIES.

Page.

Page.

ALABAMA-Government, Judiciary, Finan NEW YORK, Government, Judiciary, &c.... 411

ces, Education, Charitable and Penal Insti NORTH CAROLINA, Government, &c. ........421

tutions, Population, Wealth & Industry..275 Ohio, Government, Judiciary, Finances, &c.426

ARKANSAS, Government, Judiciary, &c.....281 OREGON, Government, Judiciary, &c. ......433

CALIFORNIA, Government, Judiciary &c. ...285 PENNSYLVANIA, Government, Judiciary, &c.437

CONNECTICUT, Government, Judiciary, &c..291 RHODE ISLAND, Government, Judiciary, &c.445

DELAWARE, Government, Judiciary, &c....303 SOUTH CAROLINA, Government, &c,.......449

FLORIDA, Government, Judiciary, &c......306 TENNESSEE, Government, Judiciary, &c....454

GEORGIA, Government, Judiciary, &c......311 TEXAS, Government, Judiciary, &c.....

457

ILLINOIS, Government, Judiciary, &c.......316 VERMONT, Government, Judiciary, &c.....462

INDIANA, Government, Judiciary, &c.......324 VIRGINIA, Government, Judiciary, &c....
IOWA, Government, Judiciary, Finances, &c.330 WEST VIRGINIA, Government, &c......

KANSAS, Government, Judiciary, &c.......338 WISCONSIN, Government, Judiciary, &

KENTUCKY, Government, Judiciary, &c....312 ALASKA Territory, Government, &c. .......

LOUISIANA, Government, Judiciary, &c....346 ARIZONA Territory, Government, &c.......484

MAINE, Government, Judiciary, &c,........353 COLORADO Territory, Government, &c......486

MARYLAND, Government, Judiciary, &c. ...358 DAKOTA Territory, Government, &c........489

MASSACHUSETTS, Government, Judiciary, &c364 IDAHO Territory, Government, &c..........492

MICHIGAN, Government, Judiciary, &c......376 INDIAN Territory, Government, &c........496

MINNESOTA, Government, Judiciary, &c....382 MONTANA Territory, Government, &c.....

.497

MISSISSIPPI, Government, Judiciary, &c....387 NEW MEXICO Territory, Government, &c...500

MISSOURI, Government, Judiciary, &c......390 | UTAH Territory, Government, &c....... 502

NEBRASKA, Government, Judiciary, &c....395 WASHINGTON Territory, Government, &

.501

NEVADA, Government, Judiciary &c.......398 WYOMING Territory, Government, &c......508

NEW HAMPSHIRE, Government, &c.........401 DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, Government, &c...510

NEW JERSEY, Government, Judiciary, &c..406 NEW YORK CITY, Government, &c.........516

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PART III.

FOREIGN STATES OF THE WORLD.

AMERICA.

EUROPE.

Page.

Page.

FOREIGN STATES......

523 SOUTH GERMANY

A YERICA...................

523 HESSE-DARMSTADT, Area, Pop., &c....567

INDEPENDENT AMERICAN STATES,.....

524

LIECHTENSTEIN, Area, Popnlation, &c..567

EC BOPEAN PossESSIONS.

.524 GREAT BRITAIN, Area, Population, &c.....567

ARGENTINE REPUBLIC-Area, Population, GREECE, Area, Population, &c.............576

History, Government, Finances, Army and ITALY, Area, Population, &c...............577

Vary, Commerce.........

525 LUXEMBURG, Area, Population, &c. ........579

BOLIVIA, Area, Population, &c............ 525 NETHERLANDS, Area, Population, &c.......579

BRAZIL, Area, Population, &c...... 525 PAPAL STATES, Area, Population, &c.. 580

CENTRAL AMERICA, Area, Population, &c... 526 PORTUGAL, Area, Population, &c... 581

GUATEMALA, Area, Population, &c.......527 | RUSSIA, Area, Population, &c.....

582

SAN SALVADOR, Area, Population, &c....527 FINLAND, Area, Population, &c.......

581

HONDURAS, Area, Population, &c.

POLAND, 'Area, Population, &c. .. .584

NICARATGUA, Area, Population, &c... SPAIN, Area, Population, &c.......

Costa Rica, Area, Population, &c.. 527 SWEDEN AND NORWAY, Area, Pop., &c..

.....586

CHILI, Area, Population, &c.....

SWEDEN, Area, Population, &c... 586

COLOMBIA, CXITED STATES OF, Ar

..528 NORWAY, Area, Population, &c..........587

ECUADOR, Area, Population, &c.... 529 SWITZERLAND, Area, Population, &c....

.588

HAYTI, Area, Population, &c. ......

529 TURKEY, Area, Population, &c........

589

MEXICO, Area, Population, &c....

530 Rumania ........

591

PARAGUAY, Area, Population, &c... 531 Servia, .....

.591

PERU, Area, Population, &c........

532

Montenegro ...

.591

SAX DOMINGO, Area, Population, &c 532

TREGUAY, Area, Population, &c. .:...

VENEZUELA, Area, Population, &c...... 533

BRITISH POSSESSIONS, Area, Population, &c.533

ANAM, Area, Population, Emperor, Divis-

ions, Foreign Trade, Religion...........592

Dominion of Canada.......

..........534

ARABIA, Area, Population, &c .............593

Jamaica......................::::: ::: British INDIA, Area, Population, &c.....

Danish POSSESSIONS, Area, Population. &c.536

593

BURMAH, Area, Population, &c.... .594

Dutch PossESSIONS, Area, Population, &c..537

CEYLON, Area, Population, &c.....

.695

FRESCH PosSESSIONS, Area, Population, &c.537

CHINA, Area, Population, &c.....

.595

SPANISH Possessions, Area, Population, &c.537

JAPAN, Area, Population, &c...

.596

Caha...................

.............537

JAVA, Area, Population, &c..... ......596

SWEDISH POSSESSIONS, Area, Population, &c.537

PERSIA, Area, Population, &c...... ...597

EUROPE.

SIAM, Area, Population, &c..... .......597

GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF EUROPE.........538

TARTARY (Independent), Area, Pop., &c...597

STATES OF EUROPE....

AFRICA.

ATSTRIA, Area, Population, History, Reign-

ing Sovereign, Government, Ministry, Ed ABYSSINIA, Area, Population, Religion, Hig-
ucation, Army and Navy, Commerce....

tory, Rulers........

.....598

BELGIUM, Area, Population, &c...... 544

ALGERIA, Area, Population, &c.... .....599

DEXXAKK, Area, Population, &c.... .6-15 CAPE OF GOOD HOPE, Area, Population, &c.599

FBANCE, Area, Population, &c.....

EGYPT, Area, Population, &c. .............599

GERMANY, Area, Population, &c....

......553

LIBERIA, Area, Population, &c.............600

NORTH GERMANY, Area, Population, &c..554 MADAGASCAR, Area, Population, &c. .......600

PRUSSIA, Area, Population, &c........

NATAL, Area, Population, &c..............600

SAXOXY, Area, Popnlation, &c.........558

MECK.-SCHWERIN, Area, Pop., &c......559 AUSTRALASIA AND POLYNESIA.

OLDENBURG, Area, Population, &c....

AUSTRALASIA, Area, Population, &c........601

SAXE-WEIMAR, Area, Pop., &c.........560

FEEJEE ISLANDS, Area, "Population, &c. ...601

MECK-STRELITZ, Area, Population, &c.560

NEW SOUTH WALES, Area, Population, &c..601

BRUNSWICK, Area, Population, &c.....561

NEW ZEALAND, Area, Population, &c. .....601

AXHALT, Area, Population, &c.........561

QUEENSLAND, Area, Population, &c........601

SAXE-MEININGEN, Area, Population, &c.561

SAXE-COBURG-GOTHA, Area, Pop., &C....561

SANDWICH ISLANDS, Area, Population, &c..602

SOUTH AUSTRALIA, Area, Population, &c...602

SAXE-ALTENBURG, Area, Pop., &c.....562

TASMANIA, Area, Population, &c.......

LIPPE-DETMOLD, Area, Population, &c.562

.602

REUSS, Area, Population, &c...........562

VICTORIA, Area, Population, &c. .........

WEST AUSTRALIA, Årea, Population, &c...602

SCHWARZBURG-RUDOLSTADT, Area, &c..562

SCHWARZB'G-SONDERSHAUSEN, Area, &c.563

WALDECK, Area, Population, &c.......563

COMPARATIVE TABLES.

SCHAUMBURG-LIPPE, Area, Pop., &c...563 Large Divisions of the World.....

.603

HAMBURG, Area, Population, & ......563 Political Divisions of the World...

.603

BREMEX, Area, Population, &c........

Arranged according to Area and Pop.....603

LIBECK, Area, Population, &c..........564 Arranged in order of density of Pop......605

SorTH GERMANY, Area, Population, &c..564 Arranged alphabetically..................606

BAVARLA, Area, Population, &c........564 | Large Cities of the World...... .........607

VUKTENBURG, Area, Population, &c,..565 Containing more than 100.000 inhab......607

BADEX, Area, Population, &c..........566 Containing less than 100,000 inhab.......608

Area, Popucen. Pop..

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RELIGIOUS STATISTICS OF THE WORLD.....609 Baptists on the Continent of Europe .618

Creeds of the World.....

..609 Baptists in Asia and Australia.

.618

General Statistics of Christian

.610 Congregationalists......

.618

America,

.611 America.....

618

Europe.

.611 England and the English Colonies.

Asia.

The Friends ..

618

Africa.

Lutherans in the United States..

.618

Australasia and Polynesia.

Europe ....

.619

Roman Catholic Church...

......612 Asia, Africa and Polynesia. ......619

The Pope..................

.........612 The Methodist Episcopal Church in the

The Cardinals..

.........612 United States......

...............619

Patriarchs, Archbishops and Bishops, Arch Methodist Episcopal Church Sonth.......620

bishoprics and Bishoprics in America....612 The African Methodist Episcopal Church

Europe.

.613 and the African Methodist Episcopal

Asia.

.614 Zion Church.....

...620

Africa,

.614

The Methodist Church and Methodist

Australasia and Polynesia......

.614 Protestants ....

..620

Ecumenical Councils......

614 other Methodist Bodies in the United

National and Provincial Councils... .614

..................620

Monastic Orders....

Other parts of America .

......620

The Oriental Churches. .......

The Methodist Denominations in Europe.621

Greek Church.....

......615 Moravians...........

621

Armenian Church..

New Jerusalem Church --"Swedenborgians”.621

Nestorians......

......615 Presbyterians......

621

Jacobites............

.615

Old School in the United States.....

621

Copts......

.615 New School in the United States.........621

The Protestant Churches.::

.616

United Presbyterians in the United States 621

Divisions of Protestantism .....

.616

The (Southern) Presbyterian Church.....622

The principal Protestant Denomins ations...616 The Cumberland Presbyterians ..........622

The Anglican Church...

......616 The Reformed Presbyterians...

Protestant Episcopal Church in the United Presbyterians in Great Britain and the

States...........

British Colonies ......

.....622

Other Anglican Churches ........... ...617 Reformed Churches in the United States...622

The Baptists........

Europe and Africa ...

622

Regular Baptists in America...

..617 Unitarians in the United States..

.622

Free Will Baptists in the United States

Europe .......

and British America ....

.....617 | United Brethren in Christ.........

Other Baptist Denominations in America..617 United Evangelical Church..

622

Baptists in Great Britain..

....618 Universalists in the United States....

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